Useful properties of black caviar – composition, calorie content, production technologies and price

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Sturgeon eggs (eggs) are very much appreciated in the world market; in most countries they are referred to as “elite” products. Black caviar can be spaced or granular, the use of this product is useful in any form. A rich supply of vitamins and amino acids positively affects human health. The main production site is the Caspian Sea, as well as the Danube, Amur and Azov Sea.

What is black caviar

Caviar (another product name) – fish eggs that are eaten. Six stages of their maturity are distinguished, but granular eggs of the fourth stage go on sale. According to the manufacturing method, such product varieties are distinguished:

  1. Granular can and barrel. It does not need pasteurization, it consists of whole grains that can be easily separated from each other.
  2. Payusnaya. It is made in a salt solution, stirring constantly. Ready-made eggs must be pressed.
  3. Hawk. Cooking is done by strong salting, without separating the grain from the connective tissue.

Pancakes with black caviar

Which fish has black caviar?

Beluga, sturgeon, sterlet, bester – this is a fish that is a supplier of caviar. Beluga – is considered one of the most valuable and expensive. About 25% of its weight falls on eggs. This species has a thin shell and the largest grains. The sturgeon delicacy has a dark brown or golden color, large size, exuding a delicate aroma of the sea. Sterlet is a small fish with black caviar, whose eggs are dark gray in color and have an exquisite taste..

Structure

The benefits of black caviar are undeniable for the human body. Its use is recommended for both adults and children. The product can be eaten with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, people on a diet. Saturated fatty acids, vitamins and minerals contained in this delicacy, strengthen the body, give energy. The percentage of nutrients in the product is presented in the table.

Substance name

amount

Vitamin A, Retinol

271 mcg

Vitamin B1, Thiamine

0.19 mcg

Vitamin B2, Riboflavin

0.62 mcg

Vitamin B5, Pantothenic Acid

3.5 mcg

Vitamin B6, Pyridoxine

0.32 mcg

Vitamin B9, Folates:

50 mcg

Folates natural

50 mcg

Folate DEF

50 mcg

Vitamin B12, Cobalamin:

20 mcg

Vitamin PP, NE

5.5 mg

Vitamin PP, Niacin

0.12 mcg

Lutein + Zeaxanthin

648 mcg

Vitamin D, IU:

117 IU

Vitamin D3 Cholecalciferol

2/9 mcg

Vitamin E, Alpha Tocopherol:

1/89 mcg

Vitamin K

0.6 mcg

Vitamin B4, Choline

490.9 mg

Potassium, K

181 mg

Calcium Ca

275 mg

Magnesium, Mg

300 mg

Sodium, Na

1500 mg

Phosphorus, P

356 mg

Iron, Fe

11.88 mg

Manganese, Mn

0.05 mg

Copper, Cu

0.11 mg

Selenium, Se

65.5 mg

Zinc, Zn

0.95 mg

Calorie content

The delicacy is rich in protein and healthy fat. The product does not have “empty” calories, so it is recommended to use it on a diet. The calorie content of caviar without additives is 200-250 kcal per 100 g. When vegetable oil is added, the energy value can increase to 400 kcal. 100 g of fish eggs contain:

  • protein – 24.6 g;
  • fats – 17.9 g;
  • carbohydrates – 4 g;
  • water – 47.5 g.

Multi-colored balls with trace elements

What is useful black caviar

It has long been considered one of the most nutritious and balanced foods. Caviar contains almost all the substances necessary for the development of the human body. This is a general strengthening agent that positively affects the functioning of the brain, improves blood circulation and reduces the risk of blood clots. Caviar is useful for atherosclerosis and urolithiasis. The product improves memory, increases hemoglobin, stimulates the removal of excess fluid from the body..

For women

The composition of sturgeon eggs is very much appreciated by manufacturers of cosmetics. Delicacy improves complexion, stimulates regenerative processes, accelerates wound healing, makes the skin more elastic, fights the signs of aging and gives a healthy look. Caviar actively use such famous brands:

  • Diademin;
  • Ingrid millet;
  • La prairie;
  • Mirra Lux;
  • Ash;
  • Penovia botanica.

A very useful delicacy for pregnant women. Omega-3 and omega-6 support the body. During the bearing of a child, women often have iron deficiency anemia, a lack of calcium, so doctors recommend including caviar in their diet. The product increases hemoglobin, lowers blood pressure and cholesterol, and reduces swelling. The magnesium in its composition helps with convulsions, and folic acid stabilizes bleeding, stimulates the normal development of baby’s tissues and organs.

For men

The delicacy contains a large amount of arginine, an amino acid that positively affects male potency. Its constant use can rejuvenate and make the body healthier. Caviar should be included in the daily diet for men who work physically and have problems with the digestive system.

For children

Real black caviar can be given to children from three years old. A product is needed by a growing body as a source of vitamins and minerals. Calcium contributes to the normal development of the bones of the child, and magnesium prevents the appearance of seizures. Thanks to ascorbic acid, the product boosts immunity and positively affects children’s eyesight. Delicacy improves mental activity, which is especially useful for young students.

Harm and contraindications

However, given all the positive aspects of eating caviar, you can not use it in unlimited quantities. The eggs contain a large amount of salt, which can disrupt the water-salt balance of the body and the functioning of the kidneys. The product is better to use in its pure form, as preservatives and other chemical additives can harm the body. Chronic kidney disease and individual intolerance are the reason for the prohibition of the use of sturgeon eggs.

Human kidney

The price of black caviar

The price may vary depending on the type, method of procurement and the region of sale of the delicacy. The cost of the product in Astrakhan and St. Petersburg will differ by several rubles. In Moscow, caviar can be ordered on the Internet, bought in grocery stores. When buying, follow the production date, the quality of packaging of canned food. Poor quality foods can be harmful to your health. If you are interested in how much black caviar costs, see the table below..

Variety of caviar

Price for 1 kg

Price per 100g

Beluga

150 000 r.

10000-20000 r.

Sturgeon caviar

60 000 r.

7000 r.

Sterlet Caviar

50000 r.

6000 r.

Sevryuzhye

40000 r.

from 4500 r.

How to choose black caviar

For a long time, sturgeon eggs were caught in the Caspian Sea. Aquaculture enterprises have now been established that grow fish to produce black caviar. This reduces the burden on the ecosystem, eliminates the need to kill fish. Give preference to Astrakhan, Vologda and Volgorechensk manufacturers. Quality grains should be whole, one size, silver-black or gray-brown.

The product should have an almost imperceptible odor. The best caviar has a rich taste with notes of walnut. Only a small bitterness should be present. Sturgeon eggs are sold in glass and tin cans. To assess the quality of the delicacy in a glass container, look at the type of grains. To check the quality of the product in a can, shake it. If the eggs are loose, put the jar in place. The product must be certified, have the permission of CITES.

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