Useful properties of spinach for the body – use in cooking, traditional medicine and cosmetology

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For the body of a woman, man and children it is useful if there is spinach in the diet – the benefits and harms, the properties of which are discussed in the article below. An annual plant native to Persia grows in a temperate climate in the Caucasus, Central Asia and southern Europe. The vegetable has a storehouse of vitamins and minerals, has many useful properties – which makes it indispensable in the daily menu of each person.

What is spinach?

Green leafy spinach vegetable reaches a height of 25-55 cm. The leaves contain many useful substances that are applicable in cooking, medicine, cosmetology and perfumery. What is spinach good for? It prevents the development of hypertension, strengthens blood vessels, has a diuretic effect, relieves inflammation and swelling. The vegetable restores the thyroid gland, the central nervous system, cleanses the body of harmful toxins. A plus in the piggy bank of benefits is the replenishment of the lack of minerals and vitamins in the body, the normalization of digestion.

Spinach leaves

Properties

Spinach – its benefits and harms lie in the following factors:

  • neutralization of free radicals that accelerate the aging of the body, leading to the development of diseases of the nervous system;
  • the content of vitamins A, C, polyphenolic antioxidants, lutein, carotene;
  • protection against age-related retinal degeneration due to zeaxanthin carotenoid;
  • maintaining visual acuity, healthy skin, mucous membranes, preventing oncology of the lungs and oral cavity due to vitamin A, flavonoids;
  • bone strengthening, stimulation of the action of osteotropes, stabilization of brain neurons due to the increased content of vitamin K;
  • fresh greens are useful for pregnant women, helps to prevent the occurrence of defects in the neural tube of the fetus during gestation;
  • potassium helps control blood pressure, heart rate;
  • omega-3 improves metabolism;
  • prevention of cancer of the colon, prostate;
  • the value lies in stimulating the production of red blood cells due to the beneficial trace element of copper;
  • the harm with regular use is the formation of kidney stones.

What Vitamins in Spinach

The beneficial properties of spinach have been known since ancient times, when it was called the king of vegetables. Vitamin, mineral composition of the plant:

Substances

Content per 100 g,%

Squirrels

2.86

Carbohydrates

1.43

Alimentary fiber

2.2

Fats

0.39

Ash

1.72

Water

91.4

Vitamins A

469 mcg

TO

482.9 mcg

Group B

194 mcg

WITH

28.1 mcg

Manganese

0.9 mg

Potassium

558 mg

Magnesium

79 mg

Calorie Spinach

Vegetable refers to low-calorie, so it is recommended to use it with diet food. The calorie content of raw leaves is about 22 kilocalories per 100 g, fried – 50 kcal per 100 g. The dietary properties of fresh spinach greens include a mild laxative, diuretic effect, plus anti-inflammatory, tonic effects.

Girl and Spinach Leaves

Spinach benefits

Due to the vitamin, mineral and dietary composition, the following benefits of spinach for the body are known:

  • saturation, nutrition, slag removal;
  • rich in iron, helps hemoglobin increase activity, improves blood supply to cells with oxygen;
  • improves metabolism, promotes energy production;
  • enhances the health of gums, teeth, prevents anemia, tumors;
  • strengthens blood vessels, stimulates the pancreas, cleanses the intestines;
  • useful for anemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, gastritis, enterocolitis – spinach has a slight diuretic, laxative, anti-inflammatory, tonic effect.

For women

Of the varieties of the plant, the “strawberry type” is considered the most valuable, the benefits of spinach for women are obvious:

  • zinc, selenium – normalize the condition of the skin, hair;
  • stimulates the functions of the heart, nourishes the walls of the arteries, protects against damage;
  • protects the uterus and genitals from malignant tumors;
  • prevents constipation;
  • treats anemia, rickets, scurvy, tuberculosis, is useful for diabetes;
  • increases the body’s resistance to infections, helps with overwork, drug absorption;
  • helps to lose weight.

For men

The beneficial effects of spinach on a man’s body:

  • lutein prevents the risk of atherosclerotic plaques, protects against strokes, heart attacks;
  • stabilizes blood pressure, reduces the harmful effects of salt on the body;
  • high protein helps build muscle;
  • strengthens the immune system due to iodine content;
  • omega-3 and folic acid salts positively affect potency;
  • zinc enhances the production of testosterone, sperm, increases libido, improves erection, reduces the risk of prostatitis;
  • vitamin E regulates hormones, improves the functioning of the prostate gland, eliminating the risk of infertility.

For children

Starting from six months, you can give spinach juice to children. The unique composition of the plant is indispensable in feeding babies, has the following actions:

  • relieves constipation, anemia, replenishes the lack of calcium;
  • positively affects the growth, development of the genitals at an older age;
  • helps with rickets, anemia;
  • possible harm is the effect of oxalic acid on the kidneys, but it neutralizes ordinary milk.

Girl and Spinach Leaves

How to use spinach in food

Vegetable culture is suitable for long-term storage. It is good to eat it fresh, sprinkled with lemon juice and sprinkled with salt, but canning methods are also useful:

  • salads are prepared from frozen spinach;
  • freezing with ice cubes – the leaves are cut, frozen, used out of season for making soups;
  • mashed potatoes with butter – crushed with a blender, seasoned with butter, frozen – used to improve the taste of pastes, risotto;
  • dried, salted leaves, spinach juice.

Adding spinach is contraindicated (may be harmful to health) with:

  • kidney disease
  • Bladder;
  • pathologies of the liver, gall bladder;
  • ulcers;
  • rheumatism;
  • gout
  • chronic hypertension;
  • taking anticoagulants.

Can I eat raw spinach?

In cooking, raw spinach is especially popular – the benefits and harms of which include the following factors:

  • oxalic acid enhances the formation of oxalate stones in the urinary tract;
  • raw leaves with regular use can lead to a deficiency of the thyroxine product, thyroid dysfunction;
  • dietary fiber is good for digestion;
  • cooking spinach dishes is simple, but they cannot be reheated due to the formation of nitrites, harmful nitrosamines.

Traditional Medicine Recipes with Spinach

A useful plant is used in folk medicine. Several popular recipes for the treatment of kidney and liver diseases:

  1. With anemia, sore throat, constipation, pneumonia, an infusion of a tablespoon of crushed leaves in a glass of water will help. An hour is infused, filtered, drunk 50 ml before meals.
  2. Fresh leaves boiled in almond oil, mixed with butter, save from convulsions.
  3. With hemorrhoids, you can drink small doses of mixed spinach juice with 100 ml of almond oil..
  4. With oncology and tuberculosis, you need to take 10 g of leaves, pour a glass of water, strain after two hours. Take three times a day for a quarter cup.

A glass of spinach juice and leaves

Spinach Cosmetics

The plant is used in cosmetology and perfumery. Exemplary ways to use valuable leaves:

  • wipe oily skin once a day with spinach juice mixed with alcohol or calendula tincture;
  • anti-aging mask: cook 50 g with milk until gruel, put on gauze, leave on face, décolleté for 15 minutes;
  • nourishing mask: knead 100 g, pour half a glass of boiling water, cook until soft, put on face, hold for 15-20 minutes.
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