What is asparagus – useful properties and contraindications

The content of the article

The asparagus vegetable has been known since ancient times. In the Renaissance, he was considered an aphrodisiac and was forbidden to use by monks. In our time, more than 200 species of soybean are found that grow in different parts of the globe. It tastes good, is considered healthy, and is eaten raw, boiled, pickled, or fried..

How does asparagus grow

So what is common asparagus? This is a medicinal crop that grows throughout Europe, in northern Africa and western Asia. In the wild, asparagus grows in Siberia. The plant has a high nutritional value, is unpretentious in care and tolerates frosts well. Asparagus hibernates without loss at a temperature of -30 C, but can die from mild spring frosts. In height, the plant stretches to one and a half meters (see photo), grows well in one place up to 20 years, forming up to 50 shoots in a lifetime.

Garden asparagus

How to grow asparagus in the garden

Growing asparagus in a household plot is not easy, but quite possible. It is necessary to choose a suitable variety. Varieties such as Dutch Green, Argentantel, and Snezhnaya Golova well tolerate the Russian climate. They have a delicate pulp, give large yields, they survive in harsh climates without any problems. Most summer residents prefer these varieties.

There are two ways to grow: seed or root. The first is rarely used, because the percentage of seed germination is too low. However, plants that erupt at home with proper care will bring a big crop. Preparing for landing should be done according to the rules. It is necessary to make a weak solution of potassium permanganate and place planting material in it for two hours. After that, drop them in moist sawdust.

Sprouted seeds are planted in cups with a mixture of earth, sand, peat, manure in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1. They are buried 2 cm in the ground and placed on a windowsill illuminated by the sun. The optimum temperature for seedlings is +20 – 25 C. Timely watering will ensure the appearance of green seedlings in a week. After germination, the seedlings are transferred to a cooler place (+20 C). Plants are transplanted to the garden when they grow to 4 cm.

When the culture blooms, female plants are removed. They are smaller in size, so distinguishing flowers is not difficult. Male seedlings are transplanted for permanent residence. The transplant procedure should be especially careful. You cannot damage the roots, otherwise all the work will go down the drain. Therefore, it is necessary to transplant with an earthen lump.

It is easier to grow a culture from rhizomes, so most summer residents choose this method. First you need to prepare the ridge: dig it up, make humus, fertilizers. Soak the roots in warm water or compost, then spread them in trenches 30 cm wide. Planting depth 10 cm. Between the trenches leave a distance of half a meter. The roots are placed at the bottom of the trench and sprinkled with soil at 5 cm, watered. Within 2 weeks, the soil above the seedlings is additionally poured, and then mulched.

What is useful asparagus

The benefits of asparagus are its composition, which is so rich in useful trace elements. For this reason, it is recommended that the vegetable be included in the diet of children, even the pregnancy of women is not a contraindication. Asparagus saturates the body with trace elements necessary for beauty and health, helps to feel good and look good. With caution, it should be used by people with an individual intolerance to the product..

Chemical and energy composition of the plant:

  • sodium;
  • phosphorus;
  • zinc;
  • iron;
  • calcium;
  • potassium;
  • magnesium;
  • folic acid;
  • vitamins A, B, E, C, PP,
  • beta carotene.

Boiled asparagus on a plate

White asparagus

At a price it will cost more than green, but in fact, there is no difference between them. The properties of both are the same. What is asparagus? The difference between white asparagus is that the crop ripens under the ground. It is formed without sunlight, because it constantly winds up with caring hands. As a result, asparagus grows with a more delicate, mild flavor. It ripens in the spring and is already served in restaurants on May holidays.

Green asparagus

It ripens traditionally, above the surface of the earth. This means that the plant consumes sunlight, as befits a vegetable. However, at the price this type is cheaper and freely sold on the shelves of supermarkets, while white is much more difficult to find. Green asparagus has a brighter, more intense flavor, but here everything is individual. How many people, so many opinions.

Purple asparagus

This is a rare type of food asparagus grown in the dark with short sessions of sunlight. Due to this short-term exposure, pigmented substances form in the plant, giving it an unusual, dark color. The taste of purple asparagus is bitter when compared with other species. After exposure to high temperatures, the plant turns green.

Another type of culture is soy asparagus. It is obtained by processing beans. Beans are soaked for a long time, which is why they become larger. Then they are ground, getting a homogeneous mass, pressed. After pressing, soy milk is separated. When boiling this milk, foams are released. They are collected, dried and a finished product is obtained. The properties of soy asparagus are such that it is used in the treatment of oncology, osteoporosis, and is used to increase potency in men.

Asparagus Sprouts

Calorie Asparagus

Delicious independent dishes are obtained from the plant. If a woman likes to experiment, then with asparagus it is easy. It is great as an added component to salads or other dishes. Some housewives are deep-fried asparagus or used in the preparation of Asian recipes. The calorie content of asparagus is 20 kcal per 100 g. Often you can find a dry product in stores, but its calorie content remains the same..

What is Korean Asparagus

This is a salad, the basis of which is soya semi-finished product. Such food can be consumed with a diet. Korean asparagus is popular in Russia, but the Chinese have no idea about it. If you have not yet decided what to cook with asparagus for the holiday or for home dinner, please the family by preparing such a salad. Asparagus has an original taste, so the dish will be the highlight of any table and will benefit the body.

How to cook Asparagus

Fuju is poured with cold water, after which they wait until the product softens. Then stew, marinate, boil, fry, add to various dishes. If we talk about fresh asparagus, then it must be cleaned with a special knife or a potato peeler. The easiest way to cook asparagus is blanching in boiling water with the addition of salt, sugar, vegetable oil. The stems of the plant are tied into a bunch and cooked for several minutes. It should not be prepared for long, it is impossible to digest. Serve vegetable with sauce.

Video – Asparagus Benefits

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