What is the use of green onions for humans – vitamins and minerals in the composition, calorie content and contraindications

The content of the article

Such a simple product as green onions, many are grown in gardens and even on window sills, but not everyone suspects its properties. Green onions – the benefits and harms to health are not always obvious, the organic properties of the feathers of this plant for the body can not be overestimated. Learn about the unique positive, negative aspects of using onion sprouts, its use for beauty, preservation of youthful skin and hair.

What is green onion?

Unripe leaves of onions (herbaceous plants) are called green onions. Feathers are used, as a rule, in cooking to give aroma and taste to any dish. It is known that green onion contains a huge amount of trace elements, is rich in vitamins, and also has antibacterial properties and helps to increase general immunity. For the first time, various varieties of onions began to be consumed in Afghanistan, which is rightfully considered its homeland: the inhabitants of this country have long used the plant to treat many diseases.

The nutritional value

The calorie content of green onions and feathers is very small – 20 Kcal per 100 grams, which allows you to consume fresh herbs during a diet aimed at treating obesity or to reduce blood cholesterol. The content of macronutrients in 100 grams of feathers is:

  • proteins: 1.3 g;
  • fats: 0.1 g;
  • carbohydrates: 3.2 g.

Chemical composition

Raw feathers of onions contain the following nutrients:

  • sugar (glucose, sucrose);
  • proteins
  • vitamin C;
  • essential oil;
  • vegetable fiber;
  • potassium;
  • iron;
  • phosphorus;
  • volatile;
  • pectin substances;
  • chlorophyll;
  • calcium;
  • magnesium.



Feathers of onions, like all raw foods, contain a large amount of vitamins. The main ones are presented in the table:

What substances are contained

The content of mg per 100 g /% of the daily intake

What is the impact on health

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)


Increases immunity, strengthens the cardiovascular system.

Vitamin A (Retinol)


Supports visual function, improves the condition of hair, nails, skin.

Vitamin PP (nicotinic acid)

2,5 / 157

Provides energy to cells in biochemical processes, stimulates appetite.

Vitamin B1


12-15 / 35

Supports muscle tone, provides muscle fibers with oxygen, glucose, nutrients.

Beneficial features

Fresh onion feathers are an important product in terms of medicine and a healthy lifestyle. The substances contained in this herbaceous plant have a significant healing effect on the human body, greens increase the body’s resistance to bacteria and viruses, and help fight spring vitamin deficiency. It is recommended to eat a vegetable for colds, it helps to improve blood composition (lowers cholesterol). With cardiovascular diseases, fresh feathers help reduce the risk of possible complications, strengthen the walls of blood vessels.

Immunity strengthening

Unique phytoncides contained in the vegetable have antibacterial activity, are able to increase the body’s resistance to toxins, eliminate pathogenic gram-positive, gram-negative bacteria in the oral cavity, provide some disinfection, disinsection of other products. The main ingredient in feathers, which strengthens the immune system, is ascorbic acid. Its content in 100 g of the product almost corresponds to the required daily intake of an adult.

Maintaining healthy teeth and bones

Phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, which are present in the vegetable, help maintain healthy bones and teeth, being absorbed by the body almost entirely. Due to the antibacterial properties of this plant, the number of opportunistic microorganisms causing caries is reduced in the entire oral cavity, gum inflammation is relieved, and bacterial stomatitis.

Iron contributes to the production of hemoglobin, which helps not only avoid anemia, but also maintains healthy teeth. The nicotinic acid contained in the vegetable slightly expands the small capillaries (especially those containing the periosteum), increases the permeability of the vessel wall, which significantly improves bone nutrition, therefore, the use of fresh feathers is recommended for children. However, people with diseases of the digestive system should remember the harmful properties of the vegetable and use it with caution.


Speeding up metabolism and improving digestion

Garlic, wild garlic, green onion – the benefits and tangible harm to health are felt when these plants are consumed to the same extent. The use of fresh feathers of the onion subfamily contributes to the development and maintenance of the antibacterial barrier of the gastric mucosa. Phytoncides, which are part of the vegetable, have a detrimental effect on the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which affects the mucous membrane of the stomach, causing its atrophy, erosion and chronic inflammation. Due to the frequent use of onions, the risks of developing gastritis, gastric ulcer are reduced.

Cardiovascular health

Chives contain few calories, a large number of minerals, vitamins, and iron, which makes the vegetable indispensable for diseases of the heart and blood vessels. The use of vitamin salads, vegetable soups with onions is an excellent prevention of atherosclerosis, iron deficiency anemia, heart attacks. In addition, the plant significantly strengthens the walls of blood vessels, increases the tone of arteries, veins, improves blood microcirculation.

Benefit for men

The use of bulbs, feathers as the main ingredients in a constant diet contributes to the production of the main male hormone – testosterone. Thanks to him, muscle mass is actively developing in men, spermatogenesis processes are improving: the percentage of normal sperm in the seminal fluid increases, which contributes to conception. Potassium, calcium, selenium, which are found in fresh herbs, help maintain potency.

What is useful for women

The pulp of green onion feathers contains a large amount of zinc, which has a beneficial effect on the reproductive functions of women. Regular use of feathers helps to balance hormonal balance, normalize the menstrual cycle. Vitamins, useful microelements help maintain female beauty, youth: help strengthen hair, nails, participate in the organization of collagen fiber production.

During pregnancy

Almost all greens are rich in folic acid, including onion feathers. Folic acid is one of the most important substances in the first trimester of pregnancy. Thanks to it, the normal formation of the neural tube of the fetus occurs, congenital malformations of the heart and other vital organs are prevented. The vegetable contains a very large amount of vitamin C, which helps to absorb the gland, to avoid the development of fetal hypoxia.

The stems of the vegetable contain magnesium, which is involved in the biochemical processes of tissues and cells. It also regulates neuromuscular tone, incl. and the normal rhythm of heart contractions, vascular tone of both the mother and the fetus. The calcium available in the vegetable is useful for strengthening, developing the baby’s skeletal system, maintaining the health of the teeth of the future mother.

The pregnant girl lies on a sofa

In cosmetology

The plant has a wide range of applications in the field of cosmetology. Beneficial substances, essential oils contained in onion juice, accelerate skin regeneration, growth and condition of hair, nails. Making onion masks at home does not require much effort and a lot of time. Here is a popular hair mask recipe:

  1. Rub feathers on a fine grater, add freshly squeezed lemon juice, burdock oil.
  2. Mix the ingredients.
  3. Apply the resulting slurry to the hair roots, stand for 40-50 minutes under a towel.

Such a mask will significantly accelerate hair growth, contribute to the development of vellus hair. The oil contained in the product will nourish the hair shaft, smooth the scales, and prevent cross-section. There are many recipes for anti-aging masks for face and hands, with the use of which the skin aging rate is significantly reduced. Check out one of the mask recipes:

  1. Pass fresh onion through a meat grinder or chop finely.
  2. Stir in equal proportions with milk and honey.
  3. Apply to face or hands for 20-30 minutes, rinse with warm water.

The benefits of losing weight

Onion diet developed by the best world nutritionists. The advantage of such a diet is the use of a boiled product, which helps to get rid of onion smell and strong unpleasant taste. Among the positive aspects of the diet: the almost complete absence of contraindications, the rapid effect of weight loss, getting rid of edema, excess salts, saturating the body with vitamins and minerals, which improves all body functions. Separately, it is worth noting the low cost of the product.

In cooking

Onion feathers are widely used in cooking. Its aroma increases appetite, promotes the release of digestive juices, which greatly improves digestion. A sliced ​​bunch of feathers will serve as an excellent decoration for soups, steaks and give the dishes a unique flavor. The beneficial properties of green onions and its healing characteristics help diversify the diet.

How to store onion feathers

When storing fresh vegetables, including onions, it must be remembered that the greatest amount of vitamins and nutrients remains only with proper storage of the product. To enhance the manifestation of the beneficial properties of green onions, finely chop the feathers, pour a small amount of sunflower or olive oil, add a third of a teaspoon of salt. In this form, the feathers can be stored in the refrigerator for about 4-5 days. If you want to stock onions for a longer time, this mixture is worth freezing..

Green vegetable

Harm and contraindications

There are some restrictions on the use of the shoots of this product, even considering its many beneficial properties. Excessive consumption of fresh feathers does more harm than good. To prevent green onions from harming health, you need to eat vegetables in limited quantities in the following cases:

  • with chronic gastritis (essential oils irritate the gastric mucosa);
  • liver diseases (hepatitis, holicystitis);
  • bacterial diseases of the digestive system;
  • peptic ulcer of the stomach, duodenum;
  • persistently high blood pressure, hypertensive crises;
  • diagnosed bronchial asthma;
  • in the presence of allergic reactions;
  • with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
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