Crepe fabric – description, varieties and composition, production technology, properties and care of products

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Crepe fabric is a very durable material represented by several types of fabrics. It is used for the manufacture of various products for all weather conditions. Thick trousers, light sundresses, curtains, elegant tablecloths, baby clothes, a winter coat are sewed from the material. Costume crepe is very popular. Some varieties of these fabrics are used for upholstery of upholstered furniture or the manufacture of lining. For products to last longer, competent care is required, taking into account the characteristics of the crepe fabric.

What is crepe

This kind of matter includes cloths made of silk threads, woolen, half-woolen, cotton, artificial fibers. This is a group of fabrics characterized by their weaving and special density. The crepe fabric is inelastic, which should be considered when applying it. It has several advantages. Matter is very durable, due to its manufacturing technology. Even after several years of wear, the brightness of the flowers does not fade, things do not need frequent ironing and sit beautifully on the body. They are light and pleasant to the touch..

Description of fabric and composition

Quality crepe fabric is made from viscose, woolen, silk threads. The composition may include elastane, acrylic, polyester, lycra. In the textile industry, a combined composition is appreciated. Each of the varieties of matter has its own properties, characteristics. For example, satin, which is made from natural and synthetic yarns, is characterized by good breathability – it is more often used for sewing summer dresses, skirts. Crepe fabric has a slight roughness, visible both to the touch and visually.

Green crepe

Stretches or not

Since the twisting of the fibers occurs tightly and tightly during the production process, the web is strong and inelastic. The crepe material does not stretch well, it tends to sit on a figure, which should be considered when acquiring a certain footage. Of these fabrics, only diving and stretch crepe with relative elasticity can be distinguished. The first is considered one of the most suitable for sewing sportswear. It stretches perfectly, while retaining its original shape – clothes will not stretch over time and will last for more than one year, even with daily active wear.

Production Features

The effect of crepe fabric is achieved in several ways – using a specific twisting technology, by finely weaving. Such manufacture makes the canvas both smooth and rough. Some canvases look like satin. A weave is possible in which scars are formed diagonally. Rep weaving is also used. An important stage of production is the boiling of matter. The action of high temperatures causes the fibers to spin, while some threads remain in place. This achieves a granular relief of the canvas.

Using crepe twist yarns

Crepe fabric is created by special weaving, in which the fibers are twisted in both directions. This technology provides the canvas strength, elasticity. Matter is rough and textured. The threads are twisted under a certain force, which makes the canvas strong. Although there are many varieties of such fabrics, they are all similar in structure, properties.

Production technology includes several stages. First, the threads are twisted to a springy state. 1 meter accounts for about 3000 rpm. After this comes the turn of the stage of weaving the fibers with the right and left twist. Then there is cooking, drying of the finished canvas. This method of releasing matter makes it durable and provides characteristic properties..

Fine weave

This technology for the production of crepe fabric involves the use of ordinary yarn, which is interwoven with a special method. Several weft and warp fibers are intertwined in certain places, thereby forming areas other than the warp. In this case, any pattern of arrangement of twisted fibers is not observed, a pattern is not created. Fine weave is made on the basis of different threads – cotton, silk, acrylic and others.

Varieties of crepe fabric and characteristics

Looking at the history of this matter, one can notice that it was either at the peak of fashion, then completely unpopular. The concept of “crepe matter” combines a large number of varieties: crepe de chine, crepe chiffon, printed fabric, dress, pleated, and others. Each of them has its own characteristics and similar characteristics. Crepe fabric is used for sewing home textiles, linen, evening dresses. It happens monophonic, one-colored, with various drawing.

Satin Crepe

This type of fabric is produced by fine-weaving. Its feature is that as the front side use any of the sides of the material. So the product becomes smooth, shiny or matte. Satin has a dense base. It practically does not wrinkle and does not deform during socks. They sew evening dresses, trousers, floor skirts and other clothes from it, and are used for lining. This material is made both from natural fibers and from artificial ones. The average price of matter is from 150 to 200 rubles per 1 meter.

Woolen

Damascus, crepon and georgette belong to this variety. They differ in density, ease of use, may have a granular surface. Suitable for the production of shirts of any style, outerwear, pleated skirts, scarves, curtains. Clothes from this canvas replenish collections of fashionable clothes from leading designers. The composition of the wool crepe fabric consists mainly of natural fibers, but synthetic fibers can also be used. The price category of such material is from 1490 to 3900 rubles per linear meter.

Wool fabric

Stretch

This material is one of the favorite among professional seamstresses. It is easy to drape, does not wrinkle, stretches well, repels moisture. Crepe stretch is easy to clean and practical to use. Elasticity makes wearing these things more comfortable. Clothing made from this material serves for many years without wearing out or losing its original color. You can buy streychovy fabric crepe for the price from 180 to 1750 rubles, depending on the manufacturer and the threads which are a part.

Viscose

This crepe fabric lends itself perfectly to draping. It does not need to be ironed often, since it practically does not crease when worn. Suitable for products such as women’s trousers, skirts. During sewing, keep in mind that the material is slightly translucent. It is better to equip products with a lining. You can buy a viscose variety of fabric, on average, for 500-900 rubles (width – about 150 cm). Online stores offer a wide range of colors in viscose crepe material..

Crepe chiffon

It is produced from natural silk fibers. He needs competent care. Chiffon is a light translucent airy fabric with a relief texture that flows through the body. This material is indispensable in the production of sundresses, dresses, shirts, blouses. Sewing from chiffon is difficult – it is naughty, it is difficult to cut, process. Since chiffon is airy and transparent, skirts can be equipped with a double layer of fabric or worn in combination with a combination. Price category – from 1250 to 1500 rubles.

Jacquard

This dense fabric is used for sewing tablecloths, bedding. Less commonly used for making outerwear. The composition of the jacquard includes fibers of cotton, polyester and other threads. If you adhere to the standards for the care of such a canvas, it will last a long time and retain its strength, the brightness of the colors. So that the shades do not change over time, such matter is not recommended to be dried in direct sunlight. The cost of fabric is from 100 to 500 rubles.

Maroken

Cloths of this type have a strong, steep and embossed texture, the composition includes threads of wool, silk and viscose. Of these, expensive evening dresses and men’s suits are sewn. In order to preserve the external properties and quality of products for longer, they should be stored in paper or fabric packaging. In rooms in which storage is carried out, air humidity should not be increased. The average cost of matter in stores is 1000 rubles per linear meter.

Georgette crepe

This type of fabric has a glossy textured surface. Georgette crepe is light, translucent, but tough and resilient. Mostly women’s things are made from it – long skirts, magnificent sundresses, blouses. A distinctive feature of georgette is that during the production process the main thread and weft have different directions. This makes georgette more dense. The composition includes both natural and synthetic fibers. Price category – from 600 to 1700 rubles per meter.

Scope of Crepe

By its properties, this fabric has earned respect in the field of textiles. Various products are sewn from it – from clothing for babies to curtains. The main areas of application are considered to be:

  • Sportswear. Basically, crepe diving is used for sewing leggings, leggings, shorts, tracksuits. It is hygroscopic, elastic, wear-resistant, quickly returns to its original shape when moving, perfectly fits the body.
  • Classic costumes. Softness, strength, practicality make crepe material suitable for tailoring suits that look like new, even after several years of wear. Clothing is badly wrinkled and unpretentious in care if certain rules are observed.
  • Linens. Such products, made of crepe, are practical and easy to use. They do not need to be thoroughly ironed. Lingerie is soft and pleasant to the touch..
  • Women’s clothing. Crepe chiffon, stretch, crepe de chine are widely used in women’s clothing. Of these, light shirts, cocktail dresses, silky tops, evening dresses are sewn. With the help of such materials it is easy to create a romantic feminine image. Over time, they do not lose their brilliance and brightness.

Girls in crepe dresses

What is sewn from costume crepe

This type of canvas is characterized by dullness, it is considered one of the most popular materials for tailoring men’s and women’s suits. Strict knee-length skirts, office trousers, and jackets are made from it. It will be an ideal option for sewing a school uniform for children. The dense structure of matter is pleasant to wear and holds its shape perfectly. It serves for decades, if properly looked after.

Interior decor

The design of the house requires special characteristics from the materials used. They must be unpretentious in care, wear-resistant, dirt-repellent, keep in shape. For such factors, many prefer to choose crepe fabric. On the basis of such canvases, curtains, tablecloths are sewn, pillowcases are made for sofa cushions, painted decorative table napkins. A variety of colors of fabrics helps to choose a decor for any style of interior. Satin crepe is mainly used for sewing curtains and napkins, georgette – for the manufacture of bedspreads, upholstery.

Linens

The first thing that makes us prefer crepe fabrics when choosing textiles is the duration of operation. This bedding can be used for several years. It does not change the shade. Crepe linen is distinguished by quality and practicality. Before washing it is recommended to turn it inside out. Boil, dry on batteries or in direct sunlight. Adhering to the rules, you can maintain its original appearance for many years..

How to Care for Crepe Products

To ensure that the material does not lose its properties and quality, special care is required. Fashionistas know how difficult it is to maintain the original appearance of your favorite things. Things made of crepe fabric are particularly durable. Following some recommendations, you can not worry about clothes and wear them for many years. The exact care information is on the label of the purchased item.

  • Machine wash is generally allowed at a temperature not exceeding 30 degrees. Hotter water can ruin the structure of a thing. It is recommended to choose a mode for delicate things..
  • For drying, choose a well-ventilated room with a low level of humidity. Do not hang clothes on batteries, heaters, use a drying chamber.
  • For washing, do not use bleaching agents or aggressive agents that can spoil the structure or color of a thing.
  • The inside is ironed.
  • Some things are better to give dry dry cleaning. These include dresses with a complex cut with trim, crepe georgette, chiffon clothes.
  • Keep crepe better wrapped in canvas or paper.

Advantages and disadvantages

The properties of crepe fabric largely depend on the fibers used in the production. Threads determine the ability of the fabric to keep its shape, it is pleasant to adhere to the skin, not wrinkle. Synthetic fibers make clothes less prone to contamination. The fabric has the following advantages:

  • breathability;
  • elasticity;
  • ease in drapery;
  • strength;

Crepe matter also has some drawbacks. Specialists note capriciousness when cutting and sewing. For example, it is difficult to work with crepe de chine or satin. Even a light hitch spoils the product. When sewing, only fine threads and needles are used. After washing, a little shrinkage occurs, which should be considered when sewing. When leaving, you must adhere to certain rules. This applies to drying, push-ups, washing and ironing described above..

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