The content of the article
- What is repair raspberry
- How to care for remont raspberries
- Pruning raspberries for the winter
- When to crop
- How to crop
- How to prune repair raspberries
- Pruning technique
Special prolific raspberry varieties are grown by many landowners. These crops bear fruit 2 times a year. However, so that the autumn berries have time to ripen, it is important to know what care is required, whether it is necessary to prune the raspberry raspberries in November, how to properly prepare the shrub for winter, moisten, nourish, and whether young shoots are required to be cut. The garden beauty requires care, but if done correctly, she will not remain in debt and will give sweet berries.
What is repair raspberry
A distinctive feature of the species is additional fruiting, growth and branching after the summer harvest. Simple raspberries are harvested from July to August, and repairing varieties – additionally from late August to September. One gets the impression that the bush is bearing fruit continuously, although this depends on the growth of shoots. In the spring, after wintering, two-year-old branches bloom and bear fruit. New stems, annuals, gain strength and in the autumn give an additional crop.
Gardeners harvest berries from remontant raspberries in a year of planting a seedling. The plant is resistant to pests and frost. When planting cuttings in the winter, they are guaranteed to take root and will not die. In Russia, about 20 plant varieties were recorded: Atlant, Eurasia, Diamond. In these varieties, the stalks are located along the length of the trunk, including the lower sinuses of the leaves.
In ordinary raspberries, fruiting is concentrated on the ends of the twigs. Outwardly, it is difficult to distinguish a simple shrub from a prolific one. However, if at the end of August a repeated swelling of flowers appears on the branches, it means that a repairing species has settled in the garden. Such features are characteristic not only for raspberries, but also for currants, strawberries, strawberries and other crops..
How to care for remont raspberries
Caring for garden plants involves choosing a suitable planting site, top dressing, moisturizing, and regular pruning. The optimal time for planting cuttings is from September to October. Breeders consider this period the most suitable for preparation for wintering and survival of rhizomes. When choosing a place, give preference to a warm and bright area, on which the amount of picking berries will depend.
Top dressing of prolific shrubs, in comparison with simple varieties, increases by 2 times. A few days before planting seedlings, the ground is fertilized. Peat, old leaves, ash, mineral additives are suitable for this. The soil should not have an acidic environment, otherwise it must be neutralized, for example, using lime fertilizer – dolomite flour.
The shallow roots of the repairing variety need constant moisture. For the corresponding microclimate, mulching and regular watering are carried out. Loosening the soil helps get rid of pests and saturate the soil with oxygen. This should not be done deeply, being careful not to damage the root system, located close to the surface of the earth.
Additionally, to obtain a rich harvest, gardeners recommend that after snow melting, aisles are covered with dark and porous material, which will provide significant heating of the basal soil and prevent the roots from freezing. However, such a procedure is common in cold regions of Russia, but residents of the southern part of the country can refuse this.
Pruning raspberries for the winter
An obligatory stage of care is the autumn pruning of remont raspberries for the winter. Shrubs need room for successful growth. The procedure is performed at the end of November, but the timing depends on the planned crop volume, climatic and weather conditions. So, if you leave last year’s shoots, you can collect fruits 2 times a year. On the other hand, if you cut old shoots that have produced fruit, you can accelerate the ripening of the crop in November.
From time to time, trunks need to be cut so that they do not grow densely, otherwise the stems will interfere with each other. The optimal distance between adjacent bushes should be at least 0.6 m. Old leaflets can become a source of disease, so they must also be removed. You need to do this by running your hand along the branches from top to bottom, after wearing gloves.
When to crop
In the cold regions of Russia, it is recommended that the branches be completely cut from the remontant raspberry variety by winter so that the shoots grow in summer at the same time. Between harvests, a large gap is obtained, therefore, in the northern climate, the first berries are dry, and the second do not have time to ripen completely. However, with the simultaneous removal of branches, new shoots grow together and the berries ripen on time. The harvest is rich, but dryness and ripeness no longer threaten.
In the southern regions of Russia, the formation of shrubs takes 1 year. To do this, remove the apex in the spring, and in July pinch the lateral processes. Pruning in November is suitable for middle-class residents. Having got rid of the stems under the root, you do not need to be afraid of frosts. Additionally, this procedure helps protect the garden culture from pests and diseases. As a result, fresh and healthy raspberries grow in the spring.
Whether it is necessary to completely cut off the repair raspberries in November depends on the climate. If the bush grows in a cold area, this is not necessary: the berry in November will not fully ripen. Gardeners of the southern regions of the country manage to collect the autumn crop, therefore, in this case, the stems of the plant crop are removed flush with the surface of the earth.
How to crop
Repair raspberries have an annual biological cycle, i.e. in 1 year she manages to grow and give a crop. The cropping method depends on what result you want to get on the output. So, if you are interested in a crop of large, sweet, tasty raspberries in large quantities, it is better to collect fruits 1 time per season. If you want to receive ripe raspberries from your garden for as long as possible, choose a method that helps to bear fruit twice a year. Check out the cropping methods:
The following year, annual branches are left, which brought the crop in the fall.
New shoots and berries appear on the left shoots. On new stems, raspberries grow shallow, dry and do not have time to ripen..
Young growth is left (as in point 1), but additionally in May, the upper parts of the shoots are removed by 15 cm.
A second crop from these branches will ripen later, and the first, from the shoots of the first year, may not be obtained.
Repair raspberries are cut in the fall, similar to regular.
It turns a simple raspberry bush.
In autumn, the stems are cut under the root, leaving 3 cm stumps. In the spring, the number of branches is regulated, leaving the strongest.
A rich harvest of ripe and large berries ripens in November.
How to prune repair raspberries
Pruning remont raspberries in November initially implies getting rid of dried branches, and then removing broken and weak trunks. Excess and thickening annual sprouts interfere with air exchange, so they must be cut. On 1 sq.m. beds should account for 8-12 strong shoots. Cut off branches are burned at the stake in order not to provoke infection of plants by any disease, for example, fungus.
Each gardener makes a decision on whether to trim the repair raspberries in the fall. So, if you carry out the procedure in early April and late November, you can permanently provide yourself with fresh berries. The main thing is not to forget the features of the procedure: cut off the shoots on which the berries were. Untouched twigs in the summer will give a good result, and in the autumn, the fruits ripen on overgrown clipped stems. A feature of pruning raspberry raspberry pruning differs in that the bushes are cut along the soil level, and in other varieties leave 25 cm.
The pruning procedure is carried out very carefully to minimize injury to the young shrub. Garden tools for this are used clean and well ground. The shoots of the repairing shrub did not have time to grow stronger and harden, so a scythe, pruner or trimmer is suitable for their processing and removal. Technology requires compliance with the following rules:
- The shoots are cut smoothly, without bullying on the bark with a knife or a sharp secateurs.
- For branches of different thicknesses, appropriate garden tools are used: secateurs, delimbers, saws.
- When cutting to the external kidney, an oblique cut is made.
- Small sections of branches do not require putting, large ones are treated with garden varnish or oil paint.
The procedure is started no later than 20 days before the onset of the first frost. Initially, active efforts are directed towards strengthening the bush and root system. The main cut is recommended for the second year. The roots that have strengthened during the winter will take new shoots, which will give a double crop. Trimming remont raspberries in the fall for beginners consists of simple steps:
- Remove completely old, sick, broken, undeveloped, shoots.
- Trimming biennial branches on a shrub.
- If the raspberry has grown, remove the extra branches so that no more than 10 solid shoots remain in the bush.
- Burn cropped stems.
- Dig raspberry bushes from all sides, getting rid of weeds along the way.
- Feed fertilizer.
- Treat with copper sulfate.