The content of the article
- Cat Diseases
- Drops from an ear tick to cats
- Amitrazine Plus
- Otoferonol Gold
- Ear drops for cats with otitis media
- Features of using ear drops for cats
Each owner of the cat should be alert if the pet starts shaking its head, scratching its ears with its paws, pressing them to its head, and refusing to eat. Uncertain symptoms may be accompanied by obvious signs of ear diseases: discharge, redness, wounds, pathological changes in the skin of the ears. Hearing problems in cats occur, as a rule, with otitis media or an ear mite. Depending on the source of the pathology, appropriate measures should be applied. The sooner you start treatment, the faster recovery.
There are several reasons for the occurrence of ear diseases in cats: mechanical damage, inflammation due to hypothermia, viral or bacterial infections, fungal infections, layering of sulfur, allergies. A disease can affect one ear or both at once. To establish the correct diagnosis will help in a veterinary clinic. Ear diseases in cats are divided into the following groups:
- infectious – infection is caused by pathogenic microbes;
- invasive – parasites (worms, insects, ticks) act as a source of pathology;
- non-contagious – diseases of non-infectious and non-parasitic origin (otitis media, tumors, neoplasms, hematomas).
Common diseases are pathologies caused by ear mites and otitis media. Ear mites in cats are pests that injure the delicate skin of the ear shell. They are the causative agents of otodectosis, which in an advanced stage leads to the death of the animal. Due to overflow of blood vessels in the blood, in places where the tick is sucked, puffiness appears. Exudate released from injured skin reacts with the waste products of the parasite, resulting in scabs.
The resulting dark brown crusts gradually form a plug in the ear canal, which leads to rupture of the eardrum. In case of violation of the integrity of the ear septum, the inflammatory process penetrates the inner ear (labyrinthitis), and then affects the brain of the animal. Ear scabies is extremely dangerous not only for health but also for the life of a cat.
Otitis is an inflammation of the outer, middle or inner ear. The most dangerous type of disease is the last, when the pathological process can spread to the brain or vestibular apparatus. Otitis is either primary or secondary. Initial factors include otodectosis, autoimmune disease, improper ear cleaning, frequent cat washing.
Before prescribing treatment for a pet, the veterinarian performs an otoscopic examination and sampling of material from the passage of the auditory organ. Special ear drops for cats with otitis media are prescribed with the simultaneous administration of sulfonamides and antibiotics. With purulent otitis media, the ears are treated with a 3% solution of boric or salicylic acid before use..
Drops from an ear tick to cats
At the first suspicion of a parasite injuring an ear of an animal, one should consult a veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis and treatment. You can detect the presence of a tick if the cat often shakes its head and scratches its ears. With the development of pathology in the lower part of the ear, glued wool appears from draining purulent discharge. The symptom of “crooked head”, when the animal constantly tilts the affected ear down, indicates a complicated stage of the disease. Nerve seizures are a signal of brain damage, and the pet does not survive at this stage.
These drops from ticks for cats contain active ingredients (in 1 ml of the drug): miconazole nitrate – 23 mg, polymyxin B sulfate – 0.53 mg, prednisolone acetate – 5 mg. The drug has a uniform consistency and is a white oily liquid. Surolan has an antimicrobial, antifungal effect. Miconazole with polymyxin B has a fungicidal and bactericidal effect. Prednisolone Acetate helps restore tissue integrity through anti-inflammatory effects.
The method of using Surolan in the complex treatment of otodectosis (ear scabies), complicated by inflammation, is to instill the drug in a sore ear 3-5 drops twice a day until complete recovery, but not longer than 15 days. Contraindications are: individual intolerance, allergy to one or more components of the drug. If a pathological reaction occurs, the animal is prescribed antihistamines or anti-allergic drugs. The price of Surolan in Moscow is from 707 to 820 rubles.
The active substances of these antiparasitic drops are amitraz – 0.003 ml and decamethoxin – 0.0005 ml. The medicine is a bottle with a convenient pipette, filled with a yellow oily liquid with a specific odor. The drug has antimicrobial, acaricidal (destroys ticks), antifungal actions. The components of the tool are effective against resistant tick populations.
The method of applying drops for demodicosis is to treat the affected areas once a day with an interval of three days. Before applying the drug, the surface is cleaned of exudate and crusts. Treatment is carried out until complete recovery, in total, 6-8 treatments may be needed. Contraindication is the pregnancy of the animal, individual intolerance. The price of Amitrazine plus drops varies from 59 to 63 rubles.
Ear drops Bars for cats from fleas and ticks are designed to combat ectoparasites. The medicine contains such active substances: fipronil – 10 mg / ml, diflubenzuron – 1 mg / ml, dicarboximide – 1 mg / ml. In appearance, the drug is a yellowish oily liquid. The combined insectoacaricidal and bactericidal preparation has a pronounced activity against the mature and larval phases of the development of various parasites. The components of the drug block the receptors of ectoparasites, which leads to their paralysis and death.
After applying the drops of Bars to the cat’s skin, the active substances are evenly distributed over the surface of the pet’s body. Dosage is calculated depending on the weight of the animal. For use, it is necessary to spread the coat and drip funds on dry, undamaged skin in the neck or shoulder blades so that the cat cannot lick the medicine. The protective effect of the drug persists for 1-2 months. Do not use drops on kittens under 8 weeks of age. Contraindication – individual intolerance. The price of drops Bars is from 230 to 350 rubles.
The active substances of these drops to combat otodectosis are as follows: synthetic pyrethroid deltamethrin – 0.01%, cycloferon – 0.05%, propolis extract – 0.5%. The tool is intended to destroy ear mites in cats, treat purulent otitis media, reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Deltamethrin insecticide is toxic to otodectosis pathogens.
The medicine is applied using a dropper bottle to the ears of the animal. For the destruction of the pathogen, a single application is enough, after 5-7 days the procedure must be repeated to eliminate the descendants of ticks that could hatch during the life of the parasite. A contraindication for use is a violation of the integrity of the eardrum, the period of pregnancy and lactation, the age of the kittens is up to two months. The price of drops of Otoferonol Gold ranges from 85 to 95 rubles.
The drug is intended for the treatment and prevention of tick-borne diseases (otodectosis, sarcoptosis) and helminthiases (hookworm, toxocariasis, dirofilariasis). The active substance of the drug is selamectin (from 15 to 240 mg). Drops are packaged in 0.25 ml pipettes (purple cap), 0.5 ml (brown cap), 1 ml (red cap), 2 ml (dark green cap). The drug has a wide spectrum of action (nematodicidal, insecticidal, acaricidal). It differs in ovocidal (acts on helminth eggs) and larvicidal (affects parasite larvae) properties.
Drops are applied to dry skin in the withers of the animal, spreading the hair in the neck or between the shoulder blades. The drug spreads over the skin for 30 minutes, after which the pet can even be washed, but it is advisable to withstand 2-3 hours. Contraindications are: kittens age up to 6 weeks or individual intolerance to the components. The price of drugs based on selamectin varies from 200 to 300 rubles.
Ear drops for cats with otitis media
With pathology of the auricles, the veterinarian prescribes treatment after a thorough examination and diagnosis. You can determine the presence of otitis media by serous or purulent discharge, redness, itching, irritation or swelling of the inner cavity of the auricle. The animal is anxious, when trying to inspect the ear, the cat meows loudly or screams from pain. Due to the increase in body temperature, the pet’s appetite disappears, lethargy and apathy are observed. Modern drops from otitis media for cats help to cure a pet in a short time.
These ear drops are used to prevent and treat otitis media, otodectosis and hygienic treatment in cats. The active substances of Aurican are as follows (in 100 ml): diazinon – 0.05 g, prednisolone sulfobenzoate sodium – 0.03 g, tetracaine hydrochloride – 0.2 g, hexamidine diisetionate – 0.05 g. The drug is slightly opalescent (with glow) a clear, colorless liquid. Aurican drops are combination drugs with antibacterial, acaricidal, anesthetic and anti-inflammatory effects.
The method of application is based on the instillation of 5 ml ear drops for cats into the ear canal, previously cleaned of crusts and exudate. Symptoms of an overdose of the drug are not fixed. Contraindication is individual intolerance, hypersensitivity to any component. The drug should not be allowed to enter the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth or the conjunctiva of the animal’s eyes. The price of Aurican drops varies from 450 to 500 rubles.
These drops in the ears for cats contain the following active substances (per 20 ml): triamcinolone acetonide – 0.5 mg, gentamicin sulfate – 2 mg, salicylic acid – 5 mg. The medicine is a clear solution. This aminoglycoside antibiotic has a bactericidal effect on many gram-negative and some gram-positive bacteria. Salicylic acid has a disinfecting and calming effect. Acetone triamcinolone – a corticosteroid that has an anti-inflammatory effect.
The medicine is instilled into the animal in the auditory canal several times a day. At the beginning of therapy, 3-4 times a day, after three days, the dosage is reduced to 2-3 sets of 4-5 drops. Treatment lasts until complete recovery (approximately 5-7 days). Contraindications – rupture of the eardrum, individual intolerance to one of the components. The drug has limitations on use, the pathogen is pre-installed. The price for drops of Otibiovin ranges from 300 to 500 rubles.
The active ingredients of this complex preparation for cats (per 1 ml) are miconazole nitrate – 23 mg, prednisolone acetate – 5 mg, polymyxin bisulfate – 5500 IU. In appearance, the medicine is a white suspension. Otonazole drops have an antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal effect. The antibiotic in the composition of the drug acts on gram-negative bacteria.
The medicine is instilled 3-5 drops in a pre-cleaned cat’s hearing aid. For a better distribution of the drug, the base of the auricle is massaged with light movements for several seconds. After the disappearance of clinical signs, the medicine is used for another 2-3 days to consolidate the effect, but the course should not exceed two weeks. No contraindications were found in the drug, side effects and complications are absent. The approximate price of drops of Otonazole is 230 rubles.
Features of using ear drops for cats
Medicines against otitis and parasites act quickly and efficiently. The main thing is to strictly observe the dosage and the rules for applying the drug. Each pet has its own disposition. One animal calmly tolerates medical manipulations, the other cannot be kept to bury the drug in the ears or at the withers. For everything to succeed, follow these recommendations:
- Wrap the cat in a towel, leaving the head and neck area open (the safest method). Keep the animal very tight so that it does not break out and does not scratch others.
- Clean the exudates and crusts of the auricles or disinfect the neck area.
- Put the required number of drops in the ears or, spreading the fingers with your fingers, apply on the skin in the neck area or between the shoulder blades.
- Wear a head collar so that the cat cannot lick the medicine or wipe it with its paws.
- Temporarily isolate the animal from other pets so that they do not accidentally lick the drug from the coat and poison.