Fertilizing seedlings of tomato and pepper with folk remedies: fertilizers for a good harvest

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People with their own plots annually grow vegetables (especially tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers) on their own. Planting seedlings in the ground and regularly watering is not enough to get a good crop. Plants need to be fed with various means in order to kill pests, overcome diseases, get tasty, fleshy, large fruits. There are several popular ways to provide seedlings with essential nutrients with which it is not difficult to grow healthy, vitamin-rich vegetables.

What is top dressing seedlings

This is the process of introducing tomato seedlings, pepper, nutrient solution, fertilizer under the root system, strengthening the plant’s immunity, helping to withstand stressful conditions under the influence of the external environment. To do everything right, you need to be able to recognize what exactly pepper or tomato needs, how and when to make the solution, how to mix it, etc..

Answers to these many other questions will help beginner gardeners get a full-fledged crop of vegetable crops. The benefits of using nutritious folk remedies are obvious – they help seedlings to grow up healthy, strong, resistant to various diseases and pests. Top dressing is carried out in two main ways: root, foliar.

How to feed seedlings

Before you start feeding, you need to familiarize yourself with the types that any fertilizer for seedlings of tomatoes and pepper is divided into:

  1. Organic This includes all folk remedies: a solution of mullein, wood ash, chicken manure, yeast mixture. Such fertilizers are made independently, do not require large expenditures of time, effort and finance, have a large percentage of assimilation.
  2. Organomineral. Include saline and organic components.
  3. Mineral It contains the whole complex of nutrients necessary for normal full-fledged seedling growth.

Mullein Solution

The number of top dressings, their composition depends on the quality of the soil mixture. Primary top dressing is carried out no earlier than 15 days after sowing and the appearance of full seedlings. Before diving into the open ground, peppers and tomatoes do not need early feeding, and after the procedure you need to wait at least a week. The alternation of mineral mixtures with organomineral gives a very good result. Such top dressing is applied every 7-10 days. It is worth noting that an overabundance or lack of mineral nutrition is bad for seedlings:

Name

Symptoms of overabundance

Treatment

Symptoms of Lack

Treatment

Nitrogen

Intensive growth of stems, leaves, the appearance of a saturated green color, a decrease in disease resistance

Stop fertilizing with nitrogen, feed with potassium phosphorus

Decreased root system development, stalk growth

Add liquid nitrogen

Calcium

The appearance of chlorosis, a decrease in the absorption of iron

Feed with potassium or dolomite flour

Decreased stalk growth, the appearance of chlorosis, yellowing, leaf fall

Water 1-2 times a week with calcium nitrate (7-9 g per 3 l of water)

Potassium

Growth retardation, lightening of leaves, stains and leaf fall

Feed with potash

The appearance of blue on the leaves, spots, brown tint on the edges, loss of immunity

Water 1% nitrate once a week

Phosphorus

Rapid aging of plants, wilting of fruits, the appearance of chlorosis

Feed Phosphate Fertilizer

Weak plant growth, the appearance of red veins on the leaves

Insulate the window sill, pour with a solution of azofoska (5g per 3l)

Folk remedies

There are fertilizers for seedlings of pepper and tomatoes, which are prepared from natural ingredients at home. Experienced gardeners prefer such folk remedies to purchased drugs, because they are not only an excellent alternative to chemicals, but also absolutely safe for future fruits. Most of the means of national production for feeding seedlings are made on the basis of:

  • bird droppings;
  • ashes;
  • eggshells;
  • honey;
  • banana peel;
  • thick from coffee;
  • Sahara;
  • iodine;
  • ammonia;
  • potassium permanganate;
  • potato broth;
  • boric acid;
  • yeast
  • aloe juice and others.

The main trace elements that tomatoes and peppers need are:

  1. Potassium. The element is necessary for the development of the root system, if it is deficient, the plants will die.
  2. Phosphorus. Supports seedlings during flowering, fruiting. If phosphorus is not enough, the ovary withers and falls, and a full crop should not be expected.
  3. Nitrogen. It is an active participant in the process of photosynthesis, helps young seedlings to actively build a strong green mass.

The main disadvantage of processing, fertilizing seedlings of tomato and pepper with folk remedies is the lack of the ability to calculate the exact amount of trace elements in the mixture. Given this fact, it is better to reduce the dosage of fertilizer applied than to exceed it. In addition, feeding is better in the morning, in moist soil and withstanding the temperature of the mixture from 220 to 250. To disinfect the soil and fertilize any tomato varieties, use an infusion of a handful of onion husks (peeling) and 3-5 l of water.

Banana peel

Ash

The most popular fertilizer among gardeners is wood ash containing phosphorus and potassium, which is necessary for feeding seedlings. The substance protects plants from pests, diseases and nourishes them. Before diving seedlings into the ground, 2 tbsp. l ash mixture, and on top – a layer of earth to avoid damage to the roots. At the end of the second week after planting, the first feeding with liquid ash is carried out, to obtain a mixture, 100 g of ash powder should be diluted in 1 liter of water. Such a solution must be added to the base of the stem 1 l.

You can still carry out foliar top dressing by diluting 10 liters of water with 300 g of ash and half a piece of laundry soap. Further, the mass boils for about half an hour, filtered, cooled. The last component is not necessary to add, but it contributes to better adhesion of the mixture to the seedling sheet. The resulting ash solution of the plant must be sprayed from above.

Banana skins

The peel of bananas is rich in potassium, which is necessary for seedlings during the flowering period. The fruit skin must be dried in any way, and then crushed to a powder state. The resulting mixture is poured when planting seedlings. It is best to dry the crusts in the fresh air, where the sun’s rays and the breeze will contribute to this. The product must be threaded, covered with gauze. Thus, the maximum preservation of nutrients and disposal of harmful impurities that processed fruits.

You can also use liquid banana fertilizer obtained by insisting the peel of 2-3 fruits in a three-liter jar with water for at least 3 days. Next, you need to strain the liquid and add 50 ml under each bush. There is another simple way to get a nutritious banana mixture – grind 1 skin of fruit with a glass of water in a blender and add soft gruel for 1 tbsp. l under each seedling once a month. The organic elements contained in bananas not only nourish plants, contributing to abundant flowering, but also effectively fight aphids.

There is another way of feeding – spraying the seedlings with a banana peel spray (4 pcs.), Egg shell powder (2 tsp), magnesium sulfate (20 g), 1 l of water. The first component must be dried, crushed, mixed with the rest of the ingredients. Spraying is carried out no more often than once in 7 days, the mixture is stored in the refrigerator, and is heated to 20 ° before use. From several finely chopped skins coated with Baikal EM1, you will get excellent compost. Infuse the mixture for a month.

Infusion of bird droppings

Such top dressing is very popular among gardeners and is one of the first. The mixture is necessary to stimulate the growth of seedlings and if signs of nitrogen starvation are not observed, then there is no need to fertilize. The mass is prepared simply – bird droppings are poured with water 1: 2, covered with a lid, left to roam for 3 days. Then the solution is diluted 1:10 and used for root dressing. This method is the most effective, since it 100% eliminates “nitrogen starvation” seedlings.

Sugar

Plants, like people, extract pure energy from sugar, so a “sweet” fertilizer will be useful for seedlings of pepper and tomatoes. It is necessary to sprinkle with sugar the surface of the earth around the stem, or dilute 2 tsp. sweet substance with a glass of water, pour over the solution of the plant. You can even use regular glucose tablets (sold at the pharmacy), dissolve 1 pc. in a glass of water and apply liquid to water the seedlings. This type of dressing should be done no more than once a month.

Iodine

Feeding seedlings of tomatoes and peppers with folk remedies can be carried out with the help of iodine. The trace element protects plants from pests and diseases. To obtain a solution, dilute 10 g of iodine with a bucket of water (10 l), you can add another 10 g of phosphorus and 20 g of potassium. Fertilizer is suitable for root dressing 1-2 times a week, can be added to the settled water used for watering seedlings. The main advantage of this method is the availability and low cost of iodine.

Eggshell

One of the effective means by which top dressing of vegetable seedlings is carried out is an egg shell. Experienced summer residents, gardeners collect it all winter to sprinkle in spring in the beds. Crushed shells contribute to loosening the soil, even distribution of moisture, reducing the amount of water needed for irrigation. The product is 90% rich in calcium carbonate and the nutrients necessary for seedling growth..

Root dressing is carried out with a liquid solution prepared in this way: the shell of 3-4 eggs is placed in a three-liter jar, filled with water, infused for 3 days in a dark place at room temperature. Do not close the lid tightly. The main signs of the readiness of a folk remedy are its clouding, the appearance of an unpleasant odor, which will subsequently scare away various pests. Egg shells still perfectly improve the mineral composition of the soil. The infused liquid is applied every 12-14 days under the root.

Eggshell

Yeast

Fertilizing seedlings of pepper seedlings, tomato yeast is very effective because it provides rapid growth of seedlings, strengthening the root system, improving the yield of these vegetable crops. Prepare a solution as follows: combine 10 g of yeast, 4 tbsp. l sugar, 10 liters of warm water, stir, let stand for a while. The finished mixture is very concentrated, so you need to dilute it in a proportion of 1:10.

A folk remedy is introduced by the root method with the addition of ash, so that calcium does not wash out from the soil. Yeast loves warmth, so you need to water it with a solution on sunny days. Such top dressing affects seedlings as follows:

  • increases endurance during transplantation, drought, sudden changes in temperature;
  • strengthens the roots;
  • It is a growth stimulator during the growing season;
  • increases rooting percentage.

There are other recipes for preparing folk remedies from yeast for fertilizing seedlings of pepper seedlings, tomato:

  1. Pour 5 liters of water 1 tbsp. l dry yeast, 2 tbsp. l sugar and 2 g of ascorbic acid. Insist a day, dilute 1:10, water under the root.
  2. Dissolve 100 g of live yeast in 10 l of water, leave for 24 hours.
  3. Dilute 200 g of live yeast in 10 l of warm water, insist for several hours, and then dilute with water 1:10.

Potassium permanganate

A folk remedy in the form of a solution of sulfuric manganese is obtained by mixing 2 g of the substance with 10 l of water, the liquid is top-dressed with seedlings of pepper, tomato. Manganese helps not only get rid of pests, prevent disease, but also fights with brown spotting, which often causes a decrease in the size of fruits of vegetables.

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