How to choose an aquarium compressor – why is it needed, how to install, an overview of models with a description and prices

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There are many different models of compressors for the aquarium, which serve as an aerator in them – a device that passes air with oxygen through the water column. It is necessary, because decorative fish are very demanding on living conditions. An aquarium air pump helps maintain an optimal environment.

What is the compressor in the aquarium for?

The need for such a device in a glass aquarium is due to the fact that it is an enclosed space. As a result, there is a lack of oxygen, which is bad for fish and plants. Due to their waste products, dust, film on the surface and small debris, water can become like a swamp. An aquarium compressor is called upon to save from such a situation. It performs the function of aeration – the natural saturation of water with oxygen.

Outdoor aquarium in the interior

How an aquarium compressor works

The principle of operation of the aquarium compressor is very simple. Air passes through the tubes into the water, the pressure of which is regulated by clamps and valves. For the bubbles, completely different parts of the compressor are responsible. These are atomizers attached to air ducts.

They create small bubbles, which are also a decorative ornament, especially in combination with the backlight, as can be seen in the photo. Sprayers are located at the very bottom. Each rising bubble mixes the water, equalizing its temperature. In addition, the bacterial and dust film on the surface is destroyed..

Adjustable

According to one of the classifications, the compressor for fish can be unregulated and adjustable. In the latter case, the front or side panel of the device body has a special regulator. By rotating it, you can influence the performance of the compressor, thereby changing the number of bubbles. This increases or decreases the intensity of aeration. An adjustable air compressor can have different types of regulation:

  1. Electronic. It limits the course of the membranes. The disadvantage is that the electronic part is heated.
  2. Mechanical. Oscillations of the membranes are limited by paws or the magnets are moved away from the coil inside the compressor for the aquarium.
  3. Overlap of the output channel. More common option. In this case, close the valve located at the transition from the duct to the atomizer.

Unregulated

An unregulated compressor is simpler in the device. It does not have additional parts that would affect the power of the device and aeration. Productivity remains constant, so energy consumption increases. In addition, the noise from such a compressor for an aquarium cannot be reduced by reducing its power. In this case, some craftsmen independently install special faucets on the air ducts, and replace the aerator with an ordinary cooler from a computer.

Unregulated Aquarium Compressor

How long should the compressor work in the aquarium

If the aquarium is populated by fish and plants in small quantities, then the compressor operation time can be determined independently. It is not necessary to keep the equipment turned on all the time. Watch the behavior of the fish. If they begin to suck in a lot of air, especially from the surface, then immediately turn on the compressor. It is better to leave it in working condition and night. Plants emit carbon dioxide – if the aquarium is densely planted with them, the inhabitants of the reservoir may not survive until morning.

Types of compressors for the aquarium

One of the main classifications divides aquarium compressors into three main groups – diaphragm, piston and pump. Their differences are in price, principle of operation and noise power. The membrane compressor for fish is also called vibratory. It pumps air by reducing the elastic rubber membrane due to the transfer of magnet vibrations inside the device. Piston work thanks to the electric motor that drives the piston. The pump is a universal device for aeration and filtering water. It is suitable for large aquariums..

Piston

The principle of operation of this type of compressor is based on the movement of the piston, which pushes air. Rotational motion of the shaft is converted into oscillatory. This leads to the achievement of the required air supply. If your fish live in a bedroom or a relaxation room, then a piston compressor for the aquarium is ideal. It makes not so much noise, but not so cheap compared to the membrane. Both types of compressors can be used at once. Turn on the piston at night and the diaphragm during the day. The latter consumes less energy.

The main advantages of a piston compressor:

  • durable
  • almost silent;
  • high performance;
  • suitable for large aquariums.

The main disadvantages:

  • consumes a lot of electricity;
  • expensive.

Membrane

Otherwise, a membrane compressor for the aquarium works. It causes air to move from a chamber connected to the membrane. It is marked by pressure drops. They are created due to oscillations of the magnet, which also indulge in an elastic rubber membrane. Its advantage is low energy consumption. In addition, such a device can be repaired, although often this will not be necessary. It also refers to relatively cheap devices and can serve more than one aquarium. The disadvantage is low power and high noise.

Collar Aquarium Compressor

Battery powered aquarium compressor

Aerators for aquariums of any type can be powered by 220 volts as well as batteries. The latter option is preferable only for moving over a considerable distance or in conditions where electricity often disappears. The battery-powered aquarium compressor is notable for its high cost, low power and high noise level. They “eat” a lot of energy and work no more than 4-6 hours. Then you have to buy a new set of batteries. For this reason, you should not choose such a microcompressor if you always have access to the mains..

How to install a compressor in an aquarium

It is important and correct to install the device. First you need to decide where it will be located – above the surface of the water or in a special tank outside the aquarium. Installation of the compressor in the aquarium, especially a submersible one, is also carried out taking into account the need to clean the device – it is important that there are no problems for temporary dismantling. To eliminate the noise from the device, you can place it on the foam, and in extreme cases – polystyrene. Air ducts and a spray are located at the bottom. You can simply press the tube with a shell or pebble.

How to choose a compressor for an aquarium

Many manufacturers provide a wide selection of compressor for the aquarium. The acquisition of such a device requires a thorough study of the models and their characteristics. The most important of these are:

  • performance;
  • power;
  • volume of the aquarium;
  • manufacturer.

Compressor performance

The main parameter that indicates the amount of air distilled by the device over a time interval. Optimum performance depends on the density of the population of the aquarium fish and their species. The traditional value is 0.5-0.8 l / h per liter of the volume of “banks”. After simple calculations, you can determine that for an aquarium with a volume of 100 l, a productivity of 50-80 l / hour will be required, and for 300 l – 150-240 l / hour. The presence of a biofilter in the “bank” increases this value..

Compressor with regulator Barbus SB-348 A

Price:

  • 450-500 rubles.

Characteristics:

  • productivity –2 x 240 l / hour;
  • number of channels – 2 at 4 l / min;
  • power – 5 W;
  • power adjustment – 2 levels.

The main advantages:

  • made of high quality materials;
  • equipped with air flow rate regulator.

Minuses:

  • noisiness.

Barbus Aquarium Compressor

Aquael Oxyboost 300 Plus

Price:

  • 750-800 rubles.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 300 l / h;
  • number of channels – 2;
  • power – 2.5 W;
  • weight – 500 g;
  • power adjustment – yes.

The main advantages:

  • the legs are made of soft rubber that absorbs vibration;
  • stylish design;
  • compact size.

Minuses:

  • no.

Aquael Oxyboost Aquarium Compressor

Power

This characteristic determines the performance and maximum amount of energy consumed. In addition, the depth of immersion of the device depends on the power. The deeper you plan to position it, the higher this characteristic should be. Widespread are models with power from 2 to 11 watts. The following compressor models are considered best in this category..

Schego Optimal

Price:

  • 1500-2100 rubles.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 250 l / h;
  • power – 5 W;
  • weight – 600 g;
  • cord – 1 m;
  • airflow adjustment – yes.

The main advantages:

  • can replace air filters;
  • almost silent;
  • Designed to work in limbo.

Minuses:

  • no.

Schego Optimal Aquarium Compressor

Eheim air pump 400

Price:

  • 2500-3100 rubles.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 400 (2 x 200) l / h;
  • number of channels – 2;
  • power – 4 W;
  • weight – 846 g;
  • hose – 2 m;
  • airflow adjustment – each channel has.

The main advantages:

  • channels can work separately or as one using a tee;
  • has rubber feet damping vibration;
  • possibility of suspension.

Minuses:

  • sprayers can only be fixed with a suction cup on glass walls;
  • hose is short.

Eheim air pump aquarium pumps

Dimensions

The compressor is selected according to the size of the aquarium itself. If it is large, then there will not be a special problem in this matter. What to do if the aquarium is very small? It is necessary to select compact aquariums. In most cases, they have not very high performance and power. In addition, almost all compact models are unable to regulate air flow, but for small aquariums this is not particularly necessary.

Aquael OxyBoost 100 Plus

Price:

  • 650 rubles.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 100 l / h;
  • number of channels – 1;
  • power – 2.2 W;
  • dimensions (L x W x H) cm – 9.5 x 9.5 x 5.

The main advantages:

  • compact size;
  • fashionable design;
  • round shape;
  • low power consumption.

Minuses:

  • no airflow adjustment.

Aquael OxyBoost aquarium air compressor

Compressor DoPhin AP 1301

Price:

  • 500 rubles.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 50 l / hour;
  • number of channels – 1;
  • power – 1.8 W;
  • weight – 285 g;
  • dimensions (L x W x H) cm – 10.2 x 6.0 x 7.0.

The main advantages:

  • compact size;
  • low power consumption.

Minuses:

  • no check valve, hose and sprayer included;
  • fragility.

Compressor in DoPhin Aquarium

Manufacturer

Judging by customer reviews, the German brand Schego is in great demand with high power, which can also be regulated. An alternative to it may be Eheim – silent compressors. Low-cost and not very noisy are aerators of the Italian company Ferplast. Among the well-known brands are JBL, Hagen Marina, AquaEL, DoPhin, Tetra, Barbus, Jebo, Hailea. They have established themselves as manufacturers of quality products, examples of which are presented below..

Tetra APS 50

Price:

  • 850 rubles.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 50 l / hour;
  • number of channels – 1;
  • power – 2.0 W.

The main advantages:

  • compact size;
  • innovative design with sealed housing walls;
  • rubber mounts that reduce vibration;
  • valve for adjusting the air flow;
  • low power consumption.

Minuses:

  • no.

Tetra APS 50 compressor for aquarium in a package

Hailea Aquarium air 9904

Price:

  • 500 rubles.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 330 l / h;
  • number of channels – 2;
  • power – 3.5 W;
  • weight – 620 g;
  • dimensions – 14.8 x 9.8 x 5.8 (cm)

The main advantages:

  • compact size;
  • beautiful case, small dimensions;
  • silent work;
  • high performance but low power consumption.

Minuses:

  • no.

Hailea Aquarium air pump

The best compressor for the aquarium

The rating of aquarium compressors includes those models that are in high demand for their characteristics and the optimal ratio of price and quality. You can study the description of these products, the features of their work, the pros and cons and prices indicated for Moscow. The following compressor models were included in the rating:

Prime PR-H-6900

Manufacturer:

  • China.

Features of work:

  • installed above the aquarium, otherwise it needs a check valve.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 2×120 l / hour;
  • number of channels – 2;
  • power – 2.5 W;
  • weight – 375 g.

The main advantages:

  • compact size;
  • beautiful case, small dimensions;
  • quiet work.

Minuses:

  • no.

Airy nose for aquarium

Price:

  • 630 rubles.

SCHEGO IDEAL

Manufacturer:

  • Germany.

Features of work:

  • very stable in continuous use.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 250 l / h;
  • number of channels – 2;
  • power – 5 W;
  • weight – 560 g.

The main advantages:

  • compact size;
  • high reliability;
  • quiet work.

Minuses:

  • no.

Aquarium compressor Sghego ideal

Price:

  • 1200 rubles.

aPUMP

Manufacturer:

  • AquaLighter (Ukraine).

Features of work:

  • very stable in continuous use.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 100 l / h;
  • number of channels – 1;
  • power – 1.5 W;
  • weight – 236 g.

The main advantages:

  • miniature;
  • can be mounted on a suction cup;
  • comes with a silicone hose and spray;
  • very quiet work.

Minuses:

  • no.

Price:

  • 1200 rubles.

Aquarium air pump

SCHEGO WS 2

Manufacturer:

  • Germany.

Features of work:

  • can pump air to a depth of 2 m.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 250 l / h;
  • number of channels – 2;
  • power – 5 W;
  • weight – 600 g.

The main advantages:

  • almost complete absence of noise during operation;
  • the possibility of hanging;
  • controller for controlling aeration intensity.

Minuses:

  • no.

Price:

  • 1600 rubles.

Aquarium air compressor SCHEGO WS 2

Barbus, 2 channels, 250 l / h, 12 W

Manufacturer:

  • China.

Features of work:

  • battery life up to 12 hours, which can then be recharged.

Characteristics:

  • productivity – 240 l / h;
  • number of channels – 2;
  • power – 12 W;
  • weight – 2250 g.

The main advantages:

  • almost complete absence of noise during operation;
  • works from a network or from the battery;
  • high wear resistance;
  • regulator for air flow control – 3 levels.

Minuses:

  • heavy and bulky;
  • consumes a lot of electricity.

Barbus aquarium air pump

Price:

  • 3200 rubles.
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