How to clean your coat at home – cleaning methods

The content of the article

Outerwear will retain its original appearance longer if properly looked after, taking into account the characteristics of the fabric. At home, pollution is removed by washing, dry and wet cleaning. Professional (powders, gels) and improvised means (soda, vinegar, ammonia) help to cope with difficult spots..

Types of cleaning outerwear

Ways to clean your coat at home:

  1. Wash (manual or automatic). It is used when the label has a corresponding marking indicating the recommended water temperature.
  2. Dry clean. It is carried out with a soft brush, scooters with sticky tear-off sheets, dust-absorbing sprays (Spot Remover, K2r, Dryel).
  3. Wet cleaning. It involves steam treatment of the product, cleaning of individual contaminants with aqueous solutions with the addition of soap, fabric softener, stain remover.

Cleaning a coat at home is not always effective. Circumstances in which to apply for dry cleaning:

  • marking on the label on the inadmissibility of hand, automatic washing;
  • old stains from fuel oil;
  • white, beige or pale blue color of the material;
  • grease, grease on leather items;
  • the presence of decorative elements;
  • unsuccessful attempts to clean clothes with their own hands;
  • fear of ruining an expensive thing.

Meaning of symbols on clothing tags

How to prepare clothes for cleaning

Before entrusting a coat to dry cleaning specialists or trying to clean at home, prepare it for the procedure:

  1. Shake, lay out horizontally or hang on shoulders.
  2. Remove foreign objects from your pockets.
  3. Use a soft brush, tape or a damp cloth (for cashmere products) to remove dust, hair.
  4. Inspect a thing, designate the most dirty places for yourself.

How to clean a coat without dry cleaning

Care of outerwear, especially from delicate fabrics, is recommended before each toe and after. For frequent dry processing the following are used: a roller with sticky tear-off sheets, a spool remover, a brush for cleaning a coat.

Thorough cleaning of clothes is carried out at the end of the season, if strong contaminants and smell are detected.

How to fix these problems without resorting to dry cleaning:

  1. Prepare the product for the procedure.
  2. Examine the label for determining the type of fabric, choosing a method and cleaning agent. If the composition of the material is mixed, focus on natural fibers (if any).
  3. Try the selected product in an inconspicuous area of ​​clothing.
  4. If the test is successful, spill the lining, place a moisture-absorbing cloth between it and the material.
  5. Start to clean. To avoid stains, clean the stain from the edges to the center.

Label with fabric composition


It is better to entrust the washing of products from drap to specialists. The fabric consists of 2 rows of woolen threads that will shrink in hot water. Cleaning the dust coat at home from dust:

  1. Surface treatment of the material with a dry medium hard brush, moving in the direction of the pile.
  2. Lay out the drape coat on a horizontal plane, sprinkle on top crumbled crumb of rye flour bread. Roll the crumbs until balls are formed (5-10 minutes), sweep away the rest with a brush.

How to clean a lightly soiled drape coat at home:

  1. Hang the product on your shoulders.
  2. Process in the direction of the pile first with a dry and then wet sponge.
  3. Air dry.

Methods for cleaning heavily soiled draped clothing:

  1. Following the instructions, pour into the water and foam the carpet cleaner (not powder) or use Vanish Active Foam. Spread the foam without rubbing over the pile of the drape coat. Let dry, brush off the rest.
  2. Prepare a solution of a liter of water and 1 cap of fabric softener. Soak a sponge on them and treat the drape product. Then rinse it and clean the clothes again, leave to dry.
  3. Lay out the drape coat on a horizontal plane, sprinkle with soda and rub it into the fabric. After an hour, sweep away the remaining powder with a dry brush, then wipe the product with a damp sponge, allow to dry.

Vanish Active foam and rinse aid Lenor

From suede

How to tidy up suede products without resorting to dry cleaning:

  1. How to remove shine. Dissolve 1 teaspoon of soda in 1 cup of milk, moisten the sponge with liquid, wipe with it the greasy spots. Let the product dry, remove the remaining liquid with a sponge.
  2. How to clean greasy stains. Sprinkle the stained area with starch, let it soak. Sweep away the remains with a soft brush.
  3. How to eliminate stains. Wipe them with a stationery eraser.
  4. How to remove creases. Hang the item on a hanger. Steam with a steam generator.
  5. How to clean clothes from dust. Take the coat to fresh air, wipe with a sponge moistened with ammonia, leave to ventilate.
  6. How to stroke suede clothes. Iron the thing from the wrong side by setting the minimum temperature on the iron.
  7. How to clean faux suede. Beat the foam with washing gel (1 cap per liter of water), apply to a contaminated area. After 5 minutes, wipe off with a dry paper towel.

Soda, starch and ammonia

From tweed

How to clean a tweed coat at home:

  1. Renew brushed, shabby places with a mixture of 1 part ammonia and 4 parts salt. Mix the components, distribute the mass over the problem area, after 1-2 minutes, wipe with a dry sponge.
  2. Collect dust with a vacuum cleaner. Before the procedure, make sure that all decorative elements and buttons are sewn well..
  3. Clean the grease with a sponge dipped in refined gasoline. Blot it with the contaminated fragment from the inside of the coat, and outside put a piece of clean fabric made from natural fibers on the stain. Leave it to fade..
  4. The remaining spots – a mixture of 1 cup of warm water, 1 tablespoon of liquid soap and the same amount of ammonia. First clean the dirt with this solution and then with a clean, damp sponge..

Salt and ammonia for cleaning


Artificial fabrics are well cleaned and washed at home. Polyester is a synthetics made from polyester fibers. He almost does not crease, keeps his shape well. How to clean a polyester coat:

  1. Brush the dust off with a brush or dry sponge, shake the product.
  2. For fresh stains, apply a bleach-free stain remover (Vanish, ACE). Use the product according to the instructions, having previously tested on the wrong side of the thing.
  3. Sprinkle a greasy spot with salt, after 30 minutes, using a dry sponge, remove its remains.

From neoprene

This material is made of foam rubber, glued on both sides with an elastic fabric (cotton, polyester). Neoprene products are worn for a long time, almost do not crease, do not get dirty. How to clean a neoprene coat:

  1. In the presence of dust, dirt: treat the item with a clothes brush moistened with warm water.
  2. If a greasy spot is found: sprinkle the contaminated area with talcum powder or soda, after 20-30 minutes brush away the remaining powder with a dry sponge.

Neoprene coat

Wool coat

How to clean wool products:

  1. Remove dust, hair with a dry brush or roller with adhesive tape.
  2. Return the sheen to the dark wool coat with a sponge dipped in strong black tea.
  3. Scuff with a mixture of salt and ammonia (4: 1 ratio), remove excess with a dry sponge.
  4. Blot greasy stains from the inside with a sponge moistened with refined gasoline. Outside, attach a piece of clean, natural fiber cloth to the dirt. Wipe off the treated area of ​​the wool coat with a damp cloth after contamination has disappeared..


Mountain goat fluff is used for cashmere production. The fabric is very delicate, soft, it is recommended to clean it at home very carefully. The product used must be tested on the back of the clothing. How to clean a cashmere coat at home:

  1. To remove dust, hang the item on a coat hanger, wipe it with a wet, well-wrung cotton cloth, leave to dry.
  2. To eliminate traces of sweat, wipe the stain with a cotton pad soaked in a soap solution (2 tbsp. Liquid soap / 1 tbsp. Water). Then treat the contamination with a sponge soaked in ammonia, wipe with a clean cloth.
  3. Wipe a greasy stain with a dishwashing detergent solution (1 tbsp. / 1 ​​tbsp. Water), and then with a damp soft sponge. Let the cashmere coat dry.
  4. Stains from paint, a ballpoint pen on dark clothes, treat with cleaned gasoline, on bright things – with nail polish remover. Soak a cotton pad with a substance, test its effect on an inconspicuous area. If the color of the material has not changed, attach a sponge moistened with gasoline or nail polish remover to the stain from the inside of the cashmere garment. Handle contamination until it disappears with a soaking motion..

Cashmere Coat Cleansers

Cleaning leather outerwear

How to clean a leather coat without resorting to dry cleaning:

  1. Wipe off dusty product with a damp, clean cloth..
  2. Cleaned areas with a sponge moistened with alcohol. Do the same with lemon juice, and finally wipe the fabric with glycerin.
  3. Remove light impurities with a soap-alcohol solution. Mix 1 tbsp. water, 1 tbsp. l ammonia and 2 tbsp. l liquid soap. Soak a mixture of sponge, wipe it with a leather coat. Remove residues with a damp cloth..
  4. Salt stains on winter clothes should be cleaned with a cotton pad soaked in vinegar (9%) and then wiped with a damp sponge.
  5. Remove oil paint with a sponge soaked in vegetable oil.
  6. For unpleasant odors, use ground coffee. Sprinkle them on a coat spread out on a horizontal surface, leave for a day, shake clothes.
  7. To refresh, soften the material, rub dark skin 2-3 times with castor oil, taking breaks of 20-30 minutes. For a light leather coat, use Vaseline. Pat dry with a paper towel.

Leather goods, care products and gloves

How to wash a coat at home

Recommendations for washing coats from different types of fabrics:

  1. Wash drapery at home by hand, at 30–40 ° C, with wool products (Perwoll, Frosch). Then rinse in clean water, dry in the fresh air, hanging on a coat hanger.
  2. Suede items must not be washed. If the clothes are very dirty, rinse them in a soapy 30-degree solution (2 tbsp. Soap / 1 tbsp liquid), and then again in water with glycerin (1 tsp / 1 liter of liquid). Then blot the product with a dry towel and dry, laying out on a horizontal plane.
  3. You cannot soak and wash things from tweed. If the clothes are very dirty, rinse them with your hands in warm water (30 ° C), with the addition of detergents for woolly clothes (Royal powder delicate) Iron tweed items only from the inside, through wet gauze.
  4. Wash polyester items with your hands or in the machine in a mode for delicate, synthetic items, at 30 ° C. Use liquid, gel-like detergents that do not contain bleach (Ariel, Persil, Tide) Never wash clothes after washing. Dry products, spread out on a horizontal plane, iron – at the lowest temperatures through cheesecloth.
  5. Neoprene items are glued on both sides with a cloth, so they do not get wet through. At home, be sure to wash them from 2 sides: first with the front, then the wrong side. Do this manually (at 30 ° C) or in the automatic machine in delicate, non-spin mode. Carry out a procedure using liquid detergents for washing children’s things (I was born, Stork, AQA Baby) Dry the neoprene product also on both sides, so that direct sunlight does not fall on it.
  6. White wool is better to dry clean.. If you wash them yourself, they may fade, grayen. At home, only dark-colored woolen items can be washed. To do this, add powder (1 tbsp. L / 1 l of liquid) to warm water (30 ° C), place clothes there and remember a little. Then rinse with fabric softener. Dry your woolen clothes horizontally by placing them on top of a towel.
  7. Cashmere clothing is allowed to be washed by hand and in an automatic machine, but only if there is a corresponding badge on the label. The procedure is carried out at a water temperature of not more than 30 ° C, using liquid detergents for woolen things (Perwoll, Frosch) When using the washing machine, the delicate mode without spin is selected. For hand washing, draw water into the bathtub, dilute the detergent in it (2-3 tbsp. L / 1 l of liquid) and lower the cashmere coat for 20 minutes. Rub heavily soiled areas (collar, sleeves) with a soft sponge. Then rinse your clothes in cool water. After washing, without squeezing, hang on a hanger above the bath (for 10-15 minutes). When water drains, transfer to a dry towel and change it as it gets wet. Iron the wet cashmere product through cheesecloth, folded in 2-3 layers.
  8. Leather clothes cannot be washed. For a thorough cleaning, it is better to give dry cleaning. At home, you can only clean the lining. Turn the clothes inside out, soak the lining fabric. Sponge on contaminated areas, apply a solution of 2 tbsp. l liquid soap and 1 tbsp. water. Lightly rub the problem areas. Remove residual solution with a damp cloth. Hang the coat to dry on a hanger. Make sure that there are no heating appliances or sudden temperature changes in the room. Otherwise, the material may stretch or sit down..
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