The content of the article
- What determines the plant’s need for moisture
- What water to water flowers
- Rules for watering flowers
- Top watering
- Watering in the pan
- Watering Volume
- When to water the flowers
- Automatic watering methods
Indoor plants are pets like cats or dogs. They also require care and attention. Their health and beautiful appearance largely depend on watering plants. Improper hydration can damage the root system and ruin the flower. If there is a lot of moisture, the root can begin to rot, and if there is little – the plant will not be able to get the necessary trace elements and will begin to dry.
What determines the plant’s need for moisture
The role of water for a flower is very great. Photosynthesis of a plant, nutrition, reproduction depends on it. Proper watering of the plant will ensure good growth and lush regular flowering. Root hairs, which are located on young roots, allow moisture to come from the soil and penetrate into the plant for subsequent transpiration. As for the need for moisture, it all depends on many factors:
- Condition of plant origin. The amount of fluid consumed directly depends on the type of flower and the natural growing conditions. For example, a cactus does not need frequent hydration, like cyperus.
- The temperature of the room where the flower pot is located. The warmer the air, the faster all metabolic processes occur, which means that the need for watering will be higher.
- Air humidity. The humidity frequency directly depends on air humidity. The drier the atmosphere, the faster the leaves draw moisture from the roots, which means that the flower needs to be irrigated more often.
- Illumination. Light affects photosynthesis. The brighter the lighting, the faster this process. This means that more water is needed for active photosynthesis..
- Soil, substrate quality. For example, dense soil can lead to stagnation of water, which is undesirable for some types of plants..
- Season. Indoor plants, like outdoor plants, feel the seasons well. In spring and summer, they bloom; in winter, some flowers go into hibernation, such as violets. With active growth, watering should be maximum, in periods of calm – minimum.
- Pot volume. The size of the pot should correspond to the dimensions of the root system. If there is little land, moisture quickly evaporates from it and the plant feels bad.
What water to water flowers
When watering, one should take into account not only the above features, but also the quality of the water itself. Before you start adding liquid to the pot, make sure that it meets the necessary requirements:
- Temperature. It should be 22-24 degrees, in the summer, heating to 30 degrees is permissible. If you carry out watering with cold water, then the leaves may wilt and fall. The same result will be if the room is cool, and the water for irrigation is warm. Ideal case – the water temperature should be 2-3 degrees lower than the air temperature.
- Structure. The best option is rain soft or melt water with a minimum content of magnesium and potassium, but in industrial areas it is better not to use it because of the large amount of harmful impurities. Hard tap water is also used, but first it must be defended for a day so that harmful chlorine escapes from it. To do this, collect the required amount of liquid in the container and put it in a cool place. Do not cover with a lid!
- Fertilizers If necessary, feed the plant. To do this, use water with diluted fertilizer only according to the instructions, otherwise the flower may get sick, even if it comes to natural dressing or lime.
Rules for watering flowers
Before you bring a pot of indoor plants home, read the following rules, which are useful to those who want to know how to water the flowers:
- Better to underfill than to overfill. The lack of moisture is easy to supplement, but removing the excess from the earth is no longer possible, it can lead to decay.
- Access is air. Please note that there are several holes in the pot at the bottom.
- Read about the plant. Some species like frequent watering, others – rare.
- Water if necessary with the necessary frequency. Track the condition of the flower at least once every few days.
- Consider the microclimate of the room where the flower is located.
Most flowers are watered from top to bottom, i.e. an imitation of rain occurs. For this, gardeners recommend stocking up a watering can with a nozzle, which will divide one stream into ten small streams. Otherwise, the soil will be washed away and the roots exposed. A watering can can be made independently from an ordinary plastic bottle, you only need to make a few holes in the lid. At the upper watering, water passes through the entire thickness of the soil, gradually descending to the lower root hairs. Try not to wet the leaves and trunk.
Watering in the pan
There are home plants that should be added to the pan. These include species with moisture-sensitive growth points. This does not mean that they should not be watered from above. It is possible and necessary, but very rare. If the plants, for example, are the same bog cyperus, which need root content in water. The addition of fluid to the sump is often used when it is difficult to reach an open area of soil, as, for example, in the case of dwarf senpolia. Experienced gardeners who know how to water the flowers correctly, are advised to use special mats.
If you look at the instructions, which indicate how to water domestic flowers, for one or another type of plant, you can see such instructions: limited watering, moderate or plentiful. This means that each domestic plant needs a certain amount of liquid, which can vary depending on external conditions, the type and quality of soil, the volume of the pot and the seasons..
This type of irrigation is done when the soil dries in two-thirds of the part. This is easy to check with a regular wooden stick, which is stuck in the ground. If the soil is wet, you need to wait for it to dry. With limited moisture, make sure that no water flows out of the pot into the drip tray. After the procedure, after half an hour, it is recommended to check the degree of humidity and, if necessary, supplement the irrigation. A limited method of moisturizing is suitable for some drought tolerant bulbous species, cacti, succulents, dracaena.
This option of moistening the soil is carried out when the top layer of the substrate dries by 1.3-1.5 cm. The plant needs to be well flooded with water, so that the soil is completely moistened and the soil crust is gone. As soon as the liquid begins to flow through the openings into the pan, the watering of home flowers ceases, and the liquid drains after two minutes. The plant must not be allowed to “float” in water. Suitable for fittonia, begonia, fleshy ivy, monstera, arrowroot, geranium, clivia, gloxinia, crinum (in winter).
Before such hydration, make sure that the earth in the pot is dry. Watering of indoor plants is carried out until the water begins to fill the pan. After that, the flower is left for a while so that excess liquid escapes through the holes. Water should then be drained from the sump. Abundant watering is loved by plants that in nature live in marshy areas. Cacti cannot be watered in this way.
When to water the flowers
The frequency and regularity of watering depends on the type of plant. Succulents well tolerate drought, some representatives of bulbous in the period of a passive state. Haworia can do without watering for a year or more. Such plants are suitable for people who often travel. Myrtle, azalea, anthurium, white perone, passionflower and tropical orchid need frequent irrigation.
Humidification is best done on demand. Dipped leaves are the first signal that the flower needs moisture. But be careful. If irrigation is done frequently, and the plant continues to wither, then the reason is different. As for the daily time, it is advisable to carry out humidification in the evening, when there is still sunlight, or in the early morning hours.
Automatic watering methods
Flowers that love water, in their long absence, can be moistened with automatic watering. For this, methods are used that will answer the question of how to water flowers during the holidays:
- plastic bottles;
- expanded clay tray;
- plastic bags;
- medical droppers;
- automatic pots;
- flasks for moisturizing;
- ready-made automatic watering systems.
Any of these methods must first be tested. So you can correctly choose the portion of water that a flowering pet needs for good growth. Also carefully study all the pros and methods of each method. For example, the greenhouse method of plastic bags of water can lead to mold and fungus, and a hydrogel requires a complete transplant. A ready-made car system is the best way, but it’s expensive.