The content of the article
- What is quince?
- Japanese quince – benefit and harm
- Japanese quince – varieties
- Japanese quince – care
- Japanese quince – landing
- Japanese quince – breeding
- Japanese quince – growing
- Henomeles – Japanese Quince
Northern lemon is another name for Japanese quince. This fruit is gaining popularity every year in cooking, as a side dish, jam, jam. To grow it, special conditions are not required, but the rules must be followed. As a result, you can evaluate all the beneficial properties of the fruits of a bush plant.
What is quince?
Quince tree is characterized by dwarf sizes, therefore, one can often find a description: quince is a shrub (small tree), grown in order to obtain fruits for making sweets. They can also be eaten without processing. Quince fruit looks like a pear-shaped apple. Originally Japanese quince is a wild plant. Its second name is Japanese Genomeles (Chaenomeles), the photo shows how it looks. The leaves of a medium-sized tree are similar to the leaves of an apple tree. Japanese yellow quince fruit, with lemon flavor.
Japanese quince – benefit and harm
This is a fruit that, due to the concentration of beneficial components, can negatively affect the human body. The benefits and harms of Japanese quince are due to the high content of biologically active substances. The product is an assistant for:
- Obesity. Nutritionists recommend its use not only because of low calorie content, but as a means to strengthen the cardiovascular and nervous system.
- Pregnancy The drug relieves toxicosis, has a diuretic effect. The use prevents the formation of edema and normalizes the balance of iron and copper, serving as a prophylaxis of anemia.
- Colds. High levels of vitamin C, carotene, vitamin E increase immunity. Seed infusion is an excellent expectorant.
- The leaves and branches of the tree are also popular in folk medicine and have medicinal properties. Infusions and decoctions help strengthen hair roots, lighten pigmented and perfectly cleanse oily skin, normalize blood sugar.
Useful properties of Japanese quince and contraindications must be taken into account. The structure of the skin worsens the condition of the larynx, therefore, people whose profession is associated with the activity of the vocal cords, it is not recommended to use the fruit in raw form. If we talk about contraindications, it is not recommended to eat fruits for people with constipation due to the high content of tannins. It is forbidden to eat fresh quince and pleurisy.
Japanese quince – varieties
A magnificent view of the buds of different colors delight owners in the spring. Low trees are easy to care for. In the fall, you can make a delicious taste of sweets that are beneficial for the body, especially for babies. A nice plus is the absence of allergens in the fruits. In total, there are 3 varieties of Japanese quince, some are easy to distinguish in the photo, but interspecific varieties are about 500.
The main representatives of the Henomeles family were able to take root in the conditions of central Russia. These include the following varieties:
- Garnet bracelet. Differs in frost resistance and fast ripening of fruits. The height of the plant does not exceed 100 cm, and the flower in diameter is 4 cm.
- Pink Quinn, Falconet Scarlet. The height of the tree reaches 3 m, and the diameter of the flowers is up to 4.5 cm. He loves warmth, so plants should be covered for the winter.
- Cameo, Pink Trail. The height of the bush is only about 1 m, but depending on the variety, it will definitely please with different coloring of buds. There are also two-color buds.
Japanese quince – care
The origin, as well as the birthplace of this fruit, is China and Japan. However, it can grow in harsh conditions. Reliable care for Japanese quince guarantees a good harvest. What conditions for care requires a decorative shrub:
- Watering should be moderate. The plant easily tolerates periods of drought, but does not like abundant soil moisture.
- Formation. The number of permissible branches on the bushes is not more than 20. Every year, dead and dry branches lying on the ground should be cut. These manipulations need to be done in the spring..
- Winter care. In winter, the plant should be covered with spruce paws, small bushes with wooden boxes. In winter, make sure that there is a lot of snow over the bush.
- Harvest must be in the fall. If the apples themselves did not have time to ripen on a branch, then they should be transferred to a cool room. With good humidity, they can ripen and store until December..
Observing the simple rules of care, after 2-3 years you can get the first fruits, the beneficial properties of which have been known since ancient times. Dried quince slices can be added to compotes and hot dishes. This fruit makes excellent dishes, the recipes of which are easy to find:
- Japanese quince jam;
- compotes and other preservation;
- fruit candy, marmalade;
Japanese quince – landing
This is a heat-loving plant, so the Japanese quince is planted in the spring. The soil should be loose, as in the photo, and without weeds. For “lightness” of the soil, you can add a little sand. The choice of location for the future plant should be based on good lighting. It is recommended to choose the southern part of the cottage, garden plot. The plant does not tolerate transplantation, so it is advisable to choose a permanent place. Tips:
- The preparation of the pit for the plant requires compliance with several rules: the width must be made no more than 0.6 meters, the depth – up to 0.8 meters. This pit must be filled with fresh soil and fertilizer..
- Fertilizer preparation: 1-2 buckets of humus, 300 g of superphosphate, 30 g of potassium nitrate and wood ash.
- When the soil is ready, you can plant a plant. Main condition: the root neck should not be bare.
Japanese quince – breeding
Japanese quince is propagated by division, cuttings and seeds, the last of the methods is the most popular. To do this, prepare fertile soil and plant a seed (February-March). After 1.5 months, small sprouts will appear, which are preferably transplanted into peat cups to strengthen the root system. By the end of May, the shrub is ready for planting in open ground..
For quince propagation by cuttings about planting material, you should worry in the fall. Mature, cut shoots must be stored in a cool place until spring, and then plant the rooted cuttings in open ground. Transplant period: from mid-March until the end of May. Reproduction by division is considered simple. Seedlings are planted at a distance of about 1 meter each. The period of work is the end of spring or late autumn, after which the plant can be grafted.
Japanese quince – growing
Gardeners grow it for landscape design. The cultivation of Japanese quince in this case requires only timely top dressing and trimming of dry and dead branches. Care for the bush should be throughout the growth and fruiting. Leaving consists in examining the leaves for the disease. In general, Japanese quince does not require close attention and high maintenance costs. Observing the requirements, you can grow fruit shrubs that will bloom in the spring and delight the beneficial fruits in the fall..