Norms for feeding dogs dry food – a table of the amount of food per day by weight, breed and age of the pet

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The diet of the animal should contain the necessary vitamins and a complex of minerals, so many dog ​​owners prefer to buy industrial feed. With this choice, it must be borne in mind that there is a certain norm for feeding dry food. Overfeeding a four-legged friend is highly discouraged: in the future, this will adversely affect his health.

How to feed a dog dry food

Beginning dog breeders must definitely study the procedure and norms for feeding dogs dry food. The menu should be balanced, and the portion size should correspond to weight, physical activity and other individual factors of the animal. There are no universal feeding standards that suit all dogs. Even with the same breed and body size, pets may still need a different amount of food. This is due to the difference in metabolism, health status, degree of mobility.

In order to calculate the optimal amount of dry food for a dog per day, you need to know the exact weight of the animal, take into account at least its age, activity, size, breed. Habitat also plays a large role: in a cold climate, the dog will spend more calories on heating the body, therefore it requires a more nutritious diet than an animal living in warm conditions. For the same reason, pets that are kept outdoors should eat 50% more feed than their cousins ​​living in the house..

To correctly determine the standards of dry food for dogs, you must consider the following:

  • the average daily amount of food for adults does not exceed 1 kg;
  • It is strictly forbidden to overfeed your pet, as this leads to obesity, which entails a number of diseases and shortens the dog’s lifespan;
  • to determine the dosage of feeding, mobility and lifestyle of the dog are important (for example, active York and passive spaniel are fed in almost the same portions, despite the fact that their sizes differ significantly);
  • the rate of dry dog ​​food per day depends on the product category: the higher it is, the better the nutritional value of the mixture, so the premium, superpremium and holistic are more economical in terms of consumption;
  • dogs may experience hunger at any feeding rate, which may be due to an insufficient amount of protein, vitamins and minerals in the mixture.

If your dog is mobile, looks cheerful and happy, he has healthy skin, a glossy and shiny coat, and his body weight remains unchanged for a long time – this indicates that the feeding rate has been chosen correctly.

Puppy and bowl

Daily rate

To determine how much dry food a small or large dog needs, you need to study the table below. In addition, some manufacturers give instructions for calculating the daily rate of feeding on the package:

Dog Weight (kg)

High activity (from 1 hour per day)

Moderate activity (up to 1 hour per day)

Gram / day

2-4

60

thirty

5-9

90

60

10-19

160

120

20-29

280

180

30-39

390

240

40-49

480

320

50-59

560

360

60

640

420

The dosage of dry food for puppies is calculated differently. Since their body is constantly growing and changing, kids need to eat more often and more than adults. So, the norm of dry food for a puppy of 6 months will be 50% more than a portion of an adult pet. It turns out that puppies of small breeds should eat about 200-450 g of dry food. For babies who are medium-sized, 450–600 g per day are shown, and for representatives of large breeds – from 600 to 900 g holistic or super premium class.

Energy value of feed

To correctly compose a menu for a four-legged friend, you must first find out which feed to give preference to. Dry mixes are divided into four main categories, differing in calorie content, nutrition and composition (percentage of meat, the presence of trace elements and vitamins):

  • economy class feed;
  • premium class
  • super premium;
  • holistic.

When choosing the right feed composition, do not forget that the higher the calorie content and nutritional value of the food, the less it is required for the animal. So, the most expensive products are as satisfying as possible, so you need to give their pets in smaller quantities.

Economy class

Such feed is produced from low-sample products, they have an energy value of about 250-300 kcal per 100 g. Food for economy-class dogs requires the mandatory introduction of additional vitamin and mineral supplements in the diet.

Dry food

Premium class

This group of feed compositions contains various minerals and vitamins. In such industrial feeds, as a rule, there is a moderate amount of animal proteins (in the form of offal and waste). The nutritional value of premium products is 300-350 kcal per 100 g.

Super premium

Such products are balanced and satisfying, from which the dog receives all the necessary substances. The mixture contains high quality meat. The energy value of dry feed of the super premium class is 360–450 kcal per 100 g.

Holistic

For the manufacture of such mixtures use the highest quality products approved for the food industry. The feeds of the holistic category have an energy value of 360-450 kcal per 100 g of product. They are suitable for feeding pregnant and sick pets requiring the most careful treatment..

Bowl of food

Feeding table by dog ​​weight

For self-calculation of the daily amount of dry mix required by the pet, it is convenient to use the table in which the required amount of product is indicated. In this case, you need to know the energy value of a particular feed.

Royal Canin

The product belongs to the category of super premium, is of high quality. The mixture contains all the ingredients required by the animal, vitamins and trace elements. The manufacturer offers food for all breeds of dogs, as well as for puppies, nursing bitches, old and sick pets. Royal Canin formulations should be given to an animal in strictly limited quantities. To calculate the rate of feeding, use this table:

Dog weight

Serving (g)

About 2 kg

40-50

2-3

55-65

3-4

70-80

4-5

80-95

5-6

90-105

6-7

100-120

8

115-130

9

116-120

10

126-130

Chappy

Dry mixes are produced by an American company. A distinctive feature of the product is the composition: Chappi contains brewer’s yeast, which increase the immunity of the pet. The consumption rate of an economy-class mixture will depend on age, weight, lifestyle, and breed of the animal. The average daily dosage can be calculated using the table below..

Dog Weight (kg)

Daily Serving (g)

To 10

About 180

10-20

Up to 350

30-40

Up to 500

40-60

650

Brit

The company produces premium dry mixes for different breeds, age and size of dogs. Choosing the right product will not be difficult, but in order to calculate the optimal daily portion, you can use the following table proposed by the manufacturer:

Animal weight (kg)

Daily feeding dosage (g)

To 10

120

10-20

Up to 200

20-30

Up to 270

30-40

330

Dog chow

The composition of the product includes minerals, vitamins, oils and fats. About a quarter of the mass is whole grains and antioxidants, and about 15% is the meat component. Dog Chow is a high-quality, balanced dry premium product that is suitable for all breeds:

Weight (kg)

Daily amount (g)

13-15

100-200

15-25

200-350

25-40

300-600

40-70

500-800

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