Paint for dyeing fabrics at home in the washing machine and manually

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Dyeing clothes at home is carried out for the decor of fabrics to hide defects on them. There are acrylic, aniline, stamp, plastisol or natural dyes. They differ in their composition, methods of application. The most common are acrylic, aniline and natural paints..

How to choose a dye for dyeing fabric at home

Depending on the clothes, the composition, a paint is selected for dyeing the fabric at home. Tips for choosing:

  1. For uniform coloring of things, it is better to take aniline or natural dyes, for painting – acrylic.
  2. Heavy metals, allergenic and toxic substances should not be included in paints. All information is placed on the package: on the composition, purpose.
  3. Even choosing strictly the type of material to be dyed, it is recommended to pre-test it on a small piece of the same fabric. Quality materials should not be fuzzy or poorly applied to the substrate.
  4. After complete drying, the dyed fabric needs to be wetted – the drawing should be resistant to water.
  5. All dyes have a characteristic odor, but it should not be pronounced, “chemical”.
  6. Good paints are expensive, so the quality of work may suffer in the pursuit of cheapness..
  7. Pay attention to the expiration date..

How to dye the fabric at home

All paint for dyeing fabric is divided into two types. There are:

  1. Heat-fixed, which are fixed to the fabric with an iron. These include acrylic or polymer dyes. Their features are that they envelop, and not soaked in fibers. Acrylic fabric paint indelible, although diluted with water.
  2. Steam-fixed (aniline). Dyes of this group impregnate fabric through and through. Suitable for jeans. When choosing shades, you need to consider that immediately after applying to the fabric, the color becomes dull. Brightness returns steam processing. Also, diluted paint can be poured into the drum of the washing machine.

Fabric paint

Acrylic paints

The most common dye for wool, cotton, polyester, synthetics is considered acrylic. The painting technique resembles drawing in gouache or watercolor. Used water-dispersion-based paint, odorless, easily diluted with water. It is available in tubes, jars, spray cans (aerosol), in the form of sprays (applied in drops). It happens glossy, matte, with mother of pearl, fluorescent. Popular acrylics include:

Title

Price (rubles)

Characteristics

pros

Minuses

Batik Acrylic,

50 ml

75

  • suitable for dyeing cotton, linen, synthetics;
  • a diverse palette (25 colors, 9 of which are fluorescent);
  • fixed with a hot iron; it is recommended to iron the picture after completely drying from the wrong side of the product through paper.
  • significantly increases tissue density;
  • easy to apply;
  • heat resistant, withstands many washes.

not suitable for silk;

short shelf life.

Gamma, fluorescent, 70 ml

548

  • available in tubes, jars;
  • thick;
  • odorless;
  • does not require steaming;
  • many colors, there are fluorescent shades;
  • when mixed, good, saturated shades are obtained.
  • easy to apply;
  • after staining, the thing looks like new.

The pigment must be applied carefully, because in the absence of skills, the paint spreads over the fabric.

“Decola”,

50 ml

101

  • dyes cotton, synthetic fabrics, silk;
  • a diverse palette, there are fluorescent and pearlescent shades;
  • thick;
  • odorless;
  • diluted with water.
  • easy to apply;
  • design withstands repeated washing.

After the expiration of the storage period, the properties of the paints deteriorate.

“Javana Batik”,

75 grams

405

  • dyes cotton, silk, linen, wool, viscose;
  • fixed by high temperature – 50-95 degrees.
  • withstands repeated washing;
  • resistant to sunlight.

The paint area may lose elasticity..

In addition to the listed advantages of acrylic dyes, there are several more positive properties that are suitable for all brands. Dyes differ:

  • quick drying;
  • the ability to mix shades;
  • low cost;
  • fuel economy;
  • brightness, color fastness;
  • lack of need to additionally fix the picture;
  • hypoallergenic;
  • pleasant smell.

Javana batik

Aniline dyes

This type of indelible paint is available in liquid or powder form. Textiles are best used for plain dyeing because synthetic or mixed fabrics are poorly processed..

Title

Price, rubles

Characteristics

pros

Minuses

“Elbesoie”,

6 bottles

1140

  • homogeneous pasty mass;
  • easy to apply;
  • lightfast;
  • fixed by steaming;
  • wide palette;
  • gives a beautiful even color;
  • withstands repeated washing;
  • resistant to sunlight.

No

Jeans,

40 grams

119

  • universal, suitable for manual and machine painting;
  • 25 colors;
  • dyes cotton, linen, viscose, wool, silk;
  • shelf life 5 years.
  • suitable for dyeing mixtures of natural and synthetic fibers.

No

Tekhnokhim,

20 g.

133

Designed for natural, mixed fibers (if the number of artificial threads does not exceed 60 percent) of flax, cotton, viscose.

  • easy to apply;
  • durable drawing.

Not suitable for silk, wool, acrylic, polyamide, microfiber, PVC, acetate, waterproof, quilted fabrics.

Guin, 40 g.

162

  • high quality; universal;
  • possesses high durability, saturation of tone;
  • suitable for manual painting in a washing machine;
  • 12 colors.
  • does not fade;
  • does not color the skin;
  • evenly stains.

No

BATIC HOBBY,

5 colors,

70 ml

666

  • Designed for painting or decorating fabrics, drawing on silk, painting napkins, scarves;
  • paints can be mixed.
  • it is well put, dries quickly.

Not suitable for synthetic fabrics..

Using aniline dyes, in addition to plain dyeing, you can get unusual color effects on clothes. For instance:

  1. Gradient. The thing gradually, at regular intervals, falls into the paint. The area longer in the liquid will be darker.
  2. Divorces. Clothes are twisted, tied up, placed in paint, boiled.
  3. Nodular staining. Small objects of a rounded shape (coins, buttons) are covered with a cloth and tied with thread below. It turns out a pattern in the form of rays.

Guin

Natural dyes

The peculiarity of natural dyes in their safety, soft colors. Suitable for dyeing textile items of various kinds. Depending on the exposure time, the color saturation will change, for example, from blue to purple, from yellow to orange. You can get the desired shade using certain products:

  • yellow, golden – turmeric, orange zest, wormwood, celandine;
  • red, purple – beets, elderberries, blueberries;
  • blue – sage, blueberries, blackberries;
  • green – spinach, juniper, elderberry, juniper berries;
  • brown – onion peel, oak bark, cinnamon, black tea, henna for hair.
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