The content of the article
- Greenhouse varieties of tomatoes
- The best varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses
- Harvested varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses
- Salad varieties
- Large fruited
- New varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses
Tomatoes are a favorite vegetable of most summer residents. They grow crops mainly in greenhouses and hotbeds, with which you can create the optimal microclimate for a thermophilic plant. Breeders brought a lot of varieties of tomatoes that differ in taste, shape, color of fruits, agricultural characteristics. One of the most important selection criteria is tomato yield.
Greenhouse varieties of tomatoes
Buying tomato seeds, gardeners expect that at the end of the season they will harvest a rich harvest, but only correctly selected plants that have been provided with optimal care can give a good result. Productivity increases when growing tomatoes in greenhouses – this is important to consider in the initial stages of work. Depending on the characteristics of the culture, it is classified in accordance with:
- sensitivity to disease;
- culinary purpose;
- preferred climate;
- ripening dates;
- yield level.
Any feature affects the process of growing crops. Varieties have their own division according to their final destination: for example, vegetables suitable for salads are the most delicious among all. Such species have excellent colors, sizes, taste characteristics, but all of them are characterized by juiciness, meatiness and a large amount of natural sugars in the composition.
For harvesting and canning, as a rule, small tomatoes are taken, which are easier to fill banks. Such vegetables should be dense, have a strong skin, which is important for long-term storage of the product. Such tomatoes are not the best choice for fresh consumption, as they have a neutral taste and a weak aroma. When pickled varieties are aged in brine, their taste becomes brighter.
By maturity, the culture is divided into early ripe, mid-ripening, late ripe. In addition, the difference between the varieties is what size and shape will be a bush with fruits – indeterminate or determinant. The latter are wide, long, tall plants that need garter to support and pinching. The indeterminant is characterized by low growth.
The best varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses
A popular opinion among gardeners – when choosing tomatoes for a greenhouse, it is necessary to give preference to tall crops – is fundamentally wrong. Each type of bushes has its own advantages, so with a harmonious combination of them you can get a rich harvest, starting from early spring and ending in late autumn. Features of each of them:
- Tall species. They reach several meters in height, yield crops until the onset of cold weather. Such species are grown in greenhouses by vines, conducting herding, so that the main stem does not spend its energy on the growth of extra shoots, but constantly forms new ovaries. High greenhouses are suitable for such tomatoes.
- Low-growing crops. Begin to bear fruit earlier than tall. Ripening plants yield the crop on the first 2-4 brushes.
To grow both species in a greenhouse, tall plants are planted in the center of the greenhouse, and early and undersized plants are planted around the perimeter, which can be removed at the end of fruiting, making room for growing tall tomatoes. One of the advantages of growing a crop in a greenhouse is that there is no need to install trellis for tying bushes (in a greenhouse, tying is much easier).
An alternative is to grow exclusively early-growing species in the greenhouse, which will yield 2-3 crops per season. If each plant is provided with the necessary conditions, then quickly ripening varieties will give the first fruits on the twentieth day after germination. Since the taste is a subjective assessment, it is useless to talk about it without mentioning what the vegetable is intended for. Fruits that are grown for salting, fresh consumption and freezing should have fundamentally different qualities..
Hybrids are marked with F1, as a rule, they are more productive, but in taste and severity of aroma are somewhat inferior to varietal crops. Caspar F1, which is suitable for salting, pickling and fresh use, is one of the well-proven ones. The gardeners who grow this hybrid praise its palatability. Juicy, fleshy pulp is possessed by such fruitful types of tomatoes for greenhouses as Rosemary, Sultan, Druzhok, Verlioka. Among the large greenhouse tomatoes, the Black Prince, De Barao, and Pink Honey are recognized as the most delicious..
To get the crop in the greenhouse, indeterminate types of tomatoes are used. Such plants are never made on their own: if you do not pinch them, the bushes will grow constantly, both in length and in width, forming tall stems, for which garter and support are needed. Indeterminate varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses need more careful care, but they are more productive in comparison with others. From one bush receive up to 50 kg of fruit with sufficient watering and lighting.
So that other plants do not block the light of tomatoes, it is recommended to grow tomatoes near low or medium-sized bushes. The best indeterminate types of culture are:
- Tarasenko-2. Mid-season, tall, very productive hybrid, which can be grown in a greenhouse or open ground (in warm regions). The average yield from the bush is 20-25 kg. The growing season is 90-100 days. The plant reaches 2.2 meters, requires garter and pinching. Maximum fruiting Tarasenko-2 in the formation of 3 stems. The hybrid gives round fruits with a sharp tip, the average weight of which is 90-100 g. The vegetable is suitable for pickles, can be kept fresh in cool and dark until winter.
- De Barao. The view is divided into several subgroups, the characteristics of which practically do not differ exclusively in color: the fruits can be orange, yellow, pink. Mid-season vegetable with a maturity of 115-120 days is grown both in open ground and in the greenhouse. De Barao does not require special care and remains fruitful even with minimal watering. The stem grows up to 2-3 meters – it depends on the soil in which it was planted. One plant brings 10 kg of tomatoes, 100 g each. The taste of vegetables is very tender, with a slight sour note and a slight sweetness. The main advantage of De Barao is its resistance to most diseases and pests..
- Wonder of the world. Mid-ripening tomato ripens 100-110 days after germination, grows mainly in greenhouses. One bush gives up to 12 kg of fruits, which have an unusual appearance, in color and shape, resembling lemons. Tomato weight – 70-100 g, ripe vegetable is very tasty, used for salting and preservation. The pulp is dense, but fleshy, the skin is strong but delicate, thanks to which the tomatoes do not crack during the preparation of winter preparations and transportation. The culture has a strong stalk, reaching 1.8-2 meters. The wonder of the world is resistant to lack of moisture, but vulnerable to the greenhouse whitefly (flying parasite that eats leaves).
- King of Siberia. The culture is resistant to low temperatures, so it can be grown even in Siberia, not only in greenhouses, but also in open ground. By maturity, the King of Siberia is mid-season, with a growing season of 100-115 days. The crop variety is not limited in growth: the height of the main stem can reach 2 meters or more. The stems of the culture are strong, contain 3-5 inflorescences and require the installation of supports or trellises for garter bush. Be sure to remove stepchildren. The fruits of the King of Siberia are orange in color, which indicates the content of a large amount of beta-carotene. The weight of one vegetable varies from 300 to 400 g, giant tomatoes occasionally grow up to 1 kg. Taste qualities of tomatoes are wonderful: the pulp is sweet, juicy. In addition, the King of Siberia is hypoallergenic, therefore allergy sufferers are allowed. Eat fruits in salads and in the form of winter preparations. The average yield of 1 bush is 5 kg.
- Mikado is black. The plant of the standard indeterminate type grows well on open ground and in greenhouses. A distinctive feature of the species is the dark emerald color of leaves, in shape resembling potato. Mikado black normally tolerates frosts, resistant to major diseases, but has a great need for sunlight and obligatory pinching. From planting to harvesting takes 90-110 days. The height of the bush is 90-100 cm. To increase productivity, dive plants. Fruits have brown or dark raspberry color, round, slightly flattened shape and folds. Their skin is thin, the pulp is very tasty, sweet. The average weight of tomatoes is 200-300 g, while they contain a large amount of sugar. Harvest hybrid brings 8-9 kg of fruit from one bush.
- Honey drop. Mid-early small-fruited species with a maturity of 110-115, which is grown both in greenhouses and in open ground. Bushes of the Honey drop are not standard, indeterminate, up to 2 m high. The plant needs to be tempered, preparing the seedlings for transplanting to a permanent place, for this purpose the seedlings are left on the street for several hours. For the development of young bushes, they need sunlight, which can be replaced by electric lamps. After planting, the bushes are tied to a support (optimal – use trellises). Fruits on the bushes are collected in clusters of 10-15 pcs. Their weight ranges from 10 to 30 g, the tomatoes have the original shape of a pear and a yellow color. The taste is sweet, with a touch of honey. A honey drop has a maximum sugar content. Ripe tomatoes are used for salads, juices, canning. Productivity – up to 8 kg per bush.
- Bull’s heart. Belongs to the group of tall, large-fruited varieties. Late culture matures within 120-140 days. The height of the standard bushes is more than 1.5 m, which requires mandatory garters for stability. A lot of stepsons are formed on the plant to be removed. Since the Bull’s heart is hypersensitive to certain diseases, it is important to provide the plant with proper care, timely fertilizer and sanitization. On the lower broad branches of the bushes, larger fruits grow than on the tops. The shape of vegetables growing in different places of one plant may vary, but, as a rule, this is an elongated oval. In the greenhouse, the crop variety gives more than 10 kg from each bush. Tomatoes weighing about 700 g have a delicate, sweet taste, different meatiness and juiciness. Harvest used for salads and fruit drinks.
These are those tomatoes that reach a limited height, after which they spin. The determinant bushes are compact, low, do not need pinching. In greenhouses they are planted, as a rule, from the edge. Even the best determinant varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses are inferior in productivity to interminant crops. Nevertheless, the former ripen earlier and begin to delight with fruits in the spring. Consider the best varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses of the determinant type:
- The nobleman. Mid-early variety with a ripening period of 105-120 days. A crop plant, with proper and systematic top dressing, in the regions of Siberia and the Urals gives 5-7 kg of fruit from a bush, in the middle lane this amount grows almost twice. The culture reaches from 55-60 cm to 1.5 m, while it is not recommended to plant per 1 square. m more than 3-4 plants. The grandee is a super-yielding type of tomato, in addition, its advantages include resistance to frost and disease. The shape and taste of the variety are reminiscent of Bull’s heart tomatoes, with the average weight of 1 vegetable being 0.4 kg. The grandee is often consumed fresh.
- Bourgeois F1. The hybrid grows equally well with the middle lane and in the south of Russia, to the north it grows well exclusively in greenhouses. From the time of planting seedlings to ripen vegetables takes about 105 days. The bourgeois bushes are tall (from 80 cm to 1.5 m), the stumps require tying and installation of supports under the bushes, which is due to weak branches. The variety is ideal for canning, juice preparation due to the optimal ratio of acids and sugars in tomatoes. The size of the tomatoes is average, their weight is 150-200 g, but the very first fruits can grow up to 400 g. From one square meter, they collect from 7 to 12 kg. The advantages of culture are resistance to temperature fluctuations, lack of moisture, immunity to verticillosis, rot, and other diseases. However, the plant cannot withstand spider mites, slugs and the Colorado potato beetle, therefore it needs to be treated against pests.
- Doll F1. Like other best tomato hybrids for greenhouses, this variety provides a rich harvest. The bush reaches only 70 cm, but gives large fruits (up to 400 g), so the plant must be tied up. The ripening period in early tomatoes ranges from 85 to 95 days. Productivity Dolls with 1 square. m is 8-9 kg. The fruits have a pink color and a classic round shape, the pulp is sweet, juicy, fleshy. Tomatoes contain up to 7% saccharides. The doll is perfectly transported and stays fresh for a long time, can be used in the form of salads or preservation. In addition, the hybrid is resistant to most diseases..
- Spring North F1. The determinant hybrid is designed for growing in unheated greenhouses. Tomatoes ripen relatively early – after 95-105 days after germination. Low bushes (up to 60 cm) are resistant to verticillosis, bear pink tomatoes, with juicy, fleshy pulp and weighing up to 200-350 g. Harvest hybrid yields up to 17 kg per 1 sq. Km. m. Thanks to a strong peel, tomatoes perfectly tolerate transportation, do not crack. Good taste allows you to use the spring of the North for fresh consumption or for preparing any dishes and winter preparations.
- Pride of Siberia. The determinant plant reaches a height of 1.5 m and yields an early crop: 95 days pass from the moment the first leaves appear until the fruit is picked. The pride of Siberia is grown both in open ground (but only in the southern regions), and in greenhouses, while the variety was originally developed for greenhouses. Since the bush has weak branches, the plant needs props and tying. The pride of Siberia should often be fertilized with compounds with phosphorus and potassium, regularly and abundantly watered. To collect a lot of tomatoes, extra stems are removed from the crop, leaving only 2 of the strongest. The fruits of the Pride of Siberia can weigh 850-950 g, have a bright red color and a pleasant taste. One bush brings 4-5 kg of crop. Despite the versatility of tomatoes, they are often used fresh because of their large size (fruits do not fit in a jar). The advantage of culture is immunity to most diseases.
- Doll Masha F1. The crop hybrid is intended for greenhouses, belongs to the category of standard. The determinant bush reaches 90 cm, it is recommended to grow in all regions of Russia, since it is greenhouse. The growing season of the variety takes 80-90 days, during the growth of the Doll Masha needs to be fed. From one plant you can collect up to 7-8 kg of tomatoes, which have a round shape, glossy, smooth surface, a pleasant sweet and sour taste and a fresh aroma. The ripe fruit takes on a pink hue and weighs 200-300 g. The pulp of the vegetable is fleshy, dense, so the Doll Masha is ideal for canning. Fresh tomatoes contain about 7% sugar. The hybrid is resistant to disease and tolerates transportation.
- Olya F1. The hybrid is recommended for cultivation in greenhouses, where it can grow all year round. The crop plant is cold-resistant, precocious, and is immune to diseases. The bush belongs to the group of superdeterminants and is ideal for greenhouses made of glass or polycarbonate. On each plant 3 brushes are formed, in each of which up to 9 ovaries develop. The height of the bush reaches 100-120 cm, it is characterized by weak branching and a small number of leaves. The hybrid tomatoes have a sweet and sour taste, fleshy, juicy pulp, weigh 120-135 g, are characterized by a beautiful round shape. With 1 sq. m collect up to 25 kg of vegetables, which are suitable for both processing and eating fresh.
Harvested varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses
Greenhouse varieties are always more productive than those grown outdoors. However, it is important to consider the ability of certain types of tomatoes to bear fruit. If gardeners plant the same varieties of tomatoes from year to year, then they themselves can calculate the average yield for the season. When choosing a new variety, the number of fruits that he gives will always remain unknown until the fall. You can control the volume of mature vegetables by simultaneously cultivating several types of crops in the greenhouse.
As a rule, in order to preserve the productivity of vegetables, hybrids are chosen that are better resistant to negative external factors (diseases and parasites, temperature changes can significantly reduce yield). Hybrid types of tomatoes are immune to drought, frost, often unpretentious in care. For entrepreneurs, hybrids are the best option, since they are more productive, reliable, and strong. Nevertheless, with proper care, any kind of tomato will give an excellent result..
Early ripe harvesting varieties of tomatoes for the greenhouse are suitable for gardeners who cannot or do not want to devote much time to their garden. Despite the fact that you can’t completely forget about the seedlings, early tomatoes do not require serious care – they independently form low bushes. The following are high-yielding varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses that bear fruit as early as possible.
- characteristic: indeterminate crop variety ripening within 90-100 days is typical, fruit weight is about 110-140 g, vegetables have juicy, sweet pulp and thin, dense skin, Rhapsody is grown not only in greenhouses, but also in open ground (in southern regions of the country);
- productivity: more than 43 kg per 1 sq. km. m.
- advantages: tomatoes are resistant to damage and transportation, are immune to verticillosis, tobacco mosaic virus, cladosporiosis, so they do not need to be treated with chemimkats.
- disadvantages: a productive variety requires nipping, garter and pinching.
- characteristic: the plant is interdeterminant, slightly leafy, the bush reaches a height of 2 m, requires periodic fertilizer application, bears fruit with bright red tomatoes weighing up to 120 g, tomatoes are very juicy and tasty, with a thin skin, ripen for 100-110 days;
- productivity: 38 kg per 1 sq. km. m;
- advantages: the hybrid is unpretentious in leaving, normally tolerates a brief drought, temperature extremes, gives a rich harvest;
- disadvantages: a crop will produce fewer fruits if not fertilized in a timely manner.
- characteristic: fruitful intra-determinant tomatoes are grown exclusively in greenhouses, the fruits of the hybrid have an average weight of 140 g, ripen 100 days after sowing;
- productivity: up to 60 kg per 1 square. m;
- advantages: record yield, taste of fruits;
- disadvantages: the plant is demanding care, grows well exclusively on nutritious soil, needs abundant and frequent watering.
Apple tree of Russia
- characteristic: early harvesting medium-sized crop ripens for 95-100 days after germination, does not need to be stepsoned or ripened, the fruits of Yablonka of Russia are round, even, medium in size, bright red in color, with thick and soft skin (average weight – 100 g), tomatoes have a pronounced aroma and sweet and sour taste;
- productivity: up to 100 tomatoes from 1 bush;
- advantages: unpretentiousness, due to which the variety can be grown in almost any locality, undemanding care, rare diseases, fruiting lasts from the beginning of August to the end of September;
- shortcomings: not identified.
- characteristic: fruitful, early-ripening variety of an interdependent type, reaching a height of 1.5 m, tomatoes ripen with brushes of 3-5 pieces, large (up to 300 g), round-pear-shaped, with pronounced ribbing at the stem, tomatoes are muffled red, with tender , juicy, fleshy pulp and dense, but soft skin, the taste of the vegetable is pleasant, richly sweet;
- productivity: 11 kg per 1 sq. km. m;
- advantages: excellent taste, high content of sugars and amino acids, excellent transportability, disease resistance;
- disadvantages: the need for the formation of a bush, the exactingness of the plant for soil nutrition.
Growing tomatoes in a cool climate is difficult, while it is impossible to predict what the crop will be and whether the plant can bear fruit at all. This is due to the decision of many gardeners to plant a plant in a greenhouse, where it will be protected from temperature extremes and other negative phenomena. When buying seeds, it is important to familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the variety, its features, advantages and disadvantages. Fatalist, Evpatoria, Golden Domes, de Barao are very popular. The most fruitful varieties of salad tomatoes for the greenhouse are described below..
- characteristic: the hybrid grows in temperate climates and in hotbeds, belongs to the group of tall and indeterminate crops, tomatoes have a weight of 110-130 g, fully ripen for 100 days, have a light sweet taste, juiciness and meatiness;
- productivity: up to 39 kg per 1 square. m;
- advantages: the plant is highly resistant to diseases – phytosporosis, verticillosis, cladosporiosis, late blight;
- disadvantages: they require mandatory frequent watering, fertilizing, loosening the soil.
- characteristic: a productive indeterminate crop for growing in a greenhouse, which needs to be planted, tied, loosened, abundant watering, fertilizing, fruit 150 g each with flat-round, red tomatoes, with a ripening period of 110 days;
- productivity: 37 kg per 1 sq. km. m;
- advantages: resistance to perticillosis, cladosporiosis, other diseases, sweetish, pleasant taste and pronounced aroma;
- disadvantages: exacting care, soil composition.
- characteristic: a productive indeterminate culture does not have a limited growth point and reaches a height of 2 m, bears fruit 115 days after germination, tomatoes have a mass of 200-230 g, their shape is oval, the skin is glossy, dense, fleshy flesh, sweet and aromatic;
- productivity: up to 20 kg per 1 sq. km. m;
- advantages: the plant tolerates heat and cold, is not afraid of most diseases, parasites, has excellent taste;
- shortcomings: needs top dressing, frequent heavy watering, pinching, pinching.
- characteristic: refers to medium-late (ripens for 110-120 days after germination), the determinant plant reaches 140-150 cm, is intended exclusively for the greenhouse, the average weight of heart-shaped fleshy, juicy fruits is 250-300 g;
- productivity: 7-8 kg per 1 sq. km. m;
- advantages: extended fruiting, beauty and great taste of tomatoes;
- shortcomings: not identified.
As a rule, gardeners opt for large-fruited crops. The demand for the latter is due to the increased yield of plants, their high resistance to disease. To get the maximum yield, it is better for gardeners to plant them in a greenhouse. Among the popular large-fruited tomatoes include: Alice, Gilgal, Eagle’s beak, Grandmother’s, Monomakh’s hat. Consider other greenhouse varieties giving a rich harvest.
- characteristic: mid-ripe indeminant plant with unlimited growth, stem height reaches 180 cm, ripe tomato mass ranges from 500 to 1000 g, vegetables resemble a heart shape, have a slightly elongated tip at the end, are juicier, fleshy, have a sweet taste;
- productivity: 8-13 kg per 1 sq. km. m;
- advantages: extended fruiting, resistance to most diseases, vegetables are perfectly transported without bursting, keep fresh for 3 months or longer;
- disadvantages: the need for nutrient soil, pinching, tying.
- characteristic: mid-season, tall culture of an interdeterminant species, reaching a height of 2 m, fruiting with round bright red tomatoes weighing up to 500 g, their flesh is very juicy, relatively fleshy and dense, the taste is sweet;
- productivity: up to 12 kg per 1 sq. km. m;
- advantages: resistance to various diseases, great taste, long fruiting;
- disadvantages: high seed price, compulsory formation, relatively difficult care.
- characteristic: a fruitful plant intended for the greenhouse begins to bear fruit on 108-112 days after germination, tomatoes reach a mass of 300-700 g, have a pink-red color, a great fresh taste, juicy flesh;
- productivity: 6-8 kg from 1 bush;
- advantages: immunity to common diseases, good transportable properties;
- shortcomings: mandatory garter, pinching, frequent watering.
Such crops practically do not differ in appearance from ordinary tomatoes, but their feature is a powerful root system. In addition, it will not be possible to grow a stem stem above 1 m. Low-growing plants are the best option for sites located in difficult climatic conditions. They are resistant to cold and have a short ripening period..
- characteristic: determinate bushes up to 90 cm high, yield 900-100 days after germination, red-raspberry colored vegetables have a sweet, fleshy, aromatic flesh and reach a weight of 125 g, suitable for salads and canning;
- productivity: 10 kg / sq. m;
- advantages: excellent taste, high commercial qualities, immunity to diseases;
- disadvantages: short shelf life (up to 1-1.5 months), the need for diving, hardening.
- characteristic: a crop crop 90 cm high ripens for 95 days, bears fruit in bright yellow small tomatoes of a perfectly round shape (weight – up to 70 g), they contain a lot of sugar, vegetables are ideal for fresh consumption and pickling;
- productivity: 8-9 kg per 1 sq. km. m;
- advantages: versatility, unpretentiousness in leaving, high palatability;
- disadvantages: the culture requires mandatory fertilizer, loosening the soil, abundant watering.
- characteristic: a determinate undersized species grows up to 50 cm, after 120-125 days after germination, fruiting with bright red tomatoes weighing 60-80 g, their flesh contains a lot of sugar, is juicy and has a bright aroma;
- productivity: 7 kg per 1 square. m;
- advantages: excellent taste and appearance, keeping fruits;
- shortcomings: not identified.
New varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses
Thanks to the work of breeders, every year there are more and more species of greenhouse crops. To date, such new tomato varieties and hybrids as Alsou, Sevruga, Pietro F1, Snow Fairy have managed to gain popularity. The most fruitful varieties of tomatoes for the greenhouse among the recently obtained species are:
- Alliance F1. Early ripe semi-determinant species. The Alliance is characterized by an early maturity. The shape of vegetables is slightly flattened, the flesh is juicy, fleshy, sweetish.
- Fantazio F1. Indeterminate crop plant with an average ripening period. Fantazio is unresponsive to late blight, gives dense, round, very tasty tomatoes of light raspberry ceta (8 pieces are formed on each brush).
- Laurel F1. Late-ripe hybrid of indeterminate species. Loreli fruits are round, flattened, bright red in color, stored for a long time. Hybrid perfectly resists parasites and diseases.
- Junior F1. An ultra-early species that can only be grown in a greenhouse because it requires stable conditions. It reaches a height of 60 cm, bears fruit in red tomatoes with a slight ribbing on the surface. One plant gives 2-2.5 kg.
- Fenda F1. Yielding early ripe and tall appearance, characterized by unpretentiousness. Appreciated for the excellent taste of small pink fruits, their juiciness, good keeping quality.