What is planted in the garden before winter – sowing seeds of vegetables, herbs, flowers and trees

The content of the article



After the onset of autumn, the main work in the garden does not end there. If you know what to plant in the garden before winter, you can plant vegetables and flowers in the country in the fall. Thanks to this, the crop ripens much earlier, plants are less susceptible to disease. It is recommended to plant only winter varieties that can tolerate low temperatures.

What is planted in autumn in the garden

The list of plants that are planted in the winter garden and the garden is very long. Long-term observations of scientists conducting experiments with the effect of low temperatures on garden crops suggest that the seeds left in the ground in winter do not die. After harvesting from the beds of summer vegetables, you need to prepare for sowing. Loosen the earth, make fertilizers – humus, compost, peat.

The crops that can be sown before winter in the garden include:

  • greens – parsley, cilantro, spinach, basil.
  • vegetables – tomatoes, beets, celery, radishes, potatoes, carrots, peas, onions;
  • berries – victoria, strawberries, strawberries.

This time is suitable for sowing siderates – plants that help improve the condition of the soil. Peas, beans, mustard are recommended to be planted in those beds where onions, carrots or garlic used to grow. Rye or oats are planted on the potato field. These cereals contribute to the removal of weeds. As a result, in the spring, after digging the soil, harmful plants become much smaller.

In October

To choose the right time for winter sowing, you need to study the weather forecast for a month in advance. Planting of dry seeds should begin when the daytime temperature drops to 3-5 degrees Celsius, and at night it will be 1-3 degrees Celsius. The first decade of October is suitable for planting strawberry seedlings. Bushes are planted with an interval of 15 cm in furrows that are located at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other. In the middle of the month, winter garlic and fruit bushes should be planted. Onions planted in late October.

A man plants a tree on a plot

In November

When the ground is already covered with frost, but the snow has not yet fallen, you can plant carrots and beets in the garden in the winter. This period is chosen because the planted seeds will not germinate during the thaw and will not die in the winter. By the end of November, when the snow covers the ground by 10-15 cm, they plant in the greenhouse during the winter. Vegetables such as tomatoes, zucchini, cucumbers, celery and cabbage are suitable.

Greenhouse

Winter sowing vegetables

Now there are special early grades on sale that are not afraid of the cold. After the onset of heat, they begin to grow actively, and quickly distill vegetables planted in the spring. Experienced gardeners call the following advantages of winter sowing vegetables:

  1. Plants harden, undergo stratification due to low temperatures. The seeds they give will be more frost-resistant.
  2. In spring, less time is spent on work in the garden, because almost everything has been planted since autumn.
  3. Harvest ripen much faster, it is possible to get more vegetables from one plot.
  4. Seeds are not afraid of harmful microorganisms actively propagating in the soil in spring.

Winter sowing vegetables

Planting onions

In late autumn, many gardeners plant onions. A small onion set (up to 1 cm) is well suited. It is recommended to plant it before the first severe frosts, at which the temperature drops to minus 5 degrees. Bulbs should have time to take root, but not yet shoot green sprouts. If the frost came suddenly, it is necessary to use a special covering material.

Planting depth should not be too large – from 1 cm. Best of all, winter onions grow on ridges where beets, cucumbers, rapeseed, corn, peas or lettuce were planted before. Like garlic, this plant does not like shady places, so well-lit areas are chosen for it. Then, in the garden, you can plant such types of onions on greens as a batun and leek in the winter garden. In the spring after snow melt, they will yield an early harvest..

Planting onions for the winter

Varieties of beets for winter sowing

When the soil is frozen to 5-7 cm, beets can be planted in the winter garden. To do this, it is recommended to buy cold-resistant varieties of root crops – Round, Detroit, Cold-resistant-19, Podzimnaya, Flat Polar beets. Breeders bred these seeds specifically for the northern regions, so they can withstand any winter frosts well. To protect the crops, you need to pour a little sand into the grooves with seeds, but you should not cover the top with a bed, because of this, condensation and excess moisture may appear, which at this time is completely unnecessary for plants.

Outdoor beetroot sprouts

Planting greenery

In order to collect fresh greens from the garden in early spring, you need to plant it in late autumn. The beds are previously freed from sprouted weeds, well loosened and fertilized. Parsley and dill are planted in early October, because their seedlings do not freeze until late autumn. After planting, crops are not covered by anything. Basically, all types of greenery that sprout for a long time are practiced for winter planting:

  • salad mustard;
  • parsnip;
  • sage;
  • basil;
  • sorrel;
  • leaf and root parsley;
  • spinach.

Spinach

Winter sowing cabbage

Once steady frosts are established, the time is right for planting cabbage. It is best to choose a closed place or plant plants in a greenhouse. For sowing, seeds are poured into the grooves, and in the spring, when they germinate, it will be necessary to thin out the seedlings. It is recommended to sprinkle cabbage lightly with sawdust so that it does not freeze in the winter cold. Water-loving plants should not be watered until the weather is warm in spring and the temperature in the greenhouse reaches plus 3-5 degrees in the daytime. Good wintering varieties: Blizzard, Sibiryachka, Polar K-206, Nadezhda.

Sowing seeds in the ground

Planting salad

Like other types of greens, the salad is not afraid of low temperatures during wintering. To get tasty green leaves early, the plant is planted in a greenhouse, like cabbage. However, it is not necessary to cover the salad with special material or sawdust. Experienced gardeners use the following varieties for winter sowing:

  • Lollo Ross;
  • Riga
  • Moscow greenhouse;
  • Kado;
  • New Year.

Lettuce sprouts

Garlic

If you plan to plant garlic for the winter, choose the right place. It grows well in the beds, where berries, grains, and nightshade were planted before. It is not recommended to plant garlic in shady places near shrubs and trees. The best time for planting it is the first 15 days of October, when frost has not yet come, but there is not so much moisture in the ground. The cloves of garlic should be planted to a depth of at least 5-6 cm so that they do not freeze. Humus can be put in each hole.

Garlic on the bed

Carrot

In order for the first crop of carrots to grow in June, you need to take care of preparing the garden for sowing seeds in the fall. Such varieties as Vitamin 6, Nantes, Losinoostrovskaya survive the winter well. They are resistant to the appearance of flower stalks in the spring. Before sowing carrots, the ground is lightly sprinkled with dry sawdust, mixing them with soil. After planting, the beds are covered with a film or sprinkled with mulch. When snow falls, it is slightly condensed.

Winter sowing carrots

Radish

For the winter, radishes are often planted with tomatoes in the greenhouse. It refers to cold-resistant vegetables, which are able to withstand after germination of freezing to minus 8 degrees. However, if the radish seeds germinate too early in the spring, this will negatively affect the taste and appearance of the root crops. They will turn out too bitter and flabby, so you need to make sure that the earth is not too wet. Popular varieties of radishes for planting in the fall – Heat and Dawn.

Garden radish

Peas

A plant such as peas belongs to siderata. It is useful to plant it in the beds, where carrots, beets, garlic or onions have been grown for a long time. Peas help enrich the soil with nitrogen. This plant is resistant to cold, so it is often planted in the winter. It is recommended to sow seeds in frozen, dry soil, in areas where there is little moisture so that they do not sprout and die.

Pea sowing

Winter sowing of flowers

Heat-loving annual flowers (zinnia, salvia and aster) are not suitable for winter sowing. Cold-resistant plants are planted immediately in a permanent place, where they will then propagate by self-sowing. It remains only to warm the flower beds, sprinkling them with sand at 0.5-1 cm. Such types of flowers as well adapt to winter temperatures:

  • cornflowers;
  • marigold;
  • poppies;
  • eschscholzia;
  • sweet tobacco.

Planting bulb flowers

Sowing Marigolds

These flowers are annual plants, so every year you have to sow them again. Marigolds are planted in the garden not only for beauty, but also to deter many pests. If you plant flowers near radishes, carrots, onions, lettuce or cabbage, they will sprout in early spring, and in the summer they will not allow insect pests to destroy crops.

Sowing Marigolds

Sowing perennial flowers

Winter sowing for many perennials is a natural process. In nature, the seeds themselves fall to the ground and germinate after the onset of heat, so many gardeners prefer to plant perennial flowers for the winter that are not afraid of frost. If the seeds of flowering plants are planted for the first time, you need to prepare a flower bed, remove weeds. At the same time, fertilizers are applied. In autumn, you can sow the following types of perennials:

  • lavender;
  • cloves;
  • primrose;
  • aquilegia;
  • delphinium.

Lavender in a basket

What trees can be planted in autumn

When plants drop leaves, the root system adapts well to new conditions, so you can transplant them to another place. In the autumn, decorative and fruit shrubs are planted in the garden: jasmine, hawthorn, acacia or currant, raspberry, honeysuckle. Well suited for planting in the autumn and any trees. Seedlings should be planted in September or early October, so that they have time to take root 25-30 days before frost.

Trees before planting

What to sow in a greenhouse before winter

Many beginner gardeners are interested in the question of what vegetables can be planted in the greenhouse during the winter. For planting, crops that need protection from severe frosts are suitable: tomatoes, zucchini, cabbage, celery. The list of what summer residents plant in the garden for the winter inside a polycarbonate greenhouse includes seeds of strawberries and strawberries for seedlings. They need to be covered with a thin layer of peat and covered with a film. In the spring, after the positive temperature is established, you can water and get seedlings instead of the ones that freeze in the winter.

Onions in the greenhouse

Rate the article
( No ratings yet )
Add comments

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: