The content of the article
- What is funded pension
- Design and innovation features in 2018
- Freezing pension savings
- Where to transfer the funded part of the pension in 2018
- How to find out your retirement savings
- How to get the funded part of the pension in 2018
In the current difficult economic situation, with a state budget deficit, the Government of the Russian Federation was forced to introduce a temporary restriction on the formation of a funded pension. The purpose of the measure is stabilization of budget funds of the Pension Fund of Russia (PF). In anticipation of the new financial period, many citizens are concerned about how the funded part of the pension will be paid in 2018, what decision will be made by the state on this urgent issue..
What is funded pension
In 2005, since January, a new type of payments was introduced in the pension system – the funded form. The insurance part of an old-age pension is a cash benefit received by retired citizens every month as a partial compensation to them of labor income earned before going on a well-deserved rest. Accumulative cash payments are formed from deductions made either by the citizen himself or his employer, and additional income from investing these funds.
This type can be formed by persons born in 1967 and later, if they have decided on the choice by the end of 2015 of the two available options – to form an insurance pension or insurance pension + funded pension for 5 years from the time of the first accrual of contributions. When a citizen is less than 23 years old, the marked period is extended to the end of the execution year of 23 years.
Pension savings of individuals older than 1966 (inclusive) can be deducted exclusively by voluntary contributions under the State Co-financing Program and the allocation of maternity capital funds. It is possible to receive accumulations in this order:
- Reach retirement age.
- Contact the insurer.
- Divide the accumulated amount by a possible survival period to determine the monthly amount paid.
It’s possible to manage the means like this:
- Receive at a time – the entire accumulated amount is obtained at once. This is available with savings equal to 5% or less of the old-age insurance pension. Those who receive an insurance pension on the grounds of disability, loss of a breadwinner, and receipt of payment of a state security pension have the right to a lump-sum receipt. Early lump-sum payment from the funded part of the pension in 2018 is paid on the same grounds without change.
- Receive urgent payments for a period of at least 10 years. The basis is pension savings received in old age and formed by contributions under the State Program. co-financing, funds.
- Get lifelong every month. The funded pension in 2018 will be calculated from the expectation of payment of 240 months: the size is determined by dividing the total amount recorded on the personal account by 240 months.
Design and innovation features in 2018
As it was, a funded pension in 2018 can be created by persons born no earlier than 1967. For other citizens, this will be possible if they become participants in state projects. co-financing. They will need to annually deposit from the amount of 2,000 to 12,000 rubles into their personal retirement accounts. These funds will be doubled due to budgetary resources. The rate of 22% paid by the employer can be divided: 16% for referral to the Pension Fund for the insurance part and 6% for distribution to independent discretion (insurance, funded share).
The cumulative part is formed personified and this is its main advantage over the insurance. The funds are assigned to a specific person and they are given the opportunity to invest profitably with profit. As a result, savings are accumulated, used in addition to the basic pension payments. Under the joint system, today’s pensioners are provided with payments that are not related to the future pension accruals of a particular payer.
Current legislation defines the procedures for obtaining the funded component. The first step is to find out where the deductions accumulate. Information will be provided by territorial multifunctional centers (MFCs), PF branches, or it can be found on the government services website. Documents required:
- confirming insurance experience;
- application for the insurance part of the pension (with the simultaneous execution of both parts).
Within ten days, having accepted the documents for consideration, the PF makes a decision. With approval, both parts are paid simultaneously, but in 2018 the formation of the funded part of the pension remains limited. By a decision of the President of December 20, 2017 No. 413-FZ, the moratorium was extended to 2020. The amendments were adopted by the State Duma, approved by the Federation Council. Entry into force of the document – 01.01.2018.
Freezing pension savings
A significant decrease in budget revenues due to the economic crisis forced the government to decide on the optimization of budget expenditures, including freezing the transfer of pension savings to third-party non-state pension funds (NPFs) with an expected savings of billions of rubles. As today, the funded part of the pension in 2018 is directed only to the insurance pension.
The state promises that the cancellation of this form of accumulation is not expected, that all accumulated funds after defrosting will not only be returned to NPF accounts, but will also be indexed. Now, according to the decision to extend the measure for 2020, all funds from personal accounts of compulsory pension insurance continue to serve only as a source of insurance pension. Does this mean the completion of the pension accumulation system?
The Ministry of Finance has made proposals for pension system reforms, affecting the savings, which are proposed to be formed on a conditionally voluntary basis. Persons wishing to receive funded pension contributions will themselves send part of their salaries to non-state pension funds, and funds transferred by employers will already be directed only to the PF budget for the insurance part. According to experts, the economic processes inside amid external sanctions indicate the likelihood of a long freeze in NPF funds until the state finds other sources of replenishment of the budget.
Where to transfer the funded part of the pension in 2018
For pension savings, you can choose the Russian PF or NPF. The conclusion of a contract with a management company for the disposal of funds requires a careful study of its reliability and understanding of capabilities, taking into account the likelihood of canceling a license. The Central Bank compiled a rating of non-state pension funds, with the help of which the funded part of the retirement pension can be placed with greater profit and less risk. Among them are NPFs of the largest industrial associations (Lukoil-Garant, Neftegarant) and banking institutions (Sberbank, VTB PF).
Such organizations are preferred by the state structure due to their high profitability. The PF of Russia has a lower interest rate, so at the end of 2018, the PFR showed a 7% increase in investment, and Sberbank – 13%. This factor is very significant for retirees who want to increase wealth. The transfer amount can be clarified through the personal account of the PFR portal or by contacting its branch, where you will need to submit:
- statement on the transfer of savings;
- retirement card;
- bank account details.
NPFs are required to index pension savings annually in August according to inflation. The percentage is determined by the size of the investment and the profitability of the organization managing these assets. The more profitable the company invested funds collected by potential pensioners, the greater the percentage of addition to the existing premiums. Since the moratorium in 2018 remains, you can transfer savings at any time so as not to miss the opportunity to increase savings.
How to find out your retirement savings
The procedure for checking savings on a personal account is carried out by SNILS number simply and quickly. There are several ways to find out about pension savings:
- through the website of the selected PF manager in your account;
- through the website of public services;
- directly to the PF through the client department;
- at the bank through which the pension fund conducts transactions, but this service is not available at all banks.
How to get the funded part of the pension in 2018
According to the Law of November 30, 2011 No. 360-ФЗ, persons who have reached retirement age are entitled to receive the funded part of pension payments in the form of lump-sum payments, urgent payments every month and unlimited funded pension payments. In the event of the death of the insured citizen, such a right shall be transferred to his successors under the law on inheritance.
To receive legal payments, you must contact the management company that manages the pension funds. Russians can submit an application in person, by mail or through a representative of their own interests. The latter option is provided for a person who is unable to move independently due to health. Documents required for submission:
With the simultaneous execution of the insurance part, an additional application for old-age pension insurance contributions will be needed, documents confirming the length of service (work book and similar certificates). There is no strict regulation of the period for submitting an application. Payments of this type of pension occur on the same dates provided for the insurance part.