Alcohol screening procedure: procedure and results

The content of the article

On holidays, the traffic police with special zeal stop drivers in order to check for alcohol consumption. For some, this is a logical precaution, for others it is a chance to increase their earnings, but in any situation, the examination should be carried out in accordance with the procedure established by law. What does it look like when such a procedure is necessary and is it possible to refuse it?

What is a drunkenness test?

Methods of medical examination by narrow-profile doctors and additionally conducted instrumental and laboratory studies aimed at confirming or refuting the assumption of the state of alcohol intoxication – this is how lawyers formulate the definition of “alcohol testing”. These procedural actions are carried out in a situation where it is assumed that the driver is drunk, which is an offense and entails legally significant consequences.

Traffic police officer

Initial testing for alcohol is carried out at the moment when the driver is stopped by the inspector of the traffic police, so the examination is carried out not by the doctor, but by the same employee. The procedure is carried out at the place or in the nearest traffic police department, where the traffic police are taking the driver, because even with this option, the ethyl alcohol test in the blood, in accordance with the established procedure, is removed from the vehicle. If the result is negative, then the traffic police will also bring the driver back to the driver’s car.

Medical examination for intoxication

In most situations, the initial stage of sobriety testing, involving the use of a compact breathalyzer by a traffic inspector, is the only necessary. A medical examination is applied only if there are serious reasons not related to the accidental detention of the driver, or during a routine check, which is no longer a mandatory measure for all car owners. Subtleties of carrying out such a procedure:

  • The driver is escorted to the place of inspection and vice versa also by the traffic police, as suspension from driving continues to operate.
  • A person who is driving may require a medical examination if he does not agree with the results obtained during the test with a breathalyzer.
  • Several methods are allowed, the choice between which is carried out by a specialist.
  • The result of such procedural actions is considered more reliable due to the highly qualified specialist and rare violations in the examination.

Checking the driver for intoxication

Regulatory framework

All legal issues that explain the procedure for alcohol testing, relevant to date, can be found in several legislative and regulatory acts. They should be familiar to every vehicle owner, even without alcohol addiction. The legal framework is:

  • Code of the Russian Federation on administrative offenses (from 30.12.2001).
  • Government Decision 475, which entered into force in 2008, on the inspection of persons who drive a vehicle.
  • Order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation No. 308 (2003).
  • Order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation No. 185 (2009).

Grounds for

The traffic police officer cannot stop the car and demand that the person driving the alcohol test perform without proper justification. The most common are the physiological signs of intoxication of varying degrees of intensity, traffic violations, suggesting the drunkenness of a person sitting behind the wheel. More significant is the participation in an accident. The main signs indicating that there was a use of alcohol-containing substances, by the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation and the order of the Ministry of Social Development are named:

  1. The presence of a characteristic smell of alcohol emanating from a detainee.
  2. Disruption in the coherence of thinking and speech.
  3. Problems with coordination of movements (inhibition of reactions or increased excitement, tremor of fingers, instability of posture).
  4. Pallor of the skin, their hyperemia, marbling.
  5. Inappropriate behavior – both on the road and during communication with a traffic inspector. This may include non-compliance with the speed limit, exit to the oncoming lane and other traffic violations.

Under what circumstances should be examined in the absence of signs of intoxication

The breath test conducted by the traffic police inspector is considered not the most reliable due to the imperfection of the device used – in case of any doubts about the results, the driver can get a referral for a medical examination. The order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs No. 780 of 08/13/2012 implies requiring that such a procedure be carried out in accordance with the established procedure if:

  • The driver refuses to be tested by both a breathalyzer and a medical specialist. Even if he has an adequate condition and presents documents according to which a certain amount of alcohol vapor may be observed in his blood: while taking preparations of sodium ethamine, benzodiazepine, amphetamine, etc..
  • There are suspicions of driver involvement in an accident.
  • The driver’s participation in a car accident and the fault for the appearance of the victims.

Breathalyzer reading

The procedure for checking for intoxication

On holidays, the procedure for communicating with traffic inspectors often looks crumpled: the driver is stopped, hinted at his drunkenness and for testing they bring the breathalyzer to his face with a request to breathe. Such a scheme violates the procedure established by law for a medical examination for alcohol, since it may lead to a proposal to “resolve the issue quickly” or suggest the use of a forged device configured to provide incorrect data. Everything should happen differently:

  1. The traffic police officer who has presented and presented the certificate excludes the person who was driving from driving the car. This is done with independent witnesses or using a video camera. To prevent cases of inappropriate behavior, you can record on the recorder. Be sure to draw up a legal protocol.
  2. The inspector conducts an initial inspection, having previously told the order of its implementation. As a result of this stage, an act is drawn up which is signed by several people, including witnesses.
  3. In case of disagreement of the driver with the results of the check in the traffic police clause, the procedure for passing the procedure in a medical institution or mobile laboratory comes into force.

It is important to pay attention to the presence of witnesses: independent witnesses who monitor the actions and have the right to make comments in the process. Police officers cannot be called to their role – these are only independent persons who have reached the age of majority, who are aware of their rights and obligations obtained in the event of the adoption of witness status. Their presence is mandatory throughout the procedure, and at the very end they put the signature on the protocol together with the driver and the inspector. For the auditee it is important:

  • Check the correspondence of the identity of witnesses recorded in the protocol and specified in his certificate.
  • Find out if witnesses are ready, if necessary, to be present in court in order to testify. In case of refusal, change of independent witnesses is allowed.
  • Make a note in a special form or an act of administrative violation that the witness was invited after the paperwork.

Initial inspection by the inspector of the traffic police

Before starting all the procedures, the detainee lists the reasons for which it was decided to conduct an audit: he demonstrates violations of the traffic rules recorded by a special device and lists the signs of intoxication detected during a conversation. The most striking are impaired speech, coordination, thinking, loss of stability, discoloration of the skin and the presence of a characteristic smell of alcohol. Even the presence of the first of the signs is considered a good reason to check. The primary breath test procedure involves:

  • Protocol Design.
  • A full explanation of all the points of the procedure by the traffic police officer, a demonstration of the serviceability of the equipment used with an unbroken seal. Providing instrument error data.
  • Fixing the state of the vehicle manager and the entire procedure on the camcorder is a prerequisite if there are no witnesses.

Among the employees of the traffic inspectorate there are also a number of illegal tricks that violate the general scheme of the inspection procedure with the breathalyzer and lead to the receipt of distorted data. Among the most common and ignored by uninformed citizens who are driving:

  • Measurement of alcohol vapor in expired air, carried out in a patrol car, where alcohol is bottled.
  • When using the mouthpiece, a small amount of alcohol is introduced into the breathalyzer. This situation can be prevented by asking to make a control air capture already with the mouthpiece on: the tester will stop working if there is already alcohol inside.

Traffic police inspector

Detection of alcohol content using a breathalyzer

The main method of testing for alcohol among the traffic police is to use a special mobile device – an alcohol tester, and each driver should clearly understand the principle of operation of this device and the procedure for its participation. Before the start of the inspection, the traffic police inspector demonstrates a breathalyzer, the stigma of the state inspector on which has not lost its integrity (excludes the demonstration of false testimonies), or to which are attached:

  • verification certificate;
  • verification record made in the passport of the breathalyzer.

According to the procedure for testing for alcohol using a breathalyzer, the results of the study must be recorded on paper, and the device itself must be tested at the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology. It is used strictly according to the instructions, the main points of which should be remembered:

  • Ambient air temperature – not lower than 5 degrees of frost.
  • The error of the device is entered into the protocol. For most traffic police officers, breathalyzers have an error not exceeding 0.048 mg / l.
  • An air sample is not taken with a breathalyzer after smoking, eating or taking medication. According to the procedure for alcohol testing established by law, the traffic police officer must clarify this moment and, if necessary, wait half an hour before the alcohol test.

Permissible threshold indicators of the amount of alcohol in the driver’s body have changed over the past few years. According to 2017 documents, the maximum value is 0.16 mg per 1 liter of exhaled air. If this norm is exceeded, the traffic police may recognize the driver drunk, even if the reason is to take alcohol-containing drugs, and submit documents on the application of administrative punishment. The very procedure for testing for alcohol using such a device step by step is as follows:

  1. The packaging in which the mouthpiece lies is opened in front of the inspected person (evidence that it is sterile).
  2. The breathalyzer is turned on in test mode with the mouthpiece attached. The screen should display “no alcohol detected”.
  3. The testee exhales into the mouthpiece until a signal sounds.
  4. The results displayed on the screen are shown to all participants of the procedure, printed in 3 copies: for the driver, inspector and archive. Reconciling data.

Suspension of a driver from driving in the presence of alcohol in the body

When establishing the fact of intoxication, an extract with the results is attached to the main act of the breathalyzer. The owner of the vehicle pays a fine of 30,000 p. and is deprived of a driver’s license for 2 years if such an offense is the first. If you repeat the amount of the fine increases to 50,000 p., And the term of deprivation of a driver’s license – up to 3 years. The owner of a car that did not pass the alcohol test can also get administrative punishment if the vehicle was entrusted to a person who is intoxicated.

Reporting Results

Care should be taken during the preparation and subsequent signing of the protocol: carelessness can cause the use of the entered data against you. You should not write anything dictated and confirm the act with a signature, without bothering to check the drafted language. The protocol specifies the date (with time) and the place of suspension from driving, the reasons on the basis of which this happened. The title, position and name of the inspector, driver data, vehicle characteristics, information about witnesses. After relevant 2 outcomes:

  • Signature confirmation of the protocol – cancellation of further actions, consent to the established fact of intoxication or its absence.
  • Refusal of signature – receiving a referral for a medical examination.

Protocol signing

If, according to the results of the procedure, the driver agrees with the performance of the certified alcohol meter reflected in the protocol, he signs the paper, agreeing with the established fact of driving while intoxicated or refuting this assumption. Further alcohol tests are not carried out, the traffic police officer returns the detainee to the vehicle, a dot is placed on the situation.

Refusal to sign a protocol

If the data of the breath test are in doubt, you can arrange it as “I disagree with the protocol” in acts requiring confirmation. You can’t leave them without a signature either, since the refusal will be noted by the inspector, which will lead to its subsequent use against you. In such a situation, the result is a referral to a medical examination..

Administrative Offense Protocol

Medical examination for intoxication

The new regulations from the Ministry of Health have planned special precautions against traffic accidents. In 2016, the procedure for a medical examination for alcohol became relevant, according to which, after a standard procedure with an alcohol meter, studies are required for the presence of toxic or narcotic substances in the blood. Additionally, it became possible to establish drug intoxication, on the basis of which the driver is also recognized as intoxicated. The procedure for a medical examination for alcohol implies:

  1. Paramedic examination.
  2. Alcoholic breath test.
  3. Establishing the presence of psychoactive substances in urine and determining their level.
  4. Determination of the amount of psychoactive substances in blood serum.
  5. Signing a protocol on the results of the audit with a note on the collection of analyzes or their absence.

Prior to the adoption of this order, a simpler scheme remained relevant, according to which the doctor checked only breathing, but twice and with a mandatory general examination: an almost complete analogue to a check by the traffic police. According to the new rules, an express analysis is conducted next – a chemical-toxicological study of urine and blood. All procedures are noted in the journal of the medical institution, the conclusion is issued in the hands of the driver.

Escort of the driver to the place of survey

Attracting a doctor is considered advisable if the inspected does not agree with the results obtained during the initial procedure conducted by the traffic inspectorate, or there is reason to assume that the driver was involved in an accident or other administrative offenses. An additional significant factor is the refusal to conduct a study of exhaled air in place. Important: there will be a free medical service if, in the absence of critical values ​​on the breathalyzer of the traffic police inspector, there is reason to suspect intoxication.

Where and how to check

A person who has been referred to a medical examination for intoxication is taken to a drug dispensary. An alternative is a mobile medical laboratory, which the state must certify and equip with everything necessary. The test can be carried out by a narcologist or specialist who has undergone special training on the basis of a drug treatment facility. Nearby should be a nurse collecting the tests. The general procedure for a medical examination for alcohol is as follows:

  1. A detainee arrives with a traffic police officer, but without witnesses, to a medical institution, but witnesses are present when drawing up a protocol on referral for a medical examination.
  2. Exhaled air is tested for alcohol fumes using a breathalyzer..
  3. A follow-up test is carried out after 20 minutes.
  4. If the test is positive, biomaterial is taken for rapid blood and urine tests.
  5. The procedure for certification for alcohol is being completed by drawing up and signing an act (3 copies).

Additionally, the doctor draws attention to the clinical signs of intoxication – more extensive than the primary ones, on the basis of which the person driving the vehicle is delayed by a road inspection. Disorders of mental activity, autonomic-vascular reactions, problems of the motor sphere are taken into account. The main list of significant features:

  • acceleration or deceleration of mental activity;
  • emotional instability;
  • drowsiness or agitation;
  • attempts to dissimulate, disturbing public order;
  • hyperhidrosis, dry skin;
  • pupil resizing, poor response to light;
  • bradycardia, tachycardia;
  • motor excitement, tremor of the extremities, errors during the coordination tests;
  • dysarthria.

Doctor and man

Maximum permissible concentration of alcohol vapor in exhaled air

In 2010, an attempt was made to amend some paragraphs of the Code of Administrative Offenses in order to exclude from driving tests all those who do not comply with the “Prohibition”. A large number of disputes around this issue led to the statement of the medical fact that the physiological level of alcohol in a person can range from 0.008-0.4 ppm (against the background of a number of diseases, certificates are required for confirmation). For this reason, the maximum permissible norm was 0.16 mg / l..


There are 2 situations in which you can do a second check – if a positive result is obtained in a medical institution (then the procedure is carried out after 20 minutes with the same doctor), or if the person does not agree with the data. If you doubt the results of a medical examination, similar actions can be performed in any independent institution licensed for such procedures: the report will be submitted to the court for consideration. Repeated medical examination should be immediate: up to 5 hours from the moment of detention.

What threatens the refusal to undergo a medical examination for intoxication

If a detained and potentially drunk person does not even agree to a medical examination, by the law of the Russian Federation this is equivalent to drunk driving and is punishable by a fine of 30,000 r. Additionally, a driver’s license for a term of 1.5-2 years is taken away, and in the absence of rights (after deprivation), an administrative arrest for 10-15 days is assigned. The car is also seized.

What documents are prepared based on the results of the examination

The completion of the alcohol survey procedure is the issuance of a protocol of the procedure that describes all the actions of the participants from the moment the vehicle was stopped until the results of the breath test. It contains data on the persons involved in the mentioned procedural actions, date, place and time, reasons for the detention, examination methods. The act is drawn up in 3 copies, in accordance with the procedure established by law, is signed by all participants in the examination, including the doctor. A couple of nuances:

  • When performing a medical examination, the protocol is stamped by a medical institution and a document is issued on referral for a medical examination.
  • The testimony of witnesses, if any, and an extract from the breathalyzer are filed to the protocol.
  • With the confirmed absence of intoxication, copies of the protocol and the act on the removal of driving are also issued.
  • If a drunk condition has been established, a protocol on the detention of the vehicle is issued.

Is it possible to challenge the results of the protocol

You have the right to appeal if you are sure that the procedure for testing for alcohol was violated, or do not agree with the results (common situation: the person did not drink, but the examination established the opposite). The requirement will be satisfied only if there are legal grounds:

  • lack of documents on the procedure or the presence of errors in them;
  • the inspector did not familiarize himself with articles 51 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and did not report responsibility for false testimonies;
  • access to documents drawn up during the procedure was not provided;
  • the results of the initial and repeated checks did not match.
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