Benefits for disabled people of 3 groups in 2018: payments and social rights of citizens

The content of the article

The government allocates funds from the state budget to support people with disabilities. Persons with disabilities of 3 groups have the right to receive certain social benefits. This category includes citizens who have mild to moderate disorders of the body. People will be able to take advantage of preferences after the official disability.

Who is assigned disability 3 groups

According to the order of the Ministry of Health No. 1013n dated 12/23/2009, this status is assigned to people with minor health problems that limit some categories of life. During the medical commission, doctors will evaluate the general condition of the human body, its production and psychological characteristics (ability to self-service, logical judgment, reaction to stimuli, assimilation and transmission of information). Inspection beneficiaries must pass every year. This status can be assigned to the following members of the company:

  • invalids of war and labor;
  • disabled children;
  • persons suffering from a congenital, acquired or chronic disease involving the assignment of a third disability group.

Disability Violations

Causes of health problems can be congenital and acquired. For health problems from birth, a child is assigned a disability in childhood. For diseases caused by working conditions or a dangerous situation at work, the employee must first undergo a specialized medical examination to diagnose problems. The following violations may lead to partial limitation of legal capacity:

  • mental disorders;
  • congenital and acquired deformities of the musculoskeletal system, limbs, face, trunk;
  • problems with the functions of speech, vision, hearing;
  • abnormal changes in the work of the respiratory tract, visual centers, musculoskeletal tissues, etc .;
  • circulatory system diseases and circulatory failure.

There is no approved list of diseases leading to disability of type 3, but according to the resolution of the USSR Ministry of Health of August 1-2, 1956, there is a list of diseases in which re-examination is not required. This list is valid for 62 years and can be found on the website of the Ministry of Health. Regardless of the type of disease, permanently establish the 3rd group of disabilities for the heroes of the Great Patriotic War, who underwent a medical examination for 5 years.

Hearing problems

Legal regulation

In 2018, benefits to people with disabilities of the 3rd group are provided in accordance with Federal Law No. 181-ФЗ of 11.24.1995 “On the Social Protection of Persons with Disabilities in the Russian Federation”. It summarizes all payments for members of a limited liability company. The conditions and procedure for obtaining disability are discussed in Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 95. The following legislative acts contain information about the features of MES:

  • Decree of the Ministry of Labor No. 17.
  • Ministry of Health Order No. 317.

Disability registration procedure

It is impossible to obtain the status of a disabled person without passing a medical and social examination (ITU). It is the first step towards recognizing a person as partially disabled. The procedure is carried out in a special bureau. If a citizen belongs to a limited mobility group (MGN), then experts can visit the hospital at his place of residence to conduct an examination there. Disability is made out as follows:

  1. An individual provides a package of documents necessary for the ITU, along with a referral from the attending physician.
  2. ITU date and time assigned.
  3. Experts assess the psychological state of a citizen, study the history of his illness, the results of outpatient studies, evaluate his ability to behave appropriately in working and living conditions.
  4. Based on the results of the examination, the patient is assigned a disability or decide to refuse the request.
  5. A citizen is given a conclusion, which indicates the category of disability, and an individual rehabilitation and habilitation program (IPRA).

Objectives of conducting a medical examination

The procedure for organizing ITU is regulated by Order of the Ministry of Labor No. 310n of 11.10. 2012. The procedure involves a comprehensive assessment of the state of the subject’s body. ITU is performed free of charge in all regions of the country at the expense of the budget allocated for the implementation of the basic program of medical insurance for the population of Russia. The objectives of the survey:

  • establishing the level of legal capacity of an individual;
  • development of a rehabilitation program for an individual.

What documents are needed

A citizen must visit his attending physician. The doctor, if available, will write a referral to ITU. If a patient has been undergoing treatment at a clinic several times a year, the doctor must fill out a sick leave sheet for each case, indicating the date, time and duration of the patient’s stay in the institution. The doctor must enter all the important information into the citizen’s medical record, and only then send it to the MES. Documents for certification:

  • original and copy of the passport of the Russian Federation;
  • income statement;
  • the original and a copy of the work book certified by the administration of the enterprise or by a notary public;
  • pension certificate (if any);
  • Act on injury at work (if it caused disability);
  • ambulatory card of the patient, where the entire medical history is fully reflected;
  • copy and original extract from the hospital;
  • characteristics from the place of study / work.

Passport of a citizen of Russia

Disability Assignment

Before starting the process of assessing the state of health, the applicant is introduced to a document that describes all the stages of ITU. If a citizen agrees with the course of the survey, he puts a signature on the document. The initial is a physical examination of the patient and an assessment of his psychological condition. The commission consists of 3-4 members. Each of the participants in the examination has the right to ask the patient different questions..

The whole procedure is logged. Upon completion of ITU, a meeting of specialists begins. In some cases, when the risk posed to a state of health by illness or injury cannot be called high, the applicant is referred for an additional medical examination. The meeting ends with a vote of experts. Based on the results of the work, the bureau staff draw up an ITU act. It contains the following information:

  • information about the applicant;
  • analysis conditions;
  • list of documents submitted by doctors;
  • examination results.

Re-examination period

Persons of working age are required to undergo a medical examination every year. Depending on the nature of the disorder, doctors may increase this period. Pensioners 3 disability group is assigned for an indefinite period. In many regions, notifications of re-passing a medical board are sent every 5 years. To pass the inspection, you need to bring a certificate stating the disability group, IPRA.

Payments to disabled people of 3 groups in 2018

This category of citizens is entitled to receive monthly social assistance. At the federal level, the size of payments is standardized, but in many regions allowances for this category of the population are provided. The accrual of benefits is individual. Their size and number depends on the cause of disability in an individual. Benefits for people with disabilities of group 3 in 2018 include:

  • Disability pension. The subsidy may be of an insurance, social, state nature. The method of calculating benefits depends on its type and the influence of other factors. When calculating the amount of the insurance pension, the length of service of a citizen, the value of the basic coefficient and the disability group are taken into account. The minimum size is 2190 rubles. The amount of social pension is established at the state level. In 2018, it is equal to 4279.14 p.
  • Social payments. Each month, 850 rubles are allocated from the budget for the provision of medicines to a disabled person. The government provides 130 p. For spa treatment. monthly, and for free travel to the sanatorium – 135 p. An individual has the right to refuse a set of social services (NSOs). Their monetization will be carried out according to the equivalent established by law, and then the resulting amount will begin to be transferred monthly to the citizen’s bank account.
  • Supplements and benefits. Without exception, all individuals with 3 types of disabilities are provided with a monthly cash payment (EDV) in the amount of 2022.94 rubles. With insurance, a disabled person can count on an additional subsidy. Its average size is 1000 p. In Moscow and other Russian cities, an additional increase in pension is provided depending on the type of disease that caused partial disability.

What benefits does a disabled person have 3 groups

Persons with disabilities have the right to social assistance. They are given a choice – to receive monetary compensation or services in kind. In Russia, there is a division of benefits for disabled people of group 3 in 2018 into federal and regional. The former operate throughout the country, and the latter in specific areas. Federal benefits include social pension and monthly cash payments. Regional social assistance includes:

  • a discount on housing and communal services;
  • provision of housing;
  • tax preferences;
  • preferential medical care;
  • preferences in the field of education;
  • preferential working conditions.

Girl and doctor

Payment of housing and communal services

People with type 3 disabilities are given fewer preferences than people with disabilities of groups 1 and 2. Often in the regions they provide local benefits, therefore, for relevant information on this issue, a citizen should contact the housing and communal services (housing and communal services) at the place of residence. Preferences apply only to the beneficiary, and benefits do not apply to members of his family. At the federal level, people with disabilities 3 groups provide 50% discount on the payment of the following services:

  • electricity;
  • heating;
  • garbage collection;
  • cleaning the area near the house;
  • water disposal and water supply;
  • purchase of solid fuel if the house is not connected to central heating;
  • capital repairs of the residential complex (if the child is disabled).

Benefits for housing or land

Improving living conditions is one of the goals of the state program to support people with disabilities. This privilege can be used by entities who do not have their own housing, who live in rented premises, are registered in a dormitory and share housing with people who are not relatives to them. On preferential terms, people with limited legal capacity can obtain land for:

  • construction of own housing;
  • maintenance of subsidiary or suburban economy;
  • gardening.

Tax incentives for the disabled 3 groups

Persons with limited legal capacity are exempted from certain types of contributions to the state budget. Taxation preferences apply only to beneficiaries. Family members and spouses living with them are required to pay taxes in full. The benefits are divided into those that apply to all citizens with a 3 disability group, and those that can be used by people who received this status in childhood.

Reducing the amount of taxes for all persons with disabilities 3 groups

Beneficiaries are officially exempt from insurance premiums. Individuals may not pay transport tax on specialized cars with a capacity of up to 100 horsepower. Each month, beneficiaries will receive a tax deduction, the value of which will be 500 rubles, i.e. their income will be higher than that of ordinary employees. You can apply for the listed benefits in the tax authority at the place of residence.

Tax preferences for disabled children

Persons recognized as partially competent in childhood are exempted from the tax on one housing. If there are several apartments, the citizen is obliged to choose the one that will be held for preferential taxation. People with disabilities of group 3 do not need to pay income tax every month. The legislation provides for the exemption of such persons from paying a registration fee when starting their own business.

Calculator and coins

Medical service

In order of priority, people with limited legal capacity have the right to receive some rehabilitation equipment (walkers, bathroom handrails, parapodiums, etc.) and medicines for free. The basis for contacting the clinic is a referral or prescription from the attending physician. The list of drugs and devices must be included in the IPRA, otherwise the doctor does not have the right to give directions to them. The following medical benefits are provided for this category of population:

  • Discount up to 50% for the purchase of orthopedic shoes and other rehabilitation accessories (valid in some regions).
  • Referral to a hospital for free treatment.
  • Free travel once a year to the place of spa treatment.
  • Rehabilitation under the IPRA program.

The document issued by the doctor will indicate where to apply for a service or product. If a person has become partially disabled due to complications after vaccination (disabled child), the Ministry of Health will pay him 1,000 rubles each month. If the subject plans to go for treatment on a specific date, he must contact the doctor in advance to give him a referral, as getting a ticket to the Social Insurance Fund will take about 1 month.

What are the benefits of education

Persons with limited legal capacity enter the university on a preferential basis. The only condition is the successful passing of entrance exams. Nobody will be able to take benefits from a disabled person of group 3 during training. Even if the session fails, such a student will continue to receive a scholarship, but to a lesser extent. The student can count on the following educational benefits:

  • admission to colleges and universities out of competition;
  • scholarship award regardless of academic success.

Benefits for working

Partially incapable physical persons are given little preference. Regardless of the degree of disability, they are mostly subject to standard working conditions. An employee may not provide documents proving their social status. This relieves the employer of responsibility for creating special working conditions. The Labor Code (TK) provides the following benefits to working disabled people:

  • Working conditions. The working week is 40 hours. If, according to the IPRI, a citizen is recommended to work part-time, the employer has the right to reduce the salary of such an employee. Persons with type 3 disabilities are prohibited from lifting weights greater than 2 kg.
  • The duration of the vacation. The worker has the right to receive 60-day leave instead of 30-day leave if he is going to undergo planned treatment at a medical institution or go to a spa treatment. The chief of two vacation months is required to pay only one.
  • Obtaining written consent to work beyond the norm on holidays and weekends, at night. A citizen may provide the employer with such a document. After receiving the application, the chief will be able to call the subject to work at any time agreed upon by the standard contract.

Features of privileges for certain categories of citizens

Rights of a disabled person of group 3 depend on the category to which he belongs. Most privileges are granted to persons who have received disabilities in childhood. They can engage in entrepreneurial activities on favorable terms, take advantage of preferential taxation. The following individuals can apply for additional preferences:

  • Disabled war. Subjects are granted the right to free medicines, extended transport privileges, increased benefits.
  • Disabled people. They have a minimum pension of 5500 r.
  • Disabled childhood. People of this category are completely exempt from property taxes, a fee when receiving a warrant for an apartment.

Participants of the Great Patriotic War

Disabled people war

According to the current legislation, participants in hostilities are allowed to purchase tickets for rail transport at a 50 percent discount. The average amount of benefits for this part of the population is 9000 p. The amount of payments calculated based on the region of residence of the subject. If a citizen is unemployed or a war veteran, he can get free medications necessary for normal life.

Disabled people

For this category of people with disabilities, practically no additional benefits are provided, except for a fixed minimum pension. Monthly payments can not be less than 5500 p. Indexation and the amount of benefits are calculated on the basis of the subsistence level, which changes every year in accordance with the inflation rate. When calculating the amount of pension, the official work experience of an individual is taken into account.

Disabled since childhood

This socially unprotected category of citizens can claim many preferences. A disabled person of group 3 is completely exempt from tax on real estate since childhood. When establishing their own business, the entity does not pay for the registration of the company or the assignment of the status of an individual entrepreneur (IP). People who have a disability in childhood can benefit from the following preferences:

  • Reducing the size of the tax base for land. The average size of the discount will be 10,000 r.
  • Monthly deduction for personal income tax (personal income tax). The size of the payment is 500 r.
  • The absence of a fee for issuing a warrant for an apartment during the privatization of their own housing. A citizen is obliged to submit documents confirming his social status.

How to apply for benefits for pensioners with disabilities of group 3 in 2018

Senior citizens can apply for preferences due to their health status. For pensioners, the third disability group is assigned for an indefinite period, so they will not have to undergo an examination every year. The procedure for registration of social assistance does not depend on the age of the citizen. All persons with disabilities must submit certificates confirming this fact. General procedure for applying for benefits:

  1. A citizen visits an organization that provides benefits for people with disabilities, takes a copy of the application and studies the list of necessary documents.
  2. A potential beneficiary draws up all certificates, fills out an application.
  3. A person visits the organization again, leaving documents with a statement.
  4. The decision on the benefit will come in 2–4 weeks. For such a period, employees of institutions have time to study the applicants’ documents, check certificates for authenticity.

Man writes

Where to go

Preferences for payment of housing and communal services can be issued in the housing and communal services. Tax benefits are provided only at the branch of the Federal Tax Service. The preferences for free medicines, discounts for prosthetics and other medical services are handled by the attending physician. The doctor must give a referral or prescription. Vouchers for treatment are drawn up at the Citizens Social Insurance Fund, and benefits, lump-sum payments and various pension allowances are issued at the Pension Fund of Russia (PFR) branch.

List of required documents

The number of certificates needed to obtain preferences depends on the organization to which the citizen applies. Although some documents can be presented in the form of copies, it is better to take the originals with you: this will avoid unnecessary red tape with the assurance of their authenticity by government officials. In all institutions, individuals will require the following documents:

  • passport of the Russian Federation or birth certificate (copy);
  • certificate of family composition (original);
  • a bank statement with the applicant’s account number where the money will be credited (original);
  • employment record (notarized or by the head of the company copy);
  • SNILS (copy of the insurance number of an individual personal account);
  • certificates of assignment of disability (originals and copies);
  • certificate of ownership of the car, apartment and other property (original with copy);
  • certificate 2-NDFL / 3-NDFL confirming the income of an individual (original);
  • pension certificate or other document confirming the citizen’s right to receive a pension (original).
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