The content of the article
- Who is a blood donor
- Regulatory framework
- How to become an Honorary Donor
- Annual Compensation Payments
- Benefits to Honorary Donors of Russia
- Extra weekend
- Free meals or cash compensation
- Regular medical examination
- Compensation of 50% of the cost of drugs
- Providing the next vacation at a convenient time
- Preferential trips to sanatoriums and rest houses
- Social support measures for Russian donors in the regions
- Privileges of the Honorary Donor in Moscow in 2018
- Subsidy for housing and communal services
- Preferential fare in public transport
- Order of registration
- Where to go
- What documents are needed
Donation is an important manifestation of an active citizenship. Cash payments and benefits are not so large that they could force a person to donate blood, its components from selfish motives. A person who decides to donate is guided by the desire to help, the desire to save someone’s life. By doing this regularly, he justifiably deserves the respect expressed by granting from the state the title of “Honorary Donor of Russia”.
Who is a blood donor
The law of the Russian Federation clearly defines medical terms related to donation. The donor (from lat. Dono – “give”) is a person who has voluntarily undergone a medical examination and donated blood, its components – leukocytes, red blood cells, granulocytes, platelets, plasma. The collected biomaterials are used for transfusion to the recipient, storage, manufacture of drugs. The lives of people directly depend on them, so not everyone can donate part of their biomaterial. The following requirements apply to the blood donor:
the most important is compliance for health reasons, the absence of contraindications;
residence in Russia for at least 1 year, the presence of citizenship is optional;
minimum age – from 18 years (or previously having reached full legal capacity), maximum – 60;
body weight – more than 50 kg.
Earlier it was possible to donate blood components at no cost or for a fee, depending on the size of the living wage for a particular region. Today, only the admission of rare groups is paid. The accumulation of the number of gratuitous donations, which are kept in the database of donors and their personal registration cards, gives the right to apply for the title of “Honorary”.
The main concepts related to donation, rights, and privileges to Honorary Donors in 2018 are enshrined in Federal Law No. 125-FZ “On Donation of Blood and Its Components”. Less significant legal documents are:
Federal Law No. 313 of November 25, 2013;
Order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation of March 31, 2005 No. 246;
Order of the Ministry of Health No. 265n of 04/26/2013;
Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 842;
Government Decision No. 663;
Labor Code of the Russian Federation.
How to become an Honorary Donor
Only a citizen of the Russian Federation can receive an honorary title, even though a stateless person is allowed to become an importer. A person who wants to donate part of his blood must have absolute health, because most of the material handed over is used for transfusion. Before the blood supply, if necessary, you should change your lifestyle: abandon the excessive consumption of fats, dairy products, alcohol, certain medications (mainly blood thinners), citrus fruits, etc..
There are a number of temporary and permanent diseases, causes, conditions in which it is not possible to become a bloodborne. A complete list of contraindications is indicated in the Orders of the Ministry of Health No. 364 of 09/14/2001. and No. 175n of April 16, 2008 Among them:
severe diseases: hepatitis, HIV, tuberculosis, radiation sickness, etc .;
drug addiction, alcoholism;
vision problems – myopia of more than 5 diopters;
absence or presence of a transplanted organ;
chronic, infectious, skin or sexually transmitted diseases;
pregnancy, breastfeeding, menstruation;
less than 3 months have passed since vaccination;
after colds, less than a month has passed;
less than six months before the day of blood donation, tattoos were applied or pierced;
recent return from exotic countries.
The blood sampling procedure takes a little time – about 10 minutes, its components – up to 30 minutes. The maximum one-time volume of blood taken is 450 ml. After the first treatment, donating blood components, register, get him an individual registration card, which will then be kept records of the quantity, volume of blood donations. Registered donors are divided into potential – who came to the donor point for the first time or after 12 months, reserve – donating blood components up to 3 times a year, staff – who are donors more than 3 times a year.
For a year, a woman can donate blood no more than 4 times, a man – 5, plasma – 20, platelets – 10 times, while the interval between blood sampling procedures is at least 60 days, components – 2 weeks. In total, in order to earn the title of “Honorary Donor of Russia” it is necessary to donate blood components a certain number of times:
blood – at least 40 times;
plasma – not less than 60;
at least 25 times – blood and plasma at the same time – 40;
at least 25 times – blood, plasma – up to a total number of fences equal to 60.
Separate requirements are established for obtaining the title of “Honorary Donor of Moscow”. Since 2017, the same rules on the amount of blood donation have been applied to obtain the appropriate title for Petersburgers. The indigenous people of the capital must pass in medical institutions located on the city balance:
blood, its components – at least 20 times;
plasma – not less than 30;
to confirm their status, donate blood components annually at least 3 times until the amount necessary to obtain the status of “Honorary Donor of Russia”.
Subject to the above conditions, you can proceed to the official confirmation of the honorary status. To do this, you must provide:
application for a title;
a passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation or a residence permit for foreigners;
certificate of form No. 448-05 / u (issued at the blood transfusion station) on the number and types of donated blood components;
individual account book;
if necessary – a power of attorney for the representative.
It will take up to 95 days to consider the application and decide on the award, after which the applicant will be notified of the result. When a positive response is made, the applicant is awarded the badge “Honorary Donor of Russia”, which is a red drop on a white background, and a certificate for it. Presentation of the award takes place at urban stationary transfusion stations, blood centers in a festive atmosphere.
Implementing the measures prescribed by the donor support program, the State Duma deputies propose simplifying the honorary title: make the process of confirming the status, assigning annual payments automated, and reduce the waiting time for the award decision. After receiving the title, you can proceed to the registration of state benefits.
The importance of regular donation is paramount in the ability to give life to a large number of people. Against this background, a less important component is an increase in the social benefits datel, and renewed blood will improve his health. Studies have shown a decrease in the risk of myocardial infarction in men older than 40 years who regularly donate blood components.
Annual Compensation Payments
Unlike other social payments, the donor donation for several years remained unchanged and initially amounted to 10557 rubles. According to the Federal Law No. 125, indexation of this type of payment from the state budget is carried out once a year, in January, by a factor of 1,054. From February 1, 2017, to January 1, 2018, this clause was suspended by Federal Law No. 68-FZ of April 6, 2015 (as amended on December 19, 2016), due to the prevailing difficult economic situation..
At the moment, the amount of the annual cash payment to Honorary Donors is 13041.14 rubles and is not taxed, because is social. It was planned that in 2018 indexation will be carried out taking into account the inflation rate recorded for the last year, which will be approximately 5.5%, but with an officially effective ratio as of 01.01.2018. is the above, that is, if no changes are made, the amount of cash benefits will amount to 13745.36 p. The amount will be paid, as before, until April 1 of the current year..
Benefits to Honorary Donors of Russia
In addition to the annual material payment, the legislation provides for privileges for Honorary Donors in 2018 – additional days of rest, priority right to receive vouchers for medical and health vacations, discounts on medications, obtaining the title of Veteran of Labor, etc. All types of privileges listed below are applicable only if available badge, certificate. The holder of the title “Honorary Donor of the USSR” has the same benefits as received the title after 1991.
The Russian government regularly discusses the introduction of incentive benefits, for example, reducing the interest rate when applying for a loan, mortgage. The organization “For the Rights of Donors” created a petition for the return of benefits lost after monetization – free use of public transport, subsidies for payment of housing and communal services – to all Honorary donors living in the Russian Federation.
A common view is that a well-deserved title gives the right to apply for an increase in retirement or premature exit for a well-deserved rest. At the federal level, such advantages are not provided, regional authorities may provide, but, as practice shows, this benefit does not find initiative to appoint. In some regions, for example, Moscow, St. Petersburg, the “Honorary Donor” badge allows you to receive the title “Veteran of Labor” ahead of schedule with the assignment of social privileges to this category.
The donor rights established by the state provide additional days of rest to blood donors. A person who donates blood components is released from performing labor duties on the day of the donation, the previous one is a physical examination and the next day, with the average wage maintained. If the employee has not taken advantage of the additional weekend associated with donation, he can postpone these days for any other period, including the opportunity to add them to the annual leave.
To obtain this benefit, it is necessary to provide the accounting department at the place of work with a certificate from a blood transfusion station (of another medical institution where the donation took place), form No. 401 / у for a medical examination, No. 402 / u for a donation or an officially certified certificate confirming the procedure , in free form. If the change was carried out after hours, the right to use the extra weekend is not canceled.
Free meals or cash compensation
On the day of delivery of the blood components at no cost, the giver is provided with free food at the expense of the medical institution where the donation procedure is carried out. The list of laid products, their grammar are established by Order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development No. 1039n of 12/13/2012. A citizen can be offered, for example, red fish fillet, cheese, ham products, beef pulp, juice, mineral water, etc..
Benefits for donors under the new law provide for the replacement of free food with monetary compensation only in exceptional cases regulated by Order of the Ministry of Health No. 256n, for example, when donating at mobile blood sampling points. The size of the compensation payment is 5% of the cost of living for the adult population established in the subject of the Russian Federation, where the procedure was carried out – an average of 400-500 rubles.
Regular medical examination
Before each donation, a mandatory blood test is performed, which already at this stage can detect abnormalities in health, for example, anemia or more serious diseases – hepatitis, HIV, etc. The measurement of body weight, pressure, temperature. The donor of the genetic material is given a free course of treatment if there are problems with well-being during the sampling or after the procedure.
Donation is associated with risk and waste of health. In order to control the condition of the bloodborne organism, to prevent the development of serious diseases, the right to use benefits in the field of health is established – extraordinary provision of medical care in state and municipal medical institutions, annual medical examination, preservation of average earnings on days of medical examination.
Compensation of 50% of the cost of drugs
Donor benefits include a 50% discount for the purchase of medicines. This right does not apply in all regions of the Russian Federation, but parliamentarians periodically raise the question of amending the law, providing for the introduction of this benefit throughout the Russian Federation. Bill No. 1067159-6 is currently under consideration, a decision on which should be adopted by the end of 2018.
Providing the next vacation at a convenient time
According to Art. 123 of the Labor Code, the Law on Donation, the person donating blood has the right to demand from the employer annual paid leave at any time convenient for himself. Failure to provide one is a violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation with the consequences for management. It is important to notify the authorities about the right to use this benefit.
Preferential trips to sanatoriums and rest houses
Government organizations, educational institutions with trade unions provide their employees and students with vouchers for spa treatment. Having donated blood components at least twice a year, having expressed a desire to use the directions, has an advantage in distribution – he is given the priority right to receive a ticket for rehabilitation in sanatoriums, boarding houses, rest houses located in the territory of the Russian Federation.
Social support measures for Russian donors in the regions
In addition to Federal benefits, Honorary Donors in 2018 are granted privileges by regional authorities: additional cash payments for the holidays, free travel in public transport, pension allowances, scholarships for students, graduate students, etc. Over time, the list of benefits and regions of their distribution is not only not expanding, but also being reduced, for example, since 2004, regional benefits were canceled for residents of Ufa, Chelyabinsk, etc. On the territory of some constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local legislative acts retained their effect establishing privileges. Among them:
St. Petersburg – obtaining a registered preferential travel document is prescribed by the “Social Code of St. Petersburg” (Law No. 728-132 of 11/22/2011);
Saratov – compensation payments in return for free meals – Decree of the Government of the Saratov Region No. 104-P of 04/01/2010. as amended on 01/19/2011;
Krasnodar Territory – on the day of donation, enhanced food or monetary compensation in the amount of 450 rubles is provided (law No. 2175-KZ of 02/11/2011);
Omsk Region – provision of a 50% discount on housing and communal services (Decree of the Government of the Omsk Region No. 488-P dated 12/14/1993);
Murmansk region – issuing a social travel ticket, free manufacture, repair of dentures in accordance with the Decree of the Government of the Murmansk Region No. 10-PP of January 21, 2005.
Privileges of the Honorary Donor in Moscow in 2018
The greatest privileges are established for representatives of this category of beneficiaries permanently residing in the territory of Moscow. In the Russian capital, additional social support measures are in place:
discount on housing and communal services;
free use of public transport with a social card;
free dental prosthetics;
getting a Muscovite social card;
conferring the title “Veteran of Labor”;
additional payments to working pensioners.
The full list of benefits is established by Decree of the Government of Moscow No. 850-PP dated 07.12.2004. Donors with a Moscow residence permit can take advantage of additional privileges by providing, if necessary, documents confirming the right to these compensations. Residents of other regions do not have the right to use the benefits that Muscovites rely on. A citizen is obliged to confirm this title annually, donating blood at least 3 times a year, plasma – 7 times.
Subsidy for housing and communal services
Residents of Moscow with the title of Honorary Donor have the right to halve the paid rent. A 50% discount is provided for payment of water supply, sanitation, heating, electricity, gas, garbage disposal and household waste, regardless of the type of housing. To receive a subsidy, you must contact the territorial social protection authorities.
Preferential fare in public transport
Honorary donors – Muscovites have the right not to pay for travel in public transport, except for taxis and minibuses. This also applies to residents of the Moscow region: they can use the metro, buses, trolleybuses, trams, and intercity transport within the region for free. For travel, you must have a social card and an Honorary Donor certificate.
Order of registration
Having handed over the blood components a sufficient number of times, having received an honorary status, you can apply for registration of due cash payments, social benefits. The procedure for their appointment lasts up to 10 days and consists of several stages:
collection of necessary documents;
appeal to the relevant authorities with a written statement;
consideration of applications by government services;
making a decision on the application, notification of the applicant.
Where to go
Among the documents required when applying for benefits to Honorary Donors in 2018, there are certificates confirming the required number of donations. These papers are issued after each procedure. If for some reason they are not available, then you should initially contact a blood transfusion station to obtain an extract from the journal. Then you need to take the details of the account or card to transfer payments from the servicing banking organization.
The assignment of social benefits and benefits is the responsibility of the Department of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation, therefore it is necessary to apply to the territorial bodies at the place of registration. It is possible to register status and privileges in multifunctional centers for the provision of public services (MFC), remotely send by mail or submit documents through the public services portal.
What documents are needed
When applying for benefits due, it is necessary to provide originals and copies, and when registering via the Internet, scanned forms of the following documents:
passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation;
Certificate of Honorary Donor of the Russian Federation;
bank account details for transferring payments;
if necessary, a power of attorney.