Crochet hem edges – schemes. Description of the binding edge of the product

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The final step when crocheting products is tying their sides. This is the last touch in needlework, giving clothing or linen an attractive look, smoothing out minor blemishes. Experienced craftswomen finish to get beautiful napkins, towels, bedding.

How to crochet the edge of a product

Beginner needlewomen will be interested to know how to crochet the edge of a knitted product beautifully. Of the popular techniques used in the final stage of decoration, the crayfish step, pico technique and openwork patterns are distinguished. Each of them will look stylish and elegant, and the products will be refined and complemented. It’s not difficult to make the right tricks because of the secrets used..

There are 2 methods of strapping:

  • directly on things – allows you not to waste time carefully sewing on individual details, the thing is obtained in a romantic, vintage or ethno-style;
  • knitting the details of the rim and ruffle separately with the subsequent stitching – gives things a retro look.

Decorating the sides of things helps:

  • give a new style;
  • keep the appearance of products made of loose soft yarn, which over time can stretch and deform;
  • to decorate;
  • hide flaws.

Dress with a border

Walking harness

Known on the Internet is the crocheting of the edge of the product by the method of the crab step, used to fix the shape of the thing. At the base of knitting are single crochet posts made in the opposite direction – from left to right. During knitting, the thread crosses in a special way and the pattern looks voluminous, beautiful, at the same time fixes the shape and does not allow the fabric to stretch. It is used for children’s sweaters, scarves, shawls for adults.

To do this, you need to tie the sides with crochets around the entire perimeter. After this, the thing does not need to be turned over, and on the same side, the tool should be inserted into the loop to the right of it, pulled out and tied to the air lifting element. Then again you need to insert the hook into the right loop, grab the thread and knit 2 loops together. Repeat until the end until the whole thing is tied.

How to crochet an edge using the picot technique

Not only clothing but also shoes can be crocheted using the picot technique. She looks airy and playful due to her small size. Pico or pique is a chain of several air loops, closed in a ring. There are 2 types of this pattern:

  • classic – the hook is inserted at the beginning of the canvas, 3 air loops are dialed, the tool returns to the beginning of knitting, the elements are knitted together.
  • shamrock – collect 3 air loops, make a circle using SS (connecting column), knit 3 more air elements, enter the beginning of the second leaf with a tool, knit the third leaf, put them together SS.

Pico border

Crochet openwork edge

An openwork crochet of the edge looks no less attractive, which will require more time and perseverance. Need hook number 1 for the density of the pattern. First, we will deal with the notation that occurs in schemes:

  • VP, GP – air loop;
  • С1Н, СН – a column with 1 throwing;
  • C + digit (C3, C4) – a chain of a certain number of VP;
  • BN, RLS – column without throwing.

Knitting pattern in rows:

  1. All loops fit BN.
  2. 3 GP, repeat from CH, C2, CH, C7, loop skipping. To knit angle C13, the last element is connected to the first CH.
  3. Repeat: BN knit in C2, C4, BN in the middle of C7, C4. In the corners in the middle of Ts13 2 BN are knitted, between them 3 Ts5.
  4. Similar to the second.
  5. Similar to the third, in the corners of 3 Ts6.
  6. Similar to the second, in the corners of Ts15.
  7. The same as the third, in the corners of 3 Ts7.
  8. 3 GP, repeat: CH, C2, CH, C8. In the corners between CH fits Ts17.
  9. Repeat: all C8 are tied with 4 BN, clove-pico, 4 BN. Ts19 in the corners are tied: 3 BN, pico-clove, 3 BN, pico-clove, 3 BN, pico-clove, 3 BN.

Openwork border options

Crochet the edges of the product

There are simple and complex descriptions and crochet patterns of the finished product. For beginners, it is better to go from the basics, gradually complicating the patterns. Experienced needlewomen can try complex, but beautiful patterns that will decorate a thing, make it more attractive. On the Internet you can find ready-made schemes with descriptions, photos, master classes, video tutorials – all this will help to understand the issue and put into practice one of the binding methods.

Shawl edging

There are several options for crocheting the edges of the shawl:

  • the finished thing is tied with a row of single crochet, rotated to make arches: rapport of 3 air loops, 2 passes, 1 single crochet;
  • you can simply tie the shawl with any technique (hand-made step, pico) and make a magnificent fringe – to do this, cut the threads of the desired length, fold 3-4 pieces in half, skip into narrow holes with braid;
  • the border made of 2 rows will be beautiful: in the first rapport of 2 crochets, a loop increase, a crochet with a stitch 2 loops together, 1 crochet, 1 pass, a crochet 4 times 2 loops, 1 GP, 1 CH; in the second row – rapport from 3 BN, 5 GP.

Shawl with border

Neckline sweatshirts

To create a dense crochet edge, it will be useful for beginners to know simple tricks and descriptions of finishing armholes:

  • determine the wrong side of the thing, lay a VP chain (chain stitch) along the front side – pierce the extreme columns in the middle, knit 2 loops from the double crochet, 1 loop each;
  • turn the thing inside out to yourself, tie the bar – from BN or without it, any openwork pattern.

Crochet borders for a tablecloth

Cute scallops will become a stylish edge decoration for the corners of the tablecloth. For their execution there is a description, following which you can get a volumetric dense picture:

  • knit the first row with crochets;
  • in the second row, rapport: 1 BN, skipping 2 loops, 4 CH in the next loop (2 VP fit between the columns), skipping 2 loops;
  • ends with a row of connecting thread.

For a beautiful patterned border below is the following pattern, which will be simple even for beginners:

  • knit VP first row;
  • the second is BN;
  • the third – 1 BN, 2 passes, from 1 loop knit 4 CH and 4 VP, repeat.

Crocheting the edge of the tablecloth

Crochet the edge of a plaid

A cozy warm plaid can become even brighter thanks to the lace border trim, knitted with one’s own hand. It can be knitted separately and attached to a thing, or you can also separately knit a plaid – then the finish of the product will go with the same or contrasting thread. The first processing option is called seashells:

  • 3 VP, a chain of VP in a multiple of 6;
  • wrong side: 1 sc in 2 loops, then 1 sc in each element;
  • 3 VP, pass, 1 SN, rapport – 1VP, pass, 2С1Н, rotate;
  • 5VP, 1 PRS, rapport – 4 VP, 1 PRS, last 2 – 2 VP, 1 CH;
  • VP, RLS, rapport – BN, increase, SN, increase, RLS.

The fringe from the rim for the rushnik will turn out when performing the spring pattern:

  • the base of the VP is knitted with 2 rows of BN;
  • VP, BN, rapport – BN, 15 VP, rotate, skip, 2 BN from each VP, half crochet in the BN at the base.

The mesh border is knitted across in short rows, a description for it:

  • Ts20;
  • 1 С1Н in the 6th loop, alternation – VP, pass, С1Н;
  • 4 VP, pass, С1Н, VP, С1Н, alternation 3 times– VP, pass, С1Н, alternation three times – VP, С1Н.

Seashells pattern

Crochet lace for tying the edge of the skirt

To process a wide skirt edge, there are options and patterns for knitting lace with various motifs (mesh, flowers, ruffles):

  • VP, BN chain;
  • 3 lifting VP, rapport – 2 VP, 1 С1Н through 2 BN;
  • alternation – 8 BN, 10 VP, return to the beginning, fix C10, tie 3 rapports from 3BN and pico from 3 VP, then 2 BN, pico from 3 VP, 2 BN.

The second option for lace processing the bottom of the skirt or dress design:

  • VP chain matches BN;
  • 3 lifting VP, rapport – 2 VP, 1 С1Н through 2 BN.

Learn how to tie a Lalo cardigan.

See also how to crochet grandmother’s square – the schemes and step-by-step description of them can be found in the presented master classes.

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