First aid kit on vacation at sea: medicines on the road

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Going on a trip, you need to equip a suitcase with medicines. Anything can happen on the road and while resting, and you should quickly stop the symptoms of the disease. Below is a complete list of medicines at sea, you may not buy everything, but you must take one representative of the group.

The rules for collecting a tourist kit

When collecting a medicine case, you need to analyze several factors. Criteria for determining the composition of the first-aid kit for the holidays:

  1. Form of medication. Take pills, syrups, ointments, creams, powders at sea. Liquid and gel substances should be in packages with tightly screwed caps. Instead of started blisters, put whole in the medicine cabinet on which the name of the drug is clearly visible. If a small child is traveling with you, it is preferable to give him liquid forms of medicine.
  2. Country of travel. Analyze the epidemiological situation of the area you are about to visit. If your country of travel is unfamiliar to your kitchen, there is a high risk of catching an intestinal infection, being bitten by an insect or animal, put the appropriate medicines in the medicine cabinet at sea.
  3. Type of travel. Here pops up the issue of motion sickness in transport. If one of the tourists becomes ill in the car, plane, train, on the ship, be sure to keep special pills in the medicine cabinet for the holidays.
  4. List of participants. The presence of children, pregnant women, elderly men and women, people with chronic diseases determines the completeness of a first-aid kit at sea.

When you collect all the medicines, you need to fold them correctly. First make sure they have a normal expiration date.. There will be many drugs in the medicine cabinet, so for strangers, save the instructions or write a short memo on the doses and methods of administration. Reread storage conditions. Candles, for example, begin to melt at temperatures above +25 ° C. Take prescription drugs with a margin (they can be imported into other countries with the expectation of three months of admission). First, put the medicines that the travelers need constantly, then all the rest.

List of drugs on the go

Take on vacation only those medicines for which you and other tourists do not have contraindications, adverse reactions. If travelers have chronic illnesses, take medications to help relieve symptoms of exacerbation. Your first aid kit at sea will look like this:

  • medicines that need to be taken every day;
  • general preparations “for all occasions”;
  • medicines necessary for a possible exacerbation of chronic diseases.

First aid kit

Antipyretic, painkillers and antispasmodics

If the body temperature has risen above 38 ° C, you must take any drug based on paracetamol and ibuprofen (active substances). An adult can take pills, a child is better to give syrup. You need to take them symptomatically. Trade names of drugs that should be put in a first-aid kit for holidays:

  • Ibufen
  • Nurofen;
  • Ibuprofen;
  • Paracetamol;
  • Ibuklin;
  • Efferalgan;
  • Cefecone;
  • Panadol.

In the medicine cabinet for the sea, you need to have one type of drug based on paracetamol and ibuprofen. They also relieve headache, muscle, toothache. In a medicine case for the sea, there should also be such medicines:

  • antispasmodics: No-shpa, Baralgin, Tempalgin, Spasmolgon, Plantex (relieves intestinal cramps in children);
  • painkillers: Analgin, Nise (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug), Diclofenac, Nalgesin (for pain in the musculoskeletal system), Movalis, Ketanov (for very severe pain, sold by prescription).

Antiallergic

Even if tourists have never experienced allergies, it is necessary to take antihistamines on vacation at sea, especially when traveling abroad. Verified medicines:

  • for the child: Fenistil, Zirtek, Suprastin, Cetrin, Claritin;
  • for adults: Loratadin, Tsetrin, Telfast, Zodak, Tavegil;
  • ointment / cream / gel for external use: Gistan, Ketopin, Prednisolone ointment (hormonal), Skin-Cap, Fenistil;
  • eye drops: Opatanol, Allergodil, Cromohexal.

Cold Remedies

In case of tonsillitis, pharyngitis, runny nose, lacrimation in a medicine cabinet at sea, it is necessary to have drugs that relieve symptoms. These include:

  • remedies for sore throat: Faringosept, Falimint, Strepsils, Septolete, Yoks, Ingalipt;
  • Paracetamol-based powders: Coldrex, TeraFlu;
  • vasoconstrictor drops in the nose that relieve congestion: Pinosol, Vibrocil, Knoxpray;
  • saline solutions: Aquamaris, Humer, Salin, normal saline.

Wound Treatment

If the tourist has damaged the skin, he needs to treat the injury with an antiseptic. In the first-aid kit for vacation should be hydrogen peroxide 3%, Chlorhexidine, an aqueous solution of Furacilin or Miramistin. Iodine or brilliant grease only the edges of the wound surface. It is very convenient to take antiseptic sprays with you on vacation on the sea: Panthenol, Oktenisept, Yodditserin. After treatment, any wound healing ointment from the first-aid kit can be applied to the wound: Levomekol, Solcoseryl, Baneocin, Bepanten-plus.

Drops and ointments for eyes

On vacation at sea, the risk of conjunctivitis increases significantly. To eliminate unpleasant symptoms in the medicine cabinet you need to put the following medicines:

  • ointments: Hydrocortisone, Tetracycline, Tobrex (there are drops), Levomekol;
  • drops: Ophthalmoferon, Albutsid, Floksal.

Drops of phloxal

For indigestion, diarrhea and vomiting

Very often during vacation at sea, irritable bowel syndrome occurs, acute enterocolitis (poisoning) – food, alcohol, chemical. Below are the medications that you need to take in the described sequence:

  • potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) – is needed for a solution with which the stomach is washed during vomiting (can not be used for ulcers and bleeding of the gastrointestinal tract);
  • adsorbents for a first-aid kit at sea: black or white coal, Enterosgel, Sorbeks, Smecta, Polyphepan;
  • oral rehydration solution: Regidron, Hydrovit, Humana Electrolyte;
  • tablets and syrups for diarrhea: Nifuroxazide, Loperamide, Enterofuril, Phthalazole;
  • preparations for the normalization of microflora: Linex, Bifidumbacterin, Acipol;
  • Means with enzymes: Mezim, Festal.

Burn help

It is better to prevent the harmful effects of the sun from the beginning – for this, before going to sea, apply a sunblock with SPF20 and higher. With thermal damage to the skin from the first-aid kit, you must take any ointment or spray based on dexpanthenol (Panthenol, Bepanten, D-Panthenol). You can apply hydrocortisone ointment, Actovegin. If the burn is not caused by sunshine (boiling water, a bite of a jellyfish), take the aerosol Olazol, Radevit ointment. With caution, they should be used on the mucosa, with damage to the tongue, eyes..

Drugs for motion sickness

The most effective remedy for motion sickness, which should be in a medicine cabinet at sea, is dimenhydrinate tablets (Dramina). If you are not allowed them (and many medicines are prohibited for children during pregnancy), choose another drug:

  • Avia-More – a homeopathic medicine that increases the resistance of the vestibular apparatus to kinetic effects;
  • Kokkulin – pills that prevent and eliminate symptoms that occur during motion sickness;
  • Corvalment – menthol tablets that prevent vomiting;
  • Bonin – an antiemetic that blocks receptors (deserves to be in the medicine cabinet due to its long-acting effect).

Broad-spectrum antibiotics

The holiday travel kit should contain antimicrobial agents that suppress most common bacteria. They are prescribed in serious cases – with indomitable diarrhea, vomiting, infectious processes of the upper and lower respiratory tract, fraught with serious complications. In a first-aid kit for a vacation, put one or two broad-spectrum antibiotics (international names):

  • Azithromycin;
  • Amoxicillin;
  • Ciprofloxacin;
  • Tetracycline;
  • Chloramphenicol.

Levomycetin tablets

Tools and accessories

In order to provide an ambulance to the injured in case of burns, fainting, heat stroke, abrasions, cuts, cramps, etc., it is necessary to put the following items in the first-aid kit at sea:

  • sterile gloves;
  • scissors;
  • thermometer (it is better to take an electronic one);
  • disposable syringe;
  • cooling bag;
  • dropper;
  • gas pipe (for the baby);
  • pin (needed for cramps);
  • tweezers.

The list above did not include several important drugs, but you need to have them in your medicine cabinet for a vacation. This is ammonia – necessary for loss of consciousness and severe dizziness; insect repellents, alcohol, ointment for diaper rash, antiseptic hand spray. If the tourist has a tendency to otitis media, put drops for the ears in the medicine cabinet. Elderly people often need heart medications, such as Nitroglycerin or Nitrospray..

Dressing

When damaged skin is cleaned, they must be protected from the environment with dressings. In the first aid kit at sea you should put:

  • sterile bandage;
  • gauze bandage;
  • bactericidal and tape patch;
  • antibacterial and alcohol wipes;
  • cotton or cotton swabs;
  • elastic bandage.
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