The content of the article
- What is floristry
- Profession florist
- What does a florist do?
- What works
- How much is earning
- How to become a florist
- Florist requirements
- Where to get a profession
No wedding is complete without the services of a florist: drawing up a bridal bouquet, decorating a room, creating a flower arch, a screen is difficult to do on your own. But people of this profession adorn not only celebrations, they make beautiful days more beautiful. It’s nice to look at a harmoniously composed flower arrangement, a neat flowerbed, and a beautiful landscape in the park. All this is the work of the florist.
What is floristry
Floristics comes from the Latin flora – “flower, plant”. It is a type of design, arts and crafts, where compositions are created from a variety of natural materials: flowers, tree bark, dried leaves, berries, dried flowers, etc. A person who knows the art of floristry knows how to combine the types of plants, colors, materials for composition. Like other forms of art, floral design has its own styles, techniques.
Profession florist originates in ancient Greece. More than 3,000 years ago, the Greeks began to actively use flowers and fruits to decorate ceremonial wands. Everyone knows wreaths that served not just as decoration, but as a reward, and are widespread in Greece and Rome. In India, flowers were presented only to loved ones. And the East is famous for a separate direction, still popular – ikebana. Various plants have long been used in heraldry, are depicted on the arms and flags of states, settlements.
The florist’s specialty is not considered widespread. People who work with flowers, trees, natural materials, do this to a greater extent for the soul, because they themselves enjoy the result of their labors. Even 10 years ago, special education was not required to work as a florist, but the increasing demand for skilled labor pushed educational institutions to introduce this direction into training programs.
Since 2009, the profession has been officially registered in the state list of specialties, which allowed technical schools and universities to conduct training in the profession, and organizations to introduce them to the staffing table. It can be said with full justification that the florist is a professional creator engaged in plant design.
What does a florist do?
At first glance, the work of a flower designer may seem narrow-minded, but the duties of a florist are varied and depend on specialization – a decorator, a shop assistant, a landscape designer. A representative of this profession should be able to:
- make bouquets, panels, garlands, other floral arrangements;
- sell finished bouquets;
- decorate rooms, shop windows, etc .;
- look after the “working” plants, flowers;
- create landscape compositions, figures;
- participate in the landscaping of gardens, control planting, for example, in park areas;
- sometimes you have to independently select, grow, care for the plants necessary for work.
To create his composition, the florist uses various types of plants – indoor, garden, decorative, dried, potted flowers. Necessary for creative work and supporting materials, for example:
- to work with flowers, shrubs, grass, trees, you will need scissors, a pruner, a knife;
- to strengthen the composition – floral foam, wire, glue, ribbons, pins, paper;
- for decorating, giving effect, aesthetics – beads, rhinestones, sequins, shreds of fabric, sweets, soft toys, etc .;
- container – baskets, pots, vases, boxes, etc..
How much is earning
Representatives of creative professions and commercial workers are rarely provided with a fixed salary. The income of the florist, combining these two criteria, depends on the level and quality of the product provided, the number of sales. For example, before the holidays, the demand for flowers increases, which means that a percentage of the salary is added.
An important criterion is profile education: serious firms, wedding salons, studios offer a good salary, making demands for the presence of a “crust”, portfolio, and work experience. The specialist earns an average of 20,000 to 50,000 rubles. The salary of a representative of this profession differs in different regions of the Russian Federation and is slightly below the average for the region. Its highest level was recorded in Moscow.
How to become a florist
Florist is a creative profession, therefore, in order to become a solid specialist, you must initially have certain inclinations, talent, and the desire to work in this area. Educational institutions provide an opportunity to study the intricacies, acquire the skills of a given profession, hone skills, which will help in further work in the specialty.
Initially, people who love and want to work with flowers, herbs and create something beautiful that adorn the world go to the profession of florist. When working with plants, the designer will often have to contact people, discuss the nuances of future creation, etc. The following qualities, abilities, requirements for those wishing to work in the specialty can be distinguished:
- artistic taste;
- lack of allergy to plants;
- knowledge about the care and other characteristics of plants, for example, their compatibility with each other, relevance to a particular person, occasion, etc..
Where to get a profession
You can get a specialty in institutions of higher and secondary vocational education at the faculties of floristry, landscape architecture, design. The most popular and sought after are:
- Russian State Agrarian University Timiryazev;
- Educational complex of design and technology;
- College of Architecture, Design and Reengineering No. 26.
An alternative to long-term training is short-term training, at the end of which a certificate or diploma is awarded with the assignment of a specialty “florist”, “designer-florist”, “florist-decorator”, “landscape designer”, and some institutions promise subsequent employment to the best graduates. The duration of the courses is about 100 hours, the cost starts from 7-8 thousand rubles. There are online courses, seminars for those wishing to study specialties, but their main drawback is the lack of practice.