Gabardine – what kind of fabric, its properties, composition and what products are sewn from material

The content of the article

Today, when the choice of fabrics is huge, it is easy for an inexperienced person to get confused in this variety. Often in clothing or textile stores, buyers ask the question: “Gabardine – what kind of fabric is this?” And, having heard from the seller a description (does not allow moisture, keeps warm, does not crease, soft, light), they decide to buy a gabardine coat, dress, suit or curtain. But strictly speaking, gabardine is not the name of the fabric, but the method of its manufacture. The whole secret is in the production technique: the special weaving of the threads, their thickness, degree of fit.

What is gabardine

Often gabardine material is used to make outerwear. They make it from wool yarn. For the manufacture of yarn, mainly thin wool of merino sheep is used. Their hair is different in that it is much thinner, softer and lighter than ordinary hair. However, gabardine can also be made from other raw materials: chemical, silk, cotton fibers.

History of occurrence

The famous brand Burberry was founded in Basingstoke. In 1879, Thomas Berbery came up with a unique fabric that did not get wet because it was soaked in a water-repellent solution. She was in great demand, was very relevant in the conditions of English rains. This material was the first that really saved from the weather, it was considered an all-weather fabric. However, the matter is not only in the raw materials used for the production of gabardine, but also in the type of weaving of the threads.


Initially, the material was made only of wool, without any addition of other components. However, now the technology is more advanced, so it became possible to make this fabric from synthetics, cotton or silk. The properties of matter may vary, but the main properties of gabardine remain: strength, density, resistance to moisture. There is a gabardine stretch, which is distinguished by the ability to stretch and get the shape that is required for a specific figure.


The main difference of the material is its relief, which is visible from the front side. From the inside, the fabric is smooth. Appearance will allow the buyer to determine what kind of material is in front of him. At first glance, you can understand the approximate composition: the wool makes the fabric dull, and the synthetic threads give a shine that will be more intense depending on the percentage of their content.

Green Gabardine fabric

Features of weaving weft and warp threads

A distinctive feature of gabardine is the production method – unusual weaving. All threads are woven diagonally with each other, while an angle of 45-63 degrees is observed. Thanks to this technology, diagonal stripes appear on the fabric. In this case, the warp threads are twisted in half and they are thinner than the additional ones – weft, which are single. Matter is painted in different colors. Gabardine melange is popular, especially attractive, in which warp and weft threads are painted in different shades..


Gabardine can consist of fibers of different origin, from which the scope of its use and basic characteristics will depend. 100% wool is suitable for making coats: demi-season, light. Often suits and officer uniforms are sewn from such fabric. Besides the fact that woolen gabardine clothes do not allow moisture, it is still very warm. The wind hardly penetrates through it, so outerwear is especially popular in places with harsh climates. A rib pattern is clearly visible on the products..

Wool fabric is called one in which synthetic fibers or viscose are added. You can also sew from gabardine, which has other fibers in its composition, outer clothing, small scars are clearly visible. The percentage of wool should be indicated on the label or tag; if not, then check with the seller. Such products are somewhat cheaper than purely woolen, so the buyer should consider this. Close to wool blend mixed type. It will combine several types of fibers at once: from wool to synthetics.

Polyester gabardine is cheap, often it is used by beginner seamstresses to learn how to make clothes. It is easy to work with such material, it is not a pity to spoil it, if something went wrong. Overalls, skirts and trousers are sewn from polyester. The fabric is one-colored, a hem can be considered if you get very close to the material.

Silk is a very elegant, delicate fabric. She is nice, light. It is used for the manufacture of underwear, dresses, blouses, etc. Silk gabardine fibers consist of several components, which should be in a certain percentage ratio:

  • 18 amino acids, potassium, sodium – about 2%;
  • wax and fat – up to 3%;
  • sericin – 16-40%;
  • fibroin – 50-80%.

Cotton always seems to be the best material for clothing that directly touches the body. Such gabardine is of vegetable origin: they make cotton fibers from cotton seeds. The fabric is soft, light, thin, in contrast to, for example, coarse linen material. Unpainted matter has a creamy tint. From cotton based gabardine make dresses, skirts, blouses, summer coats, bedding.

What properties does the fabric have?

Gabardine is visually and compositionally different from other materials. Among the main properties stand out:

  1. There is a relief pattern, which is located horizontally (hem). If the fabric is woolen, then the relief is very noticeable, but if it is synthetic, then it is almost indistinguishable.
  2. Lightweight and soft fabric.
  3. Dense, water repellent.
  4. Holds shape without deformation, does not stretch after washing.
  5. Easy to wash, smoothes without extra effort.

Material properties

What is sewn from gabardine

From a gabardine fabric, things of a very wide range are sewn: from underwear to outerwear (including some types of officers) and items of textile interior. For outerwear, the impermeability of moisture and wind, and the preservation of heat are important. Everyday and even evening dresses are appreciated for their softness, comfort and versatility. Business suits do not wrinkle and immediately give the owner a presentable look. And decor items will retain their shape under any mechanical impact..


Outerwear made of gabardine fabric is very common. Moreover, it is often made of pure wool, a small addition of fibers of another origin is allowed. A coat or jacket made of such material is very durable, designed for long-term operation. They are not afraid of either wind, rain, or dirt. Gabardine is easy to clean, does not deform, does not require much care. Raincoats and coats are especially popular..

Business clothes

Another option for using gabardine fabric is the tailoring of suits. Mostly business suits are sewn just from her. This is due to the fact that the material does not crease, very durable, elastic. Sitting in a stuffy office, a person sweats a little, feels comfortable. If the room is cool, then the heat of the gabardine jacket is well preserved. On the street, even in windy and rainy weather, a person will not feel discomfort.

Women’s dresses from a melange

Very soft and comfortable melange fabric. It is often used for sewing women’s casual dresses, including dresses. It is comfortable to go to work in such clothes, you can feel comfortable all day, and besides, do not be afraid that she is deformed or rumpled. Softness and lightness provides gabardine melange fabric great popularity among the fair sex.

Tailoring of overalls

One more popular direction is tailoring of overalls. In most cases, synthetic or cotton species are used. Synthetics attracts by the fact that it is cheap, practical, does not crease. However, like any artificial fabric, it does not allow air to pass through well and transfers heat. Cotton wins in this regard, but at a price they are somewhat more expensive.

Curtains and decor

Curtains and room decor items are sewn from this fabric. Gabardine curtains are good because they do not wrinkle much after washing. In addition, gabardine does not allow light to pass through well, so on a sunny day you can calmly sleep off after a sleepless night or during lunchtime if the curtains are hanging in the children’s room. The advantage of the material in relation to different textile interior items is that it does not crease, does not deform, is not subject to mechanical stress, things are easy to clean in case of contamination. Another material used for upholstery.

curtains in the interior

Pros and Cons of Matter

Despite the widespread prevalence of gabardine, only one of the minuses can be distinguished: high flowability of the material. If the tissue is damaged, then it will continue to collapse. This is due to the technology of creation. To alter the button, it is necessary to show skill, do it carefully. However, the material is still in demand, because it has a lot of advantages:

  1. Strong, wear-resistant products, can serve for many years. The owners of such a thing will refuse it only when the fashion for such a style has already passed, and it’s time to update the wardrobe.
  2. It keeps its shape well, lays on a figure, can drape, forming beautiful folds.
  3. Low light transmission.
  4. Virtually moisture resistant.
  5. It is well ventilated, so there will be no greenhouse effect.
  6. Matter tactilely pleasant.
  7. Mechanical impacts are not scary, do not wrinkle.
  8. Does not stretch after washing, does not deform.
  9. Do not need a special approach to care for things.

Product Care

The gabardine must be looked after differently depending on the composition. Woolen products, for example, are best left to dry cleaners, trusting professionals to take care of them. Synthetic things are washed in a machine using a gentle mode. It can be washed with your hands. Ironing is recommended not with a hot iron, but with a warm one. There is another option: iron with a hot iron, but lay gauze on the fabric. The exact allowable temperature is selected depending on the composition of the material, which will be indicated on the label.

Gabardine fabric – photo

Turquoise Matter

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