How to privatize an apartment – who has the right and necessary documents, cost and terms of procedure

The content of the article

Registration of housing in the possession of municipal authorities – free privatization of an apartment, is limited to a strict documentary part, which directly affects the terms of the procedure. The RF Law “On the Privatization of the Housing Fund of the Russian Federation” dated 04.07.1991 No. 1541-1 defines the basic legal, social and economic principles of property rights. They allow citizens of the country to own and dispose of private real estate, make it an object of exchange, and act with it in the market for trade relations.

What is housing privatization?

The property subject to privatization, which is on the balance sheet in a state or municipal housing fund, is also the subject of a social hiring agreement. Due to the fact that residents of shabby apartments of state-owned housing funds living under a lease agreement, waiting for resettlement, will lose their right to free privatization, the State Duma has enacted a bill to extend its free procedure. As a result of unanimous vote, privatization extended indefinitely.

House, key and certificate of state registration of ownership

Who is entitled to privatize the apartment

According to Article 2 of the Federal Law, every citizen can use the right to acquire socially owned property from the houses of a municipal or state fund for one time, with the exception of office premises. One-time free privatization of the apartment is retained by minors who previously became property owners upon reaching 18 years of age.

Statutory acts of the law provide for the right to privatize property borrowed under a social contract of employment for free. The legal procedure requires the consent of all family members, including minor residents, aged 14 to 18 years. It is important to note that the subject of real estate – an individual is limited to one opportunity to participate in the privatization process, a repeated procedure is not excluded for the property (apartment).

Features and Rules

Thanks to the extension of the free procedure, everyone will be able to privatize state property. Privatization of an apartment is not limited to the value of real estate. Federal law establishes its rules defining objects that cannot be private property:

  • Museum fund apartments.
  • Dormitory rooms located in reserves or parks.
  • Service housing. The law prohibits the privatization of an office apartment, rooms on the territory of closed military camps.
  • emergency housing.

How to privatize an apartment

For many citizens of the country privatization of the apartment remains an urgent issue. This contributes to a significant percentage of real estate that is in communal ownership. The procedure for legalizing property rights provides for the implementation of successive stages:

  1. Collection of documents for real estate. Privatization of an apartment is a long and energy-consuming process, which can be simplified through the services of a realtor or lawyer. A full package of documents includes confirmation of the identity of all participants in the privatization process and technical documentation of real estate.
  2. Submission of an application to executive authorities. In order to formalize the transfer of housing stock to private ownership, you should submit an application and transfer the full package of documents to the Department of Housing Policy of the local administration. The law sets the time period for verification of authenticity, full completeness and correctness of paperwork – 2 months. You can find out how a document should look like using a photo sample.
  3. Drawing up a contract for the acquisition of housing in the property. If approved, between the participants – the housing department of the administration on the one hand and the residents of the apartment on the other hand, an agreement is drawn up on the transfer of real estate to private property.
  4. Registration of an apartment in Rosreestr. After the conclusion of the contract, registration of the privatized apartment will be required. Within 10 working days, the service of Rosreestr is obliged to provide a certificate of ownership to each co-owner of the apartment. The homeowner needs to contact the Rosreestr division with a package of documents, which should include: applicants passports, real estate cadastral passport, application for registration, confirmation of payment of state duty.

Residential buildings and documents for housing privatization

Where to start privatizing an apartment

Before starting urgent privatization, it is necessary to obtain the consent of all family members – participants of the procedure, registered in the apartment. If minor children under 14 live in the municipal property, their interests are represented by the parents or guardians. In the notary’s office, a power of attorney should be issued for the person who will be the owner of the property. If one of the tenants does not want to participate in privatization, a notarized refusal must be issued. Consent is not required from citizens who previously used their right to privatization.

What documents are needed to privatize a municipal apartment

The main documents for the privatization of an apartment owned by the state or municipal property:

  • birth certificate for persons under 14 years of age;
  • passport of a citizen of the country;
  • certificate of marriage or divorce of family members;
  • death certificate, if necessary;
  • archival certificates in the form No. 2 on registration from each previous place of residence to verify the fact of the unused right to privatization, which is granted by BTI;
  • warrant or certificate of permission to privatize from OZhK;
  • certificate from BTI: certificate-explication and floor plan will be required;
  • cadastral passport with information about the area, volume, layout of real estate, taken in the Cadastral Chamber;
  • extended extract from the home book is provided in the passport office at the location of the property;
  • extract from the Unified State Register of Enterprises, to obtain an extract you need to contact the MFC or the Registration Chamber;
  • an extract in the form No. 3 from the Unified State Register for each participant in privatization, which includes data on the availability of property in the ownership of each of the participants;
  • notarised power of attorney;
  • personal account for the apartment, taken from the passport office bookkeeping;
  • proof of payment of state duty.

If one of the privatization participants was a citizen of another country, it is necessary to provide a certificate from the Department of Visas and Registration of Acceptance of Citizenship of the Russian Federation. Individuals who used their right to privatization submit an official list of:

  • certificate in the form No. 2 from the BTI;
  • extract in form No. 3 from the Unified State Register of Enterprises;
  • extended extract from the house book.

Validity of documents

Re-registration of the property has restrictions regarding the validity period of individual documents:

  • Extract from the Unified State Register of Real Estate of the property evaluates the legal purity of the property. It can be obtained through the queue in the service of Rosreestr or online service. Paper and electronic statement format valid for 30 days.
  • The statement on the status of the personal account for the payment of housing and communal payments reflects the presence or absence of debt for utilities for the last quarter. Its validity period is one month..
  • An extract from the house book contains information about registered residents. Its legal force is limited to a month.

Man and documents

How and where to get the technical and cadastral passport of the apartment

To obtain a technical passport, you must contact the BTI. The cadastral passport is issued by the Cadastral Chamber. In order not to languish in the queue several times, you should prepare a package of documents in advance:

  • social contract or warrant – documents proving the legal authority of the applicant;
  • passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation;
  • extract from the house book;
  • power of attorney, in the case when the procedure is carried out through a proxy.

The procedure for privatizing an apartment under a social contract of employment

The procedure for registering real estate in private ownership under a social tenancy agreement requires the provision of additional documents. If minor children are indicated in the social contract, regardless of whether they are discharged or not, their participation in the process is mandatory. This will require the following documentation:

  • Authorization of guardianship and trusteeship. It must be received by both parents. The receipt period is 2 weeks.
  • Extended extract from the house book from the new and previous place of residence. It turns out on children under the age of 18.
  • To register a child under guardianship, documentary evidence of guardianship is required (copy of certificate and original), permission of guardianship and trusteeship authorities.

Privatization Terms

According to article 8 of the law, the privatization of an apartment should take no more than 60 calendar days. Legally, registration takes 15 days, 45 days are allotted for the collection and submission of the documentary part. In practice, paperwork lasts 3-4 months, so the procedure can take up to 9 months. In many respects, the time depends on the speed of obtaining certificates. In order for the process to be as quick as possible, it is important to comply with the condition – quickly collect a list of documents and correctly execute all documentation.

A man is studying documents

Cost of housing privatization

Obtaining most of the certificates and extracts requires payment of state fees. The final cost of re-registering state-owned real estate depends on the number of future homeowners and documents to be prepared:

Title of the document

State duty, p

Technical certificate


Cadastral passport


Extract from the Unified State Register of Real Estate


Form No. 3 EGRP


Notarized refusal to participate in the procedure


Contract execution


Certificate of ownership


Pros and cons of the deal

Many citizens of the country for a long time can not decide to engage in re-registration of real estate, carefully considering the consequences and monetary costs. In order to avoid the deprivatization procedure, it is necessary to understand the main pros and cons of property privatization:



  1. Lack of rental payments. A tenant of a non-privatized apartment needs to make monthly rental housing, the size of which varies from the area of ​​the apartment and is about 2-2.5 r / sq.m.
  2. Free disposal of property – the ability to sell, exchange, lease or donate.
  3. Residence permit at the personal discretion of the property owner. Only close relatives can be registered in non-privatized housing by permission of the municipal authorities.
  4. Privatized apartment eliminates the risk of forced eviction.
  1. Overhaul and current repair of property is carried out at the expense of the owner. In a non-privatized apartment, tenants are tenants of housing, therefore, all expenses for improving real estate are carried out at the expense of the state or local budget.
  2. The need to pay property tax, which is calculated by the cadastral value of housing.
  3. Long-term procedure, which provides for the payment of state duty.
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