The content of the article
- Ancient Russian names
- Of Greek origin
- Of Roman origin
- Jewish descent
- Soviet origin
- Modern Russian names with Slavic roots
In modern Slavic society, it is customary to consider Russian the familiar and widespread names such as Alexander, Nikolai, Sergey, Natalya, Olga, Anna, etc. Only a few know that the names of Russian origin are different, and the above are borrowed from other nations. The names of each people reflect its culture and traditions of many generations. The loss of generic names and proper names results in a loss of independence of the ethnic group and national consciousness. A society that does not preserve its ethnic and nominal symbolism has no roots.
Ancient Russian names
The name of a person is the key to the inner “I”, it affects the fate of a person. In Russia, everyone had two names: the first is false for outsiders, and the second is secret, only for a person and his close circle. Names were home, community, spiritual, secret, deceit, amulets. The Slavs tried to defend themselves from the influence of unkind spirits that took possession of embittered people, so they chose names that kept from “sight and nature, from a thing or parable”.
In order to scare away everything unclean, the initial deceitful name-amulet could have unattractive meaning, for example, Nekras, Nevzor, Kriv, Scoundrel, Doodle, Fool, Ryaby, Skew, Neryakh, Sold, Anger and other interpretations of negative qualities or flaws in appearance. They changed with age, it was believed that a person “grows” out of them as from short pants.
In adolescence, when the main personality traits were formed, a second name was used. It fully corresponded to the character of the owner, so it was very easy, knowing what the person’s name was, to determine his essence and purpose in life. For this reason, it was decided not to talk about the secret name, so as not to reveal their identity to outsiders.
The secret name of a person not only served as protection for him, loving father and mother invested wishes for a prosperous future in him. It could reflect the dreams of parents about who they want to see in life their child. The name is pronounced every day, so it has such a big impact on the fate of a person – this is a kind of program for life, embedded in the image. The diverse meaning of Russian names depends on classifying them into groups:
- dibasic: male (Mirolyub, Bogolyub, Bozhidar, Velimudr, Wenceslas, Gremislav, Dragomir, Yaroslav, etc.); women’s (Lubomir, Zvenislav, Goldflower, Iskren, Milan, Radimir, Radosvet, etc.);
- by birth order (Elder, Menshak, Pervushka, Vtorok, Tretiak, Chetvertak, Fifth, Sixth, Syomy, Osmoy, Devyatko);
- on moral qualities (Stoyan, Brave, Goodman, Good, Proud, Gorazd, Scream, etc.);
- according to the peculiarities of behavior (Jumper, Joker, etc.);
- according to external distinguishing features (Svetlana, Chernava, Chernysh, Kudryash, Mal, Bel, Sukhoi, Verzila and all that sort of thing);
- gods and goddesses (Yarilo, Lada);
- in relation to the birth of the child of parents and relatives (Khoten, Lyubim, Zhdan, Drugan, Nezhdannaya and others);
- by occupation (Blacksmith, Miller, Kozhemyak, Peasant, Mazay and other craft options);
- from the animal world (Pike, Ruff, Hare, Wolf, Eagle, Raven, Lark, Swan, Bull, etc.).
Children in Russia could be called by month or season, and also depending on the weather at the time of birth. From here in the ancient chronicles you can find such as May or Veshnyak, Frost (cold-blooded), Winter (severe, merciless), etc. There were “names” of the diminutive-derogatory form, formed by adding suffixes to personal names. Examples of such reductions are Svyatoslav (Svyatosh), Yaropolk (Yarilka), Dobromir (Dobrynya), Vadimir (Vadim), Miloslav (Miloneg), Ratibor (Ratisha) and others.
Names carry an important part of the culture, heritage and traditions of the people. With the advent of Christianity in Russia, Slavic names began to be replaced by Greek, Roman or Jewish. The ministers of the Old Testament cult even had lists of banned Russian names. The intention of the priests was to delete from the memory of the people of their gods and glorious ancestors. Slavic wise men and heroes did everything possible to preserve the Russian culture and their efforts paid off. Modern parents, obeying a hidden call of the heart, increasingly call their children their native sounding names.
When baptized, both children and adults, clergymen give new names. They are selected at the request of the parents of the baptized infant or the person himself, if the ceremony occurs in adulthood. The priest may recommend choosing a name in accordance with the day of the saint from the month of the word or transfer secular to church form. So, Angela can become an Angelina, and Oksana will be renamed Xenia, there are many options.
Of Greek origin
Many names that the Slavs used to consider Russian came at the same time as Christianity. The vast majority of them are of Greek origin. Christianity originated in Palestine at the turn of a new era (I century) during the prosperity of the Roman Empire. The functions of official languages, due to geographical differentiation, were performed by ancient Greek and Latin, who had an ancient written tradition. Hence some cult features, for example, the predominance of Greek names among the Russian Christianized population.
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Of Roman origin
From the moment the Mediterranean Old Testament cult came to Kievan Rus in 988, Greek and Roman names became widespread among the people. Trying to eradicate the Slavic culture and impose a new religious conception, the Old Testament priests, well aware of the importance of the original Russian names, began to rename the local population at baptism.
Today, one can observe the large-scale fruits of this activity – many people consider the Greek, Roman or Jewish names to be truly their.
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At the heart of modern Christianity is the Jewish religion, dedicated to their Lord Yahweh. From the time of the Roman Empire, Jews followed the cult described in the Old Testament, a book that is a Jewish Tanah (includes the Torah). Religion is closely intertwined with the way of life of the people, so the mixture of past events was reflected in the worldview of the Russians. The present-day Slavs are accustomed to consider foreign names as Russian, began to forget the teachings and beliefs of their ancestors, and it was time to return to their native sources.
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Each era leaves its mark on the worldview of the people, but there are so turbulent periods that they are called turning points in history. So it was with the advent of Soviet power after the October Revolution in 1917, the leader of which was V.I. Lenin. The symbolism of the USSR was present in everything, even children were named in honor of the main events and leaders of that time. Here is a short list of Russian names of Soviet origin:
- Aviation (revolutionary name);
- Vilen (short for V.I. Lenin);
- Vladlen (Vladimir Lenin);
- Kim (chief);
- Lenard (Leninist army);
- Oktyabrina (October Revolution);
- Rem (world revolution);
- Stalin (Stalin).
Modern Russian names with Slavic roots
The expression is known: “As you call a yacht, it will sail.” This statement is fully applicable to the name of the person. Names with Slavic roots carry a deep meaning intuitive and close to every Russian. You can distinguish a Slavic name from a foreign one if you find out if there are any parts of it in your native words. For most true Russian names, in one of the roots there is “glory” (glorifying), “lovingly” (loving), “peace” (peaceful), which eloquently characterizes the high morality and peaceful spirit of the Slavic people.
For men and women
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The spirit of the Slavic people is powerful. Despite the alien influence, Russian culture is constantly reviving. No matter how the young generation diverts attention to Western values, with age, every Slav begins to look more and more for a connection with his true roots. This explains the desire to call children by their family names, invented by our glorious ancestors. Although time must pass before the now popular Russian names of foreign origin, such as Artyom, Alice, Alexandra, Barbara, Veronica, Ivan, Mark, Eve, Gleb and others ceased to be used among the Slavs.