Payments at birth of a child in 2018 – the amount of benefits

The content of the article

When a child appears, parents think about the issue of further expenses. To save the family budget, it is worth filling out state financial assistance. A reform is underway in the country to draw up compulsory social insurance benefits. During pregnancy, women find out how to receive payments at the birth of a child in 2018, how to apply for benefits, what documents are needed.

What payments are due at birth

If a baby has appeared in the family, find out about the types of financial assistance from the state for newly-minted parents. The state provides:

  • monthly payments;
  • one-time help;
  • certificate issuance.

The state provides various options for paying benefits to young mothers. Based on his own wishes, a person has the right to choose:

  • payments that are issued once;
  • help for a specific period.

Benefits and certificates

Expectant mothers receive a birth certificate. It consists of three coupons:

  • the first is left to the antenatal staff;
  • the second is needed for the maternity hospital;
  • the third is presented to the employees of the clinic.

If there are two, three or more children in a family, then arrange maternal capital. It is equal to about 453,000 rubles. The certificate is issued for maternity capital of regional significance. The woman has the right to use the money received for specific purposes. If a third baby appears, then the family is considered to be large: the law provides for separate payments, benefits and compensation. If there are newborns born before 2013, parents have the right to apply for additional monthly benefits for babies under 3 years old.

According to the norms of Russian law, additional funds are paid to women whose husbands are in military service. A lump sum payment will be approximately 25,900 p. If you receive a monthly transfer of funds, then material assistance will be about 11,100 rubles. You have the right to spend the money received on the maintenance of the baby.

Baby and money

Mothers have the right to claim compensation, which is paid if the baby does not find a place in the institution. The allowance is equal to the help that comes from caring for a baby. This compensation is not issued everywhere. In order not to encounter difficulties in receiving money from the state, it is recommended to pre-occupy the queue for providing a place in kindergarten.

Separately, it is worth analyzing the program “Affordable Housing for a Young Family.” Its conditions are as follows:

  • Participants in the program are citizens of the Russian Federation under 35 years of age: spouses or one person (there is a manual for a single mother).
  • The family has real estate, the area of ​​which is up to 15 square meters. m. per person.
  • Citizens must present documents of income to the bank, after which a certificate is issued on the possibility of obtaining a housing loan.

The family has the right to spend money under this program at the place of its receipt. The money is used to pay for a house construction contract, a contract for the sale of real estate in the secondary or primary market, as a down payment when applying for a mortgage loan, to pay off a debt in the presence of a housing loan, which was issued before January 2011.

2018 Federal Child Benefits

The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation announced that it would introduce some legislative changes on additional payments. When adopting norms, authorities will get acquainted with the financial situation of families. New provisions will be adopted based on the current economic situation. Having complete information about family life, government officials determine whether citizens should be supported and under what circumstances.

Standards for supporting families with children are subject to review. Often in large families, parents can not give a full education to their children. To simplify the life of spouses, the Russian government decided to introduce some legislative changes. They will be valid on February 1, 2018. Examine the amount of benefits (“maternity” and “children’s”) that will be indexed annually taking into account the level of inflation (the indexation coefficient will be approved in January 2018):

Name of material assistance


Amounts in 2018.

Amounts adjusted for indexation February 1, 2018.

One-time payment to women who are registered before the 12th week of pregnancy


613 r.

632 r.

One-time payment at birth


16350 r.

16873 r.

Maternity Assistance


100% of average earnings (not less than 34520 r when calculating transfers according to the minimum wage)

100% of the average salary (not less than 43652 rubles when calculating transfers according to the minimum wage)

Transfers to be received by military wives


25892 r.

26 720 r.

Baby Care Assistance

  • 40% of the average earnings for officially employed, 3065 p – for non-employed;
  • for the second and subsequent newborn the size of the amount is 6131 r.
  • 40% of the average wage for officially employed, 3163 r – for non-employed;
  • the amount for working citizens from 3795 r (when calculating the minimum wage);
  • for the second and subsequent newborn, the amount will be 6327 r.

Transfers in the presence of military fathers


11096 r.

11451 r.

As mentioned earlier, all benefits are indexed once every 12 months. From January 1, 2018, a bill to increase the minimum wage will be in effect. The Ministry of Labor decided to gradually increase the available indicators to a living wage. Such changes will be introduced until 2018. In 2018 government officials increased the minimum wage by 21.7%, subsequently the size of wages will be equal to 9489 p.

One-time allowance for women who are registered before the 12th week of pregnancy

According to the law, the mother has the right to apply for a lump sum allowance (when assigning the allowance, social protection representatives are not familiar with the living conditions of the family). Funds are received until the baby turns six months old. Funds are transferred in equal amounts to officially employed and non-working mothers. If you are not employed, then assistance is issued by the social protection authorities, the transfer is made from the federal budget. Funds are transferred to each born baby:

  • 16350.33 p. from January 1, 2018;
  • 16873.54 p. from February 1, 2018 (indexation by 3.2% will be taken into account).

If a woman is officially employed, then material assistance is issued at the place of work. For non-working or student citizens, the standard for processing assistance through social protection at the place of residence or stay will apply. If the family is incomplete, then the procedure for processing the transfer of money is greatly simplified. The legal parent does not need to provide a certificate of non-receipt of money from the state by the second parent.

Women who are registered are made an additional transfer of funds. They include a symbolic one-time allowance – 613.14 p. (with such one-time compensations you will be able to make some small purchases). From February 1, 2018, this assistance will be equal to 632.76 rubles. To receive money, a woman provides the employer with a maternity leave certificate, a certificate of registration for up to 12 weeks. If a woman is not employed, then this transfer is not made.

Girl with a baby in her arms

Lump sum payment at birth of a child in 2018

At birth, the crumbs are transferred funds in the amount of 16873 p. Such compensation is issued until the age of six months crumbs. This help is also entitled to the guardians. If at the same time three or more children were born, then the transfer will be made to the account of the parent or guardian, the amount will be 50,000 p. The legislation establishes the terms for applying to the employer for processing assistance. All types of benefits are assigned up to 6 months after the birth of newborns.

Maternity allowance

The size of the transfer that mothers receive depends on what the salary was. The average daily salary for the previous two years is multiplied by 140 calendar days. If you have twins, the number of days increases by 54. Citizens who have not worked anywhere for a long time will be denied the transfer of funds. The argument is that a non-working woman has not paid taxes for a long time..

Childcare allowance

A mother, father, grandmother, grandfather or other relative who can care for a child up to a certain age can receive benefits. The amount depends on the salary of the citizen, its transfer is made monthly. If a person is officially employed, then the calculation of benefits is based on 40% of the salary that was received in two years.

Features of payments for children of military personnel

Money from the state is entitled to receive young mothers, other persons who actually look after the baby born. Compensation is paid during military service by the father of the baby. Below is a list of documents for receiving funds from the state:

  • Money Transfer Application.
  • Copy of baby’s birth certificate.
  • Help from the part where the father serves.
  • Copy of marriage certificate.

The social welfare service studies the submitted documents up to 10 days. Subsequently, transfers to citizens are made until the 26th day of each month. Money will be transferred to the applicant’s account until the baby reaches the age of three or until the expiration of the military service of the baby’s father. The amount of benefits mentioned above.

Changes in the calculation of maternity for 2018

Maternity leave is the time provided to employees of a maternity facility. The legislation provides for different types of compensation, which are drawn up during the specified period. Funds are transferred before and after the birth of the baby. Changes will be adopted in the standards:

  • The size of the average salary during maternity leave cannot exceed the limit base for the calculation of insurance premiums for illness and motherhood for two years, divided by 730.
  • The billing period of 2018 consists of only two previous years: 2016-2017.
  • The average earnings per day is equal to 2017.81 p. Maternity allowance is equal to 282,492 p.
  • Maternity assistance is calculated taking into account the minimum wage, is equal to 43652 p.

If it is required to calculate the minimum amount relying from the state for pregnancy and childbirth, then the calculations are made taking into account the minimum wage. The size of the transfers will be as follows:

  • During childbirth without complications, a woman will receive 43652 r for 140 calendar days.
  • If there were complications at the birth of the baby, then the mother will receive 47597 p. for 156 calendar days.
  • With multiple pregnancy, an allowance of 56967 p. for 194 days of vacation.

Pregnant girl with a laptop

Maximum average earnings

The calculation of the maternity allowance is based on the length of service of a woman who is an employee of a company and the size of the base for calculating insurance premiums in the FSS of Russia. Legislation provides for a limit on annual earnings for calculating compensation. If the employee’s income for the previous 12 months exceeded 755,000 rubles, then the amount of payment is calculated from the maximum amount.

Billing period

As mentioned above, when calculating maternity, the maximum size of the average earnings of a woman working in an enterprise is taken into account. They are taken into account only two years prior to registration of assistance. The limit value of average earnings is calculated according to the following formula: (718000 + 755000): 730 calendar days. After making this calculation, you will receive 2017.81 r.

Minimum wage allowance for minimum wage

The maternity allowance is calculated based on the average daily earnings, which is determined taking into account the minimum wage. Woman will receive:

  • In childbirth without complications in 140 days, 34520.55 r.
  • If the birth is complicated – 38465.75 p. in 156 days.
  • With multiple pregnancy – 47835.62 p. in 194 days.

Regional Payments

Pay attention to transfers by regional programs. Material assistance is issued only by some citizens of Russia, because it is provided in certain regions. However, if a baby or several children was born, it is important to find out in advance what the regional transfers are and how such financial support is processed..

One-time payments at the birth of a child in Moscow

Many young families live in the center of the country. People living in Moscow can apply for:

  • transfer of the amount – 5500 p. if the first-born appeared.
  • the amount of 14500 p. at the birth of children after the first-born.

Luzhkov payments

Not all citizens of the Russian Federation know what Luzhkov payments are, which were established in 2004 by a resolution of the Moscow Government. Luzhkov’s payments at the birth of a child in 2018 will be made in accordance with the old rules (the procedure is established in a separate regulation). To receive money, you need to meet the criteria:

  • spouses up to 30 years old;
  • Permanent residence in Moscow;
  • citizenship of the Russian Federation by father or mother.

Payments at the birth of the first child in 2018, according to the program, are made in the form of an amount equal to five times the cost of living. When a second newborn appears, one can claim an amount equal to a seven-fold subsistence minimum. The third child relies on an allowance equal to ten times the cost of living. The last option of assistance is rare, because the third baby is not often born for spouses under 30 years old. When triplets are born, benefits are awarded to each newborn.

At the birth of three or more children

Families with three or more children are rare. For exceptional cases, the government of the Russian Federation has made some changes to the legislation. These guidelines help families live more fully. When three newborns appear, you can count on financial assistance in the form of a lump sum in the amount of 50,000 r.

How to apply for a one-time birth allowance

After registration of financial assistance funds will be transferred to you – 16873 p. This monetary compensation should be issued before the baby turns 6 months old. To get the money, you need to contact the personnel department at the enterprise. If the woman is not officially employed, then the social service will be engaged in the registration of material assistance, students should contact the dean of the educational institution.

Woman writes

What documents are needed

To apply for help, learn about the help you need to prepare. Material assistance with the appearance of a newborn is possible if:

  • Statements.
  • Birth certificates.
  • Pension Insurance Parent Certificate.
  • Certificates from the housing department regarding the cohabitation of the applicant with a minor.
  • Passports of parents.
  • Extracts from the work book.
  • Certificates that previously no assistance from the state was assigned.

Unemployed citizens additionally provide a copy of a passport, a work book. The amount of 50,000 p. obtained in the USZN at the place of residence upon presentation of:

  • application for the appointment of funds;
  • passports
  • birth certificates;
  • certificates on cohabitation of newborns with parents or guardian.

What relies on childcare in 2018

Help up to 1.5 years is paid immediately after maternity leave – maternity leave. If you are officially employed, the funds are transferred by the employer. Money comes to the account 2 months after the birth of the baby. The amount depends on the average earnings of the mother or father (if the decree is issued for him). There are separate standards for the payment of funds to unemployed citizens. If the kids are from 1.5 to 3 years old, parents are entitled to claim only compensation allowance.

Up to 1.5 years

The legislation establishes specific amounts of payments. Officially employed citizens have the right to claim the amount of 3163 p. for the first newborn, for the subsequent baby – 6327 p. Transfers can be up to 24536 p. Upon liquidation of the organization during maternity leave, the mother will receive 40% of the salary for the last 2 years. The privilege is drawn up in the body of social protection. The maximum amount is 12262 p.

Officially unemployed citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to apply for financial assistance – 3163 p. Payments at the birth of the second child in 2018 will amount to 6327 p. If the mother went on maternity leave in 2014, and in 2018 another baby appeared and the maternity leave was issued again, then when calculating the amount of benefits, they will be taken not in 2015 and 2016, but in 2012 and 2013.


Before reaching 3 years

If desired, the mother has the right to extend maternity leave until the baby is 3 years old. The employer will pay compensation – 50 p. These transfers are carried out regardless of how many children appeared in the family. The specified amount of compensation does not apply to citizens residing where radiation has spread or preferential socio-economic status. For example, residents of Chernobyl draw up transfers in the amount of 6,000 rubles, military personnel have the right to file an application in the amount of 10,528 rubles.

In October 2018, deputies of the State Duma of the Russian Federation proposed to approve legislative amendments regarding the monthly transfer of funds to newly made parents with children from 1.5 to 3 years old who did not receive a place in a nursery or kindergartens. Deputies of the State Duma of the Russian Federation offered material assistance equal to 3000 r.

Maternal capital

Such material assistance is one of the most discussed and causes a lot of debate. Some authorities demand the abolition of such compensation and the redistribution of money to increase transfers to 1.5 and 3 years. Some deputies are in favor of extending the program, offering to establish payments for the birth of a third child in 2018, benefits for low-income families.

From the beginning of the program, all families where two or more babies were registered could receive a certificate. In 2016, the Government decided that parents have the right to receive 25,000 p. cash and spend these funds on personal needs. Such a change was introduced to create financial protection for families during the economic crisis in order to improve the demographic situation. Money was transferred regardless of the income level of the spouses. In 2018, it will no longer be possible to cash out money received as maternity capital.

Tax deductions

When a baby appears in the family, young parents are often interested in tax issues. Spouses are entitled to apply standard tax deductions. After making compensation for the income of the father and mother, the state will not withhold 13% tax. Young parents have the right to return 13% of the amount spent on children’s education. To do this, take advantage of social tax deductions..

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