The content of the article
- What is pink lichen in a child
- Is pink lichen contagious
- Symptoms of pink lichen
- Pink flaky spots on the body
- Pink versicolor in infants
- Causes of pink lichen in children
- Diagnosis of pink lichen in children
- Treatment for pink lichen
- Treatment for pink lichen ointment
- Treatment of pink lichen in children according to Komarovsky
- Treatment of pink lichen with folk remedies
- Photo of pink lichen
The appearance of lichen giber or pink lichen in a child is characterized by damage to a weakened body and appears on the skin with spots. In the treatment of pathology, preventive measures, such as changing clothes, isolating personal hygiene items and a limited diet, are required. Do not resort to serious therapy – lichen passes in a few months.
What is pink lichen in a child
Pitiriasis or pink lichen in a child is a skin disease of an infectious-allergic nature. Outwardly, lichen looks like spots of a pink hue. It may appear after hypothermia or infection, it occurs in children with a low immune system. In most cases, the spots are very itchy. Skin rashes are associated with the penetration of bacteria or viruses into the body. They occur as an allergic reaction in response to a pathogen. Dermatologists note that the group of the disease includes children from 4 to 12 years old.
Is pink lichen contagious
Roseola in children belongs to the group of often manifested. Doctors failed to identify the microorganism causing the symptoms. Is pink lichen infectious? In medical practice, there is a case of infection depriving the whole family, although it is officially believed that it is impossible to get a healthy person from a patient.
The disease worsens the mood and appearance, but does not produce a serious negative effect on the health of the child. Experts have found an explanation for this: pink lichen is transmitted through bugs and lice, personal household items – washcloths, toys, towels and combs. For all his life, a person can get sick with Jiber’s disease only once: when a virus enters, a stable immunity is developed.
Symptoms of pink lichen
In children and adults, the disease proceeds the same way: the prodromal symptoms of pink lichen occur after the child has had an infectious disease:
- First, the general condition gradually worsens, then the first spot, aches and weakness occurs.
- Further, in the region of the shoulder blades, chest, and on the torso, a “mother plaque” appears, which has an intense pink color and a large size (from 2 cm).
- A yellow coating forms in the center, turning into small flakes that peel off. The spot is characterized by smooth edges. Dermatologists talk about its similarity to a medallion.
Pink flaky spots on the body
A week after the virus penetrates, pink scaly spots appear on the body. They are very small, up to 1 cm in size. Such manifestations are called secondary rashes, which form on the Langer lines – there the skin area is more tensile. In this place are bundles of collagen fibers. The manifestation of these symptoms is accompanied by itching..
Children’s skin begins to crack and shrink, the appearance of small nodules under the skin is possible – in this case the disease will pass faster. The rash does not appear on the face or on the scalp, on the mucous membranes. Favorable conditions for the spread of the rash are considered sensitive places with sweat glands: hips, inguinal region and forearms.
Pink versicolor in infants
Deprive Gibber does not bypass even very small patients. Pink lichen in an infant may appear as an allergy to certain foods. Symptoms of lichen – pink spots – can occur with the beginning of the first feeding or the transition to artificial feeding. In the first days of life, a child undergoes a large number of vaccinations, therefore, immunity decreases. When the first appearance of light pink spots on the delicate skin, the baby must be taken to the doctor so that he prescribes the active drugs and prescribes treatment.
Causes of pink lichen in children
Experts name several reasons for the origin of microorganisms that can cause pink lichen in children. It can be a herpes simplex virus type 6 and 7 or streptococcus. Pathogens play the role of a trigger, then an allergic process begins, in response to which the body signals pinkish spots on the skin. It all starts with the fact that lice and bedbugs bite the site of the bite and there is a “mother plaque.” The following causes of pink lichen in children, in which immunity is reduced, are distinguished:
- aggressive detergents, hard washcloths and hand washing with their help;
- hypothermia of the body;
- skin injury;
- metabolic disorder;
- previous infections;
- insect bites;
- frequent vaccinations;
- digestive tract disorders.
Diagnosis of pink lichen in children
Problems with the diagnosis does not occur in the presence of “maternal plaque.” The disease is easy to recognize by the lesions: spots of a round or oval shape with a center that peels off. Based on the anamnesis, places of localization, laboratory tests, the specialist visually accurately identifies the disease. When trying to independently diagnose pink lichen in children, confusion may arise: many of the types of lichen also begin with the appearance of pinkish-red spots. Parents may confuse pink with pityriasis type of lichen, which threatens with the wrong treatment.
Treatment for pink lichen
This type of lichen does not require medical intervention, therapy. He can go on his own after 2 months. During the presence of the virus in the body of the child should be gently bathed with mild detergents. Improperly selected paste or ointment can contribute to the spread of spots throughout the body. Proper treatment for pink lichen is needed.
Contacting a professional dermatologist helps to find out which ointments or creams with anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects should be given. Children with very weak immunity experience complications in the form of fever – then antibiotics help. List of useful remedies that can be used in the treatment of lichen:
- Activated carbon.
Treatment for pink lichen ointment
The treatment of pink lichen with hydrocortisone ointment, the mechanism of action of which is an anti-inflammatory property, will help relieve itching and irritation. The external agent prevents the spread of allergic manifestations, relieves swelling of the skin in the area of the plaque. For treatment, the drug is applied to damaged elements three times a day with a thin layer. Other names of means in the form of pastes, ointments and creams, before using which you need to consult a doctor:
- Lorinden A;
- Salicylic-zinc paste (Lassar paste);
Acyclovir for pink lichen
The drug Acyclovir has an antiviral effect and is effective against various skin lesions caused by herpes pathogens. Acyclovir with pink lichen inhibits the spread of infection, stops the reproduction of the virus, while stimulating the immune system. Pills are especially effective at the first sign of lichen. The drug is washed down with a large amount of liquid (dosage: 1 tablet 5 times a day). It is noted that during the reception, the spread of the rash throughout the body stops. In the following days, plaques fade, are cleared from the center, then disappear.
Treatment of pink lichen in children according to Komarovsky
Dr. Komarovsky argues that the treatment of this dermatological disease should go in conjunction with the elimination of excess moisture and gentle skin care. The specialist does not recommend trying to cure the child yourself. To eliminate the risk of side effects that may occur with improper medication, if you suspect you should consult a doctor. With the help of the following drugs, pink lichen is treated in children according to Komarovsky:
- sulfuric ointment with antifungal effect;
- an external drug called Sinaflan “allows you to relieve itching, but is allowed for children from 2 years old;
- oxolinic ointment against active peeling;
- Panthenol or Exoderil can be selected from sprays;
- brilliant green or iodine solution.
Treatment of pink lichen with folk remedies
Due to allergic reactions and individual intolerance, ointments and tablets are prohibited for many children. In this case, you can try the treatment of pink lichen in a child with folk remedies. The diet should include rice or oatmeal, fermented milk products, dress the child in cotton clothes. Among the most popular treatments, natural remedies may be prescribed based on:
- birch buds;
- apple cider vinegar;
- sea buckthorn oil.
The above ingredients are common: goods and raw materials can be purchased at the pharmacy. A method of preparing effective drugs is given below:
- Elderberry broth. Take 1 tablespoon of the inflorescences of the plant in dried form and pour a glass of boiling water. After the remedy is infused for about 30 minutes, drink 3 tbsp. l before meals three times a day, 40 days. The tool is effective, but if 1 course is not enough, then it can be repeated after 3 weeks.
- Celandine tincture. Take in the right amount of inflorescence and fresh leaves, add vodka. Pour into a glass vessel, close tightly for 14 days. Dilute with water before use (1: 5). Suitable for internal (three drops a day before meals, drink 15 drops) and external use (twice a day, treat the affected areas with cotton swabs moistened with the product). The “mother plaque” should disappear after 10 weeks.
- Apple cider vinegar. A simple but effective tool is applied externally in its pure form. Until complete recovery, the skin is processed up to 4 times every day. During the week, the first improvements will be noticeable, and lichen spots will disappear after two months.