The content of the article
- Plasticine painting technique
- Flat modeling
- Volumetric pictures from plasticine
- DIY plasticine paintings
- On cardboard
- On paper
- On glass
- Pictures of plasticine flagella
Plasticine is one of the favorite materials for children’s creativity. With it, you can sculpt original crafts and even create drawings. Plasticineography is an unconventional art technique consisting in drawing plasticine on cardboard or another solid base. Finished work can be flat, semi-volume or voluminous. Being engaged in plasticography, the child develops fine motor skills, finger movements are differentiated. This is a good preparation for learning to write..
Plasticine painting technique
The technique of plasticine painting is a bit like writing in oil – colored plasticine rolls up into balls and is applied onto cardboard with brush strokes. The young artist develops his color perception and sense of harmony. For good work, you need to choose high-quality plasticine of the appropriate type.
The assortment is great: there are more dense varieties, but there are soft, smooth, easy to melt. In the sets you can find any palette: as soon as the basic colors, and including many shades. If you use plasticine as a paint, you can mix two colors and get the desired tone..
In work on paintings from plasticine, it is necessary to finely roll out all the folds, inequalities. If somewhere the layer turned out to be thick, uneven, the excess can be removed using the stacks. The strokes on the plasticine panel can be different. It is not necessary to work with your fingers, you can use tools – stacks, a knife, a toothpick, a roller, syringes with and without needles, sticks for pressing. To make a picture of plasticine, you need to prepare the base, and on it to fix the details of the desired shape and color.
A small child can be taught to make pictures from plasticine on the same principle as paint. The first step will be flat modeling – the creation of paintings of varying degrees of relief. Distinguish forms with a protruding and in-depth image:
- High relief (image protrudes strongly above the surface).
- Bas-relief (details protrude slightly above the base).
- Counter-relief (image deepened into the surface of the base: the pattern is scratched or pressed on the plane with a stack, a stick).
So you can depict a picture pre-outlined on a cardboard or glass base. A child can wield a finger, learning to calculate the strength of clicks and strokes, or use improvised tools. In kindergartens, they offer to depict, for example, recognizable scenes from favorite fairy tales or cartoons using plane modeling technique or to make plasticine comics.
Volumetric pictures from plasticine
When the child learns to make simple flat images, you can try to make a three-dimensional picture, similar to a work of art. The point is not so complicated: you need to fashion separately the details of the work (tree, fruit, animals), and then fix them to the surface.
Parts can be of any shape and size. For their manufacture, various techniques are used: rolling, flattening, rubbing, smoothing, pulling the part from the general shape. It must be remembered that if you intend to place drawings of plasticine under glass, the material may be absorbed, and the work will lose its original volume.
DIY plasticine paintings
Plasticine drawing is well suited both for independent studies with a child, and for labor lessons for elementary school students or exercises for fine motor skills in kindergarten. When working, the child learns to make both large and very small parts (eyes, leaves). To sculpt you will need:
- Base (you can use glass, waste discs, plywood sheet).
- A board for rolling plasticine and for molding parts.
- Knives for cutting and applying small parts.
- Simple pencil.
- Water for occasional hand wetting.
First you need to draw on the basis of a pencil draw a template for the future picture (field, green forest). For it, you need to rub small plasticine pieces with your fingers. Parts can be formed from round or elongated pieces of different sizes. You can use a separate stencil for each part. Then they must be carefully pressed into the background.
If bumps have turned out, smooth them with your fingers, previously moistened in water. In addition, remember the rules for composing the composition: those details that will be in the foreground should stick out more than others and be done more clearly (for example, bright flowers, pebbles on the seashore, animals). Fix them on top of the rest of the parts (the last one can) and supplement with some pattern applied with a needle or a toothpick.
A picture of plasticine on cardboard for children can be the first step on the road to making more complex crafts. It is not necessary to buy special material, you can use, for example, cut sheets from a box from under shoes or household appliances. It is recommended that the finished painting be varnished so that it does not become dusty..
To work, you will need the same materials as for any other modeling technique. Remember that it is more difficult to wipe off excess stains from cardboard, so keep napkins ready. A phased algorithm of actions is as follows:
- We put a drawing on the cardboard (you can buy a ready-made stencil with a picture in a special store, then fill it with plasticine).
- Making the background of the picture. First, determine the background color. Small pieces are nibbled off from the whetstone and applied to the surface in the form of strokes..
- Rub plasticine strokes with your fingers within the borders of the picture.
To create a picture of plasticine on paper, it is better to choose a dense base, because too sharp movement can break a thin sheet. For the first works, it is recommended to start with the simplest paintings, for example, kids will like the image of a cheerful rainbow, white clouds and a bright sun in the sky, green grass with cornflowers or daisies. For the first works of a preschooler, it is better to choose a small size (about a quarter of a sheet of A4 format).
Small pieces must be tweaked from the bar and applied to the base in accordance with the plan. In this case, different modeling methods are used – rolling or smoothing, smearing, sometimes pinching, flattening or flowing from one color to another will be required. If your plan involves a clear drawing of a large number of small objects, a medical syringe without a needle will come in handy. They use it like this:
- Put a piece of plasticine inside the syringe, carefully heat it (on a hot battery or in a cup with warm water);
- Squeeze out with thin threads (if you want thicker, use a pastry syringe).
- Soft shades can be obtained if you first mix the necessary shades of plasticine in your hands and then load them into a syringe. Do not mix more than two colors at the same time..
Plasticine applications on glass are a simple but dangerous form of creativity. Safety precautions must be observed so as not to get hurt. To create an application you will need:
- Multi-colored plasticine.
- Photo Frame.
- Black ink or black marker.
- Printed sheet of paper.
- Cotton wool and alcohol.
Since few people succeed in creating pictures for plasticineography on glass the first time, it’s better to look at the master class in advance with the child on the Internet in advance, and then follow the recommendations:
- Find drawings (it is better to choose simple black and white). Remember that the younger the child, the larger the details..
- Remove glass from photo frame.
- Degrease the glass by wiping with cotton wool and alcohol.
- Printed sketch put under glass..
- Draw a contour with a black marker on the glass.
- Get a drawing.
- Determine which colors you will use. For preschool children, the task can be simplified – leave a colored drawing under the glass. So the child will see what color plasticine should be taken.
- Separating small pieces of plasticine of the desired color, stick them on the glass, rub, without going beyond the outline of the picture. The stronger the material is rubbed (into a thin layer), the weaker the pigment.
You can choose the method of work: either first fill in the clay with plasticine in one color, and then move on to the other, or first make small elements (separately mold the beast’s eyes, leaves, small flowers or a ladybug), then go to the main drawing from clay.
When the entire base is filled with plasticine, adult help will be needed. The picture must be turned face up to itself, examined and corrected defects (gaps between pieces of plasticine, going beyond the circuit). Then wipe the glass again with alcohol, without touching the picture, and insert the work into the frame.
Pictures of plasticine flagella
If the child’s fine motor skills are already well developed, you can try a more jewelry, painstaking option using a medical or pastry syringe. Hot water is needed to complete the job..
To get flagella of different lengths, you need a syringe, from which you need to cut off the nose in advance (it will be easier to squeeze out). For each color, a syringe is used so that there is no layering of the color: a little clay will remain in the tube. Before you put plasticine in a syringe, you need to warm it in your hands. If the material is still squeezing tight, try putting the syringe in hot water.
If there is no syringe at hand, you can gently roll the flagellum with your hands. First fashion a cake, then roll it into a sausage in the palms of your hands and bring to the flagellum of the required thickness and length with your fingers. It is necessary to take into account the texture of the material: too plastic grades can break if you overdo it. Such flagella just need to be folded in the right direction to get any part or stroke. Figures are attached to the base of thick paper, resulting in pictures for plasticine.