The content of the article
- What is harm pension?
- Harmful factors
- The list of hazardous industries
- Regulatory framework
- Who is entitled to a preferential pension for harmful working conditions in 2018?
- Assessment of working conditions
- Lists of harmful occupations for early retirement for 2018
- The first list of harmfulness in Russia
- List 2
- Terms of appointment
- Benefit Tables
- Additional requirements
- Contributions of employers to the FIU for harmful and particularly difficult working conditions
- How to calculate the pension for harmfulness
- The procedure for registration in 2018
- Where to go
- What documents are needed
- Indexation of preferential pensions for harmful working conditions in 2018
- Terms and conditions of payment
According to the legislation of the Russian Federation, citizens who are specialists working in certain professional fields, listed on several lists, are entitled to receive old-age insurance benefits ahead of schedule. This means that they can retire earlier, not reaching 60 years (men), 55 years (women) under certain conditions.
What is harm pension?
The preferential harmful pension in 2018 is a benefit paid from a separate budget line item of the Pension Fund. It is formed from contributions paid by the employer for employees working in harmful, life-threatening and healthy conditions. Charges, amounts of payment are regulated by federal law dated December 28, 2013 No. 400-ФЗ as amended on December 19, 2016 with amendments that came into force on January 1, 2017.
Retirement due to harmfulness can be done according to the classification of working conditions displayed in GOST (state standard) 12.0.003-74 dated 01.01.1976, “System of labor safety standards” (SSBT). Based on the document, four groups of factors are identified that have a negative impact on the human body:
They are clearly divided by the nature of the effect on harmful, causing characteristic diseases, dangerous, leading to injuries and damage. Malicious include:
- increased, lowered level in the working area;
- high level of humidity and air velocity;
- high noise level;
- increased level of thermal, isotropic, electromagnetic, infrared radiation;
- large contamination of the air;
- insufficient lighting, high concentration of pulsations of light radiation, insufficient ventilation.
Dangerous factors include interaction with moving machines, mechanisms, as well as unprotected moving parts of industrial, electronic, energy equipment, any operations performed with explosives, metal processing, and electric current. The remaining groups of factors do not have a clear separation, therefore, depending on the specific conditions, they can be both harmful and dangerous:
- Harmful chemical. They have general toxic, irritating, sensitizing, promoting the development of allergic diseases, carcinogenic, causing the development of tumors, mutagenic, affecting the reproductive system, character of influence. This group includes a large number of vapors and gases – benzene and toluene, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, lead aerosols, toxic dusts, which are formed, for example, during the processing of beryllium, lead bronze, brass, aggressive liquids – alkalis and acids that increase the nitric acid environment of the workspace.
- Harmful biological. They have a bacteriological effect, which include: microorganisms – bacterial, viral cells, fungi, macroorganisms – representatives of the plant and animal world and their products.
- Harmful psychophysiological. Statistical, dynamic loads.
January 1, 1976 to GOST released the change “No. 1”. It added a new group of factors called “Neuropsychiatric Overload”, which include:
- brain overstrain as a result of mental work;
- overstrain of the analytical centers of the nervous and visual-auditory (sensory) systems;
- uniformity and monotony of the workflow;
- emotional overload or exhaustion.
Instead of this document, GOST 12.0.003-2015 was published on January 1, 2018 with a concise, expanded, clear structure, which makes it more informative and easy to read, perceive. All harmful, hazardous production factors have a maximum permissible value, which is displayed in GOST 12.0.002-80 “SSBT. Terms and definitions “from 01.09.1982 – from 01.06.2016 GOST 12.0.002-2014.
The list of hazardous industries
In 2014, the government of the Russian Federation (Russian Federation) adopted Decree No. 665, which approves the list of professional areas in which employment refers to harmful, difficult, hazardous work. Based on the document, the list of harmful enterprises consists of the following industries:
- agglomeration and mineral processing;
- metallurgy (ferrous and non-ferrous metals);
- coke, pitch coke, thermoanthracite and coke-chemical production;
- gas and gas generating factory production and servicing of stations, gas production workshops;
- production of dinas products;
- chemical production;
- production of explosive, initiating substances, gunpowder and ammunition equipment;
- processing of oil, gas, coal and oil shale;
- electrical engineering;
- radio engineering production;
- production of building materials;
- glass and porcelain and earthenware production;
- production of artificial and synthetic fibers;
- production of paper products;
- production of medicines, medical and biological preparations and materials;
- production of printing products;
- transportation of passengers by underground and land rail, sea mode of transport;
- ore preparation, beneficiation, sintering (sintering, briquetting, pelletizing), roasting of ore and non-metallic minerals;
- coal preparation;
- production of refractories, hardware, generator gas and the production of gases during metallurgical operations;
- maintenance of mercury converter substations;
- maintenance of power plants, energy trains, steam power facilities;
- electrical production and repair of electrical equipment;
- production of electronics and radio equipment, light and food industries;
- health and social welfare;
- construction, reconstruction, technical re-equipment, restoration and repair of buildings, structures and other objects;
- communications and telecommunications;
- agrochemical services for agriculture;
- collection, processing and disposal of animal corpses;
- interactions with radioactive substances, sources of ionizing radiation and beryllium;
- nuclear energy and industry;
- oil refining and gas processing industries;
- geological and mining.
The preferential harmful pension in 2018 except for No. 400-ФЗ dated July 16, 2014, Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 665 “On lists of work, production, professions, positions, specialties, institutions (organizations)” has an extensive regulatory and legislative framework, which consists of the following legislative acts:
- Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR of January 26, 1991 N 10 “On approval of the lists of industries, jobs, professions, positions and indicators giving the right to preferential pension provision”.
- Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR of August 22, 1956 N 1173 “On the approval of the lists of industries, workshops, professions and positions, work in which gives the right to state benefits on preferential terms and in preferential amounts.” Together with the decree N 10 forms lists of professions for harmfulness No. 1 and No. 2.
- Federal Law of December 28, 2013 N 426-ФЗ “On a Special Assessment of Working Conditions”. Based on this document, a special commission is convened which checks once every 5 calendar years..
- Decision of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR No. 381 of 04/04/91.
Who is entitled to a preferential pension for harmful working conditions in 2018?
Based on Resolution No. 10, No. 1173, the following categories of citizens can receive preferential harmful pension in 2018:
- working and line personnel performing maintenance, repair, operation and other operations provided by the framework of the professional field;
- administrative and technical personnel;
- persons in the management and specialists.
Assessment of working conditions
A special check of working conditions is carried out on the basis of articles 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 of article of federal law N 426-ФЗ. For the event, the employer or his representative forms a commission of an odd number of people on average from 5 to 7 people. It includes representatives of the labor protection committee and the trade union organization, a number of organization employees.
After the commission has been created by the top management of the company, a letter of order is issued on the letterhead, which includes personal information, the position of the chairman and members of the commission, the relevant orders in the form of a normalized list, name of the company, full name of the head of the organization and his signature. Based on the order, a schedule of work is formed, which displays the serial number of the document, the name of the event, and the deadline for its completion. Then the order with the schedule is posted on the information stand.
Article 14 of the same document reflects the classification of working conditions, on the basis of which there are four classes:
- Optimal. They belong to the 1st class, in which there are no harmful production factors or the impact on the employee is at the levels established in regulatory hygiene documents.
- Valid. They belong to the 2nd class, in which there is some impact on the employee from harmful or dangerous factors that are at the levels that are established by the regulatory documentation, and his body functions, changed by the impact, are restored during the rest stipulated by the regulation, or until nearest work shift.
- Harmful. They belong to the 3rd class, in which harmful factors affect a person, these values exceed the normative indicators. Harmful working conditions are divided into four subclasses:
- Harmful working conditions of 1 degree. Minor changes from exposure to harmful factors, requiring a little longer to recover than before the next shift.
- Harmful working conditions 2 degrees. They cause significant changes in the normal functioning of the body and become possible causes of the onset, development of a mild form (initial stage) of occupational diseases.
- Working conditions 3 degrees. Sources of significant and lasting changes that lead to the formation of mild and moderate occupational diseases, while the employee has a loss of working capacity, he needs a vacation during rehabilitation.
- Working conditions 4 degrees. They lead to changes that give impetus to the development of serious diseases, in which there is a loss of general disability.
- Extreme (especially dangerous). They belong to the 4th class, in which harmful factors cause acute occupational diseases.
Lists of harmful occupations for early retirement for 2018
Preferential harmful pension in 2018 on the basis of resolutions No. 10 and No. 1173, which are combined under the framework of the updated resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation (Russian Federation) No. 665 of July 16, 2014, may be citizens who carry out labor activities in one or several specialties that make up the lists professional areas No. 1 and No. 2.
The first list of harmfulness in Russia
List (grid) No. 1 was formed on the basis of harmful, extreme production working conditions, which can cause serious or irreparable harm to the body. In 2018, the following citizens can receive a preferential harmfulness pension for it:
- workers performing operations related to crushing, grinding, grinding of non-metallic minerals with 2 or more percent silica in dust, which is formed during the performance of work;
- plastic welders who carry out work operations with hot fluoroplastic;
- liquidators of the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, task forces to reduce radiation levels;
- employees of healthcare institutions who constantly and directly work with substances whose activity is more than 0.1 mK (millikuri), for example, radium 226 or the equivalent of a different chemically active component with similar radiotoxicity and provoking radiation exposure of workers – letter of the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation of 10.20.1992 Mr. N 2010-RB;
- doctors and laboratory assistants working with x-ray and angiographic equipment;
- employees engaged in transportation, performing loading and unloading operations, in warehouses, storage facilities for radioactive substances;
- linear workers producing rare earths by chemical synthesis;
- line employees and technical personnel servicing the equipment for the production of cellulose, equipment, which is designed for the regeneration of sulfuric acid, liquors.
The second list of occupational hazards for pensions determined the permissible and optimal working conditions. It includes the following professions:
- senior and junior medical staff involved in the direct care of patients who are being treated in the infectious and tuberculosis ward and leprosoria on the basis of instructions of the Ministry of Social Protection of the Russian Federation N 1-31-U dated 04/26/1993;
- doctors, nurses, nurses, working in the chemotherapy department and underground facilities, which are located in the premises of former salt mines; the same employees working in psychiatric wards at orphanages – letter of the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation N 1910-RB dated 09/28/1992 and N 1062-RB dated 05/27/1992;
- junior nursing nurses who are engaged in caring for patients and whose workplace is a fluorographic or X-ray room; employees of pharmaceutical companies and medical institutions who, during the course of their official duties, painted on hepatitis C, in accordance with the letter of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation N 2510 / 8928-03-32 of 08/07/2003;
- cable-splicers whose activities are related to cable splicing which have leaded, polyethylene and polyvinyl chloride sheaths;
A separate list is the seasonal work, the list of which is displayed in the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR No. 381 dated 07/04/91. Such organizations and professions include:
- Peat development sites. Workers engaged in wetland preparatory work, engaged in the extraction, drying and harvesting of peat, technical specialists involved in the repair and maintenance of technological equipment in non-production workshops.
- Smelting enterprises, logging. Line staff responsible for dumping wood material into water, sorting on water and loading and unloading operations on transport ships, specialists in the collection of resin, barracks and spruce sulfur in areas with high fire hazard.
Terms of appointment
Men who expect to receive a preferential harmful pension in 2018 should make sure that they meet the following criteria:
- have an uninterrupted 10-year experience from list No. 1;
- general experience from the moment of employment for more than 20 years;
- are over 50.
The term “total work experience” means the summation of the experience gained in the framework of work with harmful working conditions, and experience in other professional fields. Only if the above criteria are met, men can receive benefits 10 years earlier, while they remain with them to continue working until they lose their ability to work.
Women counting on benefits should make sure that they meet the following criteria:
- have an uninterrupted 7.5-year experience, which includes the period of childcare (maternity leave) by profession from list No. 1;
- total work experience over 15 years;
- are over 45 years old.
The following criteria are used for citizens who are employed in professions established by list No. 2:
- continuous experience for men – 12.5 and 10 years for women;
- the total length of service for men is 25 and 10 years for women;
- age 55 years for men and 50 years for women.
Gender of citizens
The table with the experience is necessary for early access to the allowance on the list No. 2 below
Gender of citizens
In order to receive preferential benefits, you need to collect 30 pension points. A citizen applying for a pension accrual has incomplete preferential length of service – less than half of the values indicated in the tables, the retirement age is reduced as follows:
- one year is deducted in accordance with each full year for the grace period for list No. 1;
- for men and women is reduced by one year in accordance with two years worked for any profession from list No. 2.
Contributions of employers to the FIU for harmful and particularly difficult working conditions
Based on the law No. 400-ФЗ, an organization is obliged to transfer deductions equal to 22% of the amount of employees’ wages every month. The interest rate is divided into the following components:
- Contribution credited to cover current expenses for the payment of benefits – 6%.
- The insurance guarantee of the employee on behalf of the person who is deducted is 16%. This component is divided into two parts: money spent on insurance – 10% and the funded part – 6%.
The technique is general in nature. At the legislative level, there are cases of early withdrawal of benefits for people whose professional activities are associated with hazardous industries. For these persons, special accounts are created on the basis of the pension fund, which are formed by additional contributions that are carried out by the organization.
The employer is obliged to pay additional insurance premiums on behalf of employees whose jobs are associated with harmful and especially dangerous working conditions. The amount of contributions is established upon the fact of a special assessment. If the check was not carried out, then the tariff is 9% for professions included in list No. 1, and 6%, which are included in list No. 2.
On the basis of Article 2.1 of Federal Law No. 212-ФЗ “On Insurance Contributions to the Russian Pension Fund”, introduced on January 1, 2014, differentiation of additional insurance contributions was carried out according to the classification of working conditions. In accordance with the classification, when an employee performs labor activity in harmful conditions, the employer deducts contributions to the FIU in the amount of 2 to 7% (depending on the subclass), and for especially severe ones – 8%.
How to calculate the pension for harmfulness
The preferential harmful pension in 2018 is calculated. To calculate the size of future accruals according to list No. 2, use the formula, which has the following form – SSC = IPC * SEC, where:
- SPSK – old-age insurance pension;
- IPC – pension coefficient, determined individually;
- SPK – the cost of the 1st pension ball per day of payment. Starting February 1, 2018, one point will cost 81.49 rubles. instead of 78.28 for the same period of the current year.
An individual pension coefficient (IPC) is determined by the following formula – IPC = IPCs + IPCn, where:
- IPKs is the size of the insurance part of the retirement pension (without a fixed base amount) divided by the SEC. It is charged for the time worked until 1.01.2017 (18);
- IPKn – this is the amount of the SEC, which are determined annually, starting from 01.01.2015
The allowance for professions related to list No. 1 is calculated according to the following formula – SP = IPK * SIPK * K + (FV * K), where:
- SIPK – the total amount of the pension;
- SIPK is similar to SEC;
- K – bonus accrual coefficients, depending on the time for which the application for pension accrual was delayed .;
- ФВ – a fixed payment from February 1, 2017, amounting to 4,805.11 rubles. As can be seen from the formula, all the elements included in it are multiplied, with the exception that the product of a fixed payment and a bonus coefficient is added to the total product of the remaining components.
In practice, there is a close relationship between the individual coefficient and wages, therefore, IPK is calculated according to the following formula – IPK = SV / SVmaks * 10, where:
- SV – the amount of insurance contributions transferred by the employer during the year;
- 16% of the maximum base for assessments, which changes annually.
The preferential hazardous pension in 2018 is accompanied by a surcharge assigned in accordance with Article 219 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation and guaranteed to employees who are directly involved in work processes associated with harmful and dangerous factors, where their impact on the body is inevitable. The type and amount of compensation amounts is determined at the discretion of the employer on the basis of the norms prescribed in the Labor Code of the Russian Federation. As a rule, the size of the surcharge is more than 4% of the wages of workers employed in labor operations under normal conditions.
The procedure for registration in 2018
In order to receive early accruals on the basis of preferential security, a citizen can personally visit the branch of the pension fund (PFR) at the place of registration, at the MFC (multifunctional center) and fill out an application. If it is impossible to personally visit, the recipient writes a power of attorney to one of the family members, where he indicates his rights under this document. The power of attorney is considered valid only after certification by a notary or lawyer.
To save time, you can download the application template from the Internet, fill it out on a computer, submit it electronically through the “citizen’s personal account” on the official website of the FIU or send it by registered mail. Using this option, it should be remembered that the decision on the appeal will be made only from the moment it is received by the organization’s employees.
Where to go
An application for the preparation of benefits in connection with the onset of the appropriate age shall be submitted by each of the employees individually. At the same time, he collects a full package of necessary documents, which confirms the presence of harmful and general work experience. This is assisted by representatives of the recruitment department, which, upon application (no later than one month before the retirement age) provide the necessary information and extracts from the archives.
In addition, you need to prepare other financial documents, certificates accepted by the employees of the pension fund on the basis of which the calculation of the amounts intended for monthly accrual is made. The relevant documentation is provided to employees of the pension fund 2-3 months before the right to receive benefits.
What documents are needed
Employees of the pension fund accept, draw up an application for a preferential allowance in the presence of a package consisting of the following documents:
- passports personifying the person;
- SNILS – certificate of compulsory pension insurance;
- documents that confirm that the applicant has the right to receive early retirement insurance: a work book, certificates that specify the special working conditions at the workplace issued by the employer, cards that take into account actually worked time;
- an additional set of documents: archival certificates, an employment contract, a military ID, if a person applying for a pension is obliged (certificates confirming the length of service), an educational certificate, a birth certificate of children, if any, a certificate of the presence of a disability group.
If the documents were provided in full, then they are subject to review within 10 days from the moment the pension fund is presented to the employee. The standard term for a preferential harmful pension in 2018 is from 1 to 3 months. It should be borne in mind that during this time period, a refusal to provide early accrual of benefits may be received.
Indexation of preferential pensions for harmful working conditions in 2018
In 2018, a preferential harm pension is indexed by the state by increasing inflation. The need to recalculate accrued pension payments arises due to the fact that legislative acts regulating the size, conditions, and other aspects of the provision of preferential benefits are constantly supplemented with new information that requires updating the current situation. There is currently no information regarding the increase in preferential payments.
Terms and conditions of payment
In 2018, a preferential harmful pension is accrued from the beginning of each calendar month. The choice of the method of calculating benefits remains with the citizen. He can receive money through the post office, to a bank account, at home from some credit organizations that provide benefits delivery services. The list of these organizations can be clarified in the pension fund..