Survivor’s pension in 2018 – who should be paid

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The loss of a breadwinner causes both moral and material damage to the relatives of the deceased and to members of his family. The state takes upon itself the monetary side of this issue, providing material support. The survivor’s pension in 2018 underwent a number of changes affecting the amount of social benefits that are intended for children in connection with the loss of one of the parents or guardian.

What is a survivor’s pension?

This is the amount of money paid to relatives and family members who have remained in a difficult financial situation or have completely lost their livelihood due to the death of the head of the family. It is established by the state and directly depends on the type of human activity in life. The following survivor benefits are:

  • insurance. Dependents and pensioners who were on the security of the deceased, if he had a minimum length of service, can apply for an insurance pension. In addition to persons who committed unlawful acts, after which the breadwinner is presumed dead if their presence is confirmed by the police and brought to court with an appropriate evidence base;

  • state. They are paid to disabled citizens (family members) of military personnel who have died astronauts, to participants in active hostilities of a local or global scale, to people who have suffered as a result of anthropogenic, radiation disasters or have received disabilities as a result of accidents;

  • social. A social pension is granted to the families of the deceased if he did not have insurance experience. It can be accrued if, at the time of death, he was led by deliberate and unlawful acts of third parties, and in the conditions of death the corpus delicti was revealed, but only after confirmation of this fact by the investigating authorities and the court.

Accrual Features

Each benefit: insurance, state or social, intended for payment to the population, depending on the type, has its own conditions and accrual characteristics. An insurance pension is accrued every month and is aimed at supporting disabled citizens who have lost their sole source of livelihood. It is paid for two more indicators:

  • by old age. It is charged to men and women upon reaching retirement age – 60 and 55 years. This takes into account the individual coefficient and the total length of service before retirement;

  • on disability: is carried out after passing an examination in medical and social institutions in Moscow or another locality. The allowance is accrued to persons with a disability group I, II and III.

The pension for the loss of the breadwinner to minors in 2018 is calculated based on the insurance premiums transferred on behalf of the deceased, as well as the amount of accumulated labor points. With the loss of both parents, these indicators are summed up, and the compensation payment doubles. Orphans are sent to an orphanage or under guardianship of official representatives while maintaining benefits.

Insurance-type compensation benefits paid by the state have the following distinguishing features:

  • are part of the social policy of the state;

  • provide the minimum amounts necessary to meet the basic needs of those in need;

  • extend if one of the parents enters into a new marriage after the death of the other;

  • automatically charged to children under the age of majority.

A social pension is paid on a monthly basis to people in need. It is charged exclusively for the period of incapacity for work, after which it ceases to stand out:

  • is formed and determined based on the state and framework of the state budget;

  • not due to deductions to the pension fund account.

Dollars in hands

Who is eligible for survivor benefits

According to the legislation of the Russian Federation, a survivor’s pension in 2018 is accrued to certain categories of people included in the list of persons to receive benefits. The law does not depend on the locality and does not have a local character, therefore it can be used both in Moscow and in another city in the country.

The following persons are entitled to receive survivor benefit insurance in 2018:

  • Small children. The minor child of the deceased, his brother, sister or grandson who have not reached the age of 18;

  • adult children. If they study in educational institutions, subject to full-time study in the departments of universities. The termination of payment occurs upon reaching 23 years. Over 18 years of age, if they have received disability before coming of age;

  • the older generation of the deceased’s family: mother and father upon reaching 55 (60) years of age or having a disability. Grandmother and grandfather under the same conditions, in the absence of other persons who are entrusted with the duties of their care and maintenance;

  • guardians or other official representatives on an equal basis with parents, and adopted children on an equal basis with natural children.

The following persons have the right to receive state and social pensions for survivors in 2018:

  • older and younger generation of children under conditions similar to receive insurance benefits;

  • widows of military personnel who died while performing military duty as part of conscription due to military injuries. If they have reached the age of 55 and have not married;

  • one of the older generation (grandparents), brothers, sisters, involved in the process of caring for people who have not reached the age of 14. At the same time, seniority is not taken into account;

  • mother and father at the age of 50 and 55. If the son died during the conscription service or died after its end due to injuries received while in the unit.

Family members of citizens who suffered or died from the consequences of the Chernobyl accident:

  • parents, regardless of whether they were dependent on a child during life;

  • spouse (wife, husband) caring for a child under 14 years old, regardless of length of service and employment. He may be provided with benefits until he reaches 50 (55) years, regardless of the time that has elapsed since the day the citizen died and the status of dependent.

How old is paid

The survivor’s pension in 2018 is assigned and paid to citizens before this age:

  • 18 years old – for children, sisters, brothers and grandchildren.

  • 23 years old – for children, sisters, brothers and grandchildren during full-time study at a college or institute;

  • for life. Upon assignment of disability before the recipient is 18 years old. If the disability was received before the death of the breadwinner, then accruals will come until the withdrawal of status by medical experts;

  • for life. Grandmothers, grandfathers, parents and spouses, starting from 55 years of age and 60 years of age;

  • 16 years – for children before joining a marriage or formal employment, which confirm the fact of legal capacity;

  • for the period of incapacity for work – relatives after 18 years, if they have proved the fact of incapacity for work.

Little boy

Pension Terms

The decision to provide this type of material compensation is made on the basis of two conditions that characterize the deceased breadwinner and the candidate for retirement. The first concerns the circumstances of the death of the breadwinner, which must be supported by one of the following documents:

  • death certificate;

  • court ruling that he is missing.

The second refers to the applicant for state aid, who must prove his disability, the fact that he is dependent on the deceased person and that he constantly resides in the Russian Federation. Only after that he will receive the right to receive compensation payments guaranteed by the state pension policy.

How is it charged?

The survivor’s pension in 2018 is accrued to the local post office, which is located at the place of residence or on the balance of organizations involved in organizing the delivery of pension payments to the home. In the case of mail, benefits are delivered to the apartment on the basis of a schedule according to which an individual date of receipt is assigned, while payments can be listed within the delivery period.

It can be transferred to a bank account or a card issued on it, for the convenience of withdrawing funds. Pension is delivered on the day of receipt of funds transferred by the territorial representative office of the pension fund. Money is available for daily withdrawal, but after they have been credited. Financial receipts arriving at the pensioner’s account with a credit institution are not subject to a commission fee.

The choice of the method of calculating benefits or its change is carried out by notifying the FIU (pension fund) using two methods:

  • by writing to the territorial authority of the PFR that has appointed a pension and filling out a form for choosing the method of calculating funds;

  • by electronic notification, which is sent through your personal account on the pension fund website.

If the recipient of the pension is a minor child, then a pension up to 18 years old can be transferred both to his personal bank account, drawn up by an official representative (adoptive parent or guardian), and to the balance of the guardian’s card. Upon reaching 14 years, he has the right to independently receive the established pension at the post office or to a bank account.

Surcharges to a living wage

This type of compensation is provided to pensioners who are disabled and whose total material support is below the subsistence level (PSP) or (SGP) – citizen and average wage in the region of residence. There are two types of surcharges:

  • federal surcharge. It is accrued by the local branches of the pension fund with the total material security below the subsistence minimum, which is set in the region and does not reach the subsistence level (pensioner’s subsistence level) in the country.

  • regional. Accrued by the representative of the social protection committee with a slight increase in the PHC in the subject of Russia compared with the same indicator for the country, but in total below the regional MPP.

For the working-age population, which has the right to receive benefits, adjustments to surcharges are carried out on the average salary.

Coins and Banknotes

The survivor’s pension in 2018

Compensation payments are generated on the basis of the type of benefit and are paid according to certain time intervals. For these periods, a change in the size of material assistance is also characteristic. It can either decrease or increase by a certain percentage level, which depends on the economic situation in the country and a number of other factors..

Type of pension accrual

Current pension

Allowance increase

Survivor insurance benefit

The size depends on the length of service of the deceased breadwinner and a number of other factors. However, a fixed payment of – 2279 rubles is always added to it. 41 kopecks

From February 1, 2018, the amount of the benefit will be 2,498.66 kopecks.

Welfare Loss Benefit

Until April 1, 2018 is 5034 p. 25 kopecks.

When raising a child by a single mother or both dead parents, the amount paid doubles: 10068 p. 50 kopecks

From April 1, 2018 – 7,586.35 p.

In case of loss of a mother or both parents at once, the pension benefit will be – 10472, 24 p.

State allowance for loss of serviceman

  • in the death of a person serving in the army due to injuries and injuries. The benefit amount until April 1, 2018 is a double social pension or 200% of it – 10,068 p. 50 kopecks;

  • with the death of a person serving in the army due to illness. Size until April 1, 2018

1.5 times higher than a social pension, that is, 150% of it – 7551 p. 38 kopecks.

  • From April 1, 2018 – 10440, 53 p;

  • From April 1, 2018 – 7830.78 r.

Pension for loss of breadwinner through the Ministry of Internal Affairs

The amount of benefits intended for payment to family members of police officers is similar to the amounts accrued in case of loss of a soldier. Until April 1, 2018, they amount to 10,068.50 and 7,551, 38 p.

  • from April 1, 2018 – 10440, 53 p;

  • from April 1, 2018 – 7830.78 p.

Index of survivor’s pension in 2018

In 2018, there will be an increase in the amount of payments on insurance (from February 1), social and state (from April 1) benefits for survivors by 3.7 percent. However, in the same year, there will be a decrease in pension payments for employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs from 5.8 (as of 2018) to 3.7 percent. From April 1, 2018, inflation will amount to 2.1 percent.

Order of registration

In order to receive material benefits from the state, you must apply to the pension fund at the place of permanent registration or temporary residence. Instead of children who have lost both parents, adoptive parents or representatives of guardianship authorities can do this. Together with the appeal, it is necessary to submit an application written in the established form. There are three ways to do this:

  • on a personal visit to the organization. Through the multifunctional center (MFC) “my documents” or at a reception at a local pension fund;

  • through third parties. You can send the application through the post office or a third party by proxy “to receive, submit and transmit documents”;

  • online by visiting the pension fund website or the public services portal.

Man writes

Terms of circulation

The appointment of a survivor’s pension is carried out after consideration of the application received, that is, after 10 days from the date of submission of a full set of documents or the provision of missing certificates – within three months. The provision of death insurance pension is carried out from the day of death when applying for benefits no later than 1 year from this date.

State and social pensions are awarded from the beginning of the month, that is, from the 1st day in which the application for benefits was received, but not earlier than when the rights to it arose. Social security benefits for reaching retirement age are assigned for an unlimited period. For the same period, a state allowance may also be provided..

What documents are needed

Making a survivor’s pension for a child provides for the collection and filing of the following documents:

  • identity documents – an identifier of a citizen of the Russian Federation (passport) and a birth certificate of a child or residence permit – (only for foreign citizens);

  • guardian passports;

  • death certificate of a breadwinner or court decision on conferring the status of a missing person;

  • certificates from the registry office, a certificate of marriage or divorce (if any), a decision on the adoption and status of the guardian;

  • decisions of the investigating authorities on the presence or absence of corpus delicti in the death of the breadwinner;

  • certificates from an educational institution confirming completion of full-time study.

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