The content of the article
- Symptoms and signs of pregnancy in the third month
- What happens to the body in 3 months
- Discharge in the third month of pregnancy
- Tests and examinations
- Sensations and pains
- Colds and fever (use as a treat, runny nose, cough)
- Diet and Vitamins
- Sex (use – orgasm)
In the third month of pregnancy, all signs and feelings persist, although abdominal growth is not yet noticeable. At this time, sensations of toxicosis and general weakness, drowsiness may also occur, but gradually these sensations decline by the end of the month and the condition normalizes. Now, due to a hormonal surge, emotionality, irritability and tearfulness can be increased, there may be food quirks and appetite problems, a slight weight loss due to toxicosis and fatigue. This will not last long and by the end of the month, and with it the first trimester, everything will fall into place. The third month lasts until the 12th week of pregnancy, very soon the critical period will be passed, and you will enjoy your position to the fullest.
Symptoms and signs of pregnancy in the third month
In the third month, all possible signs of pregnancy that have existed before may persist. First of all, the most basic sign that you are pregnant is a delay of menstruation for at least two cycles, and, accordingly, a positive pregnancy test and even an ultrasound scan with a definition of the gestational age. This sign is one of the key in the diagnosis of pregnancy in women.
Usually, manifestations of toxicosis also persist this month, especially such ones as morning nausea and vomiting; they can also accompany a pregnant woman at the beginning of this month. Usually, the manifestations decline towards the end of the month and gradually stop. There may also be a feeling of motion sickness in transport, a feeling of nausea in stuffy rooms, malaise in hot weather, loss of appetite and selectivity in food – you want some products to madness, and from the look of some they simply turn them out. Addictions to salty or sweet foods, to special foods such as raw vegetables, chalk, etc., may occur. It’s worth informing the doctor about it and taking a blood test, sometimes anemia (deficiency of hemoglobin of blood) can manifest itself in this way.
Also, emotional instability remains due to an excess of hormones with tearfulness, incontinence, mood swings, and hysteria. A woman herself may be tired of such problems in behavior and character, but all these phenomena are gradually declining, and soon there will be a noticeable stabilization of both state and emotions.
A woman’s breasts can change greatly, as her restructuring takes place in connection with an early change in her functions. There may be discomfort and itching, tingling of the breast, it increases significantly in volume, changes shape and sensitivity, a venous network can appear, and a predisposition to stretch marks can form, which necessitates the use of special cosmetics for prevention.
Veins can also appear as a result of an increase in the volume of circulating blood, which gradually occurs in the body of the expectant mother. Because of this, there may be heat attacks and excessive sweating, a slight increase in body temperature to 37.0-37.2 degrees. Veins can appear on the legs and stomach, which also creates a predisposition to the development of varicose veins. It is important to carefully monitor the load – do not sit cross-legged, do not stand for a long time in a static position on the legs, keep body weight under control, choose special compression garments.The figure gradually changes, which will require a smooth wardrobe updating and the choice of a lighter and more free by the end of the month clothes without pressure on the chest, waist and hips, by the end of the month, the tummy may gradually begin to slightly contour.
What happens to the body in 3 months
In this period, the woman needs to be registered and visits to the doctor will become regular to monitor the development of the baby and the condition of the pregnant woman. A child from a period of 10 weeks will be called a fetus, its embryonic development is completed, almost all of its systems and organs are formed, they will now actively improve and grow, mature and prepare for independent existence. The child will be more and more like a future man, although still very small. By the end of the month, the placenta will be almost completely formed, responsible for the nutrition of the fetus and its development, for the production of hormones and many other functions. By the end of the first trimester, the child will be able to move his limbs, turn his head and open his mouth, swallowing amniotic fluid. Its dimensions reach 8 cm.
This month, the brain and nervous system are actively developing in the fetus, internal organs are actively growing and forming, the liver begins to produce bile, periodically there are contractions of the intestinal walls. The first leukocytes begin to form in the blood, which protect the body from infections and foreign substances. Now for the time being, I protect the antibodies of the mother and the placenta to the baby. Active development of the reproductive system of the fetus takes place, the testicles of the boys produce testosterone, follicles are formed in the ovaries of the girls, the rudiments of future eggs. By the end of the month, according to ultrasound, you can approximately determine the sex of the fetus by the external genitalia, although the risk of errors is still high, you can also see the baby’s movements and his main body parts. At this time, the child does not have subcutaneous fat, the skin is transparent and thin, organs and blood vessels are visible through it, and the sensory organs begin to develop. Ultrasound actively reveals the fetal heartbeat, due to which blood circulation is carried out, the norm is up to 150 beats per minute.
Gradually, the placenta takes over the functions of the corpus luteum in maintaining pregnancy, which reduces the manifestations of toxicosis and the threat of termination of pregnancy. The placenta helps in the delivery of oxygen to the fetus and all the necessary substances, while not letting in potentially dangerous substances – toxins, viruses, drugs. Deficiency of nutrients in the fetus leads to the fact that he literally “pulls” them out of the mother’s body, because of which her body can suffer. Therefore, if you have any problems this month, you should immediately consult a doctor for advice and treatment.
Discharge in the third month of pregnancy
This month, discharge may slightly increase, while they may be transparent, light or whitish in color, with a subtle sour smell and without any discomfort in the genital area. Symptoms should be alert for such as an intensification or the appearance of a sharp and unpleasant odor, the appearance of cheesy or foamy discharge, the presence of discharge of gray, yellow, greenish or heterogeneous colors, with impurities of mucus or pus, with burning, itching of the genital discomfort, swelling or redness skin.
These secretions require a consultation with a doctor, as they may indicate the presence of candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, or sexually transmitted infections. All these infections can be dangerous both for the woman herself and for her unborn baby, as they can cause infection of the membranes and the spread of infection to the uterus, which can lead to miscarriages or fading of pregnancy. The doctor will conduct studies and, according to their results, will prescribe treatment that is compatible with the pregnancy of this period and does not harm the fetus..
It is especially important to see a doctor immediately if there is brown, spotting, or bloody discharge, especially if they are accompanied by pain in the lower back or lower abdomen, pulling, aching, or cramping. These may be signs of abortion, and then in-patient treatment will be necessary to save the baby. You must immediately call an ambulance in the presence of spotting or bleeding, it can be an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage, they require immediate assistance to a woman in a hospital.
Tests and examinations
This month there are a lot of examinations and analyzes to make sure that everything is fine with the baby, and the pregnancy develops according to the normal scenario. Usually, it is in the third month that a woman is registered for a period of 9 to 12 weeks, a medical record is entered, in which throughout the pregnancy I will fit all the data from tests and examinations, as well as regular appointments of the expectant mother. After the first visit to the doctor with a measurement of your height and weight, abdominal circumference and pressure, pulse, examination on a chair, taking the necessary smears – gynecological (for genital and other infections) and cytological (on the particular structure of the cervical canal), you will need to go through a whole list of tests and consultations with a number of specialists.
You will need to pass:
- general clinical blood and urine tests,
- blood tests for HIV, syphilis and hepatitis,
- blood test per group and Rh factor,
- blood test for special TORCH infections,
- biochemical blood test and coagulogram,
- if necessary, the hormonal spectrum of blood in a problem pregnancy.
Consultations will also be shown:
- the dentist,
- ENT doctor,
- endocrinologist and other narrow specialist indications,
- genetics in pregnancy older than 30 years or previous abortions,
- ECG removal.
In terms of 11-12 weeks, the first planned ultrasound is shown to clarify the timing of pregnancy and determine the estimated date of birth, determine the number of fetuses, pregnancy risks and genetic and gross malformations. Screening study – double test.
Sensations and pains
This month the body is often and very tired, drowsiness is constantly present, which helps to build up strength to actively provide the fetus with energy. There may be distraction and forgetfulness, as well as one of the common problems – low blood pressure and headaches. Due to hormonal changes, there is a change in vascular tone and a decrease in blood pressure. Headaches usually occur when overwork or after excitement. But taking medications for headaches is not worth it, as medications can negatively affect the development of the fetus. You just have to lie down and relax on the bed, closing the curtains and ventilating the room, distract from thoughts. Contrast compresses on the forehead can help in relieving pain, a warm and cold compress is changed every 15 minutes, and then you need to lie down or sleep.
Pain in the lower back or abdomen is not typical for a normal pregnancy, therefore, when such symptoms appear, it is worthwhile to see a doctor – these may be signs of a threat of abortion. In such conditions, hospitalization or methods of drug therapy to maintain pregnancy may be indicated..
Colds and fever (use as a treat, runny nose, cough)
In this period, the manifestations of ARVI, such as a runny nose and cough, fever and general malaise, are extremely undesirable. Although the placenta is gradually beginning to assume the functions of a biological filter for viruses and microbes, it is not yet able to fully protect the child from all negative factors. Therefore, it is important to ensure that you do not catch a cold. Colds in the third month of pregnancy can provoke a threat of abortion or defects in its development, since the laying of organs and systems is still active. An increase in temperature and severe fever during this period can lead to a fading pregnancy and a miscarriage.
At the same time, not all medicines used to treat colds are acceptable in the first trimester of pregnancy, up to 12 weeks. Therefore, how to treat a cold, you must definitely find out from your doctor. Usually, preference is not given to medical and folk methods, but not all of them will be allowed to pregnant women. It is important to consult a doctor before using any substance. Thermal procedures are strictly forbidden to pregnant women – mustard plasters, banks, you can not soar your legs and go to the bath.
Diet and Vitamins
In this period, proper and fully balanced nutrition will be especially important, since the fetus actively consumes nutrients, vitamins and minerals for growth and development. In this period, it is important to adhere to the principles of proper nutrition, abandoning potentially dangerous and harmful products – alcohol, convenience foods, fast food, fatty, fried, smoked and spicy foods. It is also important to monitor the amount of food, it is better to eat fractionally, at least four to five times a day, in small portions, in a warm, but not hot and not cold form. Calorie requirements increase by about 200-300 kcal. The diet should have enough protein foods, while the proteins should be complete, animal and easily digestible – this is rabbit meat, veal, boiled chicken, fatty pork and lamb, you should refuse or reduce their consumption to a minimum.
A sufficient amount of calcium is needed, which can be obtained from milk and dairy products, fermented milk dishes and cottage cheese. A considerable place should be given to vegetables and fruits, limiting only the supply of potatoes and citrus fruits, these products will replenish the reserves of vitamins and minerals, while helping the intestines work due to fiber. Complex carbohydrates in the form of cereals and cereal products will also be no less useful. The delicate problems of pregnant women like constipation and bloating can also be handled by food. As the uterus grows, intestinal compression occurs, in addition, under the influence of the pregnancy hormone progesterone, the muscles of the intestine relax, which will cause a delay in the intestines of food and its active fermentation. Therefore, it is necessary in such a way to rebuild the diet so that intestinal motility is activated, and digestion works without problems. It is worthwhile to exclude from the diet foods that increase fermentation in the intestines – sweets and fatty foods, legumes and cabbage, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as eat foods such as prunes and dried apricots. A glass of fresh one-day kefir, drunk at night, and in the daytime, a glass of cool water, which is drunk on an empty stomach in the morning, helps to cope with constipation. It is not necessary to severely limit fluid intake, it should be at least one and a half liters per day, however, it is worth limiting salt intake – this helps to get rid of fluid retention and the formation of edema. For a day, no more than 3-5 g of salt is put (a tea boat without a slide). It is also worth limiting the consumption of animal fats, but they should not be completely excluded from the diet – they help in the formation of the nervous tissue of the fetus and sex hormones.
Sex (use – orgasm)
If there are no contraindications to intimate life, and the doctor did not forbid you to have sex, you can continue to marry. Contraindications to sex in the third month of pregnancy can be an increase in uterine tonus, the threat of abortion, habitual miscarriage, or a history of miscarriage at that time. If there are no problems, intimacy will be a pleasure for both partners, especially considering the fact that toxicosis is on the decline and health and mood are normalizing. As the level of hormones in the body is balanced, a woman’s libido gradually increases and she may experience a brighter and longer orgasm, which does not negatively affect the unborn child. Do not think that sex in the third month of pregnancy can harm the baby, the baby is reliably protected by the walls of the uterus, and the size of the uterus allows you to practice almost any pose. It is only necessary to abandon excessive activity and hard sex, deep penetration, and for the prevention of infections it is worth using a condom, since the microflora of the vagina of a pregnant woman becomes highly sensitive to a foreign infection.