The content of the article
- What is a vending
- Vending development in Russia
- Vending Trading
- How to start a vending business from scratch
- Vending business plan
- Vending – taxes
- Vending – ideas
- Vending machines
- Types of vending machines
- Vending machines – new
- Which vending machines are the most profitable
- Vending machine payback
- How much does a vending machine cost
76% of young specialists dream of starting their own business in Russia. Beginning entrepreneurs are hampered by a lack of experience, start-up capital and clear ideas about what is in demand on the market for services and products. A business on vending machines does not require large investments and will suit both a novice and an entrepreneur with experience.
What is a vending
This area of entrepreneurial activity is aimed at selling demanded services and goods through vending machines. Vending business allows you to organize trading without sellers. They are replaced by self-service machines. Chocolates, coffee, chewing gums, cigarettes, medications, contraceptives and even hot foods can be sold through vending machines.
Vending development in Russia
The most popular in the country are snack and coffee vending machines. They are installed in shopping centers, universities, hospitals and other public places. The development of vending in Russia is relevant: in comparison with other countries, it is in the stage of active growth. If in Japan and America about 70% of retail trade falls on the vending business, then in the domestic market this figure is only 30%.
The types of activities associated with the sale of a product are considered more profitable. They are devoid of production problems, do not require thorough adherence to the regulatory framework. Vending trade refers to these types of activities. Sale of any goods through automated systems occurs without the involvement of staff.
The main advantages of this type of trade include:
- minimum requirements for retail space;
- lack of need for the maintenance of a large staff;
- trade is conducted round the clock;
- there is no need to rent warehouse and industrial premises;
- short payback periods;
- no need to observe cash discipline.
Vending business is characterized by some disadvantages:
- Vending machines can break down, which will result in a significant loss of profit..
- If you install the equipment on the street or far from the cameras, then it will suffer from the action of vandals.
- Government services will conduct official checks to determine if your products meet standards.
- The most important minus is the dependence of revenue on the installation site of the machine.
How to start a vending business from scratch
Any business requires investment. Thinking about starting a vending business from scratch, determine in advance how much of your money you are willing to invest in acquiring equipment with consumables. Learn the features of vending machines in your city: where they can be delivered, what products are in demand, what goods are in short supply. Nuances:
Installation of vending machines with hot food and medicines is relevant if you live in a large city.
- On devices offering chewing gum and toys, in 90% of cases a child will pay attention.
- Machines with chips, chocolates, carbonated drinks are equally popular in large and medium cities.
- In small towns, coffee drink units are popular..
- If the business goes wrong, then the device can be sold.
Vending business plan
It is better for beginners to start by selling coffee drinks for office workers, students and visitors to shopping centers. The demand for these products does not depend on the season and time of the year, which determines the profitability of installing such devices. A business plan for a vending business should include market analysis and competitor performance. Without getting acquainted with the experience of other owners, it will be difficult to organize their own activities. Also in the business plan you need to consider:
- places of installation of machines;
- attendants (inspection and adjustment technician; operator replenishing ingredients and consumables);
- features of drawing up a lease with the owners of outlets;
- expenses for the purchase and installation of machines;
- business expenses;
- list of permits.
Vending – taxes
Before starting automated trading, an entrepreneur will need to open his own IP or LLC. Separate taxes on vending, as well as the OKVED code, are not provided by the legislation. Many do not understand how to select classifiers suitable for this type of activity from the list. For all devices, code 52.63 is used, which means other retail trade outside stores. You can specify additional codes. Taxation in vending trade is carried out according to UTII, patent or the simplified tax system. Learn how to calculate taxes on UTII and generate payment documents online.
Vending – ideas
To occupy a new profitable niche in business is the dream of every newcomer, but not all devices will be well received by the Russian audience. Any ideas of the vending should be immediately evaluated in terms of implementation and future prospects. One of the hits in the west are machines selling warmed food. They can be installed in office buildings, on the territory of educational institutions, in places where there are no dining rooms. Automatic machines that replace washing machines will be profitable in dormitories and train stations.
Modern devices for automated trading – volatile and mechanical. When choosing them, you need to pay attention to the quality of assembly mechanisms. Be sure to check the devices for business for anti-vandal protection. Even having installed the equipment in a large shopping center, one cannot be sure that no one will try to open it. For such cases, devices are protected.
Types of vending machines
Studying manufacturers’ catalogs on websites, you can come across vending machines that differ not only in size, technical equipment, but also in design. These characteristics serve as their classifiers. Products are divided by installation methods, operating principles, and features of the products offered. In the trading industry, it is customary to distinguish the following types of vending machines:
- devices intended for the sale of food products;
- selling various services;
- selling non-food products;
- entertainment devices.
Vending machines – new
Non-standard things at first attracted potential buyers. Before starting your own business, you can study the latest vending products and choose the most profitable ones among them. Companies offer vending machines for the sale of martini, pizza, baked bread. Among the new products, devices selling perfumes, fresh milk, and fresh fruits are considered promising for the domestic market..
Which vending machines are the most profitable
Increasing finance is the goal of any business. The best vending machines contribute to this, because have high quality technical equipment and demonstrate all the advantages of the products. The amount of profit is affected by the location of the equipment, the demand for the products offered. Coffee, chocolate, chips, gum, carbonated drinks, hot dogs, hamburgers and cheeseburgers are products that everyone gets. From their implementation you will receive a stable income.
Vending machine payback
Installation of commercial equipment does not require a large cost from a businessman. Each trading machine pays for the full cost in 1 year. After this time, you will be able to purchase another machine, gradually expanding the distribution network. The payback period is affected by the location of the trading device. According to statistics, the largest profit is made by equipment installed in cinemas, shopping centers and amusement parks. The smallest profit, according to reviews, is brought by the equipment installed near shops and shopping centers.
Check out the online service for calculating LLC taxes and generating payment documents.
How much does a vending machine cost
Boutique Supervend is one of the leading suppliers of automated trading technology. The average price of a new coffee machine in its network is 120,000 rubles. Given how much a vending machine costs, it is best to buy it in an online store with delivery to the installation site. The cost of new snack trading machines is 200 000 rubles.
The price of used equipment is 30-50% cheaper, but the future entrepreneur must take into account that the difference in cost will have to be invested differently: there will certainly be repair costs. The sale of vending machines is organized by companies along with the ingredients and spare parts for them. In addition to technology, the businessman will need to purchase payment systems for automatic machines. Their average price is 15 000 rubles.