What benefits does a disabled person of 2 groups have in 2018 – the procedure for assigning payments

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People with disabilities like no other need special help. While much attention is paid to the problem of socialization of people with disabilities in economically developed countries, Russian incapable citizens cannot boast of special protection. Being a particularly vulnerable category of the population, they are more difficult to look for work, and the allowance paid is barely enough for a living. The state is trying to help people with disabilities of the 2nd group, providing them with benefits and various preferences.

Who are disabled people 2 groups

People with disabilities are people who, due to certain health problems, have limited legal capacity. The cause may be congenital or acquired disorders of body functions. At the present stage, Russia has adopted a system according to which several categories of disability are distinguished:

  • 1 group;
  • 2 group;
  • 3 group;
  • disabled child (citizens under the age of 18).

If disabled people with category 1 are completely dependent on the help of other people, then disabled citizens of group 2 are capable of self-care, but only with the help of auxiliary means or with the help of outsiders. People with disabilities who are assigned category 2 are able to study and work, but for this special conditions must be created or special equipment must be provided.

How is disability determined?

An important circumstance for establishing the 2nd group of disability is social failure. Disability is determined by conducting a medical and social examination, which consists of several diagnostic procedures:

  1. Clinical. Existing diseases are considered, whether complications are present, the stage of the course of the disease is revealed. Based on the results, a clinical prognosis is made: favorable, doubtful or unfavorable.
  2. Psychological.
  3. Social. Housing conditions, marital status, employment and working conditions, material security are considered.

Medic advises patient

Terms of appointment

To assign a disability of category 2, different circumstances are taken into account:

  1. A person is able to serve himself independently only using special devices or resorting to the help of unauthorized persons.
  2. For work or training it is necessary to create special conditions or use special equipment.
  3. The person has partial problems for independent movement..
  4. Using public transport is only possible with the help of unauthorized persons.
  5. The person has disorientation.
  6. Full or partial control of one’s own actions is possible with the help of other people..
  7. A citizen cannot fully communicate without the use of special equipment.

Disability Disorders

A person can get a disability for various reasons:

  • Diseases of the general plan. This includes both chronic ailments and those resulting from professional activities.
  • Injuries received during operation. This includes not only being at the workplace, but also the road to and from work, being on a business trip.
  • Occupational diseases caused by exposure to harmful or dangerous factors.
  • Wounds received during participation in hostilities and military service (veterans and participants in hostilities).
  • Congenital malformations or injuries and diseases received in childhood.
  • Exposure to radiation (including due to participation in the liquidation of the Chernobyl accident).

What diseases lead to disability?

In medical practice, there are a number of diseases that can lead to the assignment of category 2 disability. There are more than 2 dozens of them, and the exact list is defined in Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 247 dated April 7, 2008. Among the main ones, it is worth highlighting:

  • Cirrhosis of the liver at the level of the third degree, which cannot be treated.
  • Disturbance or deformation of limbs.
  • Chronic pulmonary failure stage 2.
  • Lack of one lung.
  • Mental illness lasting more than ten years.
  • Cureless Blindness.
  • Head strain.
  • Voice problems.

Cirrhosis of the liver

The procedure for medical and social examination

The procedure for conducting medical and social examination is appointed at the insistence of the citizen himself or in the direction of the attending physician after the examination. The process of obtaining disability consists of several interrelated stages:

  1. Getting directions to ITU. It can be obtained from the therapist, at the local branch of the Pension Fund or social security. Provided that a refusal has been received at these instances, a citizen can independently apply to the Bureau, where ITU is held at his place of residence.
  2. Collection of necessary documents. In addition to the direction itself, it is necessary to write an application and attach to it a copy of the passport, a description from the place of work or study, a copy of the work book, a certificate of salary, an outpatient card. If the disease or injury was received as a result of professional (labor) activity, it is necessary to attach the appropriate act.
  3. Medical and social expertise. The commission examines all the submitted papers and, if necessary, appoints an additional examination..
  4. Obtaining a disability group or refusal to appoint it.

Act of medical and social examination

The certification process is necessarily recorded, after which the applicant for the group should familiarize himself with this document. The protocol is signed by all members of the commission, it is affixed with the seal of the institution. Based on the results of the survey, an act is drawn up, which has the approved form in accordance with the order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of Russia No. 373n dated 04/17/2012.

The conclusion reflects:

  • Detailed clinical and functional diagnosis.
  • Assessment of social status (preservation or violation).
  • Assessment of occupational status (retention or violation).
  • Psychological diagnosis.
  • Disability with categories and degrees.
  • Rehabilitation forecast.
  • Group, reasons, timing.
  • Need for social assistance or protection.

Reevaluation

According to the law, the list of benefits for disabled people of group 2 is valid until the re-examination. The frequency of the procedure depends on the category of disability. For 2 groups – this is one year. At the end of this period, it is necessary to undergo a repeated ITU. During re-examination, it is possible to change the group, remove the disability or extend it. In some cases, indefinite disability is issued, for example, when a citizen is retired.

Legal regulation

At the legislative level, a number of normative legal acts have been issued that regulate the status of persons with disabilities, the rules for assisting them and providing benefits:

  • Law 181-FZ concerning social guarantees and the protection of people with disabilities.
  • Law 122-FZ governing social services for the elderly and disabled.
  • Order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development No. 906n, describing the organization and activities of ITU state institutions.
  • Government Decision No. 95 governing the procedure and conditions for recognizing citizens as disabled.

Referee's hammer

What are the benefits for people with disabilities of 2 groups in 2018

A person with disabilities is under the constant patronage of the state. In addition to compulsory pension provision, people with disabilities are entitled to various kinds of preferences at the federal and regional levels in 2018. Depending on the capabilities of local budgets, the list of benefits for disabled people of group 2 can be divided into:

  1. Social.
  2. Tax.
  3. Medical.
  4. Housing.

Cash payments

According to Russian law, in 2018, disabled citizens of group 2 in addition to benefits are entitled to cash collateral. Depending on social status, a person is paid:

  • Social pension. This is a guaranteed payment, which is established for all persons with disabilities who have never worked. The amount of allowance is small and is fixed. According to established practice, the Government revises this indicator annually by indexing on April 1. From 01.04.2018, a pension will increase for those citizens who are assigned the 2nd category of disability:

From 04/10/2017

From 04/01/2018

Disabled 2 groups

5109.25 rubles

According to the draft budget, the indexation percentage is assumed to be the inflation rate (according to preliminary forecasts 4.1%)

Disabled since childhood 2 groups

10 217,53 rubles

  • Insurance pension. Provided that a person worked before disability, or worked already with a disability, he is entitled to receive an insurance pension. Its size depends on the salary received, and for accrual 1 day of insurance experience is enough. In addition to pension, a fixed payment is required.
  • Monthly cash payments. In 2018, it is worth considering EDV as an additional benefit for disabled pensioners of group 2. Its value is set and paid by local authorities of the FIU. Its size is reviewed annually, and it itself consists of the cash payment and a set of social services (free travel in public transport, the cost of medicines and trips to the sanatorium). EDV was introduced in 2005 as the monetization of benefits:

EDV

including NSO

2017

2527.06

1048.97

2018

According to the draft budget, the indexation percentage should add up to 3.2%

  • The size of the supplement to the insurance pension in the presence of dependents. He is:

Category

2017

2018

Number of dependents

Disabled category 2

1 – 6 406.81 p.;

2 – 8 008.51 p.;

3 or more – 9 610.21 p.

According to information provided on the PFR website, in 2018, payments should grow by 3.7%

Persons with disabilities of the 2nd category having a minimum insurance period of 25 years (men) and 20 years (women)

Worked for 15 years (minimum) in the Far North

1 – 9 610.22 p .;

2 – 12 012.77 p .;

3 or more – 14,415.32 p.

Having worked for at least 20 years in areas equated to areas of the Far North

1 – 8 328.85 p .;

2 – 10 411.06 p .;

3 or more – 12,493.27 p.

Tax incentives for disabled people of group 2 in 2018

Disabled citizens of the country have a number of preferences that the state gives them in terms of paying taxes. In order to find out what benefits a disabled person of 2 groups has in 2018, you should refer to the Tax Code and some legislative acts. So, completely disabled citizens of the 2nd category of disability are exempt from paying property tax. An exemption is granted if one property of the same type is owned (one house, one apartment, one garage, etc.).

Partially disabled citizens pay:

  • transport tax;
  • personal income tax on the condition that they continue to work or receive additional income from which personal income tax is paid .;
  • land tax.

Wheelchair

Housing and communal services discounts

According to the law, disabled people with the second category of disability pay half of the cost of housing services. This is one of the measures of social support of disabled citizens by the state. An important feature is that the discount is provided only to the beneficiary himself and does not apply to all family members if they are registered with him at the same address. The discount applies to payments for:

  • electric power;
  • water supply;
  • sewage system;
  • garbage removal;
  • heating;
  • gas;
  • overhaul contributions.

State support for housing

The rights of disabled people of group 2 in Russia also concern preferential housing, and the issue of registering those in need and the direct provision of housing is the responsibility of both federal and regional authorities. According to 181 federal law, regardless of the reason that led to disability, a citizen has the right to improve housing conditions by providing social rental premises or ownership of an apartment.

Who can claim a better home?

Legislatively determined that disabled citizens can improve their living conditions, but the process varies depending on when the person was on the line of those in need:

  • Until 01.01.2005. Citizens are provided with subsidies for the purchase of housing from the Federal budget, which are allocated to the regions. The procedure for providing housing is determined by local regulations.
  • After 01.01.2005. The right to provide housing is determined in accordance with the queue.

In 2018, disabled citizens of the 2 groups have the right to receive housing under a social loan agreement with an area larger than that required by law, provided that they suffer from chronic diseases. At the same time, they must be put on the waiting list to improve housing conditions on an equal basis with other disabled people, regardless of the occupied area. Additionally, a priority right is granted to obtain land for the construction and maintenance of a subsidiary farm.

Features of housing provided to people with disabilities

The law on social protection states that all residential premises intended for people with disabilities should be equipped with special facilities and equipment in accordance with an individual rehabilitation program. In practice, it’s not always possible to realize such an opportunity. Currently, the design of buildings takes into account all the requirements that contribute to the development of barrier-free infrastructure for people with disabilities.

The list of documents for obtaining benefits

In order to use the right to improve housing conditions in 2018, a person with disabilities who is assigned the 2nd category of disability must provide identification documents confirming disability and the need for housing. He can send them in person or send by registered mail. Submission of documents through a legal representative is permitted. From the papers you will need:

  • passport;
  • completed application;
  • certificate of a disabled person;
  • rehabilitation program.

Passport of a citizen of Russia

Social benefits for disabled people of group 2 in 2018

Along with the possibility of obtaining a special pension and providing discounts when paying certain services, disabled citizens of the country have the opportunity to receive social protection from the state. The policy of caring for people with disabilities is not limited only to the creation of a barrier-free environment, but is also aimed at the socialization of people with disabilities in society. They have the right to work, get an education, undergo rehabilitation together with other citizens of Russia.

Privileges for university entrants and students

The Constitution of the Russian Federation determines that every resident of the country has the right to free education. Disabled people are no exception. Adult disabled people of category 2 are entitled to receive secondary vocational and higher education free of charge, provided that they successfully pass the exams. They claim priority enrollment in the ranks of pupils and students. Education for people with disabilities occurs:

  • in accordance with adapted educational programs;
  • at an individual level, taking into account the rehabilitation program.

Material targeted assistance

For those citizens who are in a particularly difficult situation, the state provides for an individual approach, which consists of targeted financial assistance. For support, contact your local department of social welfare. Documentary evidence of need will be required. Social protection officers individually examine each application. When approving the application, assistance is allocated within a month. Depending on the objectives, it can be provided in cash:

  • pension allowance;
  • one-time cash assistance.

or in kind:

  • food supply;
  • provision of clothing, shoes, essentials;
  • social care, etc..

State duty exemption

To protect their own interests, disabled people with the 2nd category often have to go to court. To consider the application, citizens are required to pay a state fee. According to the tax code of the Russian Federation, people with disabilities who are assigned the 2nd category of disability are exempted from this need. This rule does not always apply, but only on the condition that the amount of the claim does not exceed 1 million Russian rubles.

Legal services

Disabled people of group 2 are entitled to free legal assistance. To do this, you only need a passport and a certificate. If it is impossible for a person to come to the consultation on their own, the time will be determined when the specialist visits him at home. For people with mental illness, a legal representative is required.

Transport benefits

Disabled citizens with a disability group of 2 have a number of preferences related to transport, both personal and public. Benefits are determined by the municipal authorities, so in some regions they may not be provided. So, for example, in Moscow and a number of other subjects of the Russian Federation, local legislation establishes:

  • free use of public transport excluding taxi cars (100% discount).
  • the ability to travel by social taxi at preferential rates.
  • payment of transport tax when registering a car with a capacity of up to 150 horsepower (50%).
  • free travel on buses and railway transport when buying a ticket to the place of rehabilitation or treatment and back.

Banknote machine

Preferences in the field of medicine and healthcare in 2018

One of the costly items of expenditure is medical care and the purchase of medicines and special devices. Firstly, all people with disabilities are provided with free medical care in clinics at their place of residence. Secondly, on a free basis, they have the right to undergo rehabilitation for a disease that caused the ailment.

What kind of medications are prescribed for disabled people of group 2

All medicines that are provided on a free basis are dispensed from pharmacies exclusively according to the prescription prescribed by the attending physician. The list of preferential medicines is approved at the state and regional levels. This includes a list of different medications, and you can get acquainted with the content at the place of treatment.

Prosthetics at public expense

People with disabilities receive state assistance for the free issuance of special equipment, which helps to ensure an adequate standard of living and adaptation in society. This includes prostheses, orthopedic shoes, hearing aids, etc. In addition to this, people with disabilities of the 2nd group have the right to treat teeth for free, as well as to perform free prosthetics if they are not made of precious metals and expensive materials..

Spa treatment

To receive a free spa treatment once a calendar year, a disabled citizen did not have to replace this benefit with EDV. To get a ticket, you need to contact the social protection authorities, which will put the person in the queue if there is currently no way to improve your health. A prerequisite for obtaining benefits is the provision of a certificate of the need for rehabilitation. The treatment period is 18 days.

Benefits for a working disabled person of group 2 in 2018

Many people with disabilities do not want to put up with their illness and lead an active lifestyle. Some of them, if possible, get a job. For such citizens, the legislation provides for certain privileges, the responsibility for the implementation of which lies with the employer:

  • The working week should last no more than 35 hours in total.
  • The minimum length of leave is at least 30 days.
  • Priority right to choose vacation time.
  • In the field of taxation, beneficiaries are entitled to a tax deduction when calculating wages and increases to it.
  • Work on weekends, holidays, at night and overtime is allowed only with the consent of the citizen and if this does not contradict his state of health.
  • The workplace and working conditions must comply with the individual rehabilitation program.
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