What subsidies are laid for pensioners in 2018: how to get a benefit

The content of the article

Due to their physical condition and inability to earn money, older people cannot provide all their material needs. Subsidizing is one way to partially solve this problem. In 2018, the state provides pensioners with small financial assistance, which allows them to reduce the cost of utilities, maintenance and major repairs of housing. Elderly people in need can get a subsidy.

What are subsidies?

Certain categories of citizens can apply for social assistance from the state. Subsidies are allocated from the budget of a country or region and do not require a refund. Such payments are always targeted, i.e. money can only be spent to provide for specific needs stipulated by law.

Features of the provision

Subsidies can be federal and regional. In the first case, we are talking about payments from the budget of the country. Recalculation of them occurs every few years. Regional payments are provided from the co-financing fund of a specific region or city. State subsidies are characterized by the following distinctive features:

  • Gratuitous provision basis. After the funds have been provided to a person of retirement age or to a person from a low-income family, they do not need to be returned.
  • As a rule, payments are differentiated to achieve certain goals. If a citizen receives a subsidized payment to pay for gas and electricity, he has no right to spend state money on the purchase of medicines or food.
  • It is characterized by the shared nature of financing. The issuance of material assistance is carried out not only by the state, but also by the regions, therefore, in different areas of the country the size of payments will differ.

Regulatory and legislative framework

The procedure for providing state support is described in the Federal Law of 17.07.1999 No. 178-ФЗ “On State Social Assistance” and in the Budget Code of the Russian Federation. In addition, the issue of subsidies to pay for utilities is regulated by 159 articles of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation. It contains criteria for the appointment of social assistance, a list of necessary documents, a method for determining the financial situation of a pensioner, an algorithm for calculating the budget, and the rules for subsidizing. Local social security authorities must adhere to the rules specified in this document..

According to Government Decision No. 761 of 12/14/2005, payments are made to a citizen’s bank account from the 1st or the 15th day of the current month, depending on the date the pensioner applied. Money is transferred to the account before it becomes necessary to pay utility bills. Funds can be directed directly to the supplier’s account.

Assistance in acquiring housing for military retirees is regulated by Federal Law of 27.05.1998 No. 76-FZ “On the Status of Military Personnel”, to pensioners of the Ministry of Internal Affairs – Federal Law of 24.07.2011 No. 247-FZ “On Social Guarantees for Employees of the Internal Affairs Bodies of the Russian Federation”.

Book, referee's hammer and scales

Types of subsidies to pensioners in 2018

The main funding comes from the state, so before approving the tariffs for any payments, the level of inflation, the speed of filling the state budget and expenses are taken into account. The allocation of funds from the treasury occurs when a citizen submits documents confirming his financial situation. The main federal subsidies provided for pensioners in 2018:

  • transport intended for citizens living in the Far North region;
  • compensation for part of the cost of gasification of housing;
  • the provision of cash assistance to pay for utilities and utilities.

State subsidies to pensioners of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the military when buying a home

Certain categories of pensioners – those who have devoted their lives to military service or to service in the internal affairs bodies – can rely on state assistance in solving the housing problem. Recognizing the fact that conventional mortgage lending to older people is generally not available, the government has developed special programs.

Thus, Article 51 of Federal Law No. 76-ФЗ provides for a lump sum payment (UED) to servicemen with more than 10 years of service for the purchase or construction of housing (in any region of their choice). Not only active servicemen are entitled to it, but also those who were transferred to the reserve because of reaching the age limit, due to health reasons or to downsizing, if they are recognized as needing to improve housing conditions.

The procedure for providing state support to employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs dismissed from service is slightly different from that described. Article 4 of Federal Law No. 247-FZ establishes that an employee with at least 10 years of experience, if his living conditions are found to be unsatisfactory, is entitled to a one-time social payment (ERU) intended for the purchase or construction of a residential building, once for the entire period service. This rule also applies to citizens who have retired if, during the period of service, they were registered as eligible for ERUs..

The amount of payments to the retired military and employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs depends on the length of service and family composition, as well as the correction factor for the average market value per square meter of housing in the regions.

Utility Compensation

When calculating material assistance, the ratio of total income to the amount spent on maintaining comfortable living conditions is taken into account. A subsidy for pensioners for utilities is paid if this value is more than 22%. Material assistance is provided during the heating and inter-heating season. Its minimum size is 25% of the total cost, and the maximum is 100%.

Subsidies for housing are paid to pensioners – residents of cities – directly to the account of a utility company, and elderly people living in rural areas are often paid in cash. When tariffs for housing and communal services are increased, recalculation of the amount of subsidized payments is carried out automatically. Re-submission of documents and filling out an application for benefits will not be required.

Compensation of expenses for the overhaul of premises

To take advantage of this privilege, based on article 169 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation, citizens who have reached the age of 70 and 80 years can. Beneficiary is a non-working citizen. The amount of material assistance is determined by regional standards. Citizens over 70 years of age can claim compensation for 50% of the costs, and 80 years – for a full refund of the money paid. The law guarantees the reimbursement of capital repairs if older citizens comply with the following conditions:

  • are homeowners;
  • housing corresponds to social standards;
  • does not work;
  • no fines and debts.

Cost recovery amount

Subsidies for retirees in Moscow

Residents of the capital will be able to take advantage of not only federal, but also regional benefits. The premium in this region will be greater than in others, because here is the highest level of cost of living. A retired Muscovite may exercise the right to receive the following subsidies:

  • to pay for housing and communal services, provided that the citizen spends more than 10% of his income;
  • to pay for local telephone services,
  • overhaul subsidies.

To whom are provided

The main condition for receiving a subsidy is insufficient income. A citizen may be unemployed or receive an official salary. If the level of his income is less than the subsistence level, then the municipality and the state are obliged to provide him with material assistance, because in this case, the pensioner will be recognized as poor. A similar rule applies if a citizen spends more than 22% of his income on payment of utility bills. At the regional level, this percentage may be set lower. Categories of pensioners eligible for social support:

  • owners of residential real estate and members of housing associations;
  • renting housing under social hiring conditions;
  • owners living in non-privatized apartments or houses.

The legislation provides for private situations that are the reason for the provision of subsidies. If a dependent person receiving a pension has a student grandson who is unable to find a job due to full-time study at a university, then a citizen of a retirement age can receive up to 5000 rubles a month to pay rent. Benefits are accrued based on paid receipts.

What determines the size of the subsidy for the payment of housing and communal services

The lower threshold for payments is determined by the federal rate, and the upper – regional. In addition to them, the role played by the financial situation of the individual and the people who live with him. The largest subsidies are for people with disabilities and living alone. They are provided with additional benefits. Government employees carry out calculations according to the following scheme:

  1. The amount of positive income from all relatives living with the recipient of the pension is calculated. Take into account official salaries, scholarships, dividends, all types of income.
  2. From the amount received, the average income per person is calculated.
  3. The average income for 1 person is used to calculate the rate of payment of housing and communal services.
  4. The resulting amount is compared with the amount that the citizen contributes monthly..
  5. Upon receipt of a negative difference, compensation is awarded.

Grants to pensioners with disabilities are provided by the state without fail. For them, discounts are established for the payment of communal services, travel on public transport. Some categories of people with disabilities are completely exempted by the government. At the federal level, the amount of compensation to persons with disabilities is at least 50%. In some regions, this figure is higher. The procedure for transferring money is determined by the social security authority at the place of residence of the individual.

Federal and regional rates

The amount of the subsidy is determined by the provisions applicable at the level of the entire state and specific regions. The official federal rate is 22% – a pensioner should spend such a percentage of his income on paying for housing services. Some regions are trying to improve living conditions for their elderly residents, so they set this indicator lower than it operates at the state level. When using the reduction factor, an individual receives a subsidy at a lower level of overpayment. Own bet size is set in the following regions:

  • St. Petersburg – 14%;
  • Moscow – 10%, the region – 22%;
  • Smolensk region – from 5%;
  • Chelyabinsk region – from 11%;
  • Tula region – from 10%;
  • Murmansk region – 10%;
  • Orenburg and the region – from 10%.

When calculating the regional rate, the cost of the utility tariff, the condition of the applicant’s housing fund for benefits, and the general level of improvement are taken into account. The minimum size of the decreasing coefficient is established if the citizen belongs to the category of needy or is disabled. When calculating, social workers take into account the number of dependents in the family.

The size of the payment is mainly affected by the type of terrain. The most favorable rates are set for residents of cities, and the rural population – the minimum. Each region has the right to introduce personal conditions for receiving subsidies. For example, for an individual to have a certain amount of seniority. Former teachers can use electricity and a heating system on preferential terms.

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Terms of Service

Not all residents of the Russian Federation who have reached retirement age can take advantage of state privileges. One of the main factors is the low income of a citizen. A person receiving a pension should not have any additional income. If he is identified, then he will lose material assistance. To receive a subsidy, an individual must comply with the following conditions:

  1. Have Russian citizenship.
  2. Be registered at the address where the subsidy will be transferred. It is allowed to receive material assistance in the presence of a social housing rental agreement.
  3. Do not have any arrears for rent. If there is a debt, an individual must enter into an installment agreement with a company providing services.
  4. The amount of utility bills is more than the standards established in the region.

Subsidy Processing

The first step of any individual who has decided to receive social assistance from the state will be the preparation of the necessary documents. You can find out their list on the website of social protection bodies or by contacting their representative directly. An individual who owns two or more apartments may receive a subsidy for the payment of communal services for only one living space. The state will not compensate for the rest of the real estate. After the documents are collected, the citizen must:

  1. Contact the body implementing the state program.
  2. Fill out the declaration, leave it with the package of documents.
  3. Wait for the decision of state bodies in 10 days.

When submitting documents, a citizen can indicate his personal accounts in all companies that provide him with public utilities, or simply write his payment card number. Many social protection workers require an individual to fill out an application in accordance with the first option. This will increase the chances of a citizen to receive financial assistance..

Where to go

You can get the list of documents that you will need to apply for the subsidy at the social security authorities, the MFC (multifunctional center) or by visiting the web portal of public services. Regardless of the place of circulation, the period for consideration of documents will not change. An individual will receive a response to his request 10 days after submitting the application. If after the specified time the citizen has not received a decision, then he must independently contact the representative of social protection.

What documents are needed to receive compensation

Certificate of income plays a decisive role in the preparation of subsidies. A pensioner must get it at the local branch of the Pension Fund of Russia (Pension Fund of Russia), and other family members will need to contact the Employment Center of the Population (TSZN) or at the place of work. An individual can increase the chances of receiving benefits if an adult able-bodied citizen living with him is registered as unemployed. Otherwise, when calculating income, he will be assigned the average salary in Russia, which will reduce the chances of providing a subsidy. The citizen will need to take the following documents with him:

  • passport confirming the citizenship of the Russian Federation and the identity of the applicant;
  • photocopies of passports of all family members living with an applicant for benefits;
  • documents confirming the relationship of family members with the applicant;
  • certificate of absence of debt
  • certificate of ownership or extract from the Unified State Register confirming that the applicant is the owner of the property;
  • certificate from the BTI;
  • SNILS of an elderly citizen and all persons living with him;
  • completed application for a subsidy;
  • utility bills.

Passport of a citizen of Russia

Terms of consideration of the application and assignment of subsidies

After applying to the Center for Social Protection of Population, the citizen’s documents will be checked for 10 days. During this period, a decision is made to provide material assistance or to refuse. If a citizen submitted a package of documents in the second half of the month, money will begin to be credited to his account only from the next month. Assign a subsidy for 6 months. After this period, the pensioner must re-collect the package of documents, and then contact the social protection authorities.

Why may they refuse

In 2018, not all pensioners can take advantage of preferences. When checking documents, state bodies will request information on a citizen from different departments. If as a result of the check it turns out that the pensioner decided to provide inaccurate data or concealed any important information, his request will be rejected. Termination of payments may occur for one of the following reasons:

  • A pensioner has changed his place of residence or residence without informing the social security authority.
  • A citizen began to receive additional income or got a job.
  • Having your own profitable business. If it turns out that a citizen is a successful individual entrepreneur, his request for financial benefits will be rejected..
  • Criminal liability for any offense.
  • The appearance of debt for any type of utility.

Duration of benefits for housing and communal services for pensioners

The government has established several restrictions on the provision of benefits. Subsidies for pensioners to pay housing and communal services are paid exactly 6 months. After this period, the citizen must re-execute some documents and visit the social protection authorities to write a second application. On the public services portal they can be sent in electronic form. Send an application in advance does not work, you can only prepare a package of documents.

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