A place for an artificial pond can be found even in a small summer cottage. When choosing the location of the reservoir, the main thing to remember is that communications will have to be carried out to such an object of landscape design – a water supply system, and in the case of illumination – and power supply
A mini-pond can be made from an ordinary plastic or iron barrel by burying it on the site and overlaying it with natural or artificial stones
For the construction of artificial ponds, butyl rubber film is widely used today, which is used to cover the bottom of the reservoir. You can put pebbles or gravel on top of the film to make the pond look more natural
The body of water on the site requires appropriate framing. This concerns not only the arrangement of the banks and the planting of aquatic plants, but also the presence of such small architectural forms as bridges or statues, suitable for the “water” theme
The simplest way to create a waterfall on a site is a cascade made of stones of different shapes. Such a waterfall will look natural, and the noise of falling water will become another highlight of the site
Near the reservoir, experts advise planting such plants as Siberian iris, forget-me-nots, aquilegia. If the pond is in the shade, ferns will feel great on its banks, and sedge or arrowhead may take their place in shallow water
Near the small pond with a fountain, you can simply arrange pots with indoor flowers, which will have a great time here all summer
The installation of the lighting should be done after the completion of the construction of the pond. Remember that in this case you will need reliable insulation, and it is better not to use extension cords at all – you should immediately provide for such a possibility and lay an underground cable
In the evening, the illuminated pond at the bottom looks especially impressive. Special underwater and floating lights are especially popular. In addition, you can set the backlight in different colors with automatic control
A circulation pump for a waterfall can be installed not in the pond itself, but nearby, in a specially dug hole connected to the pond with a PVC pipe. Such a submersible circulation pump takes water from the pond and delivers it up to the waterfall. The result is a continuous cycle that saves water. In general, the pump is the “heart” of the entire system; the power of the waterfall or fountain depends on its choice, and their reliable operation
Landscaping experts advise combining tall and undersized plants near the pond. For example, holly Siberian irises will look spectacular against the background of a flat green lawn. But it is better not to plant tall deciduous plants on the shore – all autumn will have to remove the leaves that will fall on the surface of the water. Fruit trees are absolutely the wrong choice. You will not be able to rest by the pond, where rotten apples fall, and wasps fly nearby, attracted by ripe pears. So it’s better to limit yourself to evergreens or conifers.
If you substitute a large boulder under the waterfall, the falling water from hitting the stone will scatter in beautiful splashes. Of course, this cannot be compared with the roar of a real waterfall, but additional noise and visual effect will be achieved, and moreover, it is easy and simple
Portable mini waterfall. The pump, through a hose disguised as a forged support, supplies water upward again. Periodically, the water will have to be topped up, since on hot days it evaporates quickly in such a small bowl
An alpine slide is a good neighborhood for a body of water. Small evergreen shrubs such as Spanish gorse and dwarf pine are a good solution for shore planting
A system of several cascades and shallow bodies of water can be placed on an area with a slope. Thus, the natural flow of water and the formation of waterfalls will be ensured. Artificial stones serve not only for beauty, but also for strengthening the banks of the pond
The bed of an artificial stream can be made of concrete, rigid plastic gutters, or lined with butyl rubber film. Already on top of such a waterproof base, flat stones are laid for beauty or pebbles are poured
Today, such an element of landscape design as “dry stream” is popular. This imitation of a dry river bed is used where there is no way to conduct water or the owners simply do not want to go to additional costs. To create a “dry stream”, a “channel” is dug, geotextiles are laid on top of the ground, which will prevent the appearance of weeds and soil erosion, and then stones of different sizes are larger on the banks, and smaller at the bottom. A complete illusion of a real stream is created, just dried up in anticipation of the pouring rain
Often, the owners of the personal plot do not want to spend time and effort on creating a fountain or waterfall with their own hands and acquire ready-made options, for example, such an original samovar fountain
The Chinese garden, in contrast to the Japanese, looks more lush and bright, replete with original details. In addition, traditional Chinese gardens are designed in such a way that the guest cannot see all of its corners at once. Here “green rooms”, galleries, pavilions, internal hedges are sure to be set up. As a result, behind one of the turns, the guest can expect such an unusual multistage waterfall
Fountains and ponds in the garden are not only decoration, but also perform an important function – they humidify the air. It will be cooler near such objects on a hot summer day, and plants will benefit from such a neighborhood.
Bamboo is highly resistant to moisture and therefore is often used to create decorative gutters or water delivery systems. Such natural pipes look beautiful and natural, therefore, unlike plastic ones, they do not hide in the ground
For large Japanese carps, you will need an artificial reservoir with an area of at least five square meters. So in the case of building a pond in the country with your own hands, it is better to prefer small goldfish or other less demanding aquatic inhabitants.
The walls of a deep enough artificial reservoir should be reinforced with moisture-resistant plywood, and only then put two main layers – geotextile and rubber-based film. You can also purchase ready-made plastic containers. Today manufacturers offer similar bases for artificial ponds and pools of different sizes and shapes.
Interestingly, if you plant sedge or holly in shallow water, the shores of the reservoir seem to be washed out and it seems larger. On the contrary, stone-lined shores with strict outlines can visually reduce the size of the pond.
The most popular plants for reservoirs in the country are water lilies and water lilies. Such plants are planted to a depth of no more than 40 centimeters – the greater the “span” of the lily leaves, the greater depth it needs for normal growth
Experts do not recommend pouring sand right on the shores of the reservoir – it will fall into the water and pollute the pond. It is better to strengthen the banks with an artificial stone, and create an artificial beach behind such a side.
The Japanese are sure that only an area where three elements are combined – earth, water and green plants – can look harmonious. So let’s follow their advice and try to turn our piece of land around the house from a banal garden-garden into something original, romantic, into a corner for relaxation surrounded by nature. In addition, a self-made pond or waterfall will certainly become a source of pride for the owners..