Creatine monohydrate properties – what to take, composition, side effects and price

The content of the article

The positive effect of creatine on the human body was noticed a long time ago, but the use of the properties of this product began only in the current century. It has been proven that creatine monohydrate, taken in the form of a tablet or powder, improves the athletic performance of athletes (sprinters, powerlifters) and the physical performance of bodybuilders. Now the product is popular among athletes.

What is creatine monohydrate?

This is a food supplement that is used to increase the body’s stamina during high physical exertion (during grueling workouts in the gym). In competitions, the product helps to improve results when running a short distance or in power sports. It is not a steroid and it is almost impossible to identify its use, therefore it is considered a legal dietary supplement in sports nutrition.

Bank with Creatine Monohydrate

Composition and form of release

The substance is an organic compound – carboxylic acid. Creatine (Creatine Monohydrate) contains peptide-linked amino acids (arginine, glycine, methionine) that hold water molecules. A food supplement in the form of tablets, capsules or white powder is produced, plastic or metal cans are used for packaging.

The substance was first synthesized as creatine monohydrate, and now this form is the most popular. Other creatine supplements are known:

  • Krekalin;
  • Creatine hydrochloride;
  • Creatine phosphate;
  • Tricreatin Malate.

How Creatine Works

Creatine Monohydrate is synthesized naturally in the body by enzymes from the kidneys, liver and accumulates between the fibers of muscle and nerve tissue. In muscle cells, it is contained in the form of phosphocreatine. In small quantities is present in meat of animals and poultry, fish. The substance plays the role of:

  1. Reducer of adenosine triphosphoric acid – an energy material that is used in muscle contraction. The amount of creatine produced by the body is limited. When spending the entire supply of the substance necessary for the release of energy, muscle strength is exhausted. In the absence of creatine, glycogen is used to restore ATP, but such a reaction takes longer. Food supplement replenishes creatine balance and increases body resource.
  2. The substance can bind large amounts of water and promotes muscle building..
  3. Creatine neutralizes the lactic acid released during muscle contraction. It speeds up athlete recovery.

Drug use

Bodybuilders use creatine to build muscle. The accumulated substance is consumed by the body to improve performance in those sports that involve the use of peak power in short periods of time. The use of the drug is recommended:

  • when performing intensive training exercises;
  • when running short distances;
  • in a bicycle sprint;
  • in weightlifting;
  • when jumping;
  • hockey players, soccer players, tennis players;
  • to vegetarians.

Guy crouches with barbell

How to take Creatine Monohydrate

For a good assimilation and elimination of undesirable effects, they use an additive with a large amount of liquid. The powder is diluted in water, and tablets and capsules are washed down. A solution of powder and liquid is prepared before use. The substance has poor solubility, therefore, thorough mixing is required. It is better to buy a powder with small particles. When using a dietary supplement, the following should be considered:

  1. The product is a food supplement, and brings results in combination with a proper diet and exercise..
  2. It is better to take it in the morning 30-40 minutes before eating.
  3. The digestibility of the substance increases with increasing insulin release (it performs transport functions), so it is better to use it with glucose. To do this, add sugar to the solution or use grape juice instead of water.
  4. Some athletes drink protein shakes..
  5. Large doses of coffee can reduce the effectiveness of the product, as caffeine helps to eliminate fluid from the body..
  6. The ability of a substance to retain fluid can affect the slim figure of a woman, therefore, before the beach season, it is better to cancel taking the product.

Dosage of the drug

There are two ways to consume a food supplement: loading a loading dose or gradual saturation. During the loading phase, athletes take Creatine monohydrate per 0.3 g per 1 kg of weight during the week – this amounts to 20-30 grams per day. For a good assimilation and elimination of the risk of side effects, it is better to establish a four-time schedule for consuming a daily dose of 5 g (one teaspoon). After saturation of the body, the dose is reduced to 5 g / day. With gradual administration, the dose is 5-10 g / day. The loading phase is not recommended for women.

Creatine Effect

The product has the ability not only to increase the endurance of athletes in training, to improve their results in competitions, but also has a beneficial effect on the body. Food supplement:

  • helps to reduce plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, lipoproteins;
  • has anti-inflammatory effect;
  • has a positive effect in protecting the nervous system from a lack of oxygen;
  • with the introduction of creatine into the blood, it resumes the contractile function of the heart muscle;
  • increases testosterone levels in men;
  • using the ability to retain moisture protects the body from overheating;
  • improves the condition of the patient with muscle atrophy.

Medic performs a blood test

Side effects

The following side effects are possible after taking a dietary supplement:

  • allergy (rash, itching of the skin);
  • edema associated with delayed fluid output;
  • poisoning of the body, impaired renal function, the onset of renal failure – with excessive use of the product;
  • increased fragility of bones – with regular use;
  • dyspepsia, digestive upset (sometimes these phenomena are observed when taken with insufficient fluid).


There are body conditions in which you need to abandon the use of a food supplement. It should not be used by athletes in the presence of the following contraindications:

  • allergic reactions, asthma;
  • chronic or acute diseases of the kidneys, liver, pancreas;
  • children and adolescents under 18 years of age;
  • during lactation and pregnancy.

Creatine Monohydrate Price

You can buy the product at the pharmacy or on the website of the online store. Its cost depends on the form of release, packaging and manufacturer. Prices for Creatine Monohydrate are shown in the table:


Release form


Price (rubles)

Be First


120 pieces


Be First


300 g




300 g




200 pieces


Optimum Nutrition


150 g


Optimum Nutrition


100 pcs


Optimum Nutrition


200 pieces


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