- From the history of phytodesign
- Flower arrangements
- Florarium: features and principles of creation
- Green plants: combinations with popular interior styles
Greening of apartments and houses does not require special skills. Everyone can create a special atmosphere in their home with the help of correctly selected plants. From the article you will learn about the basic principles of phytodesign for harmonizing space and learn how to create a florarium on your own.
Gone are the days when the interior of the living room was traditionally decorated with ficuses, and violets were invariably present on the windowsills. Gardening of the interior is a special type of design that has its origins since the birth of the first civilizations. Then people only aspired to aesthetics and harmony. Times are changing, and now, when working on the artistic design of space, both residential and non-residential, experts use a scientific approach. But if you decide to “green up” your interior yourself, you should not be afraid. You just need to know the key aspects, the principles of “building” phytodesign.
From the history of phytodesign
The inhabitants of the Ancient countries – Egypt, Rome and Greece, paid special attention to aesthetics. It is not surprising that they successfully decorated their homes with plants – to create a light atmosphere of space filled with lively energy. For example, the Egyptians used cyperuses for landscaping, and the Romans used laurel trees. We should not forget about the cult of wildlife, each element of which was fraught with a certain meaning. The ancient Greeks had a special love for green spaces and plants. Even the statues of majestic and powerful gods were decorated by mere mortals with elements of flora. Oak branches were placed on all monoliths with the image of the supreme god, the statues of Aphrodite were framed with myrtle branches, the god of love – Eros – with roses, and the victorious goddess Nika – with palm branches.
The Chinese and Japanese paid great attention to landscaping, creating their own greenhouses. Until now, the fashionable trend in Japan is being studied by specialists. Note that this kind of arrangement dates back to the 15th century..
This is interesting: floriculture on the territory of our state began to develop even during the reign of Peter I. It was believed that the size of the plant is directly proportional to the status of the owner of the house. It is not surprising that later, among the nobility, the palm tree brought from the tropics was the most popular. Noble people also decorated their houses with ferns, dracaena. Merchant houses were decorated with ficuses, and people of the lower class preferred geranium.
On the basis of botanical gardens, a fashionable trend in interior design – phytodesign – began to develop rapidly. To decorate the interior with living plants, it is extremely important to observe their biological synergy, features of environmental and climatic conditions.
Phyto-compositions look very fresh and unusual. You just need to remember the basic rules for placing plants in the interior of the room..
1. Observe the contrast. Do not place several identical plants in one row. Do not forget about the contrast of the flower itself with the pot. The more interesting the plant looks, the less attractive the pot should be – choose a simple, solid color.
2. Dynamics. Make sure that the two plants of your phytocomposition are ideal – they will be the “focal points”. But between them you can place banal plants..
3. Never place large pots of large, stately plants in small spaces. This visually reduces and narrows the room..
4. Placing plants in the interior, do not forget about proper care, for which you will need: proper lighting, drip irrigation system. An important point for ensuring the full life of plants is maintaining air humidity..
Florarium: features and principles of creation
The windows of the bedroom or kitchen do not always face the sunny side, but there is a desire to get your own miniature garden. In this case, it’s time to create a neat florarium that can cheer you up regardless of the season and become a worthy decorative element in the interior of the room. A small indoor garden with its own eco-system will undoubtedly attract the eyes of others. Creation of an exclusive “garden” in a glass vessel does not require much effort, and you will like the result.
To design your own miniature florarium, choose small plants that need high humidity. Ideal for an exclusive “garden” are suitable: fern, cryptantus, calamus, rheo.
- A jar or bottle made of durable glass. It is advisable to choose a product of an interesting, unusual shape..
- Soil for plants.
- Small plants.
- Coffee grounds (helps retain moisture).
- Small pieces of compost.
- Miniature elements for the decoration of your “garden”: pebbles, figurines.
Step-by-step action plan:
- Thoroughly wash the “container”, make sure that there are no traces of food, fat on its surface.
- Place a dense layer of compost on the bottom of the bottle or jar.
- Place the mixture of soil and coffee grounds in an even ball on the compost particles.
- Moisten the soil until moist soil is obtained.
- Fill the third part of the glass container with wet soil..
- Level the soil (use a small pencil or chopstick for this).
- “Dig” a neat, small hole with a pencil.
- Plant a plant.
- Add just a little water.
- Place decorative elements inside the jar. Don’t be afraid to experiment.
Green plants: combinations with popular interior styles
For lovers of the classic interior, large plants with rounded foliage and a strong crown are suitable: azalea, fern, dracaena, ficus and monstera. Antique-style pots will look appropriate.
High-tech has always been associated with freshness and catchiness. You can decorate a bedroom or living room with bright amaryllis, gardenia. When creating flower arrangements, pay attention to the material of the frame. Metal structures look best in this innovative style..
Refinement is characteristic of Art Nouveau, therefore it is worth placing small plants with neat foliage in the interior. In a room decorated in Art Nouveau style, cacti, dracaena, ficus, milkweed and even palm trees will look good. If you want to create a combination of pots, decorate the pots with mosaic patterns or order a professional painting.
The interior in the style of an African safari must be supplemented with plants of a bright palette: pineapple, gusmania, hesperia. Agave and palm trees will ideally fit into the exotic interior. The use of rattan and stone for creating decorative compositions is encouraged..
In the Japanese interior, you can safely place indoor bonsai, dracaena, yucca. Since this style of interior is distinguished by restraint and a certain asceticism, plant pots should also be kept in cold colors..
Country houses are often decorated in country style. And to create the perfect phytodesign, you need to use simple plants: violet, ivy and primrose. And in combination with ceramics and vines, unsightly flowers and plants will become a special decorative element of your home..
Decoration of residential and non-residential premises with flowers and plants does not require special skills and the involvement of professionals. Just a drop of imagination and superficial knowledge of plant compatibility will allow you to enjoy your own natural oasis – laconic and moderately elegant..