In the wild, grapes grow as needed – clinging to nearby trees and other vertical supports. On the site, the owners always take care of a special support for grapes – a trellis. Our site of tips will tell you what they are, give illustrative examples.
A grape trellis is necessary for many reasons:
- To increase yields.
- For the convenience of plant care, pruning.
- For the economical organization of the vineyard, so that it occupies a specific place allocated by the owner on the site.
- For decorative purposes. Tapestries can become part of landscape design. And entwined with a vine, they look especially beautiful. Horizontal trellises with grapes can generally become a beautiful and cozy canopy over a recreation area.
Now let’s deal with the types of grape trellis. In the photo above, you see examples of the simplest design – a single-plane trellis. These are just posts with crossbars between them. Such supports are usually used on plantations where grapes are grown on an industrial scale. It is convenient that the plants can be planted in rows, the trellis takes up a minimum of space, the beds can be broken next to it.
But there are many drawbacks to single-plane trellises – the berries are close to the ground, the maximum height is three meters, the sun will illuminate each side in turn, which can negatively affect the yield. And there is nowhere else to grow grapes, you have to cut them. In addition, there is no need to talk about the beauty of a one-plane tapestry. Although, as a hedge, a method of zoning a site is a good option.
Single-plane trellis for grapes with a visor are distinguished into a separate type. They are more attractive and comfortable. The presence of a visor improves ventilation and illumination of the plant, increases productivity.
Two-plane grape trellis are more popular with homeowners. They are different: T-, V-, F-, Y-shaped. You can’t plant anything between the rows of grapes, there will be a shadow below, the structure is more complex, more materials are needed to build the trellis. However, ventilation and illumination are improved, it is easy to take care of the grapes, the plant forms naturally on the trellis..
Horizontal grape trellis are the best choice for maximizing yield. Arches, pergolas, and other structures in the form of discontinuous canopies are used. Problems may arise with how to cover the grapes for the winter. In addition, it is important to choose the right place for the horizontal support – there will be a shadow under it, you will not plant anything. Most often, owners place such a canopy with a vine over the yard or recreation area on the site..
Decorative trellis for grapes are beautiful in themselves, serve both to decorate the site, and as a support for the plant. They can be very different in shape and size, it all depends on the preferences and capabilities of the site owners. The downside is that the yield of grapes may decrease, because, first of all, the trellis performs precisely a decorative function.
They build trellis for grapes from wood, metal, plastic pipes. There are combinations. For example, a support – metal pipes, racks. And the crossbeams, which bear a lower load, are made of a bar or thick wire. Wooden trellises, of course, will have to be repaired more often, they are less durable.
The traditional arrangement of trellises is from north to south in order to improve illumination. The height, as we already wrote, usually does not exceed 3 meters. Many owners limit themselves to two-meter trellises to facilitate the process of picking berries, to do without stepladders and ladders. The sizes depend on how many grape bushes will be planted. How to plant grapes correctly, the portal has already written.