It will not be difficult to draw a parallel with modern flexible tiles – the ends of the plowshare were made in the form of a wedge, or they had a triangular or rounded end. Previously, the construction was carried out thoroughly, for centuries, and the requirements for the quality of the wood were appropriate – an aspen of a certain age was used for the share, only 40-45 years old, importance was attached to the location of the annual rings on the board itself. Nowadays, for the production of flexible shingles, only high-quality material is also used – SBS-modified bitumen, which covers the glass fiber on both sides, making the shingles strong and durable. The ploughshare was nailed, as well as the shingles, in horizontal rows with overlaps from the upper to the lower, that is, with an overlap.
Another great-grandfather of shingles was shingles: dies were chipped from Siberian larch using a special cleaver. Shingles were harvested in winter, laid on the roof in summer. The laying technology is familiar – from bottom to top, each next row was superimposed on each other with a difference of several centimeters. In general, since the XIII century, the shingle roof was popular throughout Europe, and Poland is considered its homeland.
Speaking about the history of the creation of tiles, one cannot fail to mention its first, clay, embodiment. Many historians believe that flat cakes made of baked clay were used as a roofing material already in Ancient Egypt. The Europeans learned about clay plates from the Greeks and Romans. But in Russia, mainly residents of modern Western Belarus and Ukraine were able to appreciate the advantages of clay tiles, thanks to their wealth for this resource. In these parts, master potters combined the production of tiles along with the main pottery. In other regions of Russia, clay was not popular – in some provinces it had to be transported several hundred miles, which increased the cost of tile production several times.
Today, with a clay roof, there are completely different difficulties – due to its significant weight (each plate is from 3 to 6 kg), the rafter system must be strengthened, and installation remains not the easiest. Clay is a fragile material and requires very careful handling and skill in laying.
A thousand-year history has shown that there is no better material than roof tiles. Only now the old technologies have become expensive and impractical today. When building a house, a modern person makes much more demands on all materials. And even more so for roofing. And manufacturers are obliged to keep up with progress and offer more reliable and interesting materials to overcome all the problems of ancient architects.
Now the roof does not burn, does not flow, it is easy to lay it, the shape has ceased to matter at all – flexible tiles can easily fit on the most unusual structures. And what else strongly distinguishes the soft roof from its ancestors is the wide range of colors, for example, in the Ruflex 35 color palette. Bituminous tiles can be combined in color and create patterns so unique that you are unlikely to come across anywhere else. For “painting on the roof” there is a special program “Draw the roof”, Ruflex also offers a program for the complex selection of roofs, facades, and gutters – selection. By clicking on the link, you can first practice on a virtual house, and then implement your plan in reality to the envy of neighbors and the pride of friends.
It is difficult to imagine what colorful and catchy architectural monuments our ancestors would leave if they had such opportunities. But now everyone is able to write their creation into the historical chronicle of the most unusual roofs.