The content of the article
- Is early repayment of a mortgage possible
- How to quickly repay a mortgage
- Payment reduction
- Decrease in loan term
- Types of loan payments
- Terms of early repayment of a mortgage loan
- Borrower Procedure
- 8 ways to pay off your mortgage faster
- Own funds and savings
- Maternal capital
- Tax deduction
- Loan refinancing
- Increase Payments
- Reduced credit card costs in favor of paying off mortgage debt
- Subsidies under existing programs for certain categories of citizens
- Social Mortgage
If a house, apartment or other real estate is in a mortgage, and you can allocate funds from the family budget to pay off part or all of the debt ahead of schedule, you should know how to do everything correctly so that the bank is satisfied with the cooperation and the person saved on interest payments. Recommendations on how to quickly repay a mortgage loan, which will be given, will help find, if necessary, a suitable way out of this situation..
Is early repayment of a mortgage possible
The condition is governed by the loan agreement. Most banks and financial institutions provide this opportunity. You can repay a mortgage loan ahead of schedule in full and in parts without interest, commissions, penalties, quickly and at minimal cost. Some organizations have certain restrictions on the amount or other conditions. So, for example, the lender has the right to require the borrower to inform him in writing or verbally several days before the end of the payment period that he plans to repay the mortgage ahead of schedule.
In any case, the conditions for changing the schedule of installments in order to quickly close the mortgage are discussed individually before drawing up a loan agreement. It should clearly spell out the points governing the procedure, process and possibility of repaying a mortgage loan ahead of schedule, the minimum and maximum monthly payment that the borrower is entitled to pay additionally.
How to quickly repay a mortgage
Early repayment of a mortgage loan guarantees a reduction in the amount of overpayment, saving of own funds and shortening the loan term. The faster the borrower can repay the debt, the lower the overpayment. Most debtors apply for a mortgage for up to 15, 20 or 30 years, but repay it much faster. For those citizens who take into account various force majeure circumstances (lower salaries, the emergence of new financial obligations and problems that need to be quickly resolved, unplanned purchases) is normal practice.
Early repayment of a mortgage loan is full and partial. Under full repayment understand the introduction of the full amount of debt immediately. In case of partial repayment, the borrower, in addition to the mandatory monthly installment, makes additional cash, their amount is not limited to specific requirements. You can quickly repay debt using maternity capital, insurance, personal funds, subsidies, etc..
In accordance with applicable law, citizens of the Russian Federation can partially and fully repay their loans. To do this, they must notify the bank of their intention 30 days before the planned maturity date 30 days (a different term is indicated in the contract). Interest is paid only for the actual period of use of borrowed funds. The application may be submitted orally or in writing, by telephone or online.
After a partial repayment of the main debt, the bank issues a new schedule of payments to the borrower, in accordance with which the monthly payment and interest are reduced. If the debtor was able to quickly repay the debt in full, then a document is issued showing that the loan is closed. This help protects you from future problems. It becomes evidence that the debtor has fulfilled all obligations to the bank..
One of the 8 effective ways to quickly repay a mortgage is to lower your monthly loan installment. To resort to it is recommended to borrowers who are not sure that they can always collect the required amount on time in order to pay off the monthly installment. It is possible to reduce the amount of payment under a mortgage loan agreement if:
- the borrower has a stable job, but wants to be safe;
- there is no 100% confidence in their financial situation;
- financial situation is unstable – earnings periodically fall and increase, the debtor can quickly earn a large monetary reward.
By reducing the size of the installment, the borrower will not significantly reduce the amount of the overpayment, but will reduce the financial burden and protect itself from delay, as it will be able to pay the required monthly installment in any situation, and this is an important and significant advantage. The loan term in the event of a decrease in installment remains the same, as well as the interest rate, debt repayment scheme, etc..
To reduce the amount of payment, it is required to periodically or constantly make an additional contribution in addition to the main monthly. If the borrower has free money that will help to quickly repay the loan, he must contact a bank or other financial institution, inform about his intention. You should always focus on the contract. It indicates all the nuances of the procedure. An equally effective way to resolve this issue is to consult with a bank employee: he will provide all the required information about the service.
Decrease in loan term
If there is no point in reducing the size of the contribution, then you can use the other of 8 ways to quickly pay the mortgage. Experts recommend reducing the loan term in such cases:
- when the borrower has a stable good income, in which he is 100% sure;
- when it is possible to soon receive the necessary monetary compensation, which will fully cover the debt (the person has not yet managed to sell the old apartment, but cannot postpone the move, he has to arrange a mortgage loan, which he will close immediately when he realizes his property).
In such cases, you can safely make an additional contribution to repay the loan and significantly reduce the loan term. But do not forget that the material load should be feasible. The advantage of reducing the loan term is obvious. This method minimizes overpayment. Its disadvantage is that monthly installments are unbearable for most debtors..
Types of loan payments
Before you take a mortgage, you have to consider many different nuances. One of the first is the type of loan installment selected. It can be annuity and differentiated. Each of them has its pros and cons, each type has a huge impact on the effectiveness of early repayment of a loan. Therefore, if it is planned to close the mortgage ahead of schedule, then this nuance requires close attention.
The type of payment plays an important role in mortgage lending, because:
- it determines by which scheme interest will be calculated;
- it affects the size of the monthly installment;
- it depends on how the “loan body” will be distributed for its entire term.
If we talk about early repayment of a loan, then the situation is more complicated, and in order to understand what strategy is best to choose for the quickest repayment of a loan, it is necessary to individually carry out calculations, taking into account the term, size of the loan, method of calculating interest, interest rate, financial capabilities of the borrower, etc. There is no single and correct advice regarding which type of payment to choose. It all depends on the specific conditions and situation..
This type of installment involves breaking the principal debt and accrued interest into equal parts. In other words, the debtor must pay the same payment every month throughout the loan term. As a rule, financial institutions provide clients with a schedule that indicates the procedure for paying annuity contributions. But if you wish, you can carry out all the calculations yourself.
The value of the monthly annuity payments on the mortgage is calculated by the formula – x = S * (P + (P / (1 + P) N-1)), where x is the amount of the monthly installment, N is the loan term in months, P is the annual monthly interest rate. To calculate the percentage component of the installment in question, you need to multiply the loan balance for the specified period by the annual interest rate, divide the resulting figure by 12 months.
The following formula is used – Pn = Sn * P / 12, where Sn is the remaining debt, Pn is the amount of accrued interest on the mortgage. The part of the monthly payment that will allow you to pay off the main debt on the mortgage is calculated by the formula – s = x – pn, where s is the desired indicator, x is the size of the monthly installment on the mortgage, pn is the interest set at the time of the nth payment.
To find out what part it takes to pay the main debt, the monthly fee is reduced by accrued interest. Since the value of s depends on previous payments on the mortgage, it is calculated in a consistent way for each month, starting from the first. The accuracy of the obtained indicator depends on the accuracy of the calculations. A special loan calculator helps facilitate the task of settlements..
Annuity involves the payment at the initial stages of 80-90% of the accrued interest on the loan, only 10-20% of the total amount paid is to pay the main debt. Choosing the considered method of repaying the loan, the debtor first pays interest, and only then the main debt. According to experts, annuity is beneficial first to the lender, and only then to the debtor.
The advantages of this scheme are as follows:
- the possibility of obtaining a larger loan;
- sparing load on the debtor in the initial stages;
- convenience of repaying a loan due to the fact that monthly payments are fixed, as a result – eliminating the possibility of accidental occurrence of debt;
- convenient budget planning;
- longer loan term.
The disadvantages of the annuity scheme include a large overpayment and an invariable amount of paid contributions throughout the mortgage maturity. If we compare the annuity and the differentiated scheme, then it is possible to say without making calculations that the debtor who chose the first method of paying off the main debt, the loan will cost more, because the body of the loan decreases more slowly, and interest is accrued on it.
The debtor knows what payment should be made each month, plans its budget and foresees all possible problems in advance in order to avoid penalties applied by the bank or other financial institution in case of untimely payment of the monthly installment. But it’s much more convenient when the amount of obligatory payments on a mortgage loan gradually decreases..
An annuity scheme is beneficial primarily for lenders. They get the maximum profit from the loan. At the first stages, the debtor pays off mainly the interest on the use of borrowed funds, as a result – a slower decrease in the amount of the main debt and a more significant overpayment on the mortgage loan to reduce it, there is only one way out – to exercise the right to full or partial early repayment of the debt. How to do this – by reducing the monthly payment or loan term – is decided by the debtor.
This method of paying off mortgages is called commercial or classic. It provides for the calculation of interest on the balance of the debt. Translated from English, differentiate (to differentiate) means to distinguish, to distinguish – and the size of each subsequent monthly payment of a mortgage is constantly different from the previous one. This method of loan repayment obliges the debtor to pay the body of the deputy in equal installments and interest that accrues on the residual amount, it decreases every month, which leads to a decrease in their value.
The advantages of a differentiated method by which you can pay a mortgage:
- a small overpayment on a loan compared to an annuity due to the fact that the loan body is gradually reduced, and with it the amount of accrued interest;
- a gradual reduction in the financial burden on the debtor by reducing monthly payments;
- simple and clear calculation principle that even a child learns.
The disadvantages of the differentiated method include:
- relatively high first payments;
- a smaller loan amount compared to that which can be obtained by choosing an annuity;
- always different amounts of payments, the need for constant reconciliation with the payment schedule selected by the bank or other financial institution.
This method of paying a mortgage is more beneficial for borrowers. Even provided that the first payments on the loan are substantial, the overpayment is 1.5-2 times less than the annuity. A differentiated loan can be partially or fully repaid at any convenient time. The way how it is profitable and quick to do is chosen by the debtor. Experts recommend resorting to shortening the loan term at the last stages of mortgage repayment, to reducing the amount of payments – at first, in order to minimize the amount of obligatory payment.
Terms of early repayment of a mortgage loan
To quickly and profitably pay a mortgage, not only additional financial resources will be required. A person should know his rights and obligations, be legally savvy in matters, be able to protect his interests in court if necessary. The conditions for the early repayment of borrowed funds are prescribed in the loan agreement and in each case may be different.
According to the law, citizens of the Russian Federation can repay mortgage loans in whole or in part without obstacles. To do this, it is necessary to notify the bank or other financial institution by the due date. The borrower must also take into account the terms of the contract concluded with the lender. It spells out all the nuances of a premature loan repayment:
- threshold (minimum) amount of prepayment;
- the method and deadline for notifying a financial institution of the desire to quickly pay the mortgage in full or reduce the size of payments;
- the presence of commissions, fines, deductions, other sanctions for recalculating the loan payment schedule.
A loan agreement may not include conditions for early repayment of a loan. In this case, the borrower should discuss this issue with the bank or other financial institution, and document it in order to avoid future problems. If it becomes possible to quickly pay the mortgage in the future, and the contract does not provide for the condition of early repayment, the bank or organization has the right to refuse the client or require an additional commission.
To quickly repay a mortgage loan, the debtor undertakes:
- notify the financial institution of the intention to make additional cash (the statement indicates the estimated size of the contribution);
- on a certain day, go to a financial institution to reissue documents and pay in cash or by bank transfer;
- if the additional installment helped pay the rest of the debt, take a certificate stating that the mortgage loan agreement was closed;
- draw up all the documents in the relevant state authorities confirming the fact that the owner of the residential property is the borrower.
8 ways to pay off your mortgage faster
A loan is a significant financial burden, so every debtor tries to get rid of it as quickly as possible from it. There are many ways to quickly pay a debt to a bank or other institution – these are personal savings, maternity capital, tax deduction, refinancing, special social programs, increasing the frequency of payments made, reducing credit card costs in favor of paying off a loan, subsidies.
Own funds and savings
One of the 8 ways to quickly pay out a mortgage is to use personal savings. Its advantages:
- maximum reduction of the loan term, the ability to quickly remove the financial burden;
- minimum loan overpayment;
- quick opportunity to become the full owner of a property purchased on credit.
The only drawback of this method is the need for tight budget planning. The debtor, giving his savings, loses the only insurance that, if necessary, will help solve unforeseen material problems.
This method, which allows you to quickly pay the debt, is suitable for parents and guardians who have two or more children. They can receive monetary compensation in the form of a certificate to improve housing conditions, misuse of these funds is not allowed. A citizen who is entitled to receive maternity capital applies to the Pension Fund and the bank. Institutions issue permission to use a certificate to repay a mortgage loan. The debtor gives the certificate and permission to the creditor. Compensation amount – 400 thousand rubles.
Holders of housing loans have the right to receive a tax deduction on the value of real estate and interest paid to a financial institution. Its size is 13% of the amount of an apartment or house purchased on credit, but cannot exceed 2 million rubles. To receive cash compensation, you must contact the tax office or accounting of the employing company.
If the borrower finds a more profitable program, he can use the right to refinance it – transfer to another lending institution. The advantages of this method:
- significant savings;
- overpayment reduction;
- the possibility of choosing a more suitable loan program in order to improve conditions.
The transfer of a mortgage loan from one organization to another involves the removal of all obligations of the debtor to the current lender and the transfer of collateral to a new institution. At the same time, a new mortgage agreement is concluded, which indicates a completely different interest rate, scheme, loan term, the possibility of debt restructuring, etc. Favorable conditions for mortgage lending offers Sberbank.
If funds can be allocated from income to repay a loan ahead of schedule, you can make them several times a month. This will reduce the loan period and minimize overpayment. It is recommended to increase the frequency of repayments when the borrower has additional earnings, when extra money appears as a result of the sale of personal property, etc..
Reduced credit card costs in favor of paying off mortgage debt
If a person uses a credit card with a certain limit, then these funds can be used to repay a mortgage loan. This method does not require any additional investments on the part of the borrower, while significant savings in interest are possible. Credit card must be absolutely free, with no annual service fees.
Subsidies under existing programs for certain categories of citizens
Gratuitous state financial assistance for partial repayment of a mortgage loan can be provided to young and large families, military personnel, people with disabilities, orphans, single mothers, doctors, scientists, teachers, civil servants, state employees, etc. Its value directly depends on the official income of the whole family. There are several subsidy programs. Everyone chooses the right option for themselves..
To improve the housing situation for people who are vulnerable groups, the state has developed special programs. They imply a partial payment of housing purchased on credit from budgetary funds, a reduction in the interest rate, the provision of certain benefits in the form of monetary compensation for the main debt and interest, etc..