The content of the article
- What happens to the body in the 8th month
- Fetal development: weight, size and gender (add embryo photo)
- Feelings and problems of the expectant mother (use the word stir, pulls the lower abdomen, abdominal pain)
- The dangers of 8 months of pregnancy
- Tests and examinations
- Mom’s diet and weight
The eighth month of pregnancy is from 31 to 36 weeks of pregnancy, and a whole month is still ahead, even though you already feel tired and all the “charms” of your interesting situation. At the beginning of this month, you will have the last screening before delivery, which will help doctors to navigate how your pregnancy develops and whether everything is in order with the baby. The preliminary tactics of conducting labor will also be determined, and you will have the third planned ultrasound, on which the baby is difficult to see the whole baby, he is very large, but it’s quite possible to clarify the gender and many nuances of his development.
What happens to the body in the 8th month
In the eighth month of pregnancy, just a few weeks remain before childbirth, and the imminent approach of childbirth is increasingly portended by special training contractions (Brexton-Higgs, false contractions). These are irregular and non-opening uterine cervix contractions of the uterus, which prepare it for active work in childbirth. If during contractions of the uterus there are no pronounced discomfort and pain, the frequency of their occurrence does not have regularity, they occur periodically, not for long, then you do not need to worry about it. This is a completely physiological phenomenon that prepares the body for a quick birth. If the contractions become painful, they last more than an hour in a row, you should consult a doctor, you need to exclude the onset of premature birth.
At the eighth month, the woman’s stomach became very large, and by the end of this month the uterus will take its highest position, will become almost maximum size. That is why a woman will begin to note behind herself that it has become difficult for her to breathe, climb stairs or lead her usual physical activity. The tremors and movements of the child, which pass right in the area of the ribs, will be not only uncomfortable, but even painful. Now it is important to eat right more than ever, walk a lot in the fresh air and have enough rest so that there is no overwork and malaise. Due to the large size of the abdomen, it becomes extremely difficult to choose comfortable postures for sleeping – it is impossible to sleep on the back, the large uterus literally squeezes the inferior vena cava and gives severe dizziness, sudden heart palpitations, shortness of breath and even loss of consciousness. Sleeping is on the left side, placing pillows under the legs and lower back for convenience. The shape of the abdomen can now be different – it can be either protruding strongly, or compact enough, it does not depend on the sex of the child, more on the position in the uterus and on the size, amount of amniotic fluid and the mother’s constitution. Until the end of pregnancy, the abdomen will still go down and may change its shape, grow a little more in size. With an active lifestyle of a pregnant woman, and to ease the load, a bandage is used.
Fetal development: weight, size and gender (add embryo photo)
In this period, the baby is still not completely ready for birth, and it is necessary for him to stay in his mother’s stomach for several more weeks, but now it will be much easier for him to adapt in the outside world, if suddenly the birth begins this month and the baby is born prematurely. Its organs and systems have become much more mature than last month, and the myth that it is better for a baby to be born at seven months, at eight weeks – has no real basis. Each week spent by the child in the womb gives him strength and body weight, adds growth and maturity. Therefore, it is important that the baby is not born into the world for as long as possible, often doctors do everything to postpone the beginning of labor and prolong the fetal life of the baby. This is especially necessary for the maturation of lung surfactant and the possibility of independent breathing..
In the period after 35 weeks, children will still be considered immature, but they have already formed all the basic organs and systems, and they can completely avoid most of the problems of previously born premature babies. Usually with stable weight gain and sucking, they are discharged from the hospital quickly enough and without a nursing phase. If you wear twins, it is possible that childbirth can begin at the end of the eighth month, for a period of 35-36 weeks. At the same time, children are born quite strong and viable, grow and develop quite normally.
At eight months, the position of the fetus may still be incorrect, although from the 32nd to 32nd week the fetus should take its final position by childbirth. With pelvic presentation, you will be recommended special exercises and postures that stimulate the baby to turn head down. This will avoid complications in the future and childbirth will take place naturally. At your time, the baby has already quite clearly formed a sleep and wakefulness regime, and often it does not at all coincide with yours. He sleeps most of the day, rocked by your movements, and usually wakes up when you are at ease and makes himself felt with clear kicks and movements..
Now, by the end of the month, he will be almost ready for birth, all of his most basic organs and systems that ensure his vital functions are fully developed and working, although still imperfectly. But the respiratory system, and especially the baby’s lungs, are still undeveloped, they accumulate a special substance – a surfactant, which will not allow them to fall off with spontaneous respiration of the crumbs. If the birth begins at the end of the eighth month, the baby will be able to breathe independently, although under the supervision of doctors.
An eight-month-old baby is practically no different from a newborn, except that it is only tall and in weight, it sees and hears well, can blink, frown, squeezes a finger, its nails are grown to the edges of the nail phalanges, although they are still thin and tender. The skin color becomes pink and uniform due to the accumulation of subcutaneous fat and a decrease in translucent vessels. Due to the deposition of subcutaneous fat, rounding of the cheeks and face, shoulders and buttocks occurs. Gradually a fluff (lanugo) leaves the body, hair grows on the head, cilia and eyebrows are clearly visible. The whole body of the baby with an even layer of primordial grease, and it will help him during childbirth easier to pass through the birth canal, protects the skin from the effects of amniotic fluid.
This month, the baby’s cerebral cortex is being improved, more and more nerve connections are gradually forming in it that will help the baby in independent life, and protective membranes of myelin are formed around the fibers, a kind of nerve isolation.
Now the baby’s skeleton is relatively strong, the areas of cartilage of the nose and ears are solid, but the bones of the skull have seams between them that will allow the baby’s head to safely pass through the birth canal without causing injuries to herself and her mother. Now the child’s liver will be occupied with important white, its role is to accumulate in the last weeks a sufficient amount of iron, which will be consumed in the first months until the child is given other food than milk. Iron is needed to build new blood cells of the fetus and child, to prevent him from anemia.
At eight months old, the fetus occupies almost the entire space of the uterus and its movements are limited; it took an embryonic position with legs and arms raised to the chest. And now his movements are very distinct and confident, his mother can feel under the ribs and throughout the abdomen, even distinguishing the outlines of the heels and pens. Now the fetus arrives in weight per day up to 30 g, and by the end of the month it can weigh about 2500-2800 g with growth up to 46 cm.
Feelings and problems of the expectant mother (use the word stir, pulls the lower abdomen, abdominal pain)
In this period, a woman is already starting to get tired of her position and literally huge belly. He makes it difficult to put on clothes and shoes, it is hard to walk with and uncomfortable to sleep with. But now the time has come to completely devote her time to the future crumbs, especially since in this period most women are already on maternity leave. Now the feeling of life in the stomach is changing your attitude and attitude towards life, career problems, work and household trifles are fading into the background, everything is aimed at prolonging and soon birth of a peanut. This is the work of the dominant feature of pregnancy in the brain – it adjusts the physical body of the wife to her psyche in such a way as to convey pregnancy in maximum comfort and convenience and safely give life to a new person. Hence the tears of tenderness, and mood swings, and the special sensitivity of future mothers. This is normal, and you should not completely hide from external life and go headlong into motherhood – lead your usual life and enjoy your position. If this does not cause you any inconvenience or feeling unwell, you should hardly change your life – you can walk, travel (only close and strictly with an exchange card in your hands), buy things in a dowry and attend courses for expectant mothers and fathers. The most important thing for you now is your peace of mind and your confidence that everything is fine and there are no problems during pregnancy and your poor health. Protect yourself from stress and negative emotions, they can lead to an increase in the tone of the uterus, and even to the development of premature birth.
The abdomen in this period reaches almost its maximum size, the standing height of the uterine fundus reaches a maximum by the 36th week. After 35 weeks, the uterus can literally rest against your ribs, which makes breathing difficult. The child weighs almost a kilogram and he needs a place to stay, so the internal organs will be squeezed out due to the growth of the uterus. The abdomen can create enough problems with the position for sleeping, walking and domestic issues, but the most important sensations from it are the movements of the fetus. Now he should make himself known at least 10 times in 12 hours, and it is better that you feel the fetal movements every 15-20 minutes. The kid can almost froze for several hours, stretching slightly in a dream, and can actively push and move. It is worth worrying if the child is overly active and his movements are sharply painful, or if he is very lethargic and barely felt by you. This may indicate intrauterine suffering or hypoxia, it is worth changing position, taking a walk or stretching. If this continues for a long time – it is worth informing the doctor about this and undergo an additional examination. For greater comfort, it is recommended to sleep on the left side – this is the most optimal position for the fetus and blood circulation of the placenta and uterus, and is quite convenient for mom.
If you are concerned about abdominal pain, especially persistent or cramping, periodically pulls the lower abdomen, you should not think that this is normal, especially in combination with the tone of the uterus, painful training contractions and vaginal discharge. You need to immediately call an ambulance and be hospitalized in a hospital, this may be the beginning of a premature birth or problems with the placenta. The situation is especially serious in the presence of spotting, bloody discharge from the vagina, and in the presence of dark cherry or scarlet blood, you need to immediately go to the hospital – placental abruption begins, a fatal complication, if you do not immediately help.
In addition, many uncomfortable manifestations may be disturbing – many of them require changes in the regimen, nutrition, or medical advice, or even inpatient treatment. One of the common complications is edema, which is mainly formed on the extremities and may be the beginning of nephropathy of pregnant women or gestosis. Strong swelling is especially dangerous right in the morning, spreading to the face and body, and combined with protein in the urine and increased pressure. Immediately to the hospital to save and decide on further pregnancy.
The large uterus presses on the organs of the abdominal cavity and causes a lot of unpleasant symptoms and sensations, such as nausea, especially with heavy meals, rare meals, or for no reason. This is due to the uterus crushing the walls of the stomach. That is why heartburn can occur, with the acid content of the stomach being thrown into the esophagus. You can reduce such sensations if you often eat in small portions, immediately after eating to be in a vertical or reclining position, relax after eating for at least an hour, without bending. If you are at home, taking the knee-elbow position for 10-15 minutes and relieving the pressure of the uterus on the intestine will help to alleviate the condition. In this situation, the internal organs receive more blood, and food is easier to bypass the stomach and enter the intestines. With abundant food intake, vomiting can occur, if it is single and without fever and diarrhea, you can not really worry and revise your diet, and if you have the symptoms described, go to the doctor immediately, food poisoning in pregnant women is extremely dangerous.
It is worth monitoring the discharge in this period. Due to changes in the hormonal background, there may be some increase in secretions – they are transparent or slightly whitish, odorless and pathological impurities. Increased secretions transparent as water with constant wetting of linen – this is a sign of possible leakage of amniotic fluid. It is worth buying a test pad for water leakage in a pharmacy or visiting a doctor. In the presence of water leakage, hospitalization and the solution of the issue of conducting pregnancy further are immediately needed. No less serious is everything with spotting, this is an occasion for immediate medical advice. Also dangerous and discharge with the smell of green, gray, yellowish or any other colors, with impurities of mucus, pus or vesicles. These are signs of genital tract infections that can threaten the baby and pregnancy and require immediate treatment..
Due to the pressure of the uterus, urination becomes more frequent, which requires frequent trips to the toilet, as well as the intensification of such a delicate problem as constipation. It is important to monitor the amount of fluid and fiber in the diet, move more so that the intestines can work easier. It can also torment shortness of breath when climbing stairs or walking actively due to the compression of the diaphragm by the uterus and the increase in breathing, which has become superficial. Possible bleeding of the gums, excessive sweating, sensations of heat and stuffiness of the room, stuffy ears and nose, numbness of the limbs, especially the fingers, increased hair growth on the body.
The dangers of 8 months of pregnancy
The most dangerous now is the beginning of preterm birth or placental abruption, these conditions can threaten the well-being of the mother and baby, since both are not yet ready for childbirth and there may well be serious complications. Therefore, any discharge, bleeding or abdominal pain is an occasion for an unscheduled visit to the doctor or call an ambulance. Immediately needed at birth when amniotic fluid drains or leakage from drops or trickle, in case of violation of the integrity of the fetal bladder, fetal infection may occur.
The common cold is no less dangerous in this period – with an increase in temperature and coughing, an increase in the tone of the uterus occurs, and a runny nose leads to a deficiency of oxygen in the tissues of the mother and fetus. It is worth avoiding contact with colds and less in colds to be in crowded places.
Tests and examinations
In this period of pregnancy, you have to visit the doctor twice for routine examinations and have passed two urine tests in front of them. When visiting a doctor, weight and abdominal circumference are measured, the fetal heartbeat is heard, and the presence of edema is checked. In the analysis of urine, the amount of protein, glucose and leukocytes, microbes is examined. In the same period, they conduct the third planned screening ultrasound. It checks the condition of the fetus – its weight and height, the state of internal organs and the absence of malformations, as well as clarify the condition of the placenta, uterus and cervix, specify the period of PDD and many of the nuances necessary for childbirth. Also, according to the indications, dopplerometry of the fetus and placenta, as well as CTG of the fetus can be prescribed to determine the condition of the uterus and blood circulation of the fetus, oxygen adequacy.
Mom’s diet and weight
In this period, nutrition is not much different from that in previous months, you need a sufficient amount of protein and vitamins with minerals, fresh herbs, vegetables and fruits. Due to proper nutrition, you can maintain a stable weight, avoiding the deposition of excess fat reserves. It is worth abandoning the use of products such as fast food, a large number of sweets and light carbohydrates, fatty, spicy and salty, convenience foods and much more. You need to eat quite a bit, in small portions, but often. When eating a large amount of food, heartburn and belching, nausea and even vomiting can occur immediately, it is worth eating fractionally and not overeating at night, refusing to eat two to three hours before bedtime. If you want to eat, light snacks with fruits or vegetables, sour-milk drinks and dishes are acceptable. Immediately after eating, it is not recommended to go to bed, it is worth walking or sitting, so that there is no reflux of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus, and heartburn does not develop. It is important to limit the diet of sugar salt, it has the specifics of retaining water in the body. For drinking, it is worth using non-carbonated drinking or mineral water, herbal teas or infusions, fruit drinks. Drinking is thirsty, greatly limiting oneself in drinking, since edema is almost not associated with the amount of fluid drunk, but is associated with hormones and metabolism.
In this period, sex is permissible with the consent of the doctor, there is no explicit prohibition or permission – everything should proceed from the state of pregnancy and her well-being and desire. If there is no threat of premature birth and the placenta is located normally, if there is a desire, there are no prohibitions. But it is necessary to limit the intensity of intimacy, to choose the optimal posture and abandon the hard forms of sex. With intimacy, it is worth using a condom, so as not to bring the infection into the cervical region, as well as monitor your health after intercourse. An orgasm with intimacy does not affect the child in any way, and positive emotions from sex will go to little good.