The content of the article
- Heart rate zones
- At what pulse is fat burning
- How to calculate the pulse for fat burning
- Carvonen formula
- Carvonen formula for women
- Carvonen Formula for Men
- Heart Rate Calculation
- Heart rate while running
When losing weight, it is important to remember the role that the pulse plays in burning fat, to be able to calculate its optimal indicator, and to know what load will bring results. The ability to accurately calculate the heart rate zones for training that matches your age and condition of the body determines their success and leads to the desired weight loss. If you work with a low or too intense load, the desired result in the fight against excess weight will not work.
Heart rate zones
To calculate the heart rate at which the calorie consumption will be as high as possible, you first need to determine all your heart rate zones. This is the heart rate at rest, the maximum heart rate during physical exertion, the warm-up zone, activity, endurance, aerobic zone.
The resting heart rate is best calculated in the morning, before getting out of bed. It is believed that in women this indicator should be in the range of 70-80 beats / min., In men – 60-70. With age, heart rate (heart rate) rises, the optimal average heart rate at rest is considered to be a heartbeat of 72-75 beats / min.
Heart rate zones during exercise are measured as a percentage of the maximum heart rate. It is calculated by the following method – you need to subtract your age from 220. For a thirty-five-year-old man, the MChP will be 220-35 = 185. Please note – the older you get, the lower this indicator.
Knowing your maximum heart rate, you can calculate the remaining limits of the pulse values for physical activity and fat burning:
- “Warm-up” – 45-60% of the MChP;
- “Active” – 65-70%;
- “Aerobic” – 70-80%;
- “Endurance zone” – 80-90%;
- “Red zone” – 95-99%.
At what pulse is fat burning
You did the calculation of your heart rate zones, calculated the resting heart rate and its maximum frequency. It is necessary to choose the optimal type of physical activity and understand at what pulse fat is burned. Take a look at the table below. It contains calorie consumption and the amount of fat burned, depending on heart rate, type and strength of the load..
|Type of load||Walking||Jogging||Run|
|Intensity (% of heart rate)||60||75||90|
|Heart rate (bpm)||110||145||170|
|Burnt fats, g||8||fifteen||10|
As you can see, the process of active fat burning begins with an indicator in the region of 140 beats per minute. That is, the active zone during physical exertion with a heart rate of 65-75% of the MPP – this is the pulse zone for burning fat, its lower limit. It is great for beginners, those who are not in good physical shape and are just starting regular sports training. Look – the relative intensity of calorie consumption is seriously reduced due to the increase in load when doing jogging.
How to calculate the pulse for fat burning
The calculation of the heart rate for burning fat should be done based on your maximum heart rate. Identify the three cardiozones of your heartbeat – 60-70%, 70-80% and 80-90% of MCH. At the level of these boundaries, the heart muscle provides different access of oxygen to tissues, and it directly depends on whether fat burning occurs during exercise or not. What happens at the border of each of these zones?
- 60-70% (120-140 beats / min.) – during training, the first half hour is actively processed carbohydrates, then the lipolysis process begins. The minimum duration of a workout for fat burning in this mode is 45-60 minutes.
- 70-80% (145-165) – aerobic training, suitable for more experienced athletes, a combination of strength and cardio components is necessary.
- 80-90% (from 165) – serious cardiac load; fat burning at these limits of the heart rate ceases, since the flow of oxygen to the tissues stops.
Martti Karvonen is a Finnish physiologist who has developed a way to calculate the limits of heart rate in athletes. Using it, you can calculate the desired heart rate for optimally effective training for burning fat. Karvonen’s method made it possible to determine that such a value is approximately in the middle, between the indicators of the heartbeat in a calm state and its maximum frequency, and depends on the state of the body and gender.
Carvonen formula for women
Formulated by Karvonen, the formula “220 is the age of a person” is the most common method for measuring the maximum heart rate. For women, it is as follows: (220-age-resting heart rate) * intensity factor + resting heart rate. Count the heartbeat at rest in the morning, before the rise, and the intensity factor is 70% of the MPP.
For a thirty-year-old woman with a pulse at rest of 70 beats per minute, a formula that shows at which pulse fat is burned in women will look like this: (220-30-70) * 0.3 + 70 = 121 beats / min. Just remember that the formula was calculated for professional athletes, the step with multiplying by the intensity factor can be skipped first. For this woman, the correct pulse for burning fat is in the range of 120 beats / min.
Carvonen Formula for Men
At what pulse is fat burned in men? The calculation always uses the minimum and maximum intensity factors, from 0.5 to 0.8. The formula used is the same. A forty-year-old man starting to train with a resting heart rate of 65 will calculate the optimal heart rate as (220-40-65) * 05 + 65. As the total duration of classes, he will gradually increase the intensity coefficient until he reaches the highest – 0.8. That is, in the range from 125 to 159 beats / min.
Heart Rate Calculation
You can use special online calculators that will take into account all your individual parameters – age, height, weight, planned load, type of exercises, etc. The heart rate for cardio training for burning fat is calculated based on the following important points:
- It should not exceed 70% of the limit value, since above this value the flow of oxygen to the tissues stops, and the process of fat burning stops.
- Calculations are made taking into account the load of upcoming classes, the duration of one lesson.
- The optimal heart rate for effective exercises with an aerobic bias is in the range of 110-130 beats / min or 50-60% of the MCH.
- In the calculation, you can use the Carvonen formula with an intensity factor of 0.6 for women, 0.75 for men.
Heart rate while running
Running refers to the dynamic type of training, so it’s especially important to identify your heart rate zones for running if you are running with the goal of losing weight. After all, the rule of going beyond the anaerobic border, when fat burning stops, works for running, as well as for other workouts. Beginners should run jogging in steps as soon as the heart rate reaches 140 beats / min.
The zone of burning calories and fat for an average runner is a heartbeat of 110-130 beats / min. Use a pulse meter, then you don’t have to stop to measure your heart rate. After the pulse reaches 140 beats – go to the step and restore it to 120 beats. At first, the duration of the respiration and heartbeat recovery periods will greatly exceed the running time. Do not despair, continue training, over time, running segments will completely supersede walking.
Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for self-treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give treatment recommendations based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.