If you want to extend the life of your green perennial crops (for example, perennials include marjoram, rosemary, tarragon, or tarragon), then transplant them from the garden into pots and transfer them to the balcony. From our article you will learn how to properly transplant greens into pots using the example of basil..
You can grow basil at home in any season. If you decide to transplant this rather unpretentious plant from the garden and hope for its yield, then use a few simple recommendations for transplanting and caring for it.
Which Basil Varieties Are Better For Potting
For balconies, as well as enclosed spaces, for example, for window sills, it is best to choose from small-leaved varieties of basil. They are called piccolo and are plants characterized by small, narrow leaves that are sweet and savory. Height up to 25 cm.It can be such varieties:
- Clove scent.
- Small-leaved basil.
- Basil Puchkova and others.
Other popular options when choosing basil for growing and transplanting include:
- Yerevan (whose height can even reach 80 cm!).
- Baku (or black).
- Minimum (height about 40 cm, smell – pimento pepper).
- Spoon-shaped (reminiscent of lettuce, smell – cloves, bay leaf).
To plant basil, you can use:
- plant seed
Growing basil from seeds is the most practical solution for the early to mid-spring season. Planting seedlings due to the vulnerable and fragile stems of the spice, its sensitivity to transplantation is more problematic, but possible.
In August-September, you can transplant well-preserved basil bushes from your garden to a more comfortable place – on the balcony or on the windowsill of your window.
Now let’s move on to a step-by-step master class on transplanting basil into a flower pot.
For the transplant, we need the following:
- a healthy strong basil bush growing in the garden;
- transplant pot;
- drainage brick;
- a hammer;
- watering can;
- settled water for irrigation.
Pour the prepared water over the plant you have chosen. Leave it on for a few minutes for better soil saturation at the roots..
The bottom of the pot should be laid with expanded clay, gravel, gravel or coarse sand to ensure the outflow of excess moisture and saturation of the plant roots with the nutrition they need, preventing decay.
For these purposes, we broke the old brick into small pieces..
Let’s disassemble the pieces of brick into fractions:
At the bottom of our beautiful pot, which we chose for the basil, we first lay the largest fraction of the brick.
Then we put the middle fraction into the drain.
And we finish our drainage layer with the smallest fraction of broken pieces of brick.
Tip: always calculate the size of the containers so that you do not have to do additional transplanting afterwards, because the fed and renewed basil grows in comfortable conditions, requiring more area than it was in the garden.
The soil from the vegetable garden or garden in which it grew is perfect for your basil. The selected soil should only be fertilized with suitable minerals (we are talking about universal fertilizers for vegetable crops). Some people prefer soil that is mixed in equal proportions with coconut substrate. Also, you need to select all excess impurities from the soil (garbage, roots, insects, etc.).
After pouring soil into the pot, make a depression in it and tamp its surface.
Before transplanting our basil, this hole should be filled with settled water.
And let her soak a little.
Dig up the basil carefully and transfer it to the pot along with the clod. Don’t damage the root system.
Be careful not to bend the root when transplanting the basil into the pot.
Tamp the ground around the transplanted plant to better anchor it in its new location.
Remove all damaged parts on the transplanted basil.
Water the transplanted plant with settled water at room temperature.
Potted greens care tips
Further, basil should be watered only once a day and only in the morning, without abundant flooding of the soil. An exception may be especially hot days, when basil is watered more abundantly – both in the morning and in the evening. Basil loves the sun and warmth, the optimal temperature for it will be + 25 ° С.
The most common diseases of basil include gray mold with fusarium. To avoid them, you should not overmoisten the soil. The diseased plant must be removed to prevent infestation of neighboring bushes. If the weather permits, the basilica can be quarantined by leaving it outside for a couple of days, in a place more sheltered from the wind..
For the lush growth of basil, it is necessary to remove the shoots that are going to bloom in time, but you should not pinch off the lower leaves, because this impairs the growth of the plant.
Choose the best specimens in your garden! And keep enjoying fresh natural green vitamins when the cold weather comes!