The content of the article
- Dog Walking Rules
- List of breeds requiring special maintenance
- Responsibility for walking without a muzzle
It is difficult to predict the behavior of a dog on the street. The animal can aggressively react to any external stimulus, so owners of dogs should protect others and the four-legged friend with the help of special tools. Before you know which dogs should wear a muzzle by law, you need to find out the legal nuances regarding pet walking.
Dog Walking Rules
A muzzle during a walk not only ensures the safety of others, but also the dog itself (the possibility of poisoning after eating food from the ground). In the Russian Federation, these issues are regulated at the federal level by the legislation of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Federal Law “On Responsible Handling of Animals” and amendments thereto effective from 01.01.2018. At the regional level, this activity is controlled by local rules and regulations.
According to these documents, when walking with a pet, owners must follow the basic rules. They are as follows:
- If the pet’s weight is more than 5 kg, then it is forbidden to walk him without a muzzle in public places (shops, public transport, public places). Without special equipment, the law allows walking puppies up to 3 months and small dogs with a withers height of not more than 25 cm. In Moscow, this rule applies to all pets, be it a dachshund or a shepherd.
- It is necessary to exclude the possibility of free, uncontrolled movement of the animal in yards, porches, elevators, on the road, sports and children’s playgrounds, near schools, kindergartens, clinics and public catering facilities, using a leash. This applies to pets of all breeds and body weight..
- The law allows walking the dog around the clock, but you need to ensure silence from 23:00 to 7:00.
- It is considered a violation to walk a pet while intoxicated.
- According to the law, the dog’s collar must contain information about the owner’s address, his contact information, if the animal is lost.
- The dog can be without a muzzle and a leash only on specially designated areas for walking or in a private area equipped with a good fence and having a sign warning about the presence of an animal.
- The walking of dogs of potentially dangerous fighting breeds without a leash and a muzzle is prohibited by law. If ammunition is present, then a minor, drunk or a person who does not have special permission, as well as persons with disabilities or recognized as legally incapable by court decision must not accompany a dangerous breed animal.
- The owner is obliged to monitor the cleanliness of the territory in which he walks with the dog. If the animal left behind its waste products, the owner must remove them with a scoop and a tight bag.
List of breeds requiring special maintenance
The law prohibits walking pets requiring special care without special ammunition. Each region has its own list of these breeds. Information on the Moscow region is given as an example:
- American Bulldog;
- American Pit Bull Terrier;
- American Staffordshire Terrier;
- English mastiff;
- Great Dane of Argentina
- Great Dane of Bordeaux;
- Brazilian mastiff (fila brasileiro);
- Bull terrier;
- Caucasian Shepherd Dog;
- Ca de Bo;
- Great Dane of Canary;
- Cane Corso;
- Moscow Watchdog;
- German Shepherd;
- German dog;
- Neapolitan Mastiff (Neapolitan Mastino);
- Portuguese Shepherd Dog;
- Giant Schnauzer;
- Central asian shepherd dog;
- Staffordshire Bull Terrier;
- Tibetan mastiff;
- Tosa Inu;
- Chow Chow
- Black terrier;
- South Russian Shepherd Dog;
- Japanese mastiff.
Responsibility for walking without a muzzle
The law provides for liability for walking a four-legged friend without the necessary equipment in the amount of 2,000 to 4,000 rubles. The amount of the administrative fine varies by region. In Moscow, according to article 5.1 p. 3 of the Moscow Code of Administrative Offenses, punishment for walking dogs without a muzzle in shops, on playgrounds, beaches, in transport, near kindergartens, schools, hospitals, clinics and other institutions involved work with minors, provides for a fine in the amount of 1000 to 2000 rubles.