What are fertile days in women. How to determine the period and window of fertility in the women’s calendar

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Do you want a baby for a long time, but pregnancy does not happen? Perhaps you do not know what fertility is, and therefore you do not use all effective methods to conceive a long-awaited baby. Understand how the female body works, and how to calculate the favorable days when ovulation occurs and there is every chance of becoming pregnant.

Fertility in women – what is it

This term comes from the Latin word fertilis, which means prolific. Fertility is the ability of an organism in puberty to produce offspring. You need to know that this indicator is determined not only by the female, but also by the male, because for conception it is necessary that both partners have no malfunctions in reproduction. In practice, women are more confronted with this term, forced to resort to various examinations and methods in order to increase their fertility and give birth to a long-awaited baby.

Fertility in men is determined by the method of a laboratory test, during which sperm is evaluated by special indicators – the Kruger index and the Farris index. To establish whether this coefficient is normal in a woman, several studies need to be done, the first of which is an ultrasound scan of the ovaries 5-6 days after menstruation. During the diagnosis, the doctor sees the presence of growing follicles and gives a forecast of the probability of fertilization. Studies of the hormonal background, during which the ratio of the hormones FSH and LH are determined, help to show a more accurate picture of a woman’s fertility..

Fertile age

It is determined by nature that people can reproduce offspring only at a certain period of their life. If a man can perform this function from puberty to old age, then for women it is not so simple with fertilization – they can conceive and give birth only before menopause. Based on such norms of the functioning of the body, the period from 15 to 49 years is considered fertile age. This time frame should be guided by girls planning to give birth, do not postpone this question for a long time, because at a younger age the prognosis of pregnancy and childbirth is more favorable.

Girl with a pregnancy test in hand and a guy

Fertility days

Often, girls do not know exactly when they have a fertile period during the menstrual cycle, and do not take into account the value of this indicator when planning pregnancy. It is a mistake to do so, because in this case the moment will be missed when the chances of conceiving a child are maximum. It will be correct to determine fertile days and apply this information in a timely manner..

You need to know that almost every month in the ovary under the influence of estrogen, the female reproductive cell matures. Approximately on the 14th day after the onset of the menstrual period, ovulation occurs, the egg enters the fallopian tube, starting to move to the uterus. She is able to fertilize somewhere during the day. Given these time frames and the life span of spermatozoa, they determine the fertility window – it opens 5-6 days before ovulation and closes 1-2 days after it.

How to calculate fertility days

The menstrual cycle in different girls is individual in duration. This fact explains why the individual determination of fertile days is so important: if you correctly calculate the date of ovulation, as a result, the chances of fertilization will increase significantly. Check out which methods of calculating this period are the most effective and are often recommended by gynecologists..

Fertility days calendar

How to calculate the most favorable time for fertilization by this method? The girl will need to keep a calendar of fertile days – mark in it the days of the beginning and end of menstruation, as well as the middle of the cycle, which ovulates approximately. You need to know that this method has a drawback – it will be useful only with a stable menstrual cycle. If a woman has a different indicator every month due to the influence of certain factors, then the calendar method in this case is ineffective.

Fertility days calendar

Excrement on fertile days

A woman who is attentive to her health notices that certain changes occur in her body with the same frequency. Using her powers of observation, she can sense what fertile days are. They are characterized by a change in the nature and amount of secretion from the vagina. Discharges on fertile days differ from ordinary ones in that they are more plentiful, and in appearance it is a stretching mucus, very similar to egg white.

Why are such changes occurring? So the female body optimally adapts to ensure that the sperm get into a favorable environment for them, and conception occurs. The fertile phase can also be felt by other signs: sipping pains in the lower abdomen, increased breast sensitivity. Similar symptoms can occur with some gynecological diseases, therefore, with an unusual change in the nature of the vaginal discharge, you should definitely consult a specialist.

Learn more about ovulation..

Basal temperature on fertile days

This method of observation is one of the most accurate for determining the most favorable moment for conception, of which only ovulation tests are considered more informative. If you take temperature measurements in the rectum for several months and draw up a detailed schedule, on the basis of the data obtained you can effectively calculate the onset of ovulation.

How does basal temperature change on fertile days? On the day of ovulation, it decreases slightly, and immediately after the germ cell leaves the follicle, it rises sharply, remaining approximately at that level until the next menstruation. Using the data of the graph, it is possible to determine fertile days when fertilization of a mature egg is very likely.

Mercury thermometer

How to increase fertility in women

If you cannot get pregnant for a long time, this is not a reason to consider yourself non-fertile. Modern science has developed effective ways to improve the chances of conception. Increasing fertility in women is a complete medical examination to identify all possible disorders in the genital area that impede conception, and their effective treatment. Such patients are recommended to lead a healthy lifestyle, avoid stress.

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