Immediately, we note that, according to the ripening period, apples are divided into:
As the names suggest, summer apples ripen by mid-summer. They, of course, are also tasty and healthy, but they are completely unsuitable for long-term storage. Summer varieties need to be eaten or canned for two to three weeks, then they will simply disappear. Apple varieties ripening in early autumn are able to stay in suitable conditions until midwinter.
Winter varieties actually ripen by mid-autumn, but they can be stored almost until the next harvest..
Let’s start with the most popular summer apple varieties that will delight us first..
White filling. Without a doubt, the most famous and widespread summer variety of apples, which is distinguished by a loose, grainy, literally disintegrating pulp upon a bite and a sweet taste. When ripe, these apples become almost white, which gave them their name..
Mantet. This is a Canadian apple variety, distinguished by its red color, but against a green background. The fragrant juicy pulp of this apple has almost no acidity and is distinguished by a slight creamy shade..
Melba. Having a Canadian origin, this apple variety has long been widely known in our country. The easily recognizable striped apples are distinguished by a sour-sweet taste, white flesh with a light candy aroma. Great for preserves and jams.
Grushovka Moscow. An old and well-known variety of apples that ripen in August. The shape is slightly flattened, the pulp is tender, juicy, with a yellowish tinge. Sweet and sour fruits of Grushovka Moskovskaya are distinguished by a strong apple aroma.
Let’s see which varieties of autumn apples are among the most popular.
Mac. Easily recognizable due to its bright red color with full ripeness and glossy sides of the apple. The pulp is white, but with red streaks. Usually these apples are medium in size and can be stored until March.
Good old and well-known to everyone Antonovka, which has become a symbol of the Kursk region. The greenish-yellow apples turn golden-yellow during storage and have a strong aroma. The pulp is juicy and grainy, with sourness, slightly yellowish. Antonovka ripens by mid-September, but before eating the apples are advised to be kept in a box for two weeks so that the fruits ripen. Antonovka can be stored until spring, southern varieties are stored worse than northern ones.
Spartacus. A very popular variety of apples that ripen in September. Medium-sized fruits are pale yellow at first, but turn red as they ripen, have a smooth and shiny skin. Sourish, not stored for a long time.
Glory to the winners. Well-known to all green-red elastic apples. The pulp is creamy, juicy, with a strong aroma and a very pleasant sweet and sour taste. Stored until mid-winter.
So, let’s move on to winter varieties of apples, which we usually buy in the winter or carefully store in basements until the end of spring..
Jonathan. Easily recognizable thanks to the glossy dark-colored peel of apples. They have a strong and crispy flesh. The density allows them to be stored for a long time. Jonathan’s apples are relatively small, they are distinguished by a wine-sweet flavor.
Golden. It is also easy to recognize immediately due to its golden yellow color, sometimes with a slight blush on one side. Very sweet, almost without acidity, with a dense skin, excellent storage. By the way, both varieties – Jonathan and Golden – are of American origin, but in our country they perfectly took root and became very popular..
Renet Simirenko. Popularly, these rather unsightly-looking green apples are often called simply simirinka. They are stored perfectly, the flesh is very dense. It tastes noticeably more sour than Jonathan and Golden, but pleasant, with a strong aroma.
Sinap. This apple variety is very easy to recognize by its characteristic elongated shape. Green-red sour fruits are stored until May, retaining their aroma and all useful qualities..
Of course, we have described only a small part of the apple varieties. The same Antonovka has a dozen varieties, and breeders continue their work, so a description of all varieties of apples would take a solid volume. We have selected the most popular, most often found in our gardens and on the shelves.
And finally, a little exotic.
This is also an apple that received the name Creamfor its pulp, which really resembles custard. The oval seeds are not clustered together in the center, but are scattered over segments, and the rind is scaly. Cream apples grow in Central America.