We emphasize that it is the oven that is needed to bake pizza, no grill can cope with this. A conventional barbecue oven is also not very suitable due to the design features. For the oven, in which pizza will be baked on wood, the chamber is very important. It is very similar to those in which bread is baked, including in the Russian oven..
Of course, today it will not be difficult to buy a ready-made pizza oven, for example, a mobile, metal one. The cost will be different, depending on the material, additional features, sizes and equipment. On the network you can find offers for both 28 and 500 thousand rubles. In the latter case, we will talk about a professional oven that pizzerias buy. For use on your site, you can choose a simpler mobile oven.
When deciding to build a Pompeian pizza oven on the site with your own hands, first of all choose a suitable place. Sizes may vary. Remember that the thicker the walls, the longer they will keep warm. The minimum wall thickness is 15 cm, the diameter of the chamber is from 35-40 cm. Such chambers are considered small and are designed for one or two servings of pizza at a time.
The material for the construction of a pizza oven is clay with sand and refractory bricks, which are connected with mortar. The chimney need not be done! The smoke will then escape through the front opening. According to experts, without a chimney, heat loss is minimized, the design itself is much simpler. However, in this case, the smoke will go straight to the face, which is not very convenient during cooking..
The most difficult thing in the construction of a Pompeian furnace is to make an arched opening for the chamber and its dome in the form of a hemisphere. Approximate proportions – the opening height should be 60–63% of the chamber height. In this case, efficient use of fuel will be ensured. In this case, the height of the chamber is 60–75% of its diameter..
To simplify the work, experts advise to lay the first few layers of brick evenly, and only then begin to round off the arch. You should also use a sand or other shape to shape the vault of the chamber. And when laying an arch, for example, use a semicircular support made of foam or boards, on which the bricks will stand until the mortar hardens.
There is a simple example, when the furnace, the chambers for the stove were cut out of an old cast-iron bath. The shape turned out exactly what you need, and the size came up. Then the trim of the bathtub was simply overlaid with a brick, after taking care of a comfortable base.
The process of cooking pizza in a Pompeian oven is simple – the fuel is placed in the center so that the chamber warms up evenly. After about 40–60 minutes, the chamber will warm up to the required 400–500 ° С. After that, the fuel and coals that continue to burn are pushed aside and with a spatula, carefully, pizza is placed on the bottom of the chamber. In just two to three minutes, the thin pizza will be ready. If the dough is thick, it is advisable to lower the oven temperature, lengthen the baking time and use ceramic pizza tins. Of course, in such an oven you can bake not only pizza, but also bread, cook pita bread, flat cakes, and other dishes.