Description of the plant Bladderwort – planting and care, varieties and reproduction

The content of the article



Among the currently large number of ornamental plants, not everyone can boast of their unpretentiousness. One of the most unpretentious plants is shrubbery vesicular (Latin Physocarpus opulifolius), planting and growing of which are engaged largely due to its spectacular appearance. The spherical dense crown, consisting of spreading drooping branches and corrugated leaves, looks magnificent from top to bottom.

What is the vesicle

This deciduous shrub belongs to the genus Bladderwort family Pink. It is widely used as single and group plantings, undergrowth in sparse forest stands, for high hedges, along highways and roads. This fast-growing plant tolerates shade, but the color of the foliage over time in the absence of sunlight begins to fade. Physocarpus opulifolius has only two conditions for soil: the presence of drainage and the absence of lime. The shrub is able to bring special charm and colorful colors to the plot.

Flowering Bubble-tree

What does it look like

Varieties with purple and golden colors are grown only in sunny areas, because in the shade, the color of the leaves is faded. Shrub does not tolerate stagnant moisture. It has fruits of red and pink color, which, when ripe, turn brown. The height of the bushes is from 1.5 to 3 m. Branches are usually drooping. The bark of adult bushes is brownish / brown, with age it begins to exfoliate. The shrub has convex corymbose pink or white inflorescences with many stamens. Fruits and blooms begins with 4 years. The crown diameter can reach 400 cm!

This ornamental deciduous plant has oblong-ovate buds of brown color, the length of which is from 4 to 6 mm. Bladder bushes, widely used for landscape compositions, perfectly tolerate urban conditions. The edges of the leaves are serrated and serrated. On top, they have a green color (in some varieties it is dark green), and below it is lighter. The flowering period of the vesicle is in June-July.

Photo and description

Young leaves of Physocarpus opulifolius have a round-ovoid or round-elliptical shape, up to 3-5 cm long. The characteristic yellow leaves in some varieties acquire a greenish tint by the end of summer, and become golden by the beginning of autumn. The branches rise above the ground up to 1.5 m in length, they are distinguished by good strength, able to withstand a large number of leaves. Well visible ribs run from the buds down the green shoots. Fruits change their color scheme in the same way as leaves.

Kalinolisty bubble in landscape design – photo

Combination with other plants

Varieties

If you are planning to grow fast-growing shrubs that can be used to design a garden or house plot, check out the popular varieties. Remember that this compact shrub does not always tolerate drought, nor does it like stagnation of water and calcareous soils. Varieties differ from each other by their bright colors, height, color of foliage. Viburnum cactus, which can be planted on garden soil, is represented by two groups of spectacular varieties: red-leaved and yellow-leaved. Popular are:

  • Diablo;
  • Summer Wine;
  • Red baron;
  • Luteus;
  • Dart’s Gold;
  • Lady in red
  • Aurea;
  • Purpurea;
  • Spirea;
  • Little devil
  • Nugget et al.

Common Spirea

Such a decoration of gardens, such as guelder-rose spirea or meadowsweet, is characterized by unpretentiousness, a dense crown and beauty. In the wild, it can grow along the banks of rivers in North America. Translated from Greek, its name means “spiral.” The bush itself is sprawling, with a spherical crown with a large number of branches. Such a yellow-leaved vesicle is distinguished by relatively small leaves having small denticles. In winter, the spirea discards leaves.

Red baron

Variety “Red Baron”, which is a shrub of the Pink family at the time of flowering and the ripening period, pleases with pink flowers and red berries. In height, these plants reach 2 m. The leaves of a spherical bush have corrugated leaves reaching a length of up to 8 cm. This variety grows, as a rule, on all types of soil. The planting and care of the vesicle, which is secreted by red fruits, must be approached responsibly – do not forget to feed the plant, prune branches and water on time.

Variety Luteus

This kind of vesicle of Kalinolistny calmly tolerates dry weather, frost and is not afraid of shade, but the yellow color of the leaves is preserved only in the sun. The plant quietly grows in urban conditions, so it is not afraid of gas contamination – this allows you to use it to create a hedge. This variety of ornamental shrubs is reminiscent of an unattached grape bush, but it has smaller leaves.

Spreading bush acquires a green hue only at the end of summer. The dense bark of the culture can exfoliate with small ribbons. The height of this wide bush can reach 3 m. Three to four lobed leaves have angles similar to blades and are up to 5-7 cm wide. Luteus pemphigus has branches that tend to rise, but the last 10-15 cm fall. In general, the plant pleases with its appearance many gardeners, even the most demanding.

Variety Luteus

Darts gold

When deciding to plant a bubble, pay attention to Dart’s Gold. As for the description, the leaves decorating the vesicle are changing color from summer to autumn: from bright yellow to lemon / orange. The shrub blooms with white flowers, which are collected in a bunch, like all other vesicles. The plant can reach a height of one and a half meters.

Variety Diabolo

The Diabolo variety, which is resistant to pests and diseases, tolerates pruning and cutting, is quite popular. This sprawling and mighty shrub, forming a dense spherical crown, can reach a height of up to 3 m, and a width of up to 1.2-2 m. It has dark purple leaves that are evenly colored. In the fall, the color of this kind of bubble almost does not change, becoming only a little lighter. Description of flowers: pinkish-white, small, collected in dense corymbose inflorescences that appear in early June.

Nugget

Variety Nugget, which is often used for sowing for decorative purposes, has bright foliage, the color of which changes from yellow to greenish. The height of the shrub, characterized by compactness, reaches 2 m. Crohn without pruning becomes vase-like. Yellow leaves become greenish in the summer, and intense yellow in the autumn. Shoots vertical with an exfoliating bark of light brown color, flowers – white. The Nugget plant grows better in open places, but does not tolerate partial shade. Planted and grown in compositions with trees.

Lady in red

Variety Tuilad (Lady in Red) has bright young leaves, dark red and pink flowers. The height of the plant reaches 1, 2 m. Its leaves are slightly wrinkled, but at the same time brilliant, the color is from red to wine red. Tuilad has vertical, red shoots. Features of the variety are winter hardiness, photophilous, low soil requirements. It is better to plant on moist and fertile soils that are not flooded. During the growing season, fertilizer is required. Trimming is needed to form a bush.

Shrub Little Devil

Before you engage in the propagation of the vesicular vesiculosum, select the optimal plant variety. The deciduous shrub with a dense crown and a height of 0.8-1 m of the species Little Devil is very popular. It has small pinkish-white flowers in corymbose, dense inflorescences that appear in June. Fruits are represented by swollen red leaflets. In the shade, the leaves begin to turn green.

It is better to plant on wet, drained, fresh, fertile, loamy and loamy soils. It perfectly tolerates urban conditions, it is desirable to grow it in bright areas. The variety tolerates pruning, shearing and is resistant to diseases and pests. It is widely used for landscaping urban courtyards, playgrounds, kindergartens, medical facilities, etc. Little Devil has high winter hardiness, but in severe frosts there is a chance of freezing shoots.

Little Devil

Outdoor planting and care

Saplings with open roots should be planted in the fall or spring, although shrub planting in the fall is considered more preferable. It is not advisable to use seeds for planting a vesicle the shrub transfers its original color of leaves only to some part of the offspring. It is preferable to use a plant with a closed root system for initial planting, i.e. grown in special containers. Such bushes are planted at any time of the growing season, whether it be spring, summer or autumn..

Watering a bush

The plant requires competent and thorough care. For planting, you need to dig a hole with a diameter and depth of about half a meter, at the bottom of which you will need to add garden soil based on peat or humus. After planting the plant, the pit needs to be covered with fertile soil, and the shrub itself should be deepened to 5 cm. Then the bush should be abundantly watered with water or a special Kornevin solution. After the liquid is absorbed, the trunk circle must be mulched. Thanks to this approach, you can make your site look like in the photo of landscape design magazines.

Plant nutrition

Bushes propagate by seeds, summer cuttings or division of the bush. It is one thing to plant such a lush and spectacular plant, another is to properly grow it. Particular attention must be paid to top dressing, which is carried out in spring or autumn. In early spring, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are used for this purpose, and in autumn, mineral compounds are used. In the spring, you can use urea, mullein, ammonium nitrate, and in the fall – nitroammophoska: 1 matchbox per 10 liters of water. For adult plants (10-20 years) when feeding, you will need up to 15 liters of solution.

Pruning

To give the bush the desired shape and stimulate branching, careful pruning is required. Under good conditions, in just one year, the vesicle can add up to 40 cm, both in width and in height. The active growth and development of the bush depends on how correctly the pruning was performed. All types of cystic fibrosis well tolerate this process – they do both sanitary and just molding pruning. Useful recommendations:

  • When sanitary pruning, damaged, broken branches are removed – it is done in spring or as needed.
  • Forming pruning is performed after the end of the flowering period. Shoots are shortened by 1/2 or 1/3 of the crown. In the second and subsequent crowns, strictly 2/3 of the value is trimmed.
  • The hedge created from the vesicle of a Kalinifolia leaves needs to be cut 1-2 times throughout the growing season, but if necessary, it is carried out more often.
  • The first haircut is performed in April-May, while the buds have not yet fully opened. The rest as needed.
  • Sometimes pruning is performed to rejuvenate the plant. For this, old shoots are removed to the base, and the rest – to the place where the side shoot begins to depart.

Correct cropping

Physocarpus opulifolius transplant

In order to improve the growing conditions, the vesicle is transplanted to a new place. In addition, such a need may arise provided that you decide to change the initial landscape design of the site. A transplant of an adult plant is performed in the fall after leaf fall or in the spring until the buds awaken. Carry out this process with a large lump of land with a preliminary pruning of the bush. This is done in order to reduce the load on the root system, otherwise it will be difficult for her to feed an adult plant at the same time and adapt in a new place.

How to propagate

Some landscape design lovers use the method of dividing the bush, but sometimes they propagate the vesicle by cuttings and seeds. Each of the methods has its own characteristics. At home, they resort to vegetative propagation with the help of layering, cuttings, dividing the bush. Fuss with seeds an order of magnitude more – you need to sow them in spring or autumn, after having subjected them to monthly stratification. True, grown seedlings rarely have the same bright foliage color as the parent plant..

Cuttings

A good option is to cut the vesicle in the fall. To use it, you will need to cut green shoots about 10-20 cm long with 2-3 internodes before flowering the bush. Then remove all leaves from their bottom. Leaves at the top should be shortened by 1/2. After that, soak the cuttings in a solution of Kornevin or other root stimulating agent and plant them in a mixture of sand and peat. Water the cuttings regularly and ventilate, if necessary, cover with plastic wrap. In the spring, transfer to a permanent place.

Propagation by layering

If you are interested in using the commonweed bladderwort to decorate your site, then resort to the reproduction of the bush with the help of layering. This method is considered the simplest. In spring, choose a healthy and strong shoot, remove all leaves from it besides those that grow on the top, and then lay it in a ditch made in the soil, which should be 12 cm deep. Pin the shoot with wooden brackets and fill in the groove. Autumn layering should be separated from the mother bush to shelter for the winter.

Colorful leaves

Dividing the bush

Another simple way to propagate this ornamental lush plant is to divide the bush. You can resort to it in the spring or autumn season. If you have experience in digging and transplanting plants, then you can do bush dividing even in the summer. In this process, speed of execution is very important, otherwise the plants extracted from the soil may dry out. After transplanting to a new place, do not forget to water the plant, remove weeds around it, loosen the ground.

Diseases and Pests

Planting and caring for the vesicles of Kalinolist can be done even by a novice gardener / grower. In addition, this plant has good resistance to various pests, diseases, as a result of which a brightly flowering bush is almost not affected by them. True, in some cases, due to poor nutrition, the plant may appear chlorosis, which is expressed in the drying out of apical shoots, yellowing of young leaves. You can restore health by adding iron to the diet by spraying leaves / watering the root with solutions of ferovit, ferrilene, antichlorosis.

Rate the article
( No ratings yet )
Add comments

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: