- Brazier is an indispensable attribute of a full-fledged summer vacation
- Part one – do-it-yourself metal brazier
- We start making the frame
- Metal brazier – work on the barrel
- Part two – a stationary brick grill
- Stationary brazier with your own hands
- We start making the barbecue
In this article: planning a barbecue; stationary or mobile grill; do-it-yourself mobile metal brazier; how to build a stationary brick brazier; necessary tools and materials when creating barbecues.
Brazier is an indispensable attribute of a full-fledged summer vacation
Nature, clean air, silence, some river nearby – and all these benefits are given to us by the dacha. And it just so happened that a good rest is strongly associated with the preparation of kebabs and barbecues – here you simply cannot do without a barbecue oven. If a simple barbecue made of two bricks and a hole between them is quite suitable for barbecue, then you cannot cook a juicy barbecue on this impromptu barbecue, and not in a businesslike way. A good dacha owner will definitely take measures so that the dacha barbecue is not only functional, but also has a decent look. You can buy a brazier, you can make it yourself, the only question is which type of brazier is more suitable for you – stationary or mobile.
A stationary brazier is made of brick or concrete, a mobile one is made of metal. The advantages of braziers of the first type are their solidity, usefulness and completeness, the disadvantage is that they occupy a permanent place and this has to be taken into account, tying the resting place to the location of the brazier. Metal braziers are mobile – and this is convenient, but they rust and get very hot when used – inadvertently you can get a serious burn.
The choice in favor of a stationary or mobile barbecue is left to you – decide for yourself what suits you best. Next, a brick brazier and a metal brazier will be described – using this article as a guide, you can make them yourself.
Part one – do-it-yourself metal brazier
The main element of such a barbecue will be a metal barrel. Pay attention to its past purpose – it is categorically impossible to use barrels previously used for fuel and lubricants.
In addition to the barrel, you will need: a steel corner with a shelf from 45 mm (equal or not – it does not matter), metal wheels on a rubber track (it is easier to move the brazier with them), a pair of door hinges and a metal door handle (only metal!), A net made of rigid wire (for two grills). From tools and equipment: grinder with stripping and cutting discs, welding machine and jigsaw for metal.
We start making the frame
We cut the corner into pieces of the required length: the height of the frame should be at the level of your belt (approximately 900-1000 mm), the width should be sufficient to install the barrel of your choice (the inner width of the frame should be equal to the outer diameter of the barrel). The side frame members will require two vertical posts and two horizontal posts. The lower horizontal post is installed at a height of 200-250 mm from the lower edge of the vertical posts, the upper horizontal one – at a distance from the upper edge equal to the outer radius of the barrel. We lay out four racks on a flat floor surface and weld together, maintaining an angle of 90about.
In the same way, we weld the second side of the frame. Now you need to connect the two sidewalls to each other with two pieces of steel corner, placing them at the level of the lower horizontal racks of the sidewalls. Be careful when connecting the frame sidewalls – during work, distortions are possible, therefore, before welding the racks, attach them to both sidewalls with clamps and adjust the angle to 90about. Place the wheels on one of the frame sidewalls.
Metal brazier – work on the barrel
Place the barrel on the finished frame in such a way that the factory drain hole of the barrel is at the top and back (approximately at an angle of 25-30about), to the right of the front side of the future barbecue – this hole will be used for a small exhaust pipe.
Take chalk and carefully trace a quarter of the barrel lying on the frame – this will be the lid of the barbecue. Cut it out with a jigsaw and clean the edges, install two door hinges on the cut out part of the barrel, connecting them to the main body of the barrel – the barbecue cover is ready. Place the metal handle on it. Insert a bent pipe of sufficient diameter into the exhaust hole.
Now you need to equip the internal compartment of the barbecue. Carefully weld metal plates 20-30 mm wide, 50-60 mm long from the inside of the firebox (you can use short pieces of the corner): for the brazier – two on the sides and two in the central part of the grill firebox (in the middle of the barrel); for coals, two plates on the side walls are sufficient, at a height of about 70-100 mm from the bottom. However, it would be more correct to put a plate (corner) for the brazier along the entire length of the barbecue – then it will be possible to fry the kebabs on skewers, removing the rigid mesh.
It is useful to equip the frame with a handle of sufficient size – for ease of transport.
The mobile grill is almost ready – it remains to paint it with heat-resistant paint and you can use it.
Part two – a stationary brick grill
A summer cottage barbecue made of bricks is just a hearth for barbecue or barbecue. Its capabilities can be expanded by turning this oven into a versatile complex capable of grilling (spit) meat or smoking it. You just need to take these functions into account when creating a brazier.
Garden barbecues need to be placed not somewhere on the outskirts of the site, but in a special place intended for a picnic. For example, you can arrange a barbecue in a garden gazebo. What else does a brazier oven require? He needs protection from wind, snow and rain. It will be convenient if there is a source of drinking water near the barbecue, a utility block with accessories for this stove (coal and kindling, tongs and a poker, a hatchet, fur, etc.), one or two tables and a bench.
Stationary brazier with your own hands
The first step is to need a foundation for a garden barbecue – it is massive and needs serious support. How to arrange a foundation for a barbecue – see here, its structure is similar to the procedure for creating a foundation for fireplaces.
Now – about the choice of bricks for the barbecue. Any brick will not work here, because there will be a high temperature in the oven, and there is a barbecue oven in the changeable temperature and weather conditions of the summer cottage. Brick braziers are best laid out from red oven bricks. Silicate bricks, refractory bricks or with air cavities will not work – the first and last type will not withstand high temperatures, the second type will withstand high, but will not withstand low temperatures in the winter season.
The design of a summer cottage barbecue proposed below is quite simple, a stove of this design is more like a firebox raised above ground level and having a low chimney. The lower part of the firebox (under) has two grate grates through which the ash enters two adjacent ash pan with its subsequent removal through the blower holes. A niche located under two ash pans is intended for storing firewood (coal).
The first step is to decide where the brick brazier will be located – in the open air or in a summer cottage. In the first case, the masonry is carried out on a solution of heat-resistant cement, in the second, the clay solution will be the best (see its composition in the article on creating a fireplace).
To create a brazier you will need: 400 stove (red) bricks, a bag of cement, 22 buckets of clay (if the brazier is being built under a roof), 70 buckets of sand, 900 mm pieces of steel angle (equal-shelf, 40 mm shelf) – 4 pcs. and an unequal-shelf corner (shelves 30×40) – 2 pcs., two grates 200×300 mm in size, an exhaust hood made of sheet copper (seat 520×520 mm). You will need two valves (size 200×300 mm) to control the air supply through the grates, they can be made independently from sheet metal.
We start making the barbecue
We lay out a niche for firewood (firewood), its internal dimensions: width 750 mm, depth 500 mm, height – 500 mm. Before starting to lay out the barbecue, it is necessary to perform some operations with the working material – see “Preliminary preparation of materials for the fireplace”.
Further, there are two ash-pan, separated from each other and separated from the firewood by a brick row. To lay out a brick row separating the blower from the firewood, you need to install an equal angle 40×40 in the eighth row of masonry – at the back, 30×40 – in the front, cut a groove 30 mm deep in the facing bricks of the 9th row, stepping back 60 mm from the edge of the bricks. This chute will put the bricks on the edge of the corner (laying “in a brick” – spoon).
Ash pans (120×250 mm) are laid out in the 10th and 11th rows; valves can be installed on them to control the boost. In the 11th row, in the places where the grates are installed, you need to cut out the quarters of the bricks for laying the grates on the level of the hearth.
In the firebox, in the 12th or 13th brick rows, we form a ledge to support the skewers. Row 21-1 completes the firebox – it is necessary to install a corner in the same way as overlapping a firewood, with the difference that the laying is done “in half a brick” – butt.
The 24th row is the first in the formation of the smoke collector, each next row must be laid out with narrowing ledges – on the sides by 35 mm, on the front side – by 17 mm. In this case, the rear wall of the smoke box is laid out strictly vertically.
The 33rd row completes the brickwork – a copper exhaust hood is installed on it, its frame consists of a galvanized profile to which copper (or galvanized) sheets are riveted.
The chimney height will depend on the roof height.
In addition, by equipping the country grill with a rigid 450×450 mm grill, it will be possible to cook a barbecue, such a grill will definitely sit on the ledges prepared for skewers.